Technology and innovation
naringvirk, Public support for business R&DResearch and innovation in business enterprise sector , Technology and innovation

Public support for business R&D


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Key figures

50.2 %

increase in R&D and innovation subsidies over last 5 years

Amount of subsidies in million kroner (constant 2017-prices) and percent change last five years12
20142019Percent change
1The index used for calculating 2019 amounts in fixed prices is preliminary.
2The budgeted amounts are reported.
All policy agencies7 64811 48450.2
Export Credit Norway00.
Enova1 5612 22842.7
EU programs213630195.9
The Norwegian Seafood Research Fund929234.5
County municipalities11799-15.4
The Norwegian Export Credit Guarantee Agency00.
Innovation Norway1 2641 53521.4
Research Council of Norway1 4281 5055.4
Norwegian Space Agency2916-44.0
Regional research funds102100-2.5
SkatteFUNN2 9245 28280.6

About the statistics

Pubic support for business R&D provides statistics covering public grants, loans, advices and other services aimed at promotion of R&D and innovation in the business sector. The budgeted amounts are reported.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Types of aid: The different types of public support are defined here:  https://www.ssb.no/klass/klassifikasjoner/403

Policy agencies: The public agencies covered by the statistics are listed here:  https://www.ssb.no/klass/klassifikasjoner/402

Enterprise: In Standard for Industrial Classification (SN) an enterprise is defined as an organizational unit comprising all economic activities engaged in by one and the same owner. Hence an enterprise is a legal entity covering one or more productive units.

Standard classifications

Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007 Current Standard for Industrial Classification (SN2007) in SN, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 2. The standard can be found on www.ssb.no/nace/. 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Public support for business R&D
Topic: Technology and innovation

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Responsible division

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Regional level

National and regional level.

Frequency and timeliness


The Statistics are published after data from related statistics are released. Publication takes place twice a year; 6 months after the end of the reference year and 10 months after the end of the reference year.  

International reporting

Not relevant.


Micro data, information about sampling units and population are permanently stored in SAS Programming Language and permanently stored as text files.


Background and purpose

The database is produced on commission from The Ministry of Trade and Fisheries. The purpose with the database is to monitor the public support to national R&D and innovation activity in the business sector and provide information about the recipients of public support.

Users and applications

Important users are public administration, researchers, consultants and business organizations. 

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this dae, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. 

Coherence with other statistics

Public support for R&D uses data from the Central Register of Establishments and enterprises


Legal authority

This Statistics is not mandated by law.

EEA reference

Not relevant.



The Business Enterprise sector. 


The public agencies covered by the statistics are listed here:  https://www.ssb.no/klass/klassifikasjoner/402

Data sources and sampling

Data for public R&D support are collected from different public agencies and structured into the database for Pubic support for business R&D. Reporting to this database is not mandatory by law, but takes place on a voluntary basis. 

Due to confidentiality of the personal data the database does not include individual enterprises and agricultural sector where the farmers are main recipients of the public support in Norway.


Collection of data, editing and estimations

Enterprise data are collected from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.


Individual enterprises cannot be identified.

Comparability over time and space

The first surveys of R&D started back in 1963, from 1970 onwards in a systematic way. The statistics have been worked out on bi-annual basis since 1977, but is undertaken annually from 2001 onwards. The first surveys covered only manufacturing industry, but the service industries have gradually been included. Statistics Norway is responsible for the survey for the Business enterprise sector from 1991 onwards. In 1995 the survey was considerably extended.

From 1991 the statistical unit was the kind-of-activity unit. For 2001 this was changed to enterprise as the main statistical unit, but with a breakdown of the main variables to local kind-of-activity unit.

From 2008 a new version of the industry classification (SN2007) was implemented making it more difficult to compare with former vintages. Results from 2007 are published both by the old and the new classification, while former vintages only are published by the old classification (SN2002). 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The data sources for the statistics are administrative registers. Outdated information resulting from time-lag in the registers may be a source of error.


Not relevant.