Public support for R&D
Updated: 3 November 2022
Next update: Not yet determined
About the statistics
Public support for R&D provides statistics covering public grants, loans, advices and other services aimed at promotion of R&D and innovation in both the business and public sector. The budgeted amounts are reported.
Types of aid: The different types of public support are defined here: https://www.ssb.no/klass/klassifikasjoner/403
Policy agencies: The public agencies covered by the statistics are listed here: https://www.ssb.no/klass/klassifikasjoner/402
Enterprise: In Standard for Industrial Classification (SN) an enterprise is defined as an organizational unit comprising all economic activities engaged in by one and the same owner. Hence an enterprise is a legal entity covering one or more productive units.
Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007 Current Standard for Industrial Classification (SN2007) in SN, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 2. The standard can be found on www.ssb.no/nace/.
Name: Public support for R&D
Topic: Technology and innovation
Division for R&D, Technology and Business Dynamics
National and regional level.
The Statistics are published after data from related statistics are released. Publication takes place twice a year; 6 months after the end of the reference year with preliminary numbers and 10 months after the end of the reference year with final numbers.
Micro data, information about sampling units and population are permanently stored in SAS Programming Language and permanently stored as text files.
The database is produced on commission from The Ministry of Trade and Fisheries. The purpose with the database is to monitor the public support to national R&D and innovation activity in the business sector and provide information about the recipients of public support.
Important users are public administration, researchers, consultants and business organizations.
No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this dae, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.
Public support for R&D uses data from the Central Register of Establishments and enterprises
This Statistics is not mandated by law.
The Business Enterprise sector.
The public agencies covered by the statistics are listed here: https://www.ssb.no/klass/klassifikasjoner/402
Data for public R&D support are collected from different public agencies and structured into the database for Pubic support for business R&D. Reporting to this database is not mandatory by law, but takes place on a voluntary basis.
Due to confidentiality of the personal data the database does not include individual enterprises and agricultural sector where the farmers are main recipients of the public support in Norway.
Enterprise data are collected from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises.
Individual enterprises cannot be identified.
The first surveys of R&D started back in 1963, from 1970 onwards in a systematic way. The statistics have been worked out on bi-annual basis since 1977, but is undertaken annually from 2001 onwards. The first surveys covered only manufacturing industry, but the service industries have gradually been included. Statistics Norway is responsible for the survey for the Business enterprise sector from 1991 onwards. In 1995 the survey was considerably extended.
From 1991 the statistical unit was the kind-of-activity unit. For 2001 this was changed to enterprise as the main statistical unit, but with a breakdown of the main variables to local kind-of-activity unit.
From 2008 a new version of the industry classification (SN2007) was implemented making it more difficult to compare with former vintages. Results from 2007 are published both by the old and the new classification, while former vintages only are published by the old classification (SN2002).
The data sources for the statistics are administrative registers. Outdated information resulting from time-lag in the registers may be a source of error.