Transport and tourism;Transport and tourism;Technology and innovation
sroi, Turnover index for transport, tourism and ICT, accommodation and restaurants (for example hotels, restaurants, bars), information and telecommunication (for example publishing, film, TV), transport and storage (for example passenger and freight transport by train, air and sea)Tourism , Sea transport , Information and communication technology - ICT, Land transport , Aviation , Transport and tourism, Technology and innovation

Turnover index for transport, tourism and ICT

As from 18 May 2021 the statistics Turnover index for transport, tourism and ICT and Business activities and support service activities, turnover index will be published as Turnover index for service activities .


Key figures

-15.7 %

decrease in turnover for transportation and storage

Transport, tourism and ICT. Turnover index. Preliminary figures.2010=1001
4th quarter 2020
Value indexChange from the same period last year (per cent)
1The prognosis routine is changed as of Q2 2020 in order to account for extreme values following the corona pandemic.
Transportation and storage81.5-15.7
Land transport and transport via pipelines117.1-12.2
Water transport77.01.2
Air transport36.5-62.5
Warehousing and support activities for transportation71.5-23.4
Postal and courier activities92.1-21.7
Accommodation and food service activities97.2-20.9
Food and beverage service activities111.2-14.9
Information and communication132.11.8
Publishing activities106.32.6
Motion picture, video and television progamme production, sound recording and music publishing activities133.9-4.7
Programming and broadcasting activities73.3-36.8
Computer programming and consultancy170.06.7
Information service activities121.6-0.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Turnover index. Transport, tourism and ICT. Value index. Preliminary figures. 2010=100

Turnover index. Transport, tourism and ICT. Value index. Preliminary figures. 2010=100
2nd quarter 20193rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020Change from the same period last year (per cent)
4th quarter 2020
H Transportation and storage88.291.096.785.777.179.581.5-15.7
49 Land transport and transport via pipelines124.3125.1133.4117.5109.9119.3117.1-12.2
49.1 Passenger rail transport, interurban143.5142.9128.695.652.766.156.7-55.9
49.2 Freight rail transport90.689.891.685.685.288.692.20.7
49.3 Other passenger land transport124.5125.5147.2123.387.898.4101.2-31.3
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services114.2116.1123.3106.7112.0125.1123.40.1
49.5 Transport via pipeline152.9150.2147.0151.3160.2155.1144.4-1.8
50 Water transport68.275.376.175.875.571.577.01.2
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport100.7121.092.475.964.177.062.3-32.6
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport65.171.074.675.776.671.078.45.1
51 Air transport106.898.397.476.329.637.936.5-62.5
51.1 Passenger air transport107.197.897.576.628.035.734.6-64.5
51.2 Freight air transport and space transport96.2116.592.365.893.9120.7110.519.7
52 Warehousing and support activities for transportation79.082.193.475.665.770.471.5-23.4
52.1 Warehousing and storage101.4101.5113.495.887.099.0104.4-7.9
52.2 Support activities for transportation78.481.692.875.065.169.670.5-24.0
53 Postal and courier activities100.194.1117.690.190.588.292.1-21.7
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation75.973.687.367.762.152.050.9-41.7
53.2 Other postal and courier activities157.1142.2189.1143.0157.3173.6189.10.0
I Accommodation and food service activities129.1135.0122.987.871.7118.997.2-20.9
55 Accommodation134.5144.6108.880.048.5112.972.0-33.8
55.1 Hotels and similar accommodation134.5136.8113.180.141.598.271.9-36.4
55.2 Holiday and short-stay accommodation120.7185.989.891.664.7218.383.1-7.5
55.3 Camping grounds, recreational vehicle parks and trailer parks141.7220.358.761.1133.5243.065.110.9
55.9 Other accommodation169.7168.4140.0138.281.868.656.4-59.7
56 Food and beverage service activities126.1129.7130.692.184.6122.3111.2-14.9
56.1 Restaurants and mobile food service activities130.4136.0131.191.587.7131.8114.7-12.5
56.2 Event catering and other food service activities111.0109.1126.494.678.593.7100.1-20.8
56.3 Beverage serving activities127.7126.7142.790.563.4106.1107.4-24.7
J Information and communication107.4101.6129.8122.8116.5110.5132.11.8
58 Publishing activities78.981.2103.6107.880.489.7106.32.6
58.1 Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities73.677.585.575.268.879.486.10.7
58.2 Software publishing85.185.4125.0146.294.0101.9130.34.2
59 Motion picture, video and television progamme production, sound recording and music publishing activities108.0104.4140.5101.887.195.9133.9-4.7
59.1 Motion picture, video and television programme activities101.4100.3131.497.181.490.7127.4-3.0
59.2 Sound recording and music publishing activities169.1142.2224.0145.7139.9143.7194.2-13.3
60 Programming and broadcasting activities105.6101.8115.963.260.758.273.3-36.8
60.1 Radio broadcasting90.482.1107.382.270.270.673.6-31.4
60.2 Television programming and broadcasting activities106.7103.3116.561.860.057.373.3-37.1
61 Telecommunication100.495.4114.7102.1101.6102.8116.51.6
61.1 Wired telecommunications activities88.887.7107.691.991.589.2106.2-1.3
61.2 Wireless telecommunications activities97.590.2106.1104.0101.9106.1112.76.2
61.3 Satellite telecommunications activities128.9117.6139.1119.9119.8118.4141.01.4
61.9 Other telecommunications activities197.8191.2238.8153.8171.4191.8221.3-7.3
62 Computer programming128.1116.2159.3160.2161.4136.8170.06.7
62.0 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities128.1116.2159.3160.2161.4136.8170.06.7
63 Information service activities111.0110.4121.9127.0108.6117.5121.6-0.2
63.1 Data processing, hosting and related activities114.7112.9125.0131.6112.6122.2126.00.8
63.9 Other information service activities76.086.292.683.371.073.179.6-14.0

About the statistics

The statistics measure changes in turnover among establishments in the transport, tourism and ICT industries.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Turnover comprises total revenue from market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties. Turnover includes all duties and taxes on goods or services with the exception of the VAT invoiced by the unit vis-à-vis its customers and other similar deductible taxes directly linked to turnover. Turnover also includes all other charges (for example transport and packaging) passed on to the customer, even if these charges are listed separately in the invoice. Reduction in process, rebates and discounts as well as the value of returned packing must be deducted. Price reductions, rebates and bonuses conceded later to clients, for example at the end of the year, are not taken into account. Income classified as other operating income, financial income and extraordinary income in company accounts is excluded from turnover. Subsidies received from public authorities or the institutions of the European Union are also excluded.

Standard classifications

Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007)

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Turnover index for transport, tourism and ICT
Topic: Transport and tourism

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level only

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Quarterly

Timeliness: The reference period is one quarter (i.e., 3 months). The index is published within 60 days after the end of the quarter. Figures should for a time be considered preliminary.

International reporting

The index is reported to Eurostat immediately after release in Norway.


Primary data and compiled statistics are stored electronically in SAS files.


Background and purpose

The aim of the statistics is to measure change in turnover among establishments in the transport, tourism and ICT industries according to EU regulations no. 1165/98 of May 19th 1998 and no. 1158/2005. Eurostat compiles similar statistics from other EEC-countries and publishes EEC-wide statistics.

Data have been collected since the first quarter of 2002 and the index was first published in June 2003. The reference year is 2010 (i.e., 2010=100).

Users and applications

Primary users of the statistics are public sector agencies (Central Bank of Norway, Departments, etc.), private sector agencies and various organisations within the transport, tourism and ICT industries. The index can for instance be used to analyse and monitor economic activity. At Statistics Norway the index is used by the Division for National accounts and for other research and analysis.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The turnover index is produced for the same industries as in the structural business statistics for transportation and storage , accommodation and food service activities , and information and communication .

The index is also used by the Division of National accounts to compile statistics.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, Sections 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 and 3-2

EEA reference

The index is published according to EU regulations no. 1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005.



The population includes all establishments in Sections H: Transportation and storage , I: Accommodation and food service activities , and J Information and communication in the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007). Establishments in the public sector (sector codes 6100 and 6500) are not included.

Data sources and sampling

The turnover index for transport, tourism and ICT is mainly calculated from data collected from the VAT register. These data are bimonthly, with six periods per year. The bimonthly data are converted into quarterly figures based on industry-specific information (for example number of working days, passengers or guest nights) in different months of the year.

Data for some industries are collected from other sources. Turnover from toll stations is exempt from VAT; data for SIC2007 52.213 Toll gate stations are therefore gathered directly from establishments in the industry. Data for SIC2007 49.1 Passenger rail transport, interurban, 49.2 Freight rail transport and 53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation are also collected directly each quarter. For SIC2007 49.5 Transport via pipelines we use data released quarterly by the Divsion of National accounts .

No sampling. All units are included.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Statistics Norway receives bimonthly data from the Directorate of Taxes. Data are transmitted electronically, twice for each period. Figures are for a time preliminary and subject to revisions.

Data for SIC2007 52.213 Toll gate stations are collected each quarter directly from the establishments by telephone. Turnover from the enterprises in SIC2007 49.1 Passenger rail transport, interurban, 49.2 Freight rail transport and 53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation are collected each quarter electronically. For SIC2007 49.5 Transport via pipelines we use production figures from Quarterly national accounts.

Controls are conducted at both macro and micro levels.

At a macro level, figures for each industry are compared to the corresponding period the previous year.

At a micro level, data from the Directorate of Taxes are checked for possible scanning errors. Subsequently, the establishments within each industry that contribute the most (in per cent) to the change in turnover are inspected. Establishments that have changed industries since the corresponding period the previous year are also checked. If necessary, establishments are contacted directly.

VAT units report their turnover to the Directorate of Taxes with the use of a VAT number. For establishments and enterprises that register under the same VAT number, turnover is distributed to each underlying unit based on data from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. If the VAT unit is a single establishment enterprise, no estimation of turnover is required.

Due to the imposed deadline, the index is released before figures for the entire period has been collected. For instance, when figures for the first quarter are published, we only have data for the months of January and February and must therefore estimate the month of March. This estimation is carried out with the use of historical growth. Complete data for the first quarter is available upon publication of the second quarter.

Figures are subjected to calendar adjustment with the use of X-12-ARIMA. In this procedure, figures are adjusted for variations in the number of working days and for moving holidays.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


The turnover index is released according to the directions given in the Statistics Act, section 2-6.

Comparability over time and space

New business start-ups, bankruptcies and changes in industry classification may act to reduce comparability over time. The implementation of the new industry classification (SIC2007) may also have compromised comparability over time for some industries.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The total turnover reported by the VAT units might include revenue from transactions excluded from the definition of turnover, for instance sales of fixed assets or subsidies from public authorities.

Some enterprises are registered under the same VAT number in the VAT register (i.e., VAT units that submit turnover for multiple enterprises), which can be a problem for the statistics when the enterprises are registered in different industries or when they are located in different geographical areas. Another possible error is that the distribution of turnover among establishments belonging to one VAT unit is based on information that may be outdated.

In the event of non-responses from large enterprises, the tax office in the county municipality of the enterprise is contacted. Otherwise, turnover for non-responses is initially estimated based on the overall growth of the industry in question. If turnover is still missing upon final transmission of data from the Directorate of Taxes, non-responses are given a value of 0.

Not relevant

Data are collected from the VAT register. Reporting to the the Directorate of Taxes may be subject to delays. As a result, figures for the most recent quarters might be revised in subsequent releases.

A challenge for the index is that small businesses with turnover of less than NOK 1 million per year may apply to submit VAT returns annually (annual year-end returns). These VAT returns are submitted at the end of the year and subsequently distributed equally over the 6 periods. Annual returns in 2007 made up less than 1 per cent of the total turnover in the population and are thus unlikely to represent a a significant source of error.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used both to define the population and to gather vital information about the units. Errors in this administrative register (delays in registration, incorrect unit characteristics etc.) may therefore contribute to uncertainty. The magnitude of this problem is difficult to estimate, but errors in administrative registers are unlikely to represent a significant source of statistical uncertainty or bias.


Not relevant