336515
/en/transport-og-reiseliv/statistikker/stranslag/aar-endelige
336515
statistikk
2018-04-25T08:00:00.000Z
Transport and tourism;Transport and tourism
en
stranslag, Transport and storage, structural business statistics, land transport, sea transport, air transport, postal and courier activities, establishments, enterprises, employees, operational accounts, turnover, wage costs, gross investmentsLand transport , Aviation , Sea transport , Transport and tourism
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Transport and storage, structural business statistics

Updated

Next update

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Key figures

8.2 %

decrease in turnover in the water transport division from 2015 to 2016

Structural business statistics for transport and storage. Section H. Final results12
2016Change in per cent
2015 - 20162012 - 2016
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
3Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
4At factor costs
Enterprises
Enterprises (number)20 829-1.3-3.6
Employment (number)153 978-2.51.2
Turnover (NOK million)3383 721.2-5.612.4
Value added (NOK million)4144 792.5-4.515.8
Gross operating surplus (NOK million)60 636.1-6.511.5
Local KAUs
Local KAUs (number)21 747-1.0-2.9
Employment (number)153 573-2.51.1
Turnover (NOK million)3382 775.3-5.612.2
Personnel costs (NOK million)83 913.2-2.918.9
Gross investments (NOK million)17 748.560.8-34.4

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Local kind-of-activity units
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Value added (NOK million)Personnel costs (NOK million)Gross investmens in tangible goods (NOK million)
20162015201620152016201520162015201620152016201520162015
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total21 74721 976153 573157 519382 775.2405 339.7380 415.4403 183.9144 480.6151 133.983 913.386 463.617 748.511 037.0
 
49. Land transport115 55015 81674 42773 94182 364.580 970.782 304.380 937.040 163.739 657.028 509.227 796.43 946.33 895.1
49.1 Passenger rail transport57574 0304 0175 193.94 991.75 193.94 991.74 586.84 896.83 210.02 747.4621.7804.3
49.2 Freight rail transport18195765871 213.51 387.01 213.51 387.0356.1346.8330.6339.813.3103.4
49.3 Other passenger land transport6 9837 01437 31436 65126 522.625 865.626 503.825 852.816 399.715 783.311 170.411 265.91 667.31 156.9
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services8 4928 72632 50732 68649 434.548 726.449 393.148 705.518 821.118 630.113 798.213 443.31 644.01 830.5
 
50. Water transport1 7011 70823 97725 189151 644.2165 158.4150 555.4164 281.750 133.257 988.923 124.125 329.12 974.91 412.3
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport4234399 9829 74815 241.014 227.014 158.213 382.67 421.56 627.95 351.75 164.72 148.91 248.7
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport1 2611 25213 95115 387136 371.1150 900.3136 365.6150 868.742 696.251 347.017 757.120 148.0820.4165.5
50.3 Inland passenger water transport1717445432.131.131.630.415.514.015.316.45.6-1.9
 
51. Air transport1521546 4826 72334 989.039 178.834 982.739 176.89 010.36 865.95 060.25 300.51 284.11 162.5
51.1 Passenger air transport1271256 3106 55834 431.438 669.134 425.138 667.18 867.76 715.14 957.05 202.01 259.21 077.0
51.2 Freight air transport and space transport2529172165557.6509.7557.6509.7142.6150.8103.298.524.985.5
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation22 7732 77430 34731 77796 364.9102 244.995 176.0101 016.535 538.236 573.918 856.619 450.89 269.74 294.5
52.1 Warehousing and storage1671611 6001 6182 803.53 001.52 804.13 001.61 034.01 072.6853.4869.5108.2286.5
52.2 Support activities for transportation22 6062 61328 74730 15993 561.499 243.492 371.998 014.934 504.235 501.318 003.218 581.39 161.54 008.0
 
53. Postal and courier activities1 5711 52418 34019 88917 412.617 786.917 397.017 771.99 635.210 048.28 363.28 586.8273.5272.6
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation252612 33114 03813 272.813 415.713 257.913 400.77 641.58 078.26 874.37 081.8225.9203.3
53.2 Other postal and courier activities1 5461 4986 0095 8514 139.84 371.24 139.14 371.21 993.71 970.01 488.91 505.047.669.3

Table 2 
Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units
2016
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
49. Land transport1
Local KAUs15 5507 4885 2261 64565037215019
Employment74 4275 64413 86610 3558 61611 58114 4969 869
Turnover (mill. NOK)282 364.56 235.610 943.511 037.810 719.215 478.217 306.810 643.4
Production value (mill. NOK)82 304.36 235.610 944.811 020.710 691.615 468.717 299.510 643.4
Value-added (mill. NOK)340 163.72 893.65 799.04 842.84 404.36 887.08 725.46 611.6
Personell costs (mill. NOK)28 509.2455.22 981.63 295.13 630.15 636.17 220.65 290.5
Gross investments (mill. NOK)3 946.3320.5471.2540.8391.9750.5989.2482.2
 
50. Water transport
Local KAUs1 7011 12119111796866723
Employment23 9771785417771 3452 6046 57711 955
Turnover (mill. NOK)2151 644.492 604.24 917.82 502.89 314.68 594.819 477.814 232.4
Production value (mill. NOK)150 555.492 598.54 917.42 484.99 249.48 483.719 476.613 344.9
Value-added (mill. NOK)350 133.229 472.92 239.01 065.31 653.52 293.94 982.88 425.8
Personell costs (mill. NOK)23 124.36 770.7846.8659.4982.61 851.75 156.16 857.0
Gross investments (mill. NOK)2 975.0974.0166.199.0-181.9257.2683.2977.4
 
51. Air transport
Local KAUs1526215151519197
Employment6 4821837872046251 7693 742
Turnover (mill. NOK)234 989.0472.1167.81 117.11 070.81 920.75 853.624 386.9
Production value (mill. NOK)34 982.6472.1167.81 116.61 070.01 915.65 853.624 386.9
Value-added (mill. NOK)39 010.4143.127.9857.2194.1524.32 667.34 596.5
Personell costs (mill. NOK)5 060.37.622.146.9204.3355.81 730.92 692.7
Gross investments (mill. NOK)1 284.1259.3266.6127.029.5195.3257.2149.2
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation4
Local KAUs2 7731 2265173843351961087
Employment30 3475091 4912 5554 6336 12710 8354 197
Turnover (mill. NOK)296 364.912 705.85 396.08 020.013 688.817 659.332 429.96 465.1
Production value (mill. NOK)95 176.112 701.15 388.18 018.313 690.817 663.631 253.56 460.7
Value-added (mill. NOK)335 538.16 117.61 581.52 600.53 910.95 992.312 696.52 638.8
Personell costs (mill. NOK)18 856.8193.6720.41 451.52 970.03 700.87 270.42 550.1
Gross investments (mill. NOK)9 269.7256.5131.572.6324.0441.4980.17 063.6
 
53. Postal and courier activities
Local KAUs1 5711 1492407634332217
Employment18 3407946124814401 0592 60612 348
Turnover (mill. NOK)217 412.5560.9543.2531.5403.8812.01 858.412 702.7
Production value (mill. NOK)17 396.9560.3543.1531.5403.8812.01 857.512 688.7
Value-added (mill. NOK)39 635.3295.6222.9201.8157.3340.9956.17 460.7
Personell costs (mill. NOK)8 363.232.2122.6146.6131.6315.7895.96 718.6
Gross investments (mill. NOK)273.531.35.211.4-2.01.10.5226.0

Table 3 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by county. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by county. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units1
2016
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (mill. NOK)2Production value (mill. NOK)Value-added (mill. NOK)3Personell costs (mill. NOK)Gross investments (mill. NOK)
1Few local KAU's in some countys results in hidden values on section, because of the confidentiality on division at two-digit NACE.
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
5Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total4521 747153 573..........
 
Østfold1 1065 644..........
Akershus2 82321 41671 337.770 127.716 370.411 726.28 062.4
Oslo3 40224 47968 073.567 824.126 570.114 617.82 576.2
Hedmark7133 777..........
Oppland7724 384..........
Buskerud1 1245 81611 60411 616.16 223.82 638.0528.0
Vestfold8785 618..........
Telemark5983 387..........
Aust-Agder3872 654..........
Vest-Agder6634 098..........
Rogaland1 77915 20538 590.238 504.417 786.410 012.24 073.0
Hordaland2 28414 97068 489.868 434.022 546.39 686.0809.8
Sogn og Fjordane4544 417..........
Møre og Romsdal9968 663..........
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 1487 74712 073.112 061.26 055.43 423.2636.4
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)5333 7265 590.45 590.92 419.91 609.2402.0
Nordland9617 557..........
Troms6686 154..........
Finnmark4353 1303 984.63 988.41 676.31 159.9578.7
Other Norwegian territories23731..........

Table 4 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Enterprises

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Enterprises
EnterprisesEmploymentTurnover (mill. NOK)Production value (NOK million)Value-added (mill. NOK)Gross operating surplus (mill. NOK)Personnel costs (mill. NOK)
20162015201620152016201520162015201620152016201520162015
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total1220 82921 110153 978158 007383 721.2406 337.0380 787.2403 568.0144 792.5151 646.360 636.164 879.284 156.486 767.1
 
49. Land transport115 21215 49174 02773 87681 256.680 627.881 087.980 020.639 936.439 763.811 696.512 064.728 239.927 699.1
49.1 Passenger rail transport554 0304 0175 193.94 991.75 193.94 991.74 586.84 896.81 376.82 149.43 210.02 747.4
49.2 Freight rail transport665765871 213.51 387.01 213.51 387.0356.1346.825.57.0330.6339.8
49.3 Other passenger land transport6 8026 84937 35637 22026 634.926 689.426 598.026 219.616 454.716 234.35 262.24 672.511 192.511 561.8
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services8 3998 63132 06532 05248 214.347 559.748 082.547 422.318 538.818 285.95 032.05 235.813 506.813 050.1
 
50. Water transport1 6641 67224 22724 942152 858.1165 858.7151 343.3164 981.650 916.558 478.627 662.433 075.423 254.225 403.2
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport39641310 0339 37915 821.714 171.714 313.013 326.98 075.36 801.12 705.21 865.05 370.14 936.1
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport1 2511 24114 15015 509137 004.3151 655.8136 998.7151 624.242 825.751 663.424 956.931 212.717 868.820 450.7
50.3 Inland passenger water transport1718445432.131.231.630.515.514.10.3-2.315.316.4
 
51. Air transport981006 7587 04534 738.539 241.634 732.239 239.48 632.47 128.73 363.01 598.25 269.45 530.5
51.1 Passenger air transport77786 5766 87034 168.938 718.334 162.638 716.18 485.76 972.93 323.21 544.55 162.55 428.4
51.2 Freight air transport an space transport2122182175569.6523.3569.6523.3146.7155.839.853.7106.9102.1
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation22 3542 37730 65432 23797 499.1102 835.796 274.1101 568.235 677.036 221.016 645.316 679.119 031.719 541.9
52.1 Warehousing and storage1471491 6201 6182 887.72 972.42 888.42 972.61 066.71 065.5196.4195.6870.3869.9
52.2 Support activities for transportation2 2072 22829 03430 61994 611.499 863.393 385.798 595.634 610.335 155.516 448.916 483.518 161.418 672.0
 
53. Postal and courier activities1 5011 47018 31219 90717 368.817 773.317 349.817 758.39 630.010 054.11 268.91 461.88 361.28 592.3
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation6712 33114 03813 272.813 415.713 257.913 400.77 641.58 078.2767.3996.46 874.37 081.8
53.2 Other postal and courier activities1 4951 4635 9815 8694 096.04 357.64 091.94 357.61 988.51 975.9501.6465.41 486.91 510.5

Table 5 
Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Enterprises

Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Enterprises
2016
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
49. Land transport1
Enterprises15 2127 4755 1691 6045832798319
Employment (persons)74 0275 63913 69810 0927 7128 5078 04720 332
Turnover (mill. NOK)281 256.66 151.110 684.610 621.99 422.812 261.111 911.420 203.7
Production value (mill. NOK)81 087.96 151.110 683.210 592.49 412.512 216.711 828.320 203.7
Value-added (mill. NOK)339 936.42 807.75 658.64 664.53 957.05 010.74 788.613 049.3
Personell costs (mill. NOK)28 239.9370.42 892.83 171.23 202.64 132.94 021.810 448.2
Gross investments (mill. NOK)3 953.8327.1461.2442.7347.7357.7400.01 617.4
 
50. Water transport
Enterprises1 6641 11418711192766024
Employment (persons)24 2271735287381 2712 3226 00113 194
Turnover (mill. NOK)2152 858.092 277.34 847.62 138.48 907.07 856.621 121.715 709.4
Production value (mill. NOK)151 343.392 271.74 847.22 137.08 900.37 848.920 942.114 396.1
Value-added (mill. NOK)350 916.729 302.92 213.61 036.71 638.72 340.04 832.59 552.3
Personell costs (mill. NOK)23 254.16 727.2830.1627.7950.91 739.64 771.57 607.1
Gross investments (mill. NOK)2 985.6974.0165.865.3-205.1259.3241.41 484.9
 
51. Air transport
Enterprises98531276848
Employment (persons)6 758133342822582926 038
Turnover (mill. NOK)234 738.679.7261.1105.9233.2444.3486.933 127.5
Production value (mill. NOK)34 732.379.7261.1105.4232.4439.3486.933 127.5
Value-added (mill. NOK)38 632.429.835.837.46.8174.5204.78 143.4
Personell costs (mill. NOK)5 269.23.320.522.068.3142.9177.64 834.6
Gross investments (mill. NOK)1 752.1142.533.3-3.81.260.93.71 514.3
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation4
Enterprises2 3541 1724463052161237616
Employment (persons)30 6544761 2772 0112 9793 7697 75812 384
Turnover (mill. NOK)297 499.311 306.54 282.36 460.28 819.210 845.825 572.230 213.1
Production value (mill. NOK)96 274.011 301.44 273.66 456.28 811.410 808.424 366.930 256.1
Value-added (mill. NOK)335 677.05 526.61 277.02 197.72 287.83 616.28 709.312 062.4
Personell costs (mill. NOK)19 031.8151.6576.11 101.41 825.92 260.24 821.78 294.9
Gross investments (mill. NOK)9 349.8196.2188.264.2228.1309.7244.08 119.4
 
53. Postal and courier activities
Enterprises1 5011 140231722615134
Employment (persons)18 3127905864493274771 28214 401
Turnover (mill. NOK)2..548.1403.5478.2..438.31 216.8..
Production value (mill. NOK)..548.1403.4474.3..438.31 216.8..
Value-added (mill. NOK)3..290.6193.1181.3..184.9467.9..
Personell costs (mill. NOK)..31.5110.3132.6..164.1410.7..
Gross investments (mill. NOK)..31.05.211.7..0.51.0..

About the statistics

Structural business statistics for the transport and storage industry section cover land, water and air transport, as well as warehousing, and postal and courier industry divisions. Local kind-of-activity units and enterprises are included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Location

Location is in accordance with municipal borders dated from the 1 st of January 2005. In some industry divisions an enterprise can do business in several municipalities and counties without being divided into several KAUs. In such cases the enterprise's combined operations are registered where the enterprise has its office address.

Owners without regular pay who work for the enterprise on a daily basis

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

An employee is a person who works for an employer and receives compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. The number of employees in the structural business statistics shows an average of the number that has been employed throughout the year. From 2015, the employment figures are obtained from the A-ordningen.

Temporary staff from employment agencies are not included in the employment figures.

Employment

Employment is the sum of owners and employees working in the unit. The employment statistics show the average number of persons employed during the year. From 2015, the employment figures are obtained from the A-ordningen, which replaced the AA-Registeret. Thus, the figures are not comparable with the previous years.

Employees are defined as part-time if they work less than 30 hours per week.

Man-years

The figures include the number of man-years worked by employees in an enterprise.

Turnover/sales

Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income, commissions and special taxes are included, while subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

Merchandise

Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no added value.

Compensation of employees

Compensation of employees includes wages, holiday pay, fees, etc., employer's national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Compensation of employees does not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular wages.

Production value

Production value means sales corrected for changes in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and goods and services purchased for resale. Purchases of goods and services for resale are deducted, while capitalized own investment work is added.

Value added

Value added is figured as the sum of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and special public taxes, and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumer goods. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public subsidies/reimbursements are included.

Gross investments

Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant, machinery, tools, implements, software, vehicles (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added while sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are minus incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions

This includes investments in new assets and improvements of own assets.

New investments include all newly acquired fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year, excluding investments in unimproved property. In assessing the value of the business asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufactures. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when the asset is entered as an asset in the balance sheet.

Improvement of own assets includes the value of all capitalized improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. A precondition is that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or prolong the lifetime of the business asset. The improvement is estimated at purchase price at time of purchase or at production cost when it is manufactured.

Sale of business assets

Sale of business assets is estimated at the sales value (replacement value) upon realization of used business assets over the course of the year. The amount includes investment tax. The business asset is regarded as sold when it is delivered.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification ( SN2007 ) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU´s NACE-standard.

Earlier time series with figures up to 2007 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Transport and storage, structural business statistics
Topic: Transport and tourism

Responsible division

Division for structural business statistics

Regional level

National level. Region and county level for some of the main variables.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: Data pertains to the statistical year of 2016. Final figures are normally published 17 months after the last month of the statistical year. Preliminary figures on employment and turnover are published 10 months after the last month of the statistical year.

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT.

Microdata

Primary data and the compiled statistics are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for transportation and storage are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information. Transportation and storage is classified under industry section H: Transportation and storage.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published for parts of the sector in 1998. Since 1999 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level.

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001, in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in  the Statistics Release Calendar

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for transportation and storage are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, business activities and construction that are also compiled by Statistics Norway.

When making comparisons with other statistics for employment, for instance the labour force survey at Statistics Norway or statistics based on the Register of Employees and Employers, it must be kept in mind that definitions and methodology varies between the statistics. The structural business statistics are compiled according to definitions given by the EU regulation on structural business statistics (see section 4.2).

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

See accounts statistics for information about non-financial limited companies in the information sector

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Regulation 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics amended by Regulation 251/2009, 517/2013 and 446/2014

 

Production

Population

The structural business statistics for Transportation and storage are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.3) and include the following industry divisions:

49 Land transport (except of 49.5 and 52.215 Transport via pipelines).

50 Water transport.

51 Air transport.

52 Supporting and auxiliary transport activities

53 Post and telecommunications

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises which are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 6100 and 6500. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for construction even though they should happen to have operations in the abovementioned industry.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 1110, 1120, 1510 og 1520, are included in the statistics if they have activity in the abovementioned industry.  Sectorcode

 

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of enterprises in the population, including all enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU), the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

Information, like the accounts and turnover, about the enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample is obtained from the following sources:

- trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service

- the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund

- the VAT Register

Starting with the reference year 2004, employment figures for enterprises included in the sample are collected from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register).

The Register of Establishments and Enterprises at Statistics Norway is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

A complete set of statements (NO with supplementary forms) is obtained from a sample of enterprises.

The supplementary forms are collected by postal questionnaires, and it is possible to report data on the Internet. The questionnaires are sent out in April/May after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of four or five weeks.  Enterprises which do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders within further six months from the first deadline.

For other enterprises, sales figures and other essential accounting data are obtained from Trading Statements (NO) submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service or from annual accounts in the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund. Sales figures are furthermore obtained from enterprises in the "VAT Register".

Editing and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports from the last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondents if necessary.

No variables are estimated for enterprises having a complete NO with supplementary form.  For these enterprises the information from the forms is used.

For enterprises outside the sample which submit Trading Statements electronically, only data for supplementary forms are estimated. Existing data from the annual accounts are used then according to the Register of Annual Company Accounts and are split up into respective sub-items according to the relative shares shown in the data from the NO sample. Thus, data from the Structural Survey and "VAT Register" are taken into account in the statistical calculation. Turnover and employment are considered as known variables for all enterprises and are therefore used as a basis for computing missing variables. Previously an industry's mean based on sample units was used to estimate missing data for non-sample unit similar (ratio estimates). As of the statistical year 2011 the method is based on finding a sample unit similar to the non-sample unit to be estimated, based on set of criteria, and using the sample-unit to estimate the missing values (nearest neighbour estimation). The nearest neighbour criterion is industry combined with the turnover/employment ratio, in that order.

The other items are estimated according to the division in the sample (organized by subclass and same size groups with respect to turnover, operating expenditure or other relevant distribution keys).

Enterprises with sales according to the VAT Register or Structural Survey

The NO items are estimated with sales as a key for the enterprises outside the sample where sales are obtained from the "VAT Register" or from the Structural Survey.

Employment figures

Employment figures for the enterprises are mainly obtained from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register), but some are estimated on the basis of the enterprises’ wage costs or turnover. The Employment figures are revised, based on information from other sources, before dissemination.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises/ local KAU's represent a statistical variable, no economic variables are published. The reason is the risk that units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

Preliminary figures are published while data are still under revision, and may therefore deviate from the final figures which are published within 17 months of the end of the reference year. Preliminary data for enterprises in the sample which have not yet responded at the time of publishing are estimated by using of other sources.

Generally, when making comparisons with previously published figures, it must be kept in mind that older data may have been corrected during later revisions. Updating of industries in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises may also cause revisions for some of the industries. These changes are not dated back.

Until 2003, enterprises in the sample reported employment figures via postal questionnaires. Starting with the reference year 2004, employment figures for enterprises included in the sample are collected tfrom the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register).

The method of calculation of owners has been changed from 2005. Until 2005, for enterprises which were not limited companies (i.e. general partnerships, sole proprietorships and general partnerships with shared liability), and had a turnover between NOK 11 000 and 100 000, one owner was estimated for the enterprise. From 2005 no owners are estimated for enterprises with a turnover less than NOK 150 000.

In previous years gross investments were calculated from enterprises in the sample to the entire population. Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority. This source provides more correct figures for gross investments.

The Standard Industrial Classification 2002 (SIC2002) was used including the reference year 2007. From the reference year 2008, The Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SIC2007) is employed. This means that not all industries are comparable backwards. Earlier time series with figures up to 2007 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.). Many of the industries which according to the new industrial standard (SN2007) constitute can be retrieved in StatBank in accordance to the previous standard. See Transport and tourism .

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The results of a statistical survey will as a rule contain some measurement and processing errors. Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives erroneous answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of the question etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to the machine-readable medium or during revision.

Non-response will always be a factor in form-based surveys. This is because some respondents either do not return their forms or return them incompletely filled out. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

Sampling errors is the uncertainty that occurs when the figures are produced on the basis of a sample of data, and not the whole population. The sampling error is the expected deviation between the result of the sample and the result if the whole population were examined.

Imbalances in the sample (e.g. misleading stratification) can cause errors for the variables for which information has not been obtained for all units in the population. Statistics Norway assumes explicitly by the imputation that enterprises outside the sample have the same cost and income structure as enterprises in the sample.

The variables in the preliminary figures (number of enterprises, employment and turnover) are based on a full census, and sampling errors are not relevant for these variables.

In the structural business statistics, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (A-Ordningen) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Transport and storage, structural business statistics are published annually.

Preliminary figures are normally published about ten months after the end of the statistical year. This publication includes number of enterprises, turnover and employment for enterprises only.

Final figures produced after revision of the preliminary figures are normally published sixteen to seventeen months after the end of the statistical year. More variables are included in this statistics. Figures for both enterprises and local kind of activities are presented. 

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