Children, families and households

Articles and publications

Analyses, articles and publications

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Can the child penalty be reduced?

Children cause large earnings drops for mothers but not fathers, a stylized fact known as the “child penalty” that explains a substantial portion of remaining gender income gaps.

Marriage before children? First family formation among the children of immigrants in Norway

Differences in the timing and pathway into family life provide insights into the social distance between majority and immigrant-background groups. Increasing similarity in these processes across immigrant generations may indicate blurring of group distinctions.

Origin and residential influences on the first partnership choices of the children of immigrants in Norway

Using Norwegian register data on migrant-background individuals born 1985 to 2001 who were either native born or who immigrated as children or teens, in combination with data from the World Marriage Database, we investigate how residential partner markets and marriage behavior in countries of origin shape partner choice and choice of union type in Norway

Older analyses, articles and publications for subtopic children, families and households.