397865
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skogav/aar-endelige
397865
statistikk
2020-05-28T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
en
skogav, Commercial roundwood removals, timber price, quantity timber cut, felling, forest waste, spruce, pine, broad-leaved trees, firewood, pulp wood, saw logsForestry , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true

Commercial roundwood removals

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

6 %

increase in timber prices from 2018 to 2019

Commercial roundwood removals
2019Price change, per cent
1000 cubic metresNOK per cubic metre2018 - 20192014 - 2019
Total11 039435625
Spruce
Saw logs4 302523116
Pulpwood3 2993442059
Unsorted saw logs333432331
Pine
Saw logs1 60248325
Pulpwood1 1433282366
Unsorted saw logs57372923
Broad-leaved
Saw logs14703466
Pulpwood3013122048
Unsorted saw logs..:::

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Average price on timber, by county. NOK per m3

Average price on timber, by county. NOK per m3
20182019
NOK/m³NOK/m³
The whole country410435
Østfold (-2019)444465
Akershus (-2019)423452
Oslo472465
Hedmark (-2019)433460
Oppland (-2019)406437
Buskerud (-2019)408427
Vestfold (-2019)412430
Telemark (-2019)393416
Aust-Agder (-2019)397414
Vest-Agder (-2019)419432
Rogaland380391
Hordaland (-2019)388380
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)409382
Møre og Romsdal342389
Trøndelag366403
Nordland313348
Troms - Romsa (-2019)297307
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)291293

Table 2 
Commercial roundwood removals, by species of tree. County

Commercial roundwood removals, by species of tree. County
20182019
1 000 m3NOK million1 000 m3NOK million
Total removalsSprucePineBroad-leavedGross valueTotal removalsSprucePineBroad-leavedGross value
1The figures for Trøndelag, Nordland, Troms and Finnmark was corrected 28 May 2020.
The whole country10 8368 0272 5512584 44611 0397 9342 8023034 799
Østfold (-2019)8336351663237074551819334346
Akershus (-2019)8496651632135992771418528419
Oslo48453-2329281-13
Hedmark (-2019)2 9681 9249381061 2852 9701 8401 0211091 366
Oppland (-2019)1 4281 214201135801 4721 22423018643
Buskerud (-2019)1 047646375264271 14265444345488
Vestfold (-2019)37832829211563843332427165
Telemark (-2019)6524002401225770845224412295
Aust-Agder (-2019)39520817891574201942179174
Vest-Agder (-2019)344254864144419318965181
Rogaland998316-3815312626160
Hordaland (-2019)30328617-11823721720-90
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)13512411-551191144146
Møre og Romsdal28926126299265247171104
Trøndelag1865788689316812746588328
Nordland1181164161572102033473
Troms - Romsa (-2019)15-13251851215
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)15-5-18-8-2

Table 3 
Imports and exports of timber. Cubic metres

Imports and exports of timber. Cubic metres
ImportsEksports
2018201920182019
In total454 819402 3863 540 7653 648 503
Saw logs, coniferous197 906200 6171 499 5191 425 250
Pulpwood, coniferous236 268188 7311 855 2932 033 726
Pulpwood, birch3 6620128 947148 867
Other16 98339 54957 00640 660

Table 4 
Fuelwood removals (roundwood). 1 000 m³

Fuelwood removals (roundwood). 1 000 m³1
20142015201620172018
1The wood fuel figures are estimates based on sample surveys on housholds consumption of fuel wood.
Fuelwood in total1 8252 0391 9742 0491 899
Fuelwood broad-leaved1 2051 3461 3031 3661 253
Fuelwood coniferous621693671683646

About the statistics

The statistics comprise all commercial roundwood removal except wood fuel, and also show what prices the forest owners obtain for different assortments.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Industrial roundwood

All commercial roundwood removal except wood fuel.

Gross value of industrial wood

Value of the wood at the place of delivery to buyer (road, factory yard etc.). Roadside.

Assortments

  • Special timber includes poles, veneer logs, saw logs of veneer quality, and other timber of special high quality.
  • First class saw logs refer to saw logs classified as first class according to measurement regulations. From 2012 first class saw logs is an outgoing assortment.
  • Second class saw logs refer to saw logs classified as second class according to measurement regulations.  From 2012 second class saw logs is a outgoing assortment.
  • Other saw logs comprise ordinary top-scaled and mid-scaled saw logs and other logs suitable for sawing, not measured in quality classes. From 2014, Other saw logs comprises all quantities of industrial saw logs.
  • Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood comprise timber measured in tree length, wood sold as stumpage and other unsorted roundwood containing both saw logs and pulpwood. First and second class of saw logs is outgoing. From 2012 the most of saw logs are included in Unsorted saw logs.
  • Pulpwood comprises roundwood generally used in the pulp industries and the fibreboard and particle board industries. Top-scaled timber (timber suitable for sawing) used in these industries is not included.
  • Other roundwood comprises roundwood used for manufacture of cases and casks, pitprops and mining timber, pilings, fence wood, posts etc.
  • Wood fuel refers to roundwood sold for fuel.

Buyer Groups (not in use from 2015)

  • Sawmills and wood industries comprise sawmills, manufacture of cases and casks, and prefabrication of wooden houses and wooden structures.
  • Pulp industries include the manufacture of mechanical and chemical pulp.
  • Fibre and particle board industries comprise wallboard and particle board production only.
  • Other Norwegian buyers comprise wood preserving industries, the manufacture of wood furniture and fixtures, charcoal, wood flour, wood wool, veneer and flooring, matches, ship and boat-building as well as all other buyers not included in other groups. Until 1998, wood for export was included.
  • Foreign buyers include sawmills, industry or other buyers outside Norway. These buyers were included in "Other buyers" until 1998.

Standard classifications

Tree species and assortment used by commercial roundwood removals

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Commercial roundwood removals
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

Preliminary figures on volume and prices are given at county-level. 

Final figures on volumes and gross value are given at  municipality-level.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annually until 2007. From 2007 figures are published quarterly.

Actuality: Preliminary figures are published within 4 weeks and final figures within 22 weeks after the end of the registration period.

International reporting

Annually report to Eurostat, UNECE, FAO and ITTO by the Joint Forest Sector Questionaire.

Since 2007 monthly report to a website on Baltic Nordic roundwood prices.

Microdata

Microdata are stored in Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide detailed information at municipal level on commercial roundwood removals.

The statistics date back to 1918/19, but annual figures at municipal level are available from the working year 1936/37. At that time, statistics only covered quantity cut distributed by industrial wood and wood fuel of coniferous and broad leaved species.

Since then the following changes have been made:

  • Buyer group was included from the working year 1962/63
  • Gross value was included from the working year 1965/66
  • The division of the assortments has varied over the course of time. The division used today was introduced in the working year 1970/71.
  • Seller group was included from the working year 1980/81
  • From 1996 the statistics follow the calendar year
  • From 2006 the statistics do not include figures on wood fuel
  • From 2006 average roundwood prices per cubic metre are provided

Users and applications

The statistics are used by public authorities, research and educational institutions, professional and industrial bodies, international organisations etc. The results are also used in the Aggregate account of forestry prepared by Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Final results are almost equal to preliminary results at county level and country level, but can differ considerably at municipal level.

Some other public institutions publish roundwood removals statistics by account periode based on the Forest Trust Fund. Statistics Norway publishes the statistics by scaling periode.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics cover all industrial roundwood for sale. The wood registered is net removals excluding rot, unusable tops, etc. The quantity cut is given in cubic metres of solid wood inside bark by assortments, seller groups and buyer groups.

Until 1995/96, the statistics followed the working year (1 August-31 July). Since 1996, the figures have referred to calendar years.

Figures on wood fuel have not been included since 2006.

The figures are published annually.

Data sources and sampling

Until 31 December 1995, quantities cut for sale from private forests and municipal forests were reported by the municipal forest administration, and wood from common forests and State forests by their respective management. The reports were collected by the forest administration in each county and forwarded to Statistics Norway.

Since January 1996, the figures on industrial wood have been provided by the Norwegian Agriculture Agency through the Register of Timber Trade and Diverted Forest Trust Fund. The firm Skog-Data AS manages the register. The data in the register comes from the scaling of the timber sold. As from 2015 data are received from The Directorate of Agreculture.

The figures on wood fuel have not been included since 2006. Before 2006, figures on wood fuel were estimated by the County Department of Agricultural Affairs.

All quantities of roundwood cut for sale during a calendar year are scaled and reported to Skog-Data AS.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Because of the changeover from one data source to another on 1 January 1996, the statistics for the working year 1995/96 are based on both the reports by the municipal forest administration and the Register of Timber Trade and Diverted Forest Trust Fund. Data for removals in the period 1 August to 31 December 1995 were reported on paper forms from the municipal forest administration and the management of common and State forests. Data for removals in the period 1 January to 31 July 1996 were collected electronically from Skog-Data AS. Since 1996, the data have been based on all scaled quantities of roundwood reported to Skog-Data AS. Quantities sold as stumpage are registered when the sales contract is signed.

The data are checked in Statistics Norway with the focus on likely buyer group and likely price level for each assortment. Missing information is collected from the County Department of Agricultural Affairs. Corrections and additional payments that refer to another year are removed, if discovered.

Roundwood quantity and gross margin are summarised per municipality, assortment, buyer and seller group. The average price per assortment is then estimated.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Any statistics based on three respondents or less are not published.

Comparability over time and space

The breaks in the time series are explained in chapter 2.1.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics on industrial roundwood removals are thought to be quite accurate at county level. Sources of errors are corrections and additional payments registered with insufficient information.

The quantities given in the assortment "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood" are probably too high. This is due to the fact that some of the roundwood removals are reported on paper forms where assortments are not specified. These removals are all registered as "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood". Wood sold as stumpage is included in "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood". Wood sold as stumpage may be harvested another year than it is sold. Since 1996, the gross value of this wood has excluded costs for cutting and hauling. These two circumstances explain the varying average prices for this assortment.

Revision

Not relevant