343481
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skoginnt/aar
343481
statistikk
2019-02-15T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing;Income and consumption
en
skoginnt, Forest owners' income, personal forest owners, income from self-employment, forestry income, agricultural incomeForestry , Income and wealth, Income and consumption, Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true

Forest owners' income

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

17 402

persons achieved a profit from forestry

Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry1
20172016 - 2017
Number of ownersNOKChange in entrepreneurial income, per cent
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total17 40244 0002.3
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 54321 00023.5
100-249 decares3 29722 000-4.3
250-499 decares3 80435 00012.9
500-999 decares3 91839 0000.0
1 000-1 999 decares2 78550 000-5.7
2 000-4 999 decares1 55183 0000.0
5 000-19 999 decares456182 000-17.6
20 000 decares or more48448 000-15.0

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK

Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK1
Forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestryGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income income forestry.
2017
The whole country17 402723 0002 080 0004 336 000186 000349 000277 000280 00044 00094 000
 
County
Østfold1 442803 0002 583 0004 411 000208 000383 000308 000306 00037 000115 000
Akershus and Oslo1 4001 185 0002 388 0007 919 000333 000481 000375 000308 00065 000396 000
Hedmark2 256731 0002 598 0004 077 000179 000336 000252 000320 00071 00074 000
Oppland2 383651 0001 834 0003 600 000160 000312 000250 000276 00044 00063 000
Buskerud1 492791 0001 832 0004 255 000218 000366 000293 000317 00064 000107 000
Vestfold770815 0002 455 0005 144 000218 000397 000329 000300 00044 000118 000
Telemark839643 0001 495 0003 256 000164 000395 000313 000190 00040 00057 000
Aust-Agder542602 0001 632 0005 283 000167 000367 000278 000192 00044 00043 000
Vest-Agder516593 0001 885 0002 792 000137 000361 000266 000186 00033 00045 000
Rogaland322640 0002 420 0003 193 000147 000312 000255 000291 00027 00037 000
Hordaland646601 0001 412 0002 538 000144 000372 000301 000196 00023 00033 000
Sogn og Fjordane704608 0001 356 0003 212 000149 000316 000254 000250 00020 00042 000
Møre og Romsdal591648 0001 758 0002 491 000154 000307 000244 000263 00023 00078 000
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 344621 0001 783 0007 612 000187 000314 000249 000264 00028 00043 000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)1 848637 0002 487 0002 975 000146 000293 000242 000303 00027 00041 000
Nordland280533 0001 625 0002 399 000114 000242 000176 000262 00033 00029 000
Troms - Romsa27643 0001 008 0003 158 000172 000334 000198 000274 00021 00035 000
Finnmark - Finnmárku0000000000
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 543675 0001 816 0003 169 000168 000363 000282 000236 00021 00075 000
100-249 decares3 297677 0001 815 0003 217 000169 000356 000278 000252 00022 00069 000
250-499 decares3 804681 0001 978 0003 217 000168 000354 000285 000267 00035 00061 000
500-999 decares3 918693 0001 994 0004 966 000182 000334 000265 000280 00039 00079 000
1 000-1 999 decares2 785707 0002 140 0004 679 000185 000344 000271 000294 00050 00068 000
2 000-4 999 decares1 551963 0002 396 0005 767 000254 000353 000280 000319 00083 000290 000
5 000-19 999 decares456966 0003 679 0008 316 000264 000356 000292 000429 000182 000181 000
20 000 decares or more481 989 00015 027 00051 897 000746 000452 000406 000975 000448 000562 000

Table 2 
Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million

Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million1
Number of forest ownersGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income.
2017
In total117 08673 442150 977373 66919 07550 79235 45512 6767629 974
 
County
Østfold4 6993 6568 80717 6789451 9901 46680454862
Akershus and Oslo9 5418 80517 10569 9192 7455 3103 7501 216912 278
Hedmark8 4944 97612 62323 3031 1963 2722 2501 207160497
Oppland9 3015 38611 56324 1041 3063 4822 5381 323105581
Buskerud6 6904 7589 06127 0401 3083 0112 24796495784
Vestfold3 5942 6856 81214 7727171 6451 22454834492
Telemark5 5163 3225 93213 7078372 5281 82042034374
Aust-Agder3 7812 3684 60314 0056441 7471 23726724354
Vest-Agder5 6533 2696 57016 3968262 5421 72834117385
Rogaland5 4293 7289 57717 7909792 5111 8147459472
Hordaland9 2535 63710 03727 9741 5184 4103 11461215615
Sogn og Fjordane6 1483 3775 89015 6528292 4151 71465314308
Møre og Romsdal8 5074 9409 00119 5381 2293 6472 55075614537
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)7 4014 4299 40024 9871 1523 0852 22186637478
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)5 7823 41010 09914 1618032 1621 63796151287
Nordland9 1984 6597 87116 6781 0933 6882 1666129359
Troms - Romsa7 6043 7785 49114 9758893 1401 8423471291
Finnmark - Finnmárku4952615339895620613634..21
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares39 04723 06642 488108 8446 00617 45811 5562 621322 987
100-249 decares30 77518 56335 48381 2214 71713 4359 2752 767732 361
250-499 decares20 72312 82727 24356 4693 2228 8526 3312 4881311 488
500-999 decares14 7759 62022 15957 0932 5166 1014 4992 2431511 276
1 000-1 999 decares7 5315 22312 54134 6451 4123 1122 3561 406140705
2 000-4 999 decares3 3673 0186 72921 2198461 4671 146810129742
5 000-19 999 decares7879573 2839 47228832925927583352
20 000 decares or more811681 0514 705683932672262

Table 3 
Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income

Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income1
20162017
Entrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial incomeEntrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total83519 53776217 402
Entrepreneurial income forestry
1 - 49 000 NOK20215 75718414 355
50 000 - 99 999 NOK1422 0351081 539
100 000 - 249 000 NOK1861 2281561 009
250 000 - 499 999119342113325
500 000 - 999 999 NOK8011785124
1 000 000 NOK or more1065811650

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of personal forest owners income, debt and wealth.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Forest property

Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Property parcels belonging to the same owner within one municipality are treated as one property.

Personal forest owner

Forest owner owning forest area as an individual owner. Forest areas owned jointly by several individuals are included for one of the owners; the reference owner.

Central government, the Educational Fund, common forest owned by the central government (Statsallmenning), common forest not owned by the central government (Bygdeallmenning), limited company, foundation, municipality etc.

 Gross income

Total wages and salaries pesnsins, entrepreneurial income and proeprty income.

 Personal wages and salaries

Comprise payments in cash and in kind, taxable sick pay and unemployment benefit.

 Pensions

Cover all benefit paid by social security and private pension and life insurance benefit.

 Entrepreneurial income

A result of activities of a self-employed person, and is estimated from profit and loss account and balance sheet. The entrepreneurial income is transferred to the tax return and is included in the calculation of ordinary income.

 Entrepreneurial income from agriculture

This is positive entrepreneurial income from agriculture according to tax return. Including 2011, entrepreneurial social security benefits in agriculture,forestry and fishery are included. As from 2012 social security benefits from primary industry are include in total entreprenurial income. Deductions such as membership payments to industry organisations, the year's entrepreneurial deficit, interest on debt and a separate agricultural deduction are not deducted.

 Entreprenurial income from forestry

This is positive entrepreneurial income from forestry according to tax return. In addition, entrepreneurial income from forestry also comprises sickness benefit for persons without entreprenurail income in agriculture and fisheries.

 Other income

Consist mainly of interest income, dividends, realised capital gains, rent and other income from property.

Standard classifications

Classification of forest properties by size class

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Forest owners' income
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

County level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are published yearly.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Edited microdata are stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of personal forest owners income, dept and property. The statistics also provide information on age, sex, income and education of forest owners.

Statistics on forest owners income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and after The sample survey of forestry 2004.

Users and applications

The main users of the statistics are professional forestry organisations, The Ministry of Agriculture and Food and various research and educational institutions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on the farmers' income and property are provided yearly. These statistics comprise natural persons operating agricultural holdings.

Statistics Norway also presents income statistics for all self-employed persons .

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Including 2010, the statistics built on properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with personal owner and at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Information about the owners came from the Land Register/Cadastre owned by The Norwegian Mapping Authority.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register.

In the statistics on personal forest owners, the forest owners' productive forest areas in Norway are aggregated, independent of municipality borders. Statistics on incomes are based on the forest owners' municipality for tax purposes. Other individual statistics on personal forest owners are based on the municipality where the forest owners live.

Statistics on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes are published for personal forest owners with positive self-employment income from forestry. Married couples and registered partners / cohabitants who jointly operate the forest property, may share the taxable entrepreneurial income. Statistics are therefor also made on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes for forest owners and their spouses, registered partners and cohabitants.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are derived from existing administrative data files.

The Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority served until 2010 as the backbone of the statistics and information about the owners came from the Land register. As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the Cadastre in combination with data from the Farm Register.

More information about the personal forest owners comes from the Central Population Register, the Register on Personal Tax Returns and the Register on Tax Assessment for Personal Taxpayers.

The statistics are derived from the whole population of personal forest owners.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

None. The statistics are based on existing administrative registers.

The statistics are based on linked data files that were edited separately when established. The information on the productive forest area of the properties in the Farm Register is checked if errors are suspected. Examples: i) If a forest property has commercial felling and does not have a forest area. ii) If a large forest property does not have commercial felling.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented if there is a risk of identifying any respondent.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 2007-2010, the Farm register has been updated and improved. The improvement has resulted in 3 000-4 000 more forest properties.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register. This resultet in more than 10 000 new forest properties. Most of them have had minor forestry activity.

Statistics on the forest owners' income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and in the Sample survey of forestry 2004. As from 2005, statistics on the forest owners' income based on registers have been published annaully.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The most important source of error is that taxpayers may fill in incorrect information on income, deductions, property or debt in the personal tax return or place amounts under wrong items. In most cases this will be detected and corrected by the local tax offices. Nevertheless, errors that do not influence the assessment of taxes may be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the tax return forms, despite of the fact that controls are executed.

Another concern is the quality of the registers. The productive forest area of properties or the property borders are sometimes missing or erroneous. Furthermore, errors may arise when data are entered into the various administrative registers.

With regard to co-operative ownership, the statistics on forest owners comprise only the reference owner. Self-employment income from forestry for the remaining personal owners in the co-operative is not included. Analysis from 2011 show that entrepreneurial income from forests for these owners were approximately 0,4 per cent of the total entrepreneural income from forestry. In total, 3-4 per cent of the self-employment income from forestry is missing.

In reality, the number of personal forest owners with entrepreneurial income from forestry is higher than in these statistics show, because only the reference owner in a co-ownership is included here. Some personal forest owners are deceased and no new owner has been registered, some live abroad or information is missing for other reasons. These owners amount to 3-4 per cent of the personal forest owners and are excluded from the statistics on incomes.

Revision

Not relevant