This is an archived release.
High numbers of theft in revised figures
437 000 offences were reported to the police in 2002. This is an increase of 4.8 per cent from the previous year. There was an increase in crimes, but no change in misdemeanours, according to revised statistics on reported offences in 2002.
New statistics on offences reported to the police 1993-2002 from Statistics Norway
The statistics on offences reported to the police for the period 1993-2002 have been revised. This revision will be followed up for later years, and new statistics for 2003-2004 will be published by the end of second quarter of 2005.
More crimes for profit
Offence for profit is the largest group of offences and has a strong influence on the overall numbers of reported offences. Hence, decline in other subgroups are easily overshadowed by a rise in this group. The total number of offences for profit reported to the police rose by 9.3 per cent. Aggravated larceny increased by 12 per cent, and theft of motor vehicles increased by 20 per cent from the previous year.
Violence offences also increased in 2002, by 4.6 per cent from the previous year.
Decrease of narcotic offences for the first time
There were 45 000 reported narcotics offences in 2002. This is a decrease of 2.5 per cent from the previous year, and this is the first time there has been a decrease in narcotics offences in Norway. The decrease is particularly due to less reported offences for use of narcotics which dropped from 14 500 in 2001 to 13 400 in 2002, 8 per cent. Even though there has been a decline in the overall figures, serious narcotics crimes have risen by 12 per cent.
|Offences reported to the police, by group of offence. 1993-2002. Number|
|Total||327 466||332 771||377 478||385 446||402 252||415 472||407 277||424 918||417 166||437 250|
|Crimes||230 180||234 941||267 925||271 205||284 695||293 799||291 924||306 526||299 714||319 523|
|Misdemeanours||97 286||97 830||109 553||114 241||117 557||121 673||115 353||118 392||117 452||117 727|
|Group of offence|
|Economic offences||6 680||6 375||7 872||6 698||6 968||7 502||7 545||8 280||8 014||7 950|
|Other offences for profit||187 422||190 686||207 242||208 813||214 865||219 949||213 183||221 577||207 041||226 285|
|Offences of violence||16 096||16 865||18 076||19 299||19 288||19 839||20 371||23 572||24 180||25 289|
|Sexual offences||2 173||2 102||2 244||3 518||3 372||2 945||2 804||2 772||3 058||3 142|
|Offences of narcotics||12 714||13 550||21 435||25 009||31 217||35 144||37 426||40 730||46 251||45 092|
|Damage to property||16 208||17 084||24 258||24 665||27 592||30 470||30 171||28 828||25 396||22 809|
|Environment offences||3 355||3 686||3 867||3 711||3 866||3 813||3 607||3 383||3 454||2 900|
|Work environment offences||766||872||1 017||998||1 206||1 260||985||963||945||887|
|Traffic offences||49 750||47 226||53 945||52 805||55 657||57 370||54 268||56 391||57 202||59 339|
|Other offences||32 302||34 325||37 522||39 930||38 221||37 180||36 917||38 422||41 625||43 557|
Background and method of revision, 1993-2002
The statistics are based on material from the police central register system STRASAK, which includes all offences registered by the police in the various police districts in Norway. The background for the revision is that some cases are transferred from one police district to another and thus the same offence is registered in both police districts. The revision is conducted by the use of information registered by the police themselves. When an offence has been registered several times, only the first registration is kept for statistical use.
The revision of the statistics involves the elimination of a considerable source of error. Some uncertainty is still tied to the accuracy of the revision, and the revision may have had a different impact for different years. After a thorough examination of different data and crime statistics, in addition to dialogue with Norwegian Police Data and Procurement Service (PDMT), Statistics Norway is of the opinion that the revision has entailed a considerable quality increase of the statistics on offences reported to the police (see About the statistics).
The revision has had a greater impact on some types of offences than others. The extent of the revision also varies somewhat from year to year. The most comprehensive revisions were done for 1998, with the removal of more than 31 000 offences from the statistics. 24 500 offences are removed from the statistics for the year 2002. Compared with previously published statistics there has been a somewhat larger decrease - both in absolute numbers and as a percentage - for crimes than for summary offences (see figure). However, it is essentially a matter of a general reduction of the level. For instance, in 2002, the distribution by group of offence in the revised statistics contains an almost identical share of the total as in the previously published statistics.
Police reform in 2002
Since 1 January 2002 the former 54 police districts have been reduced to 27. The reform was followed by a technical re-adjustment in the registration system, STRASAK, which was completed during the last months of the year. Statistics Norway then had to change the routines for producing the statistics on reported offences to the police. These changes are not considered having substantial effect on the statistics. Nevertheless, the changes are of concern for the tables that are grouped by police district, and the information on offences committed abroad.