416491
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/fiskeoppdrett/aar-forelopige
416491
statistikk
2020-05-28T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
en
fiskeoppdrett, Aquaculture, fish farming, salmon, rainbow trout, shellfish, char, cod, halibut, fish farm, hatcheries, hatchery-produced fish, operating licences, employeesAquaculture , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
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Aquaculture

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

68.1

NOK billion in first-hand value of salmon in 2019

Aquaculture. Preliminary figures
Fish for food (tonnes)ShareChange in per centFirst-hand value (NOK million)Change in per cent
2018 - 20192018 - 2019
2019
Total1 445 586100.06.772 0076.1
Salmon1 357 30493.95.968 1155.6
Rainbow trout83 0545.721.53 63218.9
Char3680.027.82417.0
Cod:::::
Halibut1 5240.1-17.3155-14.9
Shellfish2 1490.124.928-25.7
Other fish species:::::

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Sales of slaughtered fish for food. Quantity, by fish species and county. Tonnes

Sales of slaughtered fish for food. Quantity, by fish species and county. Tonnes1
TotalSalmonRainbow troutCharCodHalibutShellfishOther fish species
1The quantity is masured in round weight. The conversion factor for weight is changed from 2000.
2Preliminary figures.
2009961 469862 30574 30542120 9241 5681 728218
20101 019 810939 53654 67549221 2401 6102 001256
20111 143 9011 064 86858 55427615 2732 7671 926237
20121 321 1281 232 09474 67830910 0331 7402 001273
20131 247 8651 168 32471 552:3 7701 3852 363:
20141 332 4971 258 35668 986:1 3861 2572 016:
20151 380 8411 303 34673 007260:1 2442 773:
20161 326 1561 233 61987 853333:1 4602 213:
20171 308 4871 236 35466 999342:1 6232 450:
20181 354 9391 282 00368 345288:1 8421 721:
201921 445 5861 357 30483 054368:1 5242 149:
 
20192
Rogaland92 92890 724:00::0
Hordaland (-2019)209 930167 49542 40600::0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)107 74587 99019 61900::0
Møre og Romsdal199 653186 653:000:0
Trøndelag - Trööndelage205 460201 575::001 2430
Nordland308 556302 178:245:0839:
Troms - Romsa (-2019)176 936176 9350000::
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)120 971120 9450:000:
Other Counties23 40822 811260:00::

Table 2 
Sales of slaughtered fish for food. First-hand value by fish species and county, NOK 1000

Sales of slaughtered fish for food. First-hand value by fish species and county, NOK 1000
TotalSalmonRainbow troutCharCodHalibutShellfishOther fish species
1Preliminary figures.
200922 456 56720 177 9001 754 37319 304359 837115 81312 85616 484
201030 769 41828 511 9901 729 30421 523347 383121 98518 74618 487
201128 951 88926 924 2781 530 09515 667267 373171 58125 36517 530
201230 039 18027 954 6501 695 93816 500209 863132 87110 95018 407
201340 479 66937 921 5242 289 696:119 990106 89613 104:
201444 334 17141 822 5012 305 130:43 683114 02214 427:
201546 864 08344 438 5432 221 32315 777:142 61329 310:
201664 038 76060 121 4673 682 12219 412:161 57924 542:
201764 992 49561 635 0113 096 10022 131:172 87232 773:
201867 843 38764 511 2933 055 16720 147:181 54037 731:
2019172 006 94168 115 3023 631 83623 568:154 51628 020:
 
20191
Rogaland4 681 8864 502 212:00::0
Hordaland (-2019)10 139 5038 372 6321 763 92200::0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)5 259 3774 346 794904 26600::0
Møre og Romsdal10 121 1919 538 893:000:0
Trøndelag - Trööndelage10 158 73010 021 968::0016 6060
Nordland15 497 17915 230 140:14 860:07 586:
Troms - Romsa (-2019)8 721 9998 721 9810000::
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)6 228 4216 226 7060:000:
Other Counties1 198 6551 153 97713 019:00::

Table 3 
Number of licenses running, workers and labour, by type of production and county. Salmon and rainbow trout

Number of licenses running, workers and labour, by type of production and county. Salmon and rainbow trout
TotalProduction of fish for foodHatcheries and fingerling production
LicencesPersonsMan-hours (1000)LicencesPersonsMan-hours (1000)LicencesPersonsMan-hours (1000)
1Preliminary figures.
20091 2044 2385 7349902 9304 2302141 3081 504
20101 2074 9326 4499943 4564 7912131 4761 658
20111 2255 3166 8671 0163 7845 0752091 5321 792
20121 2065 4267 1941 0063 9695 3642001 4571 830
20131 2085 5657 8631 0184 1776 0281901 3881 835
20141 2045 7598 1411 0154 2986 2391891 4611 902
20151 2566 3528 7441 0674 7546 7431891 5982 001
20161 2867 2739 9381 0995 6277 7791871 6462 159
20171 3237 50210 0661 1295 7627 9231941 7402 143
20181 3447 90310 6381 1606 1298 3651841 7742 273
201911 3668 20211 1151 1866 3508 7761801 8522 339
 
20191
Rogaland915067347737054914136185
Hordaland (-2019)2351 5712 0461861 1821 57149389476
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1115637199945359312110126
Møre og Romsdal1527351 03012450872828227301
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2411 5962 1122121 2661 69229330420
Nordland2591 6252 1412281 1851 63131440510
Troms - Romsa (-2019)1348831 2581247501 06410133194
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)110605941106::4::
Other Counties3311813630::3::

Table 4 
Stock of live fish for food, by species of fish and county. 1 000 pieces. Preliminary figures

Stock of live fish for food, by species of fish and county. 1 000 pieces. Preliminary figures
2019
1 000 piecesPer cent
Stock per 1 JanuarySuppliesDelivered for saleLossStock per 31 DecemberLoss
The whole country
Total443 768377 444309 36264 888446 96214.6
Salmon418 355349 400288 80260 827418 12614.5
Rainbow trout21 86026 69619 4503 73725 36815.8
Other fish species3 5531 3481 1093243 4689.2
Rogaland
Total30 06122 36219 6373 86328 92313.1
Salmon28 38322 15019 1443 66827 72213.1
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Hordaland (-2019)
Total63 51363 13747 22214 87164 55723.2
Salmon54 13150 73937 75812 72354 38923.4
Rainbow trout9 14012 3379 4302 1209 92722.2
Other fish species24260342824111.6
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)
Total34 19830 91824 1326 14534 83917.8
Salmon29 11022 03720 2245 10825 81518.6
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Møre og Romsdal
Total56 23415 07243 1254 89923 28212.3
Salmon52 38712 26039 8444 71720 08713.0
Rainbow trout3 8472 8123 2811823 1955.2
Other fish species000000.0
Trøndelag - Trööndelage
Total59 61784 06043 5046 38593 7888.3
Salmon57 90283 04842 8146 19191 9448.3
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Nordland
Total87 88676 34264 59012 18087 45813.9
Salmon85 89374 38662 43312 01985 82714.0
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Troms - Romsa (-2019)
Total60 51447 31236 12411 17960 52318.5
Salmon60 51446 95936 12411 16460 18518.5
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)
Total43 90931 86126 3574 34345 0709.8
Salmon43 72731 78726 3324 34144 8419.8
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Other Counties
Total7 8356 3804 6711 0238 52212.5
Salmon6 3086 0344 1308967 31513.2
Rainbow trout1 015184333807868.9
Other fish species5131632084742110.1

Table 5 
Sales of shellfish, by species. Tonnes and NOK 1000

Sales of shellfish, by species. Tonnes and NOK 1000
Quantity (tonnes)First hand value (NOK 1000)
TotalBlue musselsGreat Atlantic scallopsFlat and cupped oystersOther speciesTotalBlue musselsGreat Atlantic scallopsFlat and cupped oystersOther species
1Preliminary figures.
20091 7281 649846812 8567 4693245334 530
20102 0011 9301025918 7468 2383632989 846
20111 9261 74213216925 3657 97263223216 529
20122 0011 9672121110 9507 7285191792 524
20132 3632 328235713 10410 3435404811 739
20142 0161 9831341514 42710 3443003953 388
20152 7732 73121101129 31025 1105015763 124
20162 2132 17612111424 54218 9145506984 380
20172 4502 38329172132 77226 1121 6291 2173 814
20181 7211 64928182737 73128 5221 8503 0384 321
201912 1492 134:7:28 02024 523:648:

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of Norwegian aquaculture and comprise data on stock and loss of live fish for food, sales of slaughtered fish and shellfish, numbers of workers, labour input and acquisitions and sales of fixed assets.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Aquaculture

Production of aquatic organisms. Production is any measures taken to enhance living organisms’ weight, size, number, characteristic or quality.

Licence for aquaculture

A permission to farm fish, shellfish or molluscs in accordance to Norwegian legislation (Aquaculture Act). A permission gives the right for a certain type of production of a certain type of species in a certain extent at one or several stated localities.

Operating licence

A licence is considered in operation if there has been production of fish, roe or fry on the licence during the reference year.

Fish for food

Adult fish produced to be consumed. Production of parent fish and fingerling are not included.

Parent fish

Fish that is used to produce roe and milt in artificial fecundation.

FoU-licence, aquaculture

A licence for aquaculture given for the purpose of experiments, research or instructions.

Fingerling production

Production of roe, fry or smolt with a wiev to transferring to other localities.

Smolt

The name of the fish that is ready to enter the sea. At this time it changes in shape and colour and becomes shiny.

shellfish

Group of molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms.

 

Value

Value-added tax is not included in the tables. The value is current value. The value is first-hand value, except of export and import value. The first hand value corresponds to the value of sold slaughtered fish unrefined fresh or frozen. The value of fish further processed in own plants is included.

Quantity

Quantity is quoted as round weight, except of exported and imported quantity, which is quoted as product weight.

Round weight

The weight of the fish before it is gutted. Fish that is delivered gutted is converted into round weight. From the 2000 series the conversion factor is changed. The NS 9417 is used and for salmon gutted with head the conversion factor is 1.125 and for fish gutted and decapitated 1.266. For rainbow trout the conversion factor is 1,135 for gutted with head and 1,266 for gutted and decapitated.

Loss in aquaculture

Loss of fish during production. The loss is given as the number of fish by cause.

Dead fish

Number of fish taken out of the net cages. The dead can be caused by disease, injury and wound without any further specification.

Discarding when slaughtered

The number of fish discarded when slaughtered because of sexual maturity and defects.

Escaping

The number of fish escaped from the fish farms.

Other

The number of fish lost because of predators, theft and other reasons.

Error in counting

The number of fish adjusted in accordance with original supply.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Aquaculture
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

County figures and figures for entire country.

County figures are published by the following classification:

  • Rogaland
  • Hordaland
  • Sogn og Fjordane
  • Møre og Romsdal
  • Trøndelag
  • Nordland
  • Troms
  • Finnmark
  • Remaining counties

Remaining counties include Oppland, Hedmark, Akershus, Oslo, Buskerud, Telemark, Østfold, Vestfold, Aust-Agder og Vest-Agder.

Frequency and timeliness

Preliminary figures: Annually, ca. 6 months after the reference-period (1.1 - 31.12).

Final figures: Annually, ca. 11 months after the reference-period.

International reporting

The Directorate of Fisheries reports to Eurostat, FAO and OECD.

Microdata

The Directorate of Fisheries and Statistics Norway stores the data files.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to publish relevant information and statistics on the development in Norwegian aquaculture (until 2006 the statistics was named Fish farming).

Statistics on fish farming have been composed since 1971. In the two first years, the task was carried out by Statistics Norway. Since then data collection has been conducted by the Directorate of Fisheries. Statistics Norway and the Directorate of Fisheries have common publishing time for preliminary and final figures.

The figures are compareable over time, but the statistics comprise more details today than in 1971, when the data collection was carried out for the first time. From 1989, statistics on shellfish and other fish species than salmon and trout were included.

Users and applications

The main statistic users are public administrations, different organisations, scientists, students, media and the fish farmers themselves. Foreign organisations are also users of the statistics. The statistics are important as a database for analyses of future development. The material is also used in anlyses and economical estimations internally in Statistics Norway.

The data material is used to fulfil Norway's international obligations to report to a number of international organisations as FAO, Eurostat and OECD. The Directorate of Fisheries are responsible for these reports.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatment of all users on ssb.no.

 

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are published annually in "Today's statistics" on SSB's websites and in the Statbank

The Directorate of Fisheries publishes preliminary figures in Aquaculture statistics. They also publishes figures in their own Statbank.

The information from the questionnaires regarding labour input and production are also utilized in The Directorate of Fisheries' survey "Lønnsomhetsundersøkelse for akvakultur, laks og regnbueørret".

Legal authority

The Directorate of Fisheries collect data with legal basis in Act no. 79 of 17 June 2005: Act relating to aquaculture.

Statistics Norway recieves data from the Directorate of Fisheries according to the Statistics Act §§2-1, 2-2, 3-2.

EEA reference

  • Council Regulation (EU) 762/2008 of 2 Septmeber 2008.

Production

Population

The statistics covers the following types of licence to farm fish and/or shellfish:

  • Fish for food, parent fish and FoU (Research and Education). Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fry/fingerling. Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fish for food and fry/fingerling combined. Other fish species than salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Shellfish (molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms)

Final figures contain information from all the licences running. Preliminary figures contain information from the majority of all the licences and calculated values from a small number of licences that still has not been reported. The statistics emphasize salmon and rainbow trout. The common term "rainbow trout", refers to 99 per cent rainbow trout (Salmo gaineri L). The remaining one per cent belong to the species brown trout (Salmo trutta).

Other species are char/migratory char, cod, halibut, mackerel, eel, saithe (pollock) and turbot. Figures on char, cod and halibut are published solely, while the remaining species are added up and published as other fish species . Farming of these species concerns both commercially farmed fish and feeding of wild caught fish. Molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms are publlished as "shellfish".  Figures on blue mussel, common scallop and oyster are published solely, while the remaining shellfish species are added up and published as other species .

Data sources and sampling

  • The Directorate of Fisheries' annual questionnaires (electronic or paper) from all the holders of a licence to farm fish and/or shellfish
  • The aquaculture register in Brønnøysund
  • Register for biomass control in the Directorate of Fisheries

Complete survey addressing all holders of a licence (per January the year after the reference-year) to farm fish and/or shellfish.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The Directorate of Fisheries uses an electronic questionnaire when collecting data, but paper forms are also available. In accordance to Norwegian legislation, the licencees are under obligation to answer the questionnaires.

To relieve the response burden for companies with several licences, they have as from 2001 only been requiered to fill inn one questionnaire for each type of licence. Companies running licences in several counties still have to fill in seperate questionnaires for each county.

The different questionnaires are:

  • Fish for food, parent fish and FoU (Research and Education). Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fry/fingerling. Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fish for food. Other fish species than salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fry/fingerling. Other fish species than salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (Shellfish)

The Directorate of fisheries also publishes figures on cleanerfish and algae.

Each questionnaire has it own guidelines for filling in. The deadline for returning the questionnaires is in March, after the reference year, depending on the type of licence.

Statistics Norway is co-operating with the Directorate of Fisheries and comment on the content of the questionnaires. The Directorate of Fisheries are responsible for sending out, collecting and editing the questionnaires.

Up to and including 1992, Statistics Norway carried out quality control and correction of data. Since then the Directorate of Fisheries has taken over this work. In addition, they have the professional responsibility of the bulk of the quality controls.

The Directorate of Fisheries controls the data both manually and electronically. For each type of questionnaire there has been prepared a list, which contains absolute and possible errors. These lists are constructed on the basis of professional skills and evaluations. On some occasions, when doubts arise, the respondents are contacted.

The salmon and rainbow trout stocks per 1 January and 31 December and the supplies of salmon and rainbow trout during the year comes from the Register for biomass control. The stock data are controlleld by the companies themselves.

In Statistics Norway the data are controlled once more previous to the production of tables and the preparation of the publication. The Directorate of Fisheries is consulted if any changes take place.

Data is presented as total numbers, percentage and average.

As from 2010, the method used to calcualte loss of fish during production was changed. The loss was until 2010 given in per cent of the the stock of fish per 1 January + supply during the year. This method lead to an unrealistic low loss per cent. As from 2010, the loss is given in per cent of average stock of fish during the year.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures based on less than three units (transfers) are not published if this causes risk for identifying any of the units concerned.

Comparability over time and space

Statistics on sales for food in 1991 were not published because of unreliable data.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Statistical data might contain errors. The data from the farmers are of varying quality. In all likelihood the most important error is that some respondents might have given faulty or wrong information.

The routines of revision imply several controls revealing possible and absolute errors. The possible errors are revealed when the variables are outside intervals constructed on the basis of professional assessment. If such intervals are constructed wrongly or/and with bias in any sense, compared to the reality, it will certainly depreciate the quality of the statistics.

Licences with no stocks at the end of the year, and/or licences that were not registered with the Directorate of Fisheries' Register for biomass control, are assumed not to be running the following year.

When the preliminary figures are due to be published, there are usually data missing from a small number of companies that still have not reported. This is corrected with an estimation based on previous years production for these companies and information in the Register for biomass control. Six months after the end of the reference period, the coverage in the survey is about 95 per cent for both fish for food-production and hatcheries (salmon, rainbow trout and trout). When corrected with estimated figures for those licences not reported, this survey represents all licences running in the period of reference. The Directorate of Fisheries therefore concludes that the data material qualitatively can be presented as preliminary statistics.

Revision

Not relevant