Discussion papers

Discussion papers presenterer forskningsstoff som sikter mot å ende opp som en internasjonal publikasjon og distribueres for kommentarer og forslag.

Et Discussion paper kan være lengre og fyldigere enn det som er vanlig for en artikkel ved at blant annet ugjennomsiktige mellomrekninger, resultater og bakgrunnsmateriale blir inkludert.


  • Using common factors to identify substitution possibilities in a factor demand system with technological changes

    Discussion Papers no. 849

    Håvard Hungnes


    In this paper, I investigate the importance of taking account of technological changes by allowing for different kinds of common factors, both within and between industries.

  • Carbon dynamics related to tree planting on new areas in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 848

    Bjart Holtsmark


    Extensive tree planting on new areas has been suggested as a climate policy measure in Norway. This paper presents some preliminary calculations related to carbon dynamics of such a measure when the tree planting takes place on areas with relative young birch forests.

  • On the measurement of long-run income inequality: Empirical evidence from Norway, 1875-2013

    Discussion Papers no. 847

    Jørgen Modalsli, Rolf Aaberge og Anthony B. Atkinson


    In seeking to understand inequality today, a great deal can be learned from history. However, there are few countries for which the long-run development of income inequality has been charted. Many countries have records of incomes, taxes and social support. This paper presents a new methodology constructing income inequality indices from such tabular data.

  • Oil consumption subsidy removal in OPEC and other Non-OECD countries

    Discussion Papers no. 846

    Finn Aune, Kristine Grimsrud, Lars Lindholt, Knut Einar Rosendahl og Halvor Briseid Storrøsten


    This paper studies the oil market effects of phasing out oil consumption subsidies in the transport sector.

  • Discouraged worker effects and barriers against employment for immigrant and non-immigrant women

    Discussion Papers no. 845

    Terje Skjerpen, Tom Kornstad og John K. Dagsvik


    A phenomenon observed in many labor markets is that the supply of labor appears to depend on business cycles. In other words, workers who are searching for work become “discouraged” under unfavorable business cycle conditions because they believe that their chances of finding an acceptable job are so small that the costs of searching for work outweigh the benefits from searching.

  • Electronic monitoring and recidivism

    Discussion Papers no. 844

    Synøve N. Andersen og Kjetil Telle


    The replacement of custodial with non-custodial sanctions holds the potential to reduce recidivism as well as other costs associated with imprisonment.

  • The regional dispersion of income inequality in nineteenth-century Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 842

    Jørgen Modalsli


    This paper documents, for the first time, municipality- and occupation-level estimates of income inequality between individuals in a European country in the nineteenth century, using a combination of several detailed data sets for Norway in the late 1860s.

  • Modelling OPEC behaviour

    Discussion Papers no. 843

    Pål Boug, Ådne Cappelen og Anders Rygh Swensen


    We analyse the behaviour of OPEC as a group for the period 1992 to 2015 by formulating a model that encompasses several of the alternatives discussed in the literature.

  • Children as family commuters

    Discussion Papers no. 841

    Lars Dommermuth


    As union dissolution rates increase in most modern societies, a growing number of children are living in post-separation families.

  • Expected service lives and depreciation profiles for capital assets

    Discussion Papers no. 840

    Terje Skjerpen, Nini Barth, Ådne Cappelen, Steinar Todsen og Thom Åbyholm


    In the Norwegian national accounts, as in many other countries, it is quite common to use information on depreciation rates and profiles based on studies from the US, Canada and the Netherlands due to a lack of national studies.

  • Fuel efficiency improvements – feedback mechanisms and distributional effects in the oil market

    Discussion Papers no. 839

    Finn Roar Aune, , Ann Christin Bøeng, Snorre Kverndokk, Lars Lindholt og Knut Einar Rosendahl


    We study the interactions between fuel efficiency improvements in the transport sector and the oil market, where the efficiency improvements are policy-induced in certain regions of the world

  • Fractionality and co-fractionality between Government Bond yields

    Discussion Papers no. 838

    Håvard Hungnes


    In a co-fractional vector autoregressive (VAR) model two more parameters are estimated, compared to the traditional cointegrated VAR model.

  • Accounting for business income in measuring top income shares

    Discussion Papers no. 837

    Kjetil Telle, Annette Alstadsæter og Martin Jacob


    Business income is important in the upper tail of the personal income distribution, but the extent to which it is captured by measures of personal income varies substantially across tax regimes.

  • Supply versus demand-side policies in the presence of carbon leakage and the green paradox

    Discussion Papers no. 836

    Halvor Briseid Storrøsten og Cathrine Hagem


    This study derives the optimal combination of consumer taxes and producer taxes when both spatial and intertemporal leakages from the free-riders are taken into account.

  • The lost generation: Effects of youth labor market opportunities on long-term labor market outcomes

    Discussion Papers no. 835

    Venke Furre Haaland


    This study shows that local unemployment rates at the age of graduation from compulsory school and high-school have negative effects on males’ earnings, employment and disability pension when measured as late as age 35.

  • The impacts of the EU ETS on Norwegian plants’ environmental and economic performance

    Discussion Papers no. 833

    Marit E. Klemetsen, Knut Einar Rosendahl og Anja Lund Jakobsen


    This paper examines the impacts of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) on the environmental and economic performance of Norwegian plants.

  • Back to background risk?

    Discussion Papers no. 834

    Andreas Fagereng, Luigi Guiso og Luigi Pistaferri


    Estimating the effect of background risk on individual financial choices faces two challenges.

  • Modelling and forecasting rig rates on the Norwegian Continental Shelf

    Discussion Papers no. 832

    Terje Skjerpen, Halvor Briseid Storrøsten og Knut Einar Rosendahl


    Knowledge about rig markets is crucial for understanding the global oil market. In this paper we first develop a simple bargaining model for rig markets.

  • Imputing consumption from Norwegian income and wealth registry data

    Discussion Papers no. 831

    Andreas Fagereng og Elin Halvorsen


    This paper documents a method for computing a longitudinal consumption measure for Norwegian households from administrative records of income and wealth.

  • The effects of innovation policies on firm level patenting

    Discussion Papers no. 830

    Marit E. Klemetsen


    This paper examines the impacts of R&D tax credits and direct R&D subsidies on Norwegian firms' patenting, with a particular focus on environmental patenting.

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