Update figures

The update on April 5th 2022 includes doctoral degrees completed in Norway (figures for 2021) and Nordic and Baltic doctoral degree statistics (figures for 2020). The next update of R&D full-time equivalents and R&D personnel (figures for 2021) will be towards the end of 2022.

Research personnel

Updated: 5 April 2022

Next update: 26 October 2022

R&D personnel
R&D personnel
2020
90 201
persons
Research personnel
Research personnel
2020202020202019 - 2020
ResearchersTechnical/administrative personnelTotalChange
Total full-time equivalents (FTE)36 31612 63148 947225
Business enterprise sector16 2546 83623 090912
Institute sector6 8272 9049 731144
Higher education sector13 2352 89116 126-831
R&D personnel, total63 10327 09890 201337
Business enterprise sector24 91013 69438 604-244
Institute sector8 8704 70613 576515
Higher education sector29 3238 69838 02166
2021
WomenMenBoth sexesShare of foreign citizens, per cent
Awarded doctoral degrees8207811 60144
Explanation of symbols

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

About the statistics

Contact