Discussion papers

Discussion papers presenterer forskningsstoff som sikter mot å ende opp som en internasjonal publikasjon og distribueres for kommentarer og forslag.

Et Discussion paper kan være lengre og fyldigere enn det som er vanlig for en artikkel ved at blant annet ugjennomsiktige mellomrekninger, resultater og bakgrunnsmateriale blir inkludert.


  • Public acceptance and willingness to pay cost-effective taxes on red meat and road traffic in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 909

    Kristine M. Grimsrud, Henrik Lindhjem, Ingvild Vestre Sem, and Knut Einar Rosendahl


    The Norwegian high-level Green Tax Commission proposes inter alia cost-effective taxes on red meat and increased toll charges on road traffic to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution, respectively.

  • The costs of taxation in the presence of inequality

    Discussion Papers no. 908

    Åsmund Sunde Valseth, Bjart Holtsmark, Katinka Holtsmark


    This paper provides a new and improved measure of the marginal cost of public funds (MCF). It is based on a benchmark tax which is distributionally neutral and non-distortive.

  • The paradox of the unhappy, growing city: reconciling evidence

    Discussion Papers no. 907

    Fredrik Carlsen and Stefan Leknes


    This paper attempts to explain why large cities tend to score low on indices of happiness/life satisfaction, while at the same time experiencing population growth.

  • Search behavior, aggregate rationality and the discouraged worker effect

    Discussion Papers no. 906

    John K. Dagsvik, Tom Kornstad and Terje Skjerpen


    Discouraged workers are those who have given up search due to (perceived) low chances of obtaining work. In this paper we first develop a model for the probability of being in the labor force as a function of the probability of getting an acceptable job offer.

  • Efficient taxation of fuel and road use

    Discussion Papers no. 905

    Geir H. M. Bjertnæs


    This study calculates efficient taxes on fuel and road use designed to combat driving related externalities

  • The consumption Euler equation or the Keynesian consumption function?

    Discussion Papers no. 904


    We formulate a general cointegrated vector autoregressive (CVAR) model that nests both a class of consumption Euler equations and various Keynesian type consumption functions.

  • Vehicle-to-Grid: Impacts on the electricity market and consumer cost of electric vehicles

    Discussion Papers no. 903

    Mads Greaker, Cathrine Hagem and Stef Proost


    We present an analytical model for the intertwinement of the consumers’ choice of battery capacity and the potential for supplying power to the electricity market.

  • What Causes the Child Penalty?

    Discussion Papers no. 902

    Martin Eckhoff Andresen and Emily Nix


    Women experience significant reductions in labor market income following the birth of children, while their male partners experience no such income drops. This “relative child penalty” has been well documented and accounts for a significant amount of the gender income gap.

  • Labour market institutions, shocks and the employment rate

    Discussion Papers no. 901

    Kristine Wika Haraldsen, Ragnar Nymoen og Victoria Sparrman


    The average employment rate for the OECD countries was close to 63 percent in the period 2000-2015 but there is considerable variation within and between countries.

  • Challenges in predicting poverty trends using survey to survey imputation

    Discussion Papers no. 900

    Astrid Mathiassen and Bjørn K. Wold


    Poverty in low-income countries is usually measured with large and infrequent household surveys. A challenge is to find methods to measure poverty more frequently.

  • Effects of extended paternity leave on union stability and fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 899

    Rannveig K. Hart, Synøve N. Andersen and Nina Drange


    Long paternity leaves have the potential for lasting effects on parental unions, potentially reducing specialization and increasing union stability and fertility.

  • Linking neighbors’ fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 898

    Janna Bergsvik


    The aim of this paper is to gain more insight on the drivers behind geographical variations in family sizes by pointing out the role of neighborhoods and neighbors for two-child couples’ transitions to third births.

  • High school dropout for marginal students: Evidence from randomized exam form

    Discussion Papers no. 894

    Martin Eckhoff Andresen og Sturla A. Løkken


    We exploit the assignment of exam form in a high-stakes Norwegian high school exam to estimate the impact of exam form on exam results, later school performance, graduation and longer run outcomes.

  • Spillover bias in multigenerational income regressions

    Discussion Papers no. 897

    Jørgen Modalsli og Kelly Vosters


    Intergenerational persistence estimates are susceptible to several well-documented biases arising from income measurement, and it has become standard practice to construct income measures to mitigate these.

  • Buy to let: Investment buyers in a housing search model

    Discussion Papers no. 896

    Erlend Eide Bø


    This paper explores and explains how buy-to-let investors affect housing price dynamics

  • Robustness of the Norwegian wage formation system and free EU labour movement: Evidence from wage data for natives

    Discussion Papers no. 895

    Bjorn Dapi, Ragnar Nymoen og Victoria Sparrman


    Norway experienced a high immigration flow after the EEA directive in 2004 stating workers right to free movement within the European Union and EEA-countries.

  • Is the marginal cost of public funds equal to one?

    Discussion Papers no. 893

    Bjart Holtsmark


    In a recent article Bas Jacobs found that the marginal cost of public funds (MCF) is one when taxation gives second best resource allocation.

  • Effects of higher required rates of return on the tax take in an oil province

    Discussion Papers no. 892

    Lars Lindholt


    For different reasons the oil companies might apply higher required rates of return than they did some years ago, and this will have consequences for investments and tax revenue in oil provinces.

  • Collusive tax evasion by employers and employees

    Discussion Papers no. 891

    Marie Bjørneby, Annette Alstadsæter, Kjetil Telle


    Third-party reporting and employers’ tax withholding are powerful compliance mechanisms, as long as the employer and employee do not collude to evade.

  • Regional variation in healthcare utilization and mortality

    Discussion Papers no. 890

    Anna Godøy and Ingrid Huitfeldt


    Geographic variation in healthcare utilization has raised concerns of possible inefficiencies in healthcare supply, as differences are often not reflected in health outcomes.

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