296316
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296316
statistikk
2018-02-16T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing;Income and consumption
en
skoginnt, Forest owners' income, personal forest owners, income from self-employment, forestry income, agricultural incomeForestry , Income and wealth, Income and consumption, Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
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Forest owners' income

Updated

Next update

Key figures

19 537

personal forest owners achieved a profit from forestry

Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry1
20162015 - 2016
Number of ownersNOKChange in entrepreneurial income, per cent
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total19 53743 0004.9
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 85917 000-22.7
100-249 decares3 96623 000-4.2
250-499 decares4 34131 0003.3
500-999 decares4 39039 0005.4
1 000-1 999 decares2 90153 0003.9
2 000-4 999 decares1 59383 0003.8
5 000-19 999 decares440221 0003.8
20 000 decares or more47527 0000.0

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK

Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK1
Forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestryGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income income forestry.
2016
The whole country19 537668 0001 939 0003 983 000172 000343 000267 000258 00043 00067 000
 
County
Østfold1 564714 0002 522 0003 972 000180 000373 000296 000279 00042 00062 000
Akershus and Oslo1 673889 0002 286 0007 025 000267 000471 000364 000267 00053 000151 000
Hedmark2 649680 0002 331 0003 739 000165 000331 000237 000280 00073 00069 000
Oppland2 595614 0001 700 0003 391 000150 000308 000242 000248 00040 00058 000
Buskerud1 697733 0001 670 0003 940 000200 000356 000279 000296 00060 00081 000
Vestfold872744 0002 205 0003 927 000198 000394 000319 000263 00038 00086 000
Telemark1 015617 0001 289 0003 234 000159 000378 000284 000179 00036 00060 000
Aust-Agder665633 0001 543 0005 166 000180 000358 000265 000177 00045 00099 000
Vest-Agder606604 0001 761 0002 418 000145 000353 000253 000215 00038 00036 000
Rogaland344678 0002 505 0003 269 000161 000307 000250 000293 00031 00078 000
Hordaland697594 0001 305 0002 478 000143 000365 000295 000187 00021 00042 000
Sogn og Fjordane722590 0001 308 0002 994 000145 000311 000252 000233 00020 00046 000
Møre og Romsdal636580 0001 630 0002 544 000135 000300 000241 000245 00026 00035 000
Sør-Trøndelag1 467593 0001 629 0006 403 000173 000304 000239 000248 00027 00042 000
Nord-Trøndelag1 980629 0002 360 0003 021 000148 000284 000234 000304 00028 00040 000
Nordland320519 0001 625 0002 342 000111 000256 000184 000240 00026 00023 000
Troms - Romsa35515 0001 218 0002 534 000122 000355 000237 000146 00023 00015 000
Finnmark - Finnmárku0000000000
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 859619 0001 566 0002 866 000153 000362 000273 000200 00017 00057 000
100-249 decares3 966633 0001 707 0003 028 000158 000357 000274 000224 00023 00052 000
250-499 decares4 341646 0001 791 0003 069 000160 000348 000272 000241 00031 00057 000
500-999 decares4 390646 0001 916 0004 465 000170 000325 000253 000265 00039 00056 000
1 000-1 999 decares2 901683 0002 081 0004 767 000181 000330 000258 000281 00053 00072 000
2 000-4 999 decares1 593751 0002 271 0004 745 000200 000346 000272 000304 00083 000101 000
5 000-19 999 decares4401 055 0003 868 0009 415 000307 000352 000280 000484 000221 000220 000
20 000 decares or more472 158 00014 250 00042 940 000719 000384 000303 0001 063 000527 000711 000

Table 2 
Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million

Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million1
Number of forest ownersGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income.
2016
In total117 87873 048152 696367 32419 04249 78834 90812 59083510 669
 
County
Østfold4 7443 1978 88017 1038251 9521 44378866457
Akershus and Oslo9 5268 69317 75968 0282 7085 1593 6711 222882 312
Hedmark8 5864 94912 73823 7071 2003 2282 2231 187194535
Oppland9 3255 18811 71023 8211 2613 3762 4791 286105526
Buskerud6 7264 7039 21827 7741 3102 9502 215993101760
Vestfold3 5902 6126 98914 5567061 5981 19754533468
Telemark5 5343 2655 96813 5158312 4641 78543036371
Aust-Agder3 7703 1074 61713 9928251 6681 183268301 171
Vest-Agder5 6703 1606 61615 9678002 4771 68735523328
Rogaland5 4593 7459 82617 7469892 4721 80973811534
Hordaland9 6895 96710 28528 8281 6184 5743 24362915763
Sogn og Fjordane6 1703 2795 98514 7498052 3651 68363714277
Møre og Romsdal8 4814 7379 03619 2381 1843 5392 48573517464
Sør-Trøndelag7 4464 6789 25123 4191 2063 0482 20680539825
Nord-Trøndelag5 8293 33210 03213 8137922 1151 61097755240
Nordland9 2254 4737 88015 9311 0463 5532 0676108310
Troms - Romsa7 5933 6915 33514 1768773 0391 7863491303
Finnmark - Finnmárku5152715719605820913737025
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares39 35624 11442 708105 5416 28017 20511 4822 648324 261
100-249 decares31 07918 16136 27579 6984 62513 2039 1612 798912 159
250-499 decares20 86012 62727 40656 0923 2008 6766 2212 4431341 508
500-999 decares14 8569 25922 37556 0932 4465 9324 3902 2371701 090
1 000-1 999 decares7 5555 16012 78638 2511 4413 0412 3081 411154708
2 000-4 999 decares3 3282 5626 97617 1817001 3771 066716132470
5 000-19 999 decares7669983 14210 42529031524727797407
20 000 decares or more781671 0284 044604033612566

Table 3 
Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income

Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income1
20152016
Entrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial incomeEntrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total87221 05583519 537
Entrepreneurial income forestry
1 - 49 000 NOK22217 11420215 757
50 000 - 99 999 NOK1452 0751422 035
100 000 - 249 000 NOK1991 3071861 228
250 000 - 499 999124371119342
500 000 - 999 999 NOK9313680117
1 000 000 NOK or more895210658

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of personal forest owners income, debt and wealth.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Forest property

Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Property parcels belonging to the same owner within one municipality are treated as one property.

Personal forest owner

Forest owner owning forest area as an individual owner. Forest areas owned jointly by several individuals are included for one of the owners; the reference owner.

Central government, the Educational Fund, common forest owned by the central government (Statsallmenning), common forest not owned by the central government (Bygdeallmenning), limited company, foundation, municipality etc.

 Gross income

Total wages and salaries pesnsins, entrepreneurial income and proeprty income.

 Personal wages and salaries

Comprise payments in cash and in kind, taxable sick pay and unemployment benefit.

 Pensions

Cover all benefit paid by social security and private pension and life insurance benefit.

 Entrepreneurial income

A result of activities of a self-employed person, and is estimated from profit and loss account and balance sheet. The entrepreneurial income is transferred to the tax return and is included in the calculation of ordinary income.

 Entrepreneurial income from agriculture

This is positive entrepreneurial income from agriculture according to tax return. Including 2011, entrepreneurial social security benefits in agriculture,forestry and fishery are included. As from 2012 social security benefits from primary industry are include in total entreprenurial income. Deductions such as membership payments to industry organisations, the year's entrepreneurial deficit, interest on debt and a separate agricultural deduction are not deducted.

 Entreprenurial income from forestry

This is positive entrepreneurial income from forestry according to tax return. In addition, entrepreneurial income from forestry also comprises sickness benefit for persons without entreprenurail income in agriculture and fisheries.

 Other income

Consist mainly of interest income, dividends, realised capital gains, rent and other income from property.

Standard classifications

Classification of forest properties by size class

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Forest owners' income
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

County level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are published yearly.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Edited microdata are stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of personal forest owners income, dept and property. The statistics also provide information on age, sex, income and education of forest owners.

Statistics on forest owners income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and after The sample survey of forestry 2004.

Users and applications

The main users of the statistics are professional forestry organisations, The Ministry of Agriculture and Food and various research and educational institutions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on the farmers' income and property are provided yearly. These statistics comprise natural persons operating agricultural holdings.

Statistics Norway also presents income statistics for all self-employed persons .

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Including 2010, the statistics built on properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with personal owner and at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Information about the owners came from the Land Register/Cadastre owned by The Norwegian Mapping Authority.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register.

In the statistics on personal forest owners, the forest owners' productive forest areas in Norway are aggregated, independent of municipality borders. Statistics on incomes are based on the forest owners' municipality for tax purposes. Other individual statistics on personal forest owners are based on the municipality where the forest owners live.

Statistics on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes are published for personal forest owners with positive self-employment income from forestry. Married couples and registered partners / cohabitants who jointly operate the forest property, may share the taxable entrepreneurial income. Statistics are therefor also made on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes for forest owners and their spouses, registered partners and cohabitants.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are derived from existing administrative data files.

The Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority served until 2010 as the backbone of the statistics and information about the owners came from the Land register. As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the Cadastre in combination with data from the Farm Register.

More information about the personal forest owners comes from the Central Population Register, the Register on Personal Tax Returns and the Register on Tax Assessment for Personal Taxpayers.

The statistics are derived from the whole population of personal forest owners.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

None. The statistics are based on existing administrative registers.

The statistics are based on linked data files that were edited separately when established. The information on the productive forest area of the properties in the Farm Register is checked if errors are suspected. Examples: i) If a forest property has commercial felling and does not have a forest area. ii) If a large forest property does not have commercial felling.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented if there is a risk of identifying any respondent.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 2007-2010, the Farm register has been updated and improved. The improvement has resulted in 3 000-4 000 more forest properties.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register. This resultet in more than 10 000 new forest properties. Most of them have had minor forestry activity.

Statistics on the forest owners' income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and in the Sample survey of forestry 2004. As from 2005, statistics on the forest owners' income based on registers have been published annaully.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The most important source of error is that taxpayers may fill in incorrect information on income, deductions, property or debt in the personal tax return or place amounts under wrong items. In most cases this will be detected and corrected by the local tax offices. Nevertheless, errors that do not influence the assessment of taxes may be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the tax return forms, despite of the fact that controls are executed.

Another concern is the quality of the registers. The productive forest area of properties or the property borders are sometimes missing or erroneous. Furthermore, errors may arise when data are entered into the various administrative registers.

With regard to co-operative ownership, the statistics on forest owners comprise only the reference owner. Self-employment income from forestry for the remaining personal owners in the co-operative is not included. Analysis from 2011 show that entrepreneurial income from forests for these owners were approximately 0,4 per cent of the total entrepreneural income from forestry. In total, 3-4 per cent of the self-employment income from forestry is missing.

In reality, the number of personal forest owners with entrepreneurial income from forestry is higher than in these statistics show, because only the reference owner in a co-ownership is included here. Some personal forest owners are deceased and no new owner has been registered, some live abroad or information is missing for other reasons. These owners amount to 3-4 per cent of the personal forest owners and are excluded from the statistics on incomes.

Revision

Not relevant