379664
/en/transport-og-reiseliv/statistikker/stranslag/aar-endelige
379664
statistikk
2019-04-26T08:00:00.000Z
Transport and tourism;Transport and tourism
en
stranslag, Transport and storage, structural business statistics, land transport, sea transport, air transport, postal and courier activities, establishments, enterprises, employees, operational accounts, turnover, wage costs, gross investmentsSea transport , Land transport , Aviation , Transport and tourism
true

Transport and storage, structural business statistics

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

2.2 %

increase in turnover for the transportation and storage division from 2016 to 2017

Structural business statistics for transport and storage. Section H. Final results12
2017Change in per cent
2016 - 20172013 - 2017
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
3Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
4At factor costs
Enterprises
Enterprises (number)20 592-1.1-4.4
Employment (number)151 832-1.4-0.8
Turnover (NOK million)3392 094.52.28.3
Value added (NOK million)4136 011.8-6.1-5.9
Gross operating surplus (NOK million)52 536.1-13.4-13.7
Local KAUs
Local KAUs (number)21 558-0.9-3.8
Employment (number)151 513-1.3-0.9
Turnover (NOK million)3391 394.82.38.4
Personnel costs (NOK million)83 228.5-0.8-0.3
Gross investments (NOK million)18 230.32.736.0

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Local kind-of-activity units
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Value added (NOK million)Personnel costs (NOK million)Gross investmens in tangible goods (NOK million)
20172016201720162017201620172016201720162017201620172016
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total21 55621 747151 510153 573391 393.5382 775.2389 096.3380 415.4135 485.7144 480.683 227.683 913.318 230.117 748.5
 
49. Land transport115 34215 55074 73874 42786 905.582 364.586 888.182 304.339 906.240 163.729 200.928 509.22 687.13 946.3
49.1 Passenger rail transport54573 5494 0305 533.55 193.95 533.55 193.93 758.44 586.82 818.33 210.0-74.9621.7
49.2 Freight rail transport17185665761 471.01 213.51 471.01 213.5350.7356.1371.2330.6-279.013.3
49.3 Other passenger land transport6 9346 98337 85337 31427 524.726 522.627 520.126 503.816 750.016 399.711 744.411 170.41 303.51 667.3
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services8 3378 49232 77032 50752 376.349 434.552 363.549 393.119 047.118 821.114 267.013 798.21 737.51 644.0
 
50. Water transport1 6761 70122 49323 977150 846.2151 644.2149 583.2150 555.450 766.150 133.221 446.723 124.16 501.52 974.9
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport4104239 8149 98215 287.115 241.014 027.914 158.28 282.57 421.55 510.85 351.71 412.72 148.9
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport1 2511 26112 62713 951135 524.8136 371.1135 521.6136 365.642 468.842 696.215 922.517 757.15 086.2820.4
50.3 Inland passenger water transport1517524434.332.133.731.614.815.513.415.32.65.6
 
51. Air transport1541526 4176 48240 447.334 989.040 447.234 982.75 330.09 010.34 780.35 060.2572.51 284.1
51.1 Passenger air transport1271276 2496 31039 953.634 431.439 953.534 425.15 179.28 867.74 681.64 957.0551.01 259.2
51.2 Freight air transport and space transport2725168172493.7557.6493.7557.6150.8142.698.7103.221.524.9
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation22 7282 77330 09730 34795 584.296 364.994 593.395 176.029 848.035 538.219 426.518 856.67 915.49 269.7
52.1 Warehousing and storage1661671 5781 6002 937.22 803.52 931.92 804.1966.31 034.0842.7853.492.3108.2
52.2 Support activities for transportation22 5622 60628 51928 74792 647.093 561.491 661.492 371.928 881.734 504.218 583.818 003.27 823.19 161.5
 
53. Postal and courier activities1 6561 57117 76518 34017 610.317 412.617 584.517 397.09 635.49 635.28 373.28 363.2553.6273.5
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation232511 40912 33113 184.313 272.813 158.513 257.97 538.37 641.56 774.16 874.3474.7225.9
53.2 Other postal and courier activities1 6331 5466 3566 0094 426.04 139.84 426.04 139.12 097.11 993.71 599.11 488.978.947.6

Table 2 
Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units
2017
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
49. Land transport1
Local KAUs15 3427 2635 2491 60866936716719
Employment74 7385 50713 85210 2298 91211 15115 2629 825
Turnover (mill. NOK)286 905.46 497.911 142.111 307.311 904.115 885.619 058.611 109.8
Production value (mill. NOK)86 887.96 497.711 139.911 306.211 899.715 879.919 054.711 109.8
Value-added (mill. NOK)339 906.22 819.35 766.84 694.34 584.16 509.59 275.66 256.6
Personell costs (mill. NOK)29 200.8423.23 054.13 366.23 817.25 536.27 858.95 145.0
Gross investments (mill. NOK)2 687.2396.4605.2469.0561.7510.875.668.5
 
50. Water transport
Local KAUs1 6781 08520111797936520
Employment22 4961445677951 3422 7216 41210 515
Turnover (mill. NOK)2150 847.591 712.14 709.02 515.23 318.813 073.021 488.214 031.2
Production value (mill. NOK)149 584.791 708.44 705.92 507.73 267.012 922.921 447.913 024.9
Value-added (mill. NOK)350 766.628 729.62 576.41 088.11 254.43 046.76 004.48 067.0
Personell costs (mill. NOK)21 447.55 531.7894.5652.7859.01 971.25 334.36 204.1
Gross investments (mill. NOK)6 501.84 483.6559.9-551.9-432.5482.3778.11 182.3
 
51. Air transport
Local KAUs1546220141219207
Employment6 4172057921616301 7843 673
Turnover (mill. NOK)240 447.2271.1277.51 251.0899.11 784.16 557.929 406.5
Production value (mill. NOK)40 447.2271.1277.51 251.0899.11 784.16 557.929 406.5
Value-added (mill. NOK)35 329.898.9-44.0318.6153.8204.53 341.11 256.9
Personell costs (mill. NOK)4 780.38.041.080.4150.6287.01 481.72 731.6
Gross investments (mill. NOK)572.4262.8-6.8-24.512.861.652.4214.1
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation4
Local KAUs2 7281 1935013903301971098
Employment30 0974941 3982 6114 5076 06710 5194 501
Turnover (mill. NOK)295 584.013 455.34 995.08 216.713 372.817 356.229 491.38 696.7
Production value (mill. NOK)94 593.313 460.54 994.78 216.613 383.317 376.728 456.18 705.4
Value-added (mill. NOK)329 848.04 358.71 281.92 184.83 331.05 203.69 274.74 213.3
Personell costs (mill. NOK)19 426.5209.3667.31 577.53 024.23 655.07 244.73 048.5
Gross investments (mill. NOK)7 915.5749.4151.785.1189.4434.44 174.82 130.7
 
53. Postal and courier activities
Local KAUs1 6561 15428710036402217
Employment17 7658147256234781 3052 27811 542
Turnover (mill. NOK)217 610.4560.2640.7591.8648.0787.51 748.612 633.6
Production value (mill. NOK)17 584.5560.2640.6591.8648.0787.51 747.112 609.3
Value-added (mill. NOK)39 635.3307.8345.0331.0183.6207.3934.87 325.8
Personell costs (mill. NOK)8 373.334.7155.5191.4165.8345.6910.26 570.1
Gross investments (mill. NOK)553.531.418.713.84.89.47.4468.0

Table 3 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by county. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by county. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units1
2017
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (mill. NOK)2Production value (mill. NOK)Value-added (mill. NOK)3Personell costs (mill. NOK)Gross investments (mill. NOK)
1Few local KAU's in some countys results in hidden values on section, because of the confidentiality on division at two-digit NACE.
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
5Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total4521 558............
 
Østfold1 0725 7699 273.19 271.33 313.92 595.7194.7
Akershus2 83121 92580 796.979 691.715 606.512 294.2392.9
Oslo3 39523 80768 551.968 324.821 756.113 469.93 914.1
Hedmark6923 6554 945.24 942.32 016.21 506.4139.4
Oppland779............
Buskerud1 1155 659..........
Vestfold8785 673..........
Telemark6003 396..........
Aust-Agder3922 7076 301.06 298.42 427.31 375.2323.1
Vest-Agder662............
Rogaland1 75214 66535 056.134 970.617 657.89 481.24 842.1
Hordaland2 27114 18869 992.569 944.521 733.99 207.33 950.3
Sogn og Fjordane4454 4715 586.25 514.23 814.32 251.9676.9
Møre og Romsdal9667 945..........
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 1427 71612 404.112 397.45 853.03 469.7288.5
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)5323 7215 526.05 532.22 322.11 751.6204.9
Nordland9387 79310 891.210 899.44 439.53 812.6945.5
Troms6616 51412 154.512 004.14 071.33 328.11 456.6
Finnmark4132 870..........
Other Norwegian territories22666..........

Table 4 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Enterprises

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Enterprises
EnterprisesEmployed personsTurnover (mill. NOK)Production value (NOK million)Value-added (mill. NOK)Gross operating surplus (mill. NOK)Personnel costs (mill. NOK)
20172016201720162017201620172016201720162017201620172016
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total1220 59220 829151 832153 978392 094.5383 721.2389 233.8380 787.2136 011.8144 792.552 536.160 636.183 475.584 156.4
 
49. Land transport114 98215 21274 36374 02785 867.581 256.685 730.681 087.939 726.839 936.410 755.411 696.528 971.528 239.9
49.1 Passenger rail transport753 5494 0305 533.55 193.95 533.55 193.93 758.44 586.8940.11 376.82 818.33 210.0
49.2 Freight rail transport565665761 471.01 213.51 471.01 213.5350.7356.1-20.525.5371.2330.6
49.3 Other passenger land transport6 7346 80237 90137 35627 623.826 634.927 600.426 598.016 793.316 454.75 024.55 262.211 768.911 192.5
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services8 2368 39932 34732 06551 239.248 214.351 125.748 082.518 824.418 538.84 811.35 032.014 013.113 506.8
 
50. Water transport1 6351 66422 69024 227151 409.5152 858.1149 767.1151 343.350 862.150 916.529 320.127 662.421 542.023 254.2
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport3803969 87810 03315 724.515 821.714 085.614 313.08 637.18 075.33 073.42 705.25 563.75 370.1
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport1 2401 25112 76014 150135 650.7137 004.3135 647.8136 998.742 210.242 825.726 245.324 956.915 964.917 868.8
50.3 Inland passenger water transport1517524434.332.133.731.614.815.51.40.313.415.3
 
51. Air transport99986 6896 75840 387.434 738.540 387.434 732.25 487.78 632.4503.53 363.04 984.25 269.4
51.1 Passenger air transport76776 5136 57639 878.734 168.939 878.734 162.65 331.28 485.7448.73 323.24 882.55 162.5
51.2 Freight air transport an space transport2321176182508.7569.6508.7569.6156.5146.754.839.8101.7106.9
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation22 3022 35430 35930 65496 869.897 499.195 814.396 274.130 325.635 677.010 692.616 645.319 632.919 031.7
52.1 Warehousing and storage1461471 5971 6202 918.02 887.72 918.02 888.4997.11 066.7160.5196.4836.6870.3
52.2 Support activities for transportation2 1562 20728 76229 03493 951.894 611.492 896.393 385.729 328.534 610.310 532.116 448.918 796.318 161.4
 
53. Postal and courier activities1 5721 50117 72818 31217 558.817 368.817 533.017 349.89 609.29 630.01 264.81 268.98 344.38 361.2
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation4611 40912 33113 184.313 272.813 158.513 257.97 538.37 641.5764.1767.36 774.16 874.3
53.2 Other postal and courier activities1 5681 4956 3195 9814 374.54 096.04 374.54 091.92 070.91 988.5500.7501.61 570.21 486.9

Table 5 
Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Enterprises

Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Enterprises
2017
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
49. Land transport1
Enterprises14 9827 2325 2061 5545982828921
Employment (persons)74 3635 48913 7269 8687 9278 4347 97720 942
Turnover (mill. NOK)285 867.56 180.710 752.510 754.210 895.313 605.511 690.921 988.4
Production value (mill. NOK)85 730.56 180.510 742.110 752.510 851.813 594.411 623.621 985.6
Value-added (mill. NOK)339 726.82 776.75 672.04 510.94 126.05 100.94 871.812 668.5
Personell costs (mill. NOK)28 971.3384.22 990.03 227.73 382.14 267.64 191.810 527.9
Gross investments (mill. NOK)2 689.4393.2608.3453.0545.9409.8201.677.6
 
50. Water transport
Enterprises1 6371 07419611493835621
Employment (persons)22 6931385507741 2772 4595 70711 788
Turnover (mill. NOK)2151 410.991 659.44 331.02 506.62 969.912 086.722 377.815 479.5
Production value (mill. NOK)149 768.591 655.94 327.92 499.12 965.612 075.322 161.214 083.5
Value-added (mill. NOK)350 862.528 696.92 545.71 086.31 161.92 646.45 477.19 248.2
Personell costs (mill. NOK)21 542.95 519.7868.5637.6824.51 886.34 793.97 012.4
Gross investments (mill. NOK)6 510.34 480.5559.5-551.5-431.5218.1539.91 695.3
 
51. Air transport
Enterprises99551553768
Employment (persons)6 689164631442324845 836
Turnover (mill. NOK)240 387.4104.6277.5132.298.4451.8606.938 716.0
Production value (mill. NOK)40 387.4104.6277.5132.298.4451.8606.938 716.0
Value-added (mill. NOK)35 487.632.5-44.029.440.1148.8226.45 054.4
Personell costs (mill. NOK)4 984.13.835.726.024.4120.1199.54 574.6
Gross investments (mill. NOK)601.9262.8-6.8-24.512.756.77.8293.2
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation4
Enterprises2 3021 1344333062141198016
Employment (persons)30 3594631 2022 0332 9263 6357 97712 123
Turnover (mill. NOK)296 869.911 990.64 252.25 921.99 132.910 275.324 868.230 428.8
Production value (mill. NOK)95 814.211 985.44 250.85 918.19 129.910 271.423 761.630 497.0
Value-added (mill. NOK)330 325.53 541.31 076.21 635.42 344.73 213.96 437.212 076.8
Personell costs (mill. NOK)19 632.9164.1546.81 145.51 894.02 085.85 090.18 706.6
Gross investments (mill. NOK)7 985.8210.6142.662.585.8612.0730.96 141.4
 
53. Postal and courier activities
Enterprises1 5721 151271852618174
Employment (persons)17 7288136795173325411 45613 390
Turnover (mill. NOK)2..558.9467.3..501.3392.31 472.8..
Production value (mill. NOK)..558.9467.3..501.3392.31 472.8..
Value-added (mill. NOK)3..306.8232.4..144.7188.3555.6..
Personell costs (mill. NOK)..34.4135.7..119.5172.2497.4..
Gross investments (mill. NOK)..31.421.0..2.29.42.7..

About the statistics

Structural business statistics for the transport and storage industry section cover land, water and air transport, as well as warehousing, and postal and courier industry divisions. Local kind-of-activity units and enterprises are included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Location

Location is in accordance with municipal borders dated from the 1 st of January 2005. In some industry divisions an enterprise can do business in several municipalities and counties without being divided into several KAUs. In such cases the enterprise's combined operations are registered where the enterprise has its office address.

Owners without regular pay who work for the enterprise on a daily basis

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

An employee is a person who works for an employer and receives compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. The number of employees in the structural business statistics shows an average of the number that has been employed throughout the year. From 2015, the employment figures are obtained from the A-ordningen.

Temporary staff from employment agencies are not included in the employment figures.

Employment

Employment is the sum of owners and employees working in the unit. The employment statistics show the average number of persons employed during the year. From 2015, the employment figures are obtained from the A-ordningen, which replaced the AA-Registeret. Thus, the figures are not comparable with the previous years.

Employees are defined as part-time if they work less than 30 hours per week.

Man-years

The figures include the number of man-years worked by employees in an enterprise.

Turnover/sales

Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income, commissions and special taxes are included, while subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

Merchandise

Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no added value.

Compensation of employees

Compensation of employees includes wages, holiday pay, fees, etc., employer's national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Compensation of employees does not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular wages.

Production value

Production value means sales corrected for changes in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and goods and services purchased for resale. Purchases of goods and services for resale are deducted, while capitalized own investment work is added.

Value added

Value added is figured as the sum of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and special public taxes, and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumer goods. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public subsidies/reimbursements are included.

Gross investments

Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant, machinery, tools, implements, software, vehicles (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added while sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are minus incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions

This includes investments in new assets and improvements of own assets.

New investments include all newly acquired fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year, excluding investments in unimproved property. In assessing the value of the business asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufactures. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when the asset is entered as an asset in the balance sheet.

Improvement of own assets includes the value of all capitalized improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. A precondition is that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or prolong the lifetime of the business asset. The improvement is estimated at purchase price at time of purchase or at production cost when it is manufactured.

Sale of business assets

Sale of business assets is estimated at the sales value (replacement value) upon realization of used business assets over the course of the year. The amount includes investment tax. The business asset is regarded as sold when it is delivered.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification ( SN2007 ) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU´s NACE-standard.

Earlier time series with figures up to 2007 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Transport and storage, structural business statistics
Topic: Transport and tourism

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level. Region and county level for some of the main variables.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: Data pertains to the statistical year of 2016. Final figures are normally published 17 months after the last month of the statistical year. Preliminary figures on employment and turnover are published 10 months after the last month of the statistical year.

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT.

Microdata

Primary data and the compiled statistics are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for transportation and storage are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information. Transportation and storage is classified under industry section H: Transportation and storage.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published for parts of the sector in 1998. Since 1999 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level.

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001, in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in  the Statistics Release Calendar

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for transportation and storage are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, business activities and construction that are also compiled by Statistics Norway.

When making comparisons with other statistics for employment, for instance the labour force survey at Statistics Norway or statistics based on the Register of Employees and Employers, it must be kept in mind that definitions and methodology varies between the statistics. The structural business statistics are compiled according to definitions given by the EU regulation on structural business statistics (see section 4.2).

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

See accounts statistics for information about non-financial limited companies in the information sector

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Regulation 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics amended by Regulation 251/2009, 517/2013 and 446/2014

 

Production

Population

The structural business statistics for Transportation and storage are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.3) and include the following industry divisions:

49 Land transport (except of 49.5 and 52.215 Transport via pipelines).

50 Water transport.

51 Air transport.

52 Supporting and auxiliary transport activities

53 Post and telecommunications

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises which are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 6100 and 6500. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for construction even though they should happen to have operations in the abovementioned industry.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 1110, 1120, 1510 og 1520, are included in the statistics if they have activity in the abovementioned industry.  Sectorcode

 

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of enterprises in the population, including all enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU), the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

Information, like the accounts and turnover, about the enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample is obtained from the following sources:

- trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service

- the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund

- the VAT Register

Starting with the reference year 2004, employment figures for enterprises included in the sample are collected from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register).

The Register of Establishments and Enterprises at Statistics Norway is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

A complete set of statements (NO with supplementary forms) is obtained from a sample of enterprises.

The supplementary forms are collected by postal questionnaires, and it is possible to report data on the Internet. The questionnaires are sent out in April/May after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of four or five weeks.  Enterprises which do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders within further six months from the first deadline.

For other enterprises, sales figures and other essential accounting data are obtained from Trading Statements (NO) submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service or from annual accounts in the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund. Sales figures are furthermore obtained from enterprises in the "VAT Register".

Editing and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports from the last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondents if necessary.

No variables are estimated for enterprises having a complete NO with supplementary form.  For these enterprises the information from the forms is used.

For enterprises outside the sample which submit Trading Statements electronically, only data for supplementary forms are estimated. Existing data from the annual accounts are used then according to the Register of Annual Company Accounts and are split up into respective sub-items according to the relative shares shown in the data from the NO sample. Thus, data from the Structural Survey and "VAT Register" are taken into account in the statistical calculation. Turnover and employment are considered as known variables for all enterprises and are therefore used as a basis for computing missing variables. Previously an industry's mean based on sample units was used to estimate missing data for non-sample unit similar (ratio estimates). As of the statistical year 2011 the method is based on finding a sample unit similar to the non-sample unit to be estimated, based on set of criteria, and using the sample-unit to estimate the missing values (nearest neighbour estimation). The nearest neighbour criterion is industry combined with the turnover/employment ratio, in that order.

The other items are estimated according to the division in the sample (organized by subclass and same size groups with respect to turnover, operating expenditure or other relevant distribution keys).

Enterprises with sales according to the VAT Register or Structural Survey

The NO items are estimated with sales as a key for the enterprises outside the sample where sales are obtained from the "VAT Register" or from the Structural Survey.

Employment figures

Employment figures for the enterprises are mainly obtained from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register), but some are estimated on the basis of the enterprises’ wage costs or turnover. The Employment figures are revised, based on information from other sources, before dissemination.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises/ local KAU's represent a statistical variable, no economic variables are published. The reason is the risk that units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

Preliminary figures are published while data are still under revision, and may therefore deviate from the final figures which are published within 17 months of the end of the reference year. Preliminary data for enterprises in the sample which have not yet responded at the time of publishing are estimated by using of other sources.

Generally, when making comparisons with previously published figures, it must be kept in mind that older data may have been corrected during later revisions. Updating of industries in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises may also cause revisions for some of the industries. These changes are not dated back.

Until 2003, enterprises in the sample reported employment figures via postal questionnaires. Starting with the reference year 2004, employment figures for enterprises included in the sample are collected tfrom the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register).

The method of calculation of owners has been changed from 2005. Until 2005, for enterprises which were not limited companies (i.e. general partnerships, sole proprietorships and general partnerships with shared liability), and had a turnover between NOK 11 000 and 100 000, one owner was estimated for the enterprise. From 2005 no owners are estimated for enterprises with a turnover less than NOK 150 000.

In previous years gross investments were calculated from enterprises in the sample to the entire population. Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority. This source provides more correct figures for gross investments.

The Standard Industrial Classification 2002 (SIC2002) was used including the reference year 2007. From the reference year 2008, The Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SIC2007) is employed. This means that not all industries are comparable backwards. Earlier time series with figures up to 2007 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.). Many of the industries which according to the new industrial standard (SN2007) constitute can be retrieved in StatBank in accordance to the previous standard. See Transport and tourism .

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The results of a statistical survey will as a rule contain some measurement and processing errors. Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives erroneous answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of the question etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to the machine-readable medium or during revision.

Non-response will always be a factor in form-based surveys. This is because some respondents either do not return their forms or return them incompletely filled out. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

Sampling errors is the uncertainty that occurs when the figures are produced on the basis of a sample of data, and not the whole population. The sampling error is the expected deviation between the result of the sample and the result if the whole population were examined.

Imbalances in the sample (e.g. misleading stratification) can cause errors for the variables for which information has not been obtained for all units in the population. Statistics Norway assumes explicitly by the imputation that enterprises outside the sample have the same cost and income structure as enterprises in the sample.

The variables in the preliminary figures (number of enterprises, employment and turnover) are based on a full census, and sampling errors are not relevant for these variables.

In the structural business statistics, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (A-Ordningen) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Transport and storage, structural business statistics are published annually.

Preliminary figures are normally published about ten months after the end of the statistical year. This publication includes number of enterprises, turnover and employment for enterprises only.

Final figures produced after revision of the preliminary figures are normally published sixteen to seventeen months after the end of the statistical year. More variables are included in this statistics. Figures for both enterprises and local kind of activities are presented.