375362
/en/valg/statistikker/partifin/aar
375362
statistikk
2019-09-05T08:00:00.000Z
Elections;Culture and recreation
en
partifin, Political parties' financing, party contributions, government funding, contributions from labour organisations, capital income, private funding, membership feesOrganisations and memberships, Funding of political parties, Culture and recreation, Elections
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Political parties' financing

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

500

NOK million in public support

Funding of political parties, total all political parties by source of income. NOK and per cent
2018
TotalPer cent
Income, total671 584 023100.0
 
Government subsidy, total511 828 58776.2
Central government subsidy428 675 61563.8
Municipal/county subsidy68 319 56510.2
Other government subsidy14 833 4072.2
Total
Own business, total116 040 65117.3
Membership fee62 433 4399.3
Income from lotteries and similar7 748 0961.2
Capital income9 078 3811.4
Business activity10 662 5081.6
Other income from own business26 118 2273.9
 
Contributions, total43 714 7856.5
Private contributions18 162 8682.7
Contributions from commercial enterprises5 138 5470.8
Contributions from employers' and labour organizations11 591 4001.7
Contributions from other8 821 9701.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Funding of political parties by source and political party. NOK

Funding of political parties by source and political party. NOK1
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe Christians
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available
2018
Income, total671 584 02342 417 37631 214 27541 464 240200 392 57073 805 638158 115 73463 190 88723 128 9102 102 947:29 075 961404 2462 270 587
 
Government subsidy, total511 828 58728 962 77625 044 19330 999 502153 995 74863 773 892120 450 65347 921 24614 174 7381 687 603:20 889 86429 876961 291
Central government subsidy428 675 61522 132 80721 021 76925 408 833120 907 08159 116 322103 963 84340 445 53811 998 9961 399 595:18 357 13029 876956 620
Municipal/county subsidy68 319 5653 960 0603 199 0835 384 09127 088 6274 155 17514 607 5706 278 6581 112 53376 279:2 452 81804 671
Other government subsidy14 833 4072 869 909823 341206 5786 000 040502 3951 879 2401 197 0501 063 209211 729:79 91600
 
Own business, total116 040 65112 785 4115 310 3515 393 63431 290 0809 190 13125 414 78313 305 7715 177 225407 178:5 978 528241 263726 377
Membership fee62 433 4396 375 3252 677 1343 239 53113 966 4522 902 85515 999 8209 721 0484 012 003104 415:2 036 118181 700628 061
Income from lotteries and similar7 748 0961 392 2161 023 799112 2192 047 9771 441 316454 690668 985390 43574 309:0031 166
Capital income9 078 38195 094278 114137 1013 551 523219 9584 461 493213 89051 875667:46 186908128
Business activity10 662 5081 187 854568 826467 5783 383 694130 82998 5051 121 832247 68746 814:3 394 72914 1600
Other income from own business26 118 2273 734 922762 4781 437 2058 340 4344 495 1734 400 2751 580 016475 225180 973:501 49544 49567 022
 
Contributions, total43 714 785669 189859 7315 071 10415 106 742841 61512 250 2981 963 8703 776 9478 166:2 207 569133 107582 919
Private contributions18 162 868527 931641 7883 103 2351 686 792110 2007 489 276512 1352 046 4120:1 397 066103 107411 900
Contributions from commercial enterprises5 138 5476 00001 9001 500700 0003 982 728200 00000:75 4000171 019
Contributions from employers' and labour organizations11 591 400001 152 6909 376 710001 060 0002 0000:000
Contributions, from other8 821 970135 258217 943813 2794 041 74031 415778 294191 7351 728 5358 166:735 10330 0000

Table 2 
Funding of political parties by source of income and political party. Per cent

Funding of political parties by source of income and political party. Per cent1
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe Christians
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available
2018
Income, total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0:100.0100.0100.0
 
Government subsidy, total76.268.380.274.876.886.476.275.861.380.2:71.87.442.3
Central government subsidy63.852.267.361.360.380.165.864.051.966.6:63.17.442.1
Municipal/county subsidy10.29.310.213.013.55.69.29.94.83.6:8.40.00.2
Other government subsidy2.26.82.60.53.00.71.21.94.610.1:0.30.00.0
 
Own business, total17.330.117.013.015.612.516.121.122.419.4:20.659.732.0
Membership fee9.315.08.67.87.03.910.115.417.35.0:7.044.927.7
Income from lotteries and similar1.23.33.30.31.02.00.31.11.73.5:0.00.01.4
Capital income1.40.20.90.31.80.32.80.30.20.0:0.20.20.0
Business activity1.62.81.81.11.70.20.11.81.12.2:11.73.50.0
Other income from own business3.98.82.43.54.26.12.82.52.18.6:1.711.03.0
 
Contributions, total6.51.62.812.27.51.17.73.116.30.4:7.632.925.7
Private contributions2.71.22.17.50.80.14.70.88.80.0:4.825.518.1
Contributions from commercial enterprises0.80.00.00.00.00.92.50.30.00.0:0.30.07.5
Contributions from employers' and labour organizations1.70.00.02.84.70.00.01.70.00.0:0.00.00.0
Contributions from other1.30.30.71.92.10.00.50.37.50.4:2.57.40.0

Table 3 
Party financing, accounts per political party. NOK

Party financing, accounts per political party. NOK1
2018
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe Christians
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available.
Income, total671 584 02342 417 37631 214 27541 464 240200 392 57073 805 638158 115 73463 190 88723 128 9102 102 947:29 075 961404 2462 270 587
Government subsidy, total511 828 58728 962 77625 044 19330 999 502153 995 74863 773 892120 450 65347 921 24614 174 7381 687 603:20 889 86429 876961 291
Own business, total116 040 65112 785 4115 310 3515 393 63431 290 0809 190 13125 414 78313 305 7715 177 225407 178:5 978 528241 263726 377
Contributions, total43 714 785669 189859 7315 071 10415 106 742841 61512 250 2981 963 8703 776 9478 166:2 207 569133 107582 919
 
Total costs588 315 21543 518 11130 342 54234 131 122180 082 71358 617 007146 318 08949 757 61414 499 6832 071 959:23 315 8161 146 9181 499 853
Salary costs268 256 12024 206 55414 051 27717 436 95590 570 40820 213 93754 586 38226 875 9097 757 208145 257:11 338 134877109 114
Other operating costs316 710 28119 285 73216 215 21916 548 13288 030 79738 048 12690 548 83922 846 1676 718 7541 923 700:11 967 5991 143 5311 389 801
Finance costs3 348 81425 82576 046146 0351 481 508354 9441 182 86835 53823 7213 002:10 0832 510938
 
Result83 268 808-1 100 735871 7337 333 11820 309 85715 188 63111 797 64513 433 2738 629 22730 988:5 760 145-742 672770 734

Table 4 
Party financing, accounts per political party. Per cent.,

Party financing, accounts per political party. Per cent.,1
2018
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe Christians
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available.
Income, total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0:100.0100.0100.0
Government subsidy, total76.268.380.274.876.886.476.275.861.380.2:71.87.442.3
Own business, total17.330.117.013.015.612.516.121.122.419.4:20.659.732.0
Contributions, total6.51.62.812.27.51.17.73.116.30.4:7.632.925.7
 
Total costs87.6102.697.282.389.979.492.578.762.798.5:80.2283.766.1
Salary costs39.957.145.042.145.227.434.542.533.56.9:39.00.24.8
Other operating costs47.245.551.939.943.951.657.336.229.091.5:41.2282.961.2
Finance costs0.50.10.20.40.70.50.70.10.10.1:0.00.60.0
 
Result12.4-2.62.817.710.120.67.521.337.31.5:19.8-183.733.9

Table 5 
Funding of political parties, cost accounts by activity and political party. NOK

Funding of political parties, cost accounts by activity and political party. NOK12
2018
Total cost by activityAdministration costsGeneral political party activity¿s costsElection campaign¿s costs
1Costs by activity comprise total costs. According to the Political Parties Act total costs shall be divided by type and by activity. The table 5 presents income, costs by type and result. This table (11319) presents costs divided by main activity groups. The total can differ from total costs by type due to non-consistent data from the political party units. Further information see “About the statistics”.
2The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available
Total588 177 359312 808 517254 282 69421 086 148
Christian Democratic Party43 517 60433 220 08810 232 12465 392
Liberal Party30 342 55617 125 65312 124 4901 092 413
Socialist Left Party34 131 11920 959 6359 617 0973 554 387
Labour Party179 934 47389 679 27184 252 1166 003 086
Progress Party58 616 98219 956 60237 938 413721 967
Conservative Party146 348 24591 940 41047 530 1906 877 645
Centre Party49 757 61622 570 22327 051 673135 720
The Red party of Norway14 499 6803 884 01310 513 087102 580
The Pensioners' Party2 075 479314 7371 713 36847 374
Democratic Party of Norway::::
Norwegian green Party23 306 76110 791 59310 838 3771 676 791
Communist Party of Norway1 137 178322 014815 1640
The Christians1 495 869645 627429 152421 090

Table 6 
Central government subsidy by poltical party. NOK

Central government subsidy by poltical party. NOK12
2018
TotalOf which youth's poltical organisations
1The table incudes all units of political parties which have sent either a full report or a statement according the annual income received. For those units which have reported an income less than NOK 12 000 except government subsidies, the amounts used in the table are according to information received from the County Governor of Sogn og Fjordane or from the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation. The County Governor disburses the governmental funding on municipal and county level, the Ministry to the central organisations. For those units which have reported that mentioned income exceeded the amount of NOK 12 000, the amount reported from the unit itself has been used.
2The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available.
Total444 890 084..
 
Christian Democratic Party23 296 0751 578 108
Liberal Party22 912 5041 437 636
Socialist Left Party26 885 3601 388 815
Labour Party124 332 4079 686 261
Progress Party58 030 2142 966 148
Conservative Party105 634 4757 131 660
Centre Party44 290 2342 451 856
The Red party of Norway13 341 301675 256
Democratic Party of Norway507 769.
The Liberal People's Party..
Coastal Party394 1739 790
The Pensioners' Party2 127 774.
Norwegian green Party19 484 8381 147 205
Communist Party of Norway49 779-
The Pirate Party of Norway426 1289 519
The Christians1 266 98424 676

About the statistics

Income and costs are shown, based on the annual accounts of political parties at municipal, county and central level, including youth organisations at central and county level, which have an obligation to report accounts under the Political Party Act. Approximately 95 per cent of the total income of all parties is covered.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Registered political party: A political party that is registered in the Party register at the Brønnøysund Register Centre according to the regulation in the Party Act, ref. § 3, http://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2005-06-17-102.

Central government subsidy: Funding according to the Party Act § 11.

Municipal/county subsidy: Additional funding on a voluntary basis from the county or the municipality.

Other public subsidy: Other public funding not covered by central government subsidy or municipal/county subsidy.

Membership fee: The total income from membership fees.

Income from lotteries, fund-raising events and similar: Income from lotteries, fund-raising events and similar.

Capital income: Income from interest and stock dividends etc. excluding uncollected gains. Unrealised gains are not to be entered as gains according to the accounting principles of the Political Party Act. Financial assets are to be entered at purchase cost as long as they are not realised.

Income from business activity: Income from own business activity. This includes, among other things, income from the sale of advertisement effects.

Other income from own business: All income not covered by membership fees, income from lotteries, fund-raising events and similar, capital income or income from business activity.

Private contributions: Includes all gifts of money from private donors and all other non-monetary contributions from the same donors when the limit for identifying the contributors is exceeded.

Contributions from commercial enterprises: Includes all gifts of money made by commercial enterprises and all other non-monetary contributions from the same donors when the limit for identifying the contributors is exceeded.

Contributions from employers and labour organisations: Includes all gifts of money made by employers and labour organisations and all other non-monetary contributions from the same donors when the limit for identifying the contributors is exceeded.

Contributions from other: Includes all gifts of money and all other non-monetary contributions if the limit for identifying the contributors is exceeded when these contributions are donated by

• other organisations

• all other non-categorized donors

Costs by type and by activity are two different ways of classifying the costs. Both classifications shall cover all costs.

Costs by type are divided in salary costs, other operating costs and finance costs.

Salary costs: Include all benefits of employees including part-time and temporary employees. Salary costs include employers' national insurance contributions, pension costs, travelling expenses for employees, union dues etc. Remuneration booked as salary is included.

Other operating costs: Include all other costs excluding finance costs, i.e. other operating costs include consumer costs connected to administration, production and sales, office supplies, desktop printers and any equipment that is charged as an expense. Furthermore, purchasing services and any external assistance, legal services, auditing and other advisory services, maintenance etc. and remuneration of representatives who are not employed by the party organisations are included, as are depreciation costs on any fixed and non-current assets capitalised in the balance sheet. Outstanding debts that are not collectable, are also classified as other operating costs.

Finance costs include paid interest adjusted by previously booked accruals, losses in connection with realisation of investment funds and stockholders’ shares etc. Unrealised losses are not to be entered as loss according to the accounting principles of the Political Party Act. Financial assets are to be entered at purchase cost as long as they are not realised.

Result equals the total income reduced by total cost by type.

Costs by activity are divided in administration costs, general political party activity costs and election campaign costs.

Administrations costs cover all costs of administration of the work in the party organisation, e.g. telephone, postage and copying charges, general office equipment, finance costs and salaries etc. Depreciation and non-collectable write-downs are included if they cannot be allocated elsewhere.

General political party activity costs cover costs for activities that facilitate the purpose and objectives of the party, such as party meetings and conferences, costs of preparing the party programme, nomination lists etc. This cost element will consist of all or parts of the costs by type.

Election campaign costs cover marketing costs in connection with election campaigns. This covers costs that were incurred before, during and after campaigns. Costs are also included that may not be directly attributable to the marketing costs of an election campaign, but which are incurred in connection with the campaign, such as fuel for cars used for election campaign purposes, rental cars, stands etc. This cost element will consist of all or parts of the costs by type.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Political parties' financing
Topic: Elections

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

Country

Frequency and timeliness

Annually

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

The reports from the political party units are to be made public individually according to the Political Parties Act § 22. The reports will be published on the website of the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, see www.partifinansiering.no.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics were published for the first time in 2006. This publication is based on registered parties’ reports on their financial situation for the fiscal year 2017. According to the Political Parties Act, all organisational levels of the registered political parties are obliged to report to a central register. The statistics are published on the basis of these reports.

The Political Parties Act was revised on 1 February 2013. For 2013 and previous years, the political parties' organisations should only report on income.

Users and applications

The statistics have a wide spectrum of users and applications, such as the mass media, research institutions, educational establishments, political parties and individuals.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on election campaign contribution which is published every second year in connection with elections (https://www.ssb.no/en/valg/statistikker/valgkamp).

Legal authority

Political Parties Act §§ 18, 19, 20, 20a, 20b, 21 and Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The data collection includes all organisational levels of the registered political parties in Norway, i.e. central, county and municipal level, as well as the central youth levels and the youth organisations at county level. The unit in the statistics is political parties.

According to the Political Parties Act § 18, the party organisations (units) with an income below a certain level excluding government subsidy are exempt from comprehensive reporting. These party units must submit a statement confirming that their income does not exceed the specified level. All other political party organisations have to report the full annual accounts, i.e. incomes, cost and balance sheet. The reports from the organisations exceeding the limit represent the basis for the statistics but for those parties where the number of reporting units is less than three.

The Political Parties Act was revised on 1 February 2013, setting the limit at NOK 12 000 with effect from the fiscal year of 2013. The previous year’s limit was NOK 10 000.

Data sources and sampling

The reference for the statistics is the Party Finance Register, which was established in accordance with the Political Parties Act. This register is held by Statistics Norway, cf. § 2-1 of the secondary act to the Political Parties Act. The register includes the reports from all registered parties at municipal, county and central Level, including youth organisations at central and county level. The central political parties have to be registered in the Political Party Register as part of the Brønnøysund Register Centre.

The Party Finance Register also contains a summary of all donors that, during the fiscal year, contributed money or gifts exceeding NOK 12 000 to parties at municipal level, NOK 23 000 to parties at county level and NOK 35 000 to parties at central level according to the revised act of 1 February 2013 (the previous levels were NOK 10 000, NOK 20 000 and NOK 30 000 respectively). This also applies to sponsors and creditors. Donors with whom the party organisation has entered into a written political or commercial agreement are to be identified independent of the amount donated.

Total count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

 

No additional sources to the Party Finance Register.

The questionnaire is prepared by Statistics Norway. The information is collected electronically through Altinn (the Norwegian public reporting portal) and a specific questionnaire (RA-0604). A few of the units have responded by returning a signed printed version of the Altinn questionnaire that have been handled manually.

The information is published in the same form as it is received by the Party Finance Register. Neither the registrar nor Statistics Norway, as the producer of the statistics, carries out any revisions of the data except for obvious errors in the reported data after consulting the respondent.

The statistical information is a calculation of income and cost summaries from the various organisational levels to the degree that the parties are required to report according to the Political Parties Act.

The statistics do not include internal transfers within the different political parties, neither as income nor as cost, since they balance each other in total, and would thus give an inflated amount. Neither are the balances of the units consolidated, and are thus not published as statistics. There is no statutory requirement for internal liabilities or debts to be specified or reported. Furthermore, there may be a large number of units that are included in the sample which have such liabilities and/or debts towards units not included. Thus, consolidation of the balance sheets would be misleading.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

 

The statistics were first published in 2006 (for the fiscal year 2005), and have since been published annually.

The revision of the Political Parties Act on 1 February 2013 entails a break in the homogeneity according to the organisations that are obliged to report comprehensively. For the years 2005 to 2012, all organisations with income except government subsidies of NOK 10 000 and more were obliged to report fully. For the fiscal year 2013 and later the limit was increased to NOK 12 000. The income of the political party organisations will differ over the years, especially between election and non-election years. Thus the number of organisations reporting comprehensively will depend on natural and formal changes. This may have an impact on the values published in the statistics.

The statistics for 2017 were based on reports from 766 organisations exceeding the income level for full reporting. For 2016, the statistics were based on 716 reporting units (for 2015 there were 781 units, 685 units in 2014, 693 units for 2013 and 634 units for 2012).

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

 

 

The data is reported by the units to the central register on forms submitted electronically. Different categories for entering the income, cost and balance sheet items are given in the form, including a category for party internal income transfers. Errors may occur when the different items are entered in the wrong category.

The Act requires gross revenues and costs to be reported. This means that revenue that is earmarked to cover specific costs or is to be transferred internally to other units within the same party must first be recognised as income and then as a cost (transfer to others) by the unit that originally received the amount. The amount shall be entered as income in an internal transfer by the units that have received such monies. Some units of the parties may have recorded such amounts as reimbursements, and reported the net amount, thus both the revenue and cost figures will be too low.

As an illustration, membership fees have been booked and reported at net value by some of the central political parties that received the fee from their members in 2013. A considerable part of the total was transferred to the local units. Due to the net booking, the membership fee reported for 2013 is too low and the increase in 2014 is misleading and too high. From 2015 and forward data may indicate that this error is reduced compared with 2014 and previous years.

The Political Party Act requires that all costs are divided by type and by activity. The cost shall be classified in two different ways. The total costs by type differ from total costs by activity due to non-consistent data from some of the political party units. Overall, the costs by activity are 0.12 per cent less than total costs by type.

The change in equity from 1 January to 31 December differs in some cases from the reported result. In some few cases, this may be due to capital contribution or withdrawal only booked in the balance - in contrast to the regulations by law. The change in equity may indicate that the cost should be 0,6 per cent lower or the income correspondingly higher in 2016 than reported.

Furthermore, some units have not reported at all, in spite of the obligation according to the Act. Thus, some units that should have reported full annual accounts according to the Act may not be included in the data. Imputations are not calculated and implemented to statistically compensate these errors.

Statistics Norway does not hold financial data for political parties with an income below the reporting limit according to the Political Parties Act. Thus, the accounts reported in these statistics are lower than the actual level. Neither governmental subsidies to, nor other income or costs of these parties are included in the statistics if not explicitly mentioned.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact