Forest owners' income

Updated: 17 March 2023

Next update: 19 March 2024

Average entrepreneurial income from forestry
Average entrepreneurial income from forestry
2021
62 000
NOK
Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry
Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry1
20212020 - 2021
Number of ownersNOKChange in entrepreneurial income, per cent
Total17 64762 00014.8
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 36923 00015.0
100-249 decares3 11527 0008.0
250-499 decares3 72739 0002.6
500-999 decares4 06854 00010.2
1 000-1 999 decares3 02171 00016.4
2 000-4 999 decares1 780118 00020.4
5 000-19 999 decares513281 00012.4
20 000 decares or more54809 00019.7
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Explanation of symbols

Selected tables and charts from this statistics

  • Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK
    Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK1
    Forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestryGross income2 DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestryOther income
    2021
    The whole country17 647930 0002 811 0005 939 000246 000408 000327 000361 00062 000161 000
    County
    Oslo and Viken4 6431 117 0003 034 0008 394 000320 000470 000376 000408 00077 000239 000
    Innlandet4 550952 0003 015 0005 791 000248 000369 000290 000402 00087 000181 000
    Vestfold og Telemark1 656940 0002 434 0005 444 000252 000464 000370 000297 00053 000179 000
    Agder1 065843 0002 177 0004 963 000221 000429 000337 000249 00054 000165 000
    Rogaland360896 0003 198 0005 824 000226 000404 000343 000357 00040 000135 000
    Vestland1 303787 0001 810 0004 323 000199 000392 000312 000278 00027 000118 000
    Møre og Romsdal539724 0002 494 0004 076 000172 000367 000298 000286 00029 00071 000
    Trøndelag - Trööndelage3 194767 0003 068 0004 254 000183 000362 000299 000354 00035 00051 000
    Nordland - Nordlánnda303743 0002 291 0004 888 000175 000307 000228 000367 00058 00069 000
    Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku34706 0003 086 0005 338 000170 000413 000311 000262 00031 00031 000
    Productive forest area
    25-99 decares1 369854 0002 431 0004 394 000214 000413 000317 000317 00023 000124 000
    100-249 decares3 115845 0002 550 0004 995 000219 000412 000327 000324 00027 000109 000
    250-499 decares3 727833 0002 686 0004 834 000212 000404 000328 000327 00039 000101 000
    500-999 decares4 068868 0002 733 0005 564 000228 000392 000311 000364 00054 000112 000
    1 000-1 999 decares3 021891 0002 779 0005 638 000236 000416 000336 000358 00071 000117 000
    2 000-4 999 decares1 7801 040 0003 024 0007 039 000287 000421 000341 000420 000118 000198 000
    5 000-19 999 decares5132 340 0004 933 00016 426 000688 000421 000343 000630 000281 0001 288 000
    20 000 decares or more544 293 00016 719 00085 073 0001 382 000480 000426 0001 442 000809 0002 371 000
    1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
    2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
    Explanation of symbols
  • Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million
    Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million
    Number of forest ownersGross income1 DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestryOther income
    2021
    In total114 41393 983185 851635 58325 36857 42839 88314 7941 09421 761
    County
    Oslo and Viken21 01624 38445 588214 7557 23911 9508 6523 7683578 666
    Innlandet16 95412 60129 68870 3693 1877 5005 3002 9243972 177
    Vestfold og Telemark8 7157 20714 52343 7481 9514 6183 3341 122871 468
    Agder9 2096 89612 89344 7031 8234 7673 277711581 419
    Rogaland5 2984 85811 52331 7951 2802 8492 055884141 125
    Vestland15 03711 59119 16371 9593 1247 6505 3291 444352 498
    Møre og Romsdal7 9815 57510 39630 8431 4403 9662 73876415844
    Trøndelag - Trööndelage13 34310 22325 73062 9632 6656 2434 6102 1091121 871
    Nordland - Nordlánnda8 8245 8739 26035 4221 4974 0532 336666181 154
    Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku8 0364 7757 08829 0251 1613 8332 2534021541
    Productive forest area
    25-99 decares37 73328 90850 309196 0397 72119 44412 7603 018326 446
    100-249 decares30 04522 64643 657136 2915 92315 11410 3493 154844 378
    250-499 decares20 27916 16133 34193 8414 26710 0677 1802 7651463 329
    500-999 decares14 58612 54927 64991 6933 4387 0745 1972 6292202 845
    1 000-1 999 decares7 5347 88616 74466 4902 2933 6552 7861 7342152 497
    2 000-4 999 decares3 3693 7769 26429 8331 0981 6601 2909972091 120
    5 000-19 999 decares7891 7033 76815 351515372284389144942
    20 000 decares or more783531 1206 045112423710844203
    1Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
    Explanation of symbols
  • Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income
    Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income1
    20202021
    Entrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial incomeEntrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial income
    Total96817 7631 09417 647
    Entrepreneurial income forestry
    1 - 49 000 NOK19013 90818813 281
    50 000 - 99 999 NOK1351 9261462 059
    100 000 - 249 000 NOK1951 2882371 531
    250 000 - 499 999142414168486
    500 000 - 999 999 NOK95140123188
    1 000 000 NOK or more21187233102
    1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
    Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of personal forest owners income, debt and wealth.

Forest property

Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Property parcels belonging to the same owner within one municipality are treated as one property.Personal forest owner

Forest owner owning forest area as an individual owner. Forest areas owned jointly by several individuals are included for one of the owners; the reference owner.

Legal owners

Central government, the Educational Fund, common forest owned by the central government (Statsallmenning), common forest not owned by the central government (Bygdeallmenning), limited company, foundation, municipality etc.

Gross income

Total wages and salaries pesnsins, entrepreneurial income and proeprty income.

Personal wages and salaries

Comprise payments in cash and in kind, taxable sick pay and unemployment benefit.

Pensions

Cover all benefit paid by social security and private pension and life insurance benefit.

Entrepreneurial income

A result of activities of a self-employed person, and is estimated from profit and loss account and balance sheet. The entrepreneurial income is transferred to the tax return and is included in the calculation of ordinary income.

Entrepreneurial income from agriculture

This is positive entrepreneurial income from agriculture according to tax return. Including 2011, entrepreneurial social security benefits in agriculture,forestry and fishery are included. As from 2012 social security benefits from primary industry are include in total entreprenurial income. Deductions such as membership payments to industry organisations, the year's entrepreneurial deficit, interest on debt and a separate agricultural deduction are not deducted.

Entreprenurial income from forestry

This is positive entrepreneurial income from forestry according to tax return. In addition, entrepreneurial income from forestry also comprises sickness benefit for persons without entreprenurail income in agriculture and fisheries.

Other income

Consist mainly of interest income, dividends, realised capital gains, rent and other income from property.

Name: Forest owners' income
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

19 March 2024

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

County.

The statistics are published annually. It usually takes about 70 weeks from the end of the year until the figures are published.

Not relevant

Collected and revised data are stored securely by Statistics Norway in compliance with applicable legislation on data processing.

Statistics Norway can grant access to the source data (de-identified or anonymised microdata) on which the statistics are based, for researchers and public authorities for the purposes of preparing statistical results and analyses. Access can be granted upon application and subject to conditions. Refer to the details about this at Access to data from Statistics Norway.

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of personal forest owners income, dept and property. The statistics also provide information on age, sex, income and education of forest owners.

Statistics on forest owners income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and after The sample survey of forestry 2004.

The main users of the statistics are professional forestry organisations, The Ministry of Agriculture and Food and various research and educational institutions.

No external users have access to statistics before they are released at 8 a.m. on ssb.no after at least three months’ advance notice in the release calendar. This is one of the most important principles in Statistics Norway for ensuring the equal treatment of users.

Statistics on the farmers' income and property are provided yearly. These statistics comprise natural persons operating agricultural holdings.

Statistics Norway also presents income statistics for all self-employed persons .

The statistics are developed, produced and disseminated pursuant to Act no. 32 of 21 June 2019 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway (the Statistics Act).

Not relevant

Including 2010, the statistics built on properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with personal owner and at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Information about the owners came from the Land Register/Cadastre owned by The Norwegian Mapping Authority.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register.

In the statistics on personal forest owners, the forest owners' productive forest areas in Norway are aggregated, independent of municipality borders. Statistics on incomes are based on the forest owners' municipality for tax purposes. Other individual statistics on personal forest owners are based on the municipality where the forest owners live.

Statistics on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes are published for personal forest owners with positive self-employment income from forestry. Married couples and registered partners / cohabitants who jointly operate the forest property, may share the taxable entrepreneurial income. Statistics are therefor also made on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes for forest owners and their spouses, registered partners and cohabitants.

The statistics are derived from existing administrative data files.

The Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority served until 2010 as the backbone of the statistics and information about the owners came from the Land register. As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the Cadastre in combination with data from the Farm Register.

More information about the personal forest owners comes from the Central Population Register, the Register on Personal Tax Returns and the Register on Tax Assessment for Personal Taxpayers.

The statistics are derived from the whole population of personal forest owners.

The statistics are based on existing administrative registers and are based on linked data files that were edited separately when established. Editing is defined here as checking, examining and amending data., and there are not any editing on the linked data.

Not relevant

Employees of Statistics Norway have a duty of confidentiality.

Statistics Norway does not publish figures if there is a risk of the respondent’s contribution being identified. This means that, as a general rule, figures are not published if fewer than three units form the basis of a cell in a table or if the contribution of one or two respondents constitutes a very large part of the cell total.

Statistics Norway can make exceptions to the general rule if deemed necessary to meet the requirements of the EEA agreement, if the respondent is a public authority, if the respondent has consented to this, or when the information disclosed is openly accessible to the public.

More information can be found on Statistics Norway’s website under Methods in official statistics, in the ‘Confidentiality’ section.

To ensure confidentiality, the suppression method is used in these statistics.

In the period 2007-2010, the Farm register has been updated and improved. The improvement has resulted in 3 000-4 000 more forest properties.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register. This resultet in more than 10 000 new forest properties. Most of them have had minor forestry activity.

Statistics on the forest owners' income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and in the Sample survey of forestry 2004. As from 2005, statistics on the forest owners' income based on registers have been published annaully.

The most important source of error is that taxpayers may fill in incorrect information on income, deductions, property or debt in the personal tax return or place amounts under wrong items. In most cases this will be detected and corrected by the local tax offices. Nevertheless, errors that do not influence the assessment of taxes may be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the tax return forms, despite of the fact that controls are executed.

Another concern is the quality of the registers. The productive forest area of properties or the property borders are sometimes missing or erroneous. Furthermore, errors may arise when data are entered into the various administrative registers.

With regard to co-operative ownership, the statistics on forest owners comprise only the reference owner. Self-employment income from forestry for the remaining personal owners in the co-operative is not included. Analysis from 2011 show that entrepreneurial income from forests for these owners were approximately 0,4 per cent of the total entrepreneural income from forestry. In total, 3-4 per cent of the self-employment income from forestry is missing.

In reality, the number of personal forest owners with entrepreneurial income from forestry is higher than in these statistics show, because only the reference owner in a co-ownership is included here. Some personal forest owners are deceased and no new owner has been registered, some live abroad or information is missing for other reasons. These owners amount to 3-4 per cent of the personal forest owners and are excluded from the statistics on incomes.

Not relevant

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