Children, families and households
Analyses, articles and publications
This report investigates recent developments and general characteristics of the practice of shared residence in 2020. The report is based on the survey Contact Arrangements and Residential Arrangements 2020, and it focuses on parents who have previously been cohabiting or married.
Children cause large earnings drops for mothers but not fathers, a stylized fact known as the “child penalty” that explains a substantial portion of remaining gender income gaps.
Differences in the timing and pathway into family life provide insights into the social distance between majority and immigrant-background groups. Increasing similarity in these processes across immigrant generations may indicate blurring of group distinctions.
Using Norwegian register data on migrant-background individuals born 1985 to 2001 who were either native born or who immigrated as children or teens, in combination with data from the World Marriage Database, we investigate how residential partner markets and marriage behavior in countries of origin shape partner choice and choice of union type in Norway