Discussion papers

Discussion papers presenterer forskningsstoff som sikter mot å ende opp som en internasjonal publikasjon og distribueres for kommentarer og forslag.

Et Discussion paper kan være lengre og fyldigere enn det som er vanlig for en artikkel ved at blant annet ugjennomsiktige mellomrekninger, resultater og bakgrunnsmateriale blir inkludert.


  • Effects of income and the cost of children on fertility

    Discussion Papers no. 828

    Taryn Ann Galloway og Rannveig Kaldager Hart


    The relationship between income, cost of childrearing and fertility is of considerable political and theoretical interest. We utilize exogenous variation in family income and the direct cost of children to estimate causal effects on fertility.

  • Taxation of housing

    Discussion Papers no. 829

    Erlend Eide Bø


    The Norwegian public policy debate regularly returns to the private housing market. Housing prices have increased by 200 percent in real terms over the last two decades, a large share of households have high debt ratios, and new home buyers face large costs to enter the housing market

  • Resource Rent in Norwegian Fisheries

    Discussion Papers no. 827

    Lars Lindholt, Kristine Grimsrud og Mads Greaker


    A nation’s natural-resources wealth can be estimated via the System of National Accounts (SNA). Because the values of all parameters entering the calculation are conditional on the existing management regime, the optimal value of the natural resources may be masked.

  • Labor Market Institutions and Wage Inequality in the OECD countries

    Discussion Papers no. 826

    Victoria Sparrman og Ellen Marie Rossvoll


    In this paper we attempt to investigate the effect on income inequality of some recent trends in the labour market, changes in regulations of temporary positions and the surge in immigration in many EU-countries.

  • Life time pension benefits relative to life time contributions

    Discussion Papers no. 825

    Nils Martin Stølen og Dennis Fredriksen


    Over the life course members of an insurance system normally will contribute by payments when in working age, and later receive pension benefits as e.g. disabled or old-age pensioners.

  • Smart hedging against carbon leakage

    Discussion Papers no. 822

    Halvor Briseid Storrøsten, Knut Einar Rosendahl og Christoph Böhringer


    Unilateral climate policy induces carbon leakage through the relocation of emission-intensive and trade-exposed industries to regions with no or more lenient emission regulation

  • Have inflation targeting and EU labour immigration changed the system of wage formation in Norway?

    Discussion Papers no. 824

    Victoria Sparrman


    Collective agreements have played a central role in the system of wage formation in Norway for more than fifty years. Although the degree of coordination achieved has been variable, pattern wage bargaining has been a mainstay of the system.

  • Union dissolution and childlessness

    Discussion Papers no. 823

    Rannveig Kaldager Hart


    This study investigates how the association between union dissolution and childlessness depends on life course context. Data on union histories and fertility are taken from the Norwegian GGS.

  • Fiscal effects of the Norwegian pension reform – A micro-macro assessment

    Discussion Papers no. 821

    Erling Holmøy og Nils Martin Stølen


    The main goal of the Norwegian pension reform of 2011 is to improve long run fiscal sustainability, not least through stronger labour supply incentives.

  • The dual approach for measuring multidimensional deprivation and poverty

    Discussion Papers no. 820

    Rolf Aaberge, Eugenio Peluso og Henrik Sigstad


    This paper is concerned with the problem of ranking and quantifying the extent of deprivation exhibited by multidimensional distributions, where the multiple attributes in which an individual can be deprived are represented by dichotomized variables.

  • Understanding the productivity slowdown

    Discussion Papers no. 818

    Thomas von Brasch, Ådne Cappelen og Diana Iancu


    Many OECD countries have experienced a slowdown in measured labour productivity from 2005 and onwards. Norway is no exception in this respect.

  • On measuring the contribution from firm turnover to aggregate productivity growth

    Discussion Papers no. 819

    Thomas von Brasch


    Foster et al. (2001) outline a framework that is commonly used to identify the contribution from firm turnover to aggregate productivity growth.

  • Residential energy efficiency and European carbon policies

    Discussion Papers no. 817

    Taran Fæhn, Orvika Rosnes og Brita Bye


    While the introduction and reformation of climate policy instruments take place rapidly in Europe, the knowledge on how the instruments interact lags behind. In this paper we analyse different interpretations of the 2030 climate policy goals for residential energy efficiency and how they interact with targets for restricting CO 2 emissions.

  • School accountability: Incentives or sorting?

    Discussion Papers no. 815

    Trude Gunnes og Hege Marie Gjefsen


    We exploit a nested school accountability reform to estimate the causal effect on teacher mobility, sorting, and student achievement. In 2003, lower-secondary schools in Oslo became accountable to the school district authority for student achievement. In 2005, information on school performance in lower secondary education also became public

  • A stylized satellite account for human capital

    Discussion Papers no. 816

    Gang Liu


    This paper presents a satellite account in which investment in human capital is considered as a produced product/asset

  • Increasingly stable or more stressful?

    Discussion Papers no. 814

    Rannveig Kaldager Hart, Elina Vinberg og Torkild Hovde Lyngstad


    This study describes the association between having children and the risk of union disruption, and whether this association has changed over time. We expand upon previous research by including data on cohabiting as well as married couples, and by studying change over four decades.

  • Why do wealthy parents have wealthy children?

    Discussion Papers no. 813

    Andreas Fagereng, Magne Mogstad og Marte Rønning


    Strong intergenerational correlations in wealth have fueled a long-standing debate over why children of wealthy parents tend to be well off themselves. We investigate the role of family background in determining children's wealth accumulation and investor behavior as adults.

  • Crime and the transition to teenage parenthood

    Discussion Papers no. 812

    Carine Øien-Ødegaard og Torbjørn Skardhamar


    Age-graded social control theory suggests that parenthood can have a preventive effect on crime among adults, but it is unclear whether and how this applies to teenagers, as teenage parenthood and affiliation with crime can have mutual confounding causes.

  • Partner choice and timing of first marriage among children of immigrants in Norway and Sweden

    Discussion Papers no. 810

    Kenneth Aarskaug Wiik og Jennifer A. Holland


    Using register data from Norway and Sweden, this study addresses the relationship between partner choice and the timing of first marriage among all migrant- and non-migrant-background individuals born between 1972 and 1989, who were either native-born or who immigrated prior to age 18 (generation 1.5).

  • A common base answer to “Which country is most redistributive?”

    Discussion Papers no. 811

    Thor Olav Thoresen, Peter J. Lambert og Runa Nesbakken


    Which country is most redistributive? This question is often discussed in terms of comparisons of measures of redistribution when each country’s tax schedule is applied to its pre-tax income distribution.

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