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Political parties' financing

Updated: August 12, 2021

Next update: Not yet determined

Donations to political parties
Donations to political parties
2020
60 785 891
NOK

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

Funding of political parties by source and political party. NOK
Funding of political parties by source and political party. NOK1
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe ChristiansThe Health PartyFolkeaksjonen Nei til mer bompenger
2020
Income, total699 480 07238 445 17230 601 10148 202 084183 521 44075 685 300159 067 62873 425 46136 260 1302 073 3521 036 16743 241 793350 7412 184 5301 353 307:
Government subsidy, total512 279 77426 096 03622 687 54633 257 985136 562 67564 589 474117 766 78558 794 73321 067 9231 526 559884 96724 455 57837 9141 041 3121 079 305:
Central government subsidy434 128 52921 163 81120 049 01528 045 911113 282 08958 575 433102 401 63347 883 50114 993 3241 405 688734 96721 444 19531 7301 032 2851 073 362:
Municipal/county subsidy68 231 4542 909 0802 040 4595 186 30521 008 6895 760 05213 989 09710 204 9834 377 885108 569150 0002 325 7596 1849 0275 943:
Other government subsidy9 919 7912 023 145598 07225 7692 271 897253 9891 376 055706 2491 696 71412 3020685 624000:
Own business, total126 414 40711 417 3874 738 6346 829 84528 096 80010 867 64229 694 14112 476 9077 415 248533 223151 20011 917 869218 977666 067224 045:
Membership fee67 715 7846 167 7762 569 5324 543 79312 815 1565 422 82516 090 3098 906 0435 565 796404 22571 0253 352 385134 214648 761223 301:
Income from lotteries and similar8 218 6862 073 8891 002 34815 516580 4021 948 942726 743363 5911 321 14278 15880 06101 6507 230600:
Capital income13 522 107213 472360 552131 8015 300 747215 1406 830 722393 06034 67739111440 32947676144:
Business activity20 298 878643 936151 134323 7617 695 02395 6842 118 7311 006 365152 68845 56907 979 99956 17200:
Other income from own business16 658 9522 318 314655 0681 814 9741 705 4723 185 0513 927 6361 807 848340 9454 8800545 15626 46510 0000:
Contributions, total60 785 891931 7493 174 9218 114 25418 861 965228 18411 606 7022 153 8217 776 95913 57006 868 34693 850477 15149 957:
Private contributions28 485 959627 962454 7115 067 1042 606 33371 5176 713 777772 8646 071 21913 57005 149 47768 850477 15138 207:
Contributions from commercial enterprises5 228 62001 992 50024 8540156 4952 791 271200 0003 0000060 500000:
Contributions from employers' and labour organizations12 867 500001 543 03010 321 730001 000 0002 740000000:
Contributions, from other14 203 812303 787727 7101 479 2665 933 9021722 101 654180 9571 700 000001 658 36925 000011 750:
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available
Explanation of symbols
Funding of political parties by source of income and political party. Per cent
Funding of political parties by source of income and political party. Per cent1
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe ChristiansThe Health PartyFolkeaksjonen Nei til mer bompenger
2020
Income, total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0:
Government subsidy, total73.267.974.169.074.485.374.080.158.173.685.456.610.847.779.8:
Central government subsidy62.155.065.558.261.777.464.465.241.367.870.949.69.047.379.3:
Municipal/county subsidy9.87.66.710.811.47.68.813.912.15.214.55.41.80.40.4:
Other government subsidy1.45.32.00.11.20.30.91.04.70.60.01.60.00.00.0:
Own business, total18.129.715.514.215.314.418.717.020.525.714.627.662.430.516.6:
Membership fee9.716.08.49.47.07.210.112.115.319.56.97.838.329.716.5:
Income from lotteries and similar1.25.43.30.00.32.60.50.53.63.87.70.00.50.30.0:
Capital income1.90.61.20.32.90.34.30.50.10.00.00.10.10.00.0:
Business activity2.91.70.50.74.20.11.31.40.42.20.018.516.00.00.0:
Other income from own business2.46.02.13.80.94.22.52.50.90.20.01.37.50.50.0:
Contributions, total8.72.410.416.810.30.37.32.921.40.70.015.926.821.83.7:
Private contributions4.11.61.510.51.40.14.21.116.70.70.011.919.621.82.8:
Contributions from commercial enterprises0.70.06.50.10.00.21.80.30.00.00.00.10.00.00.0:
Contributions from employers' and labour organizations1.80.00.03.25.60.00.01.40.00.00.00.00.00.00.0:
Contributions from other2.00.82.43.03.20.01.30.34.70.00.03.87.20.00.9:
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available
Explanation of symbols
Party financing, accounts per political party. NOK
Party financing, accounts per political party. NOK1
2020
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe ChristiansThe Health PartyFolkeaksjonen Nei til mer bompenger
Income, total699 480 07238 445 17230 601 10148 202 084183 521 44075 685 300159 067 62873 425 46136 260 1302 073 3521 036 16743 241 793350 7412 184 5301 353 307:
Government subsidy, total512 279 77426 096 03622 687 54633 257 985136 562 67564 589 474117 766 78558 794 73321 067 9231 526 559884 96724 455 57837 9141 041 3121 079 305:
Own business, total126 414 40711 417 3874 738 6346 829 84528 096 80010 867 64229 694 14112 476 9077 415 248533 223151 20011 917 869218 977666 067224 045:
Contributions, total60 785 891931 7493 174 9218 114 25418 861 965228 18411 606 7022 153 8217 776 95913 57006 868 34693 850477 15149 957:
Total costs554 236 23338 956 65227 956 54436 386 985161 760 03054 535 127114 379 25961 526 30819 621 1111 194 946631 06031 794 714402 6781 615 0011 211 308:
Salary costs273 553 20121 589 68215 224 89219 854 77377 443 18324 867 12152 821 67231 560 30411 418 029172 285202 39016 694 1950659 920862 403:
Other operating costs271 090 57617 340 49012 660 49916 323 36880 664 49229 509 38656 222 14229 911 7938 181 3251 018 756428 67015 080 032369 197952 499347 101:
Finance costs9 592 45626 48071 153208 8443 652 355158 6205 335 44554 21121 7573 905020 48733 4812 5821 804:
Result145 243 839-511 4802 644 55711 815 09921 761 41021 150 17344 688 36911 899 15316 639 019878 406405 10711 447 079-51 937569 529141 999:
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available.
Explanation of symbols
Party financing, accounts per political party. Per cent.,
Party financing, accounts per political party. Per cent.,1
2020
TotalChristian Democratic PartyLiberal PartySocialist Left PartyLabour PartyProgress PartyConservative PartyCentre PartyThe Red party of NorwayThe Pensioners' PartyDemocratic Party of NorwayNorwegian green PartyCommunist Party of NorwayThe ChristiansThe Health PartyFolkeaksjonen Nei til mer bompenger
Income, total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0:
Government subsidy, total73.267.974.169.074.485.374.080.158.173.685.456.610.847.779.8:
Own business, total18.129.715.514.215.314.418.717.020.525.714.627.662.430.516.6:
Contributions, total8.72.410.416.810.30.37.32.921.40.70.015.926.821.83.7:
Total costs79.2101.391.475.588.172.171.983.854.157.660.973.5114.873.989.5:
Salary costs39.156.249.841.242.232.933.243.031.58.319.538.60.030.263.7:
Other operating costs38.845.141.433.944.039.035.340.722.649.141.434.9105.343.625.6:
Finance costs1.40.10.20.42.00.23.40.10.10.20.00.09.50.10.1:
Result20.8-1.38.624.511.927.928.116.245.942.439.126.5-14.826.110.5:
1The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available.
Explanation of symbols
Funding of political parties, cost accounts by activity and political party. NOK
Funding of political parties, cost accounts by activity and political party. NOK1 2
2020
Total cost by activityAdministration costsGeneral political party activity¿s costsElection campaign¿s costs
Total554 263 574310 025 779223 163 08521 074 710
Christian Democratic Party38 956 65429 766 8078 969 621220 226
Liberal Party27 956 56118 890 6588 144 837921 066
Socialist Left Party36 412 90322 460 1569 291 4904 661 257
Labour Party161 803 14486 684 78171 718 7073 399 656
Progress Party54 519 32720 312 48233 627 732579 113
Conservative Party114 325 68177 137 31333 577 7113 610 657
Centre Party61 533 39929 195 41631 382 563955 420
The Red party of Norway19 615 0229 693 7939 878 38842 841
The Pensioners' Party1 194 941396 133798 8080
Democratic Party of Norway631 060631 06000
Norwegian green Party31 794 71312 123 18413 604 2706 067 259
Communist Party of Norway429 350271 599154 0033 748
The Christians1 615 0011 337 718155 957121 326
The Health Party1 211 308217 681985 1978 430
Folkeaksjonen Nei til mer bompenger::::
1Costs by activity comprise total costs. According to the Political Parties Act total costs shall be divided by type and by activity. The table 5 presents income, costs by type and result. This table (11319) presents costs divided by main activity groups. The total can differ from total costs by type due to non-consistent data from the political party units. Further information see “About the statistics”.
2The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available
Explanation of symbols
Central government subsidy by poltical party. NOK
Central government subsidy by poltical party. NOK1 2
2020
TotalOf which youth's poltical organisations
Total456 743 13828 113 781
Christian Democratic Party21 972 2651 237 337
Liberal Party21 893 0821 130 276
Socialist Left Party29 887 1851 822 258
Labour Party115 398 7987 395 498
Progress Party60 160 6153 142 671
Conservative Party103 737 5686 475 741
Centre Party52 693 6023 821 904
The Red party of Norway16 241 8351 048 154
Democratic Party of Norway829 592.
Coastal Party275 0596 963
The Pensioners' Party2 820 534.
Norwegian green Party23 015 4441 927 546
Communist Party of Norway58 4012 321
The Pirate Party of Norway422 9939 472
The Christians1 439 06424 555
The Health Party1 298 90329 175
Folkeaksjonen Nei til mer bompenger3 360 214.
1The table incudes all units of political parties which have sent either a full report or a statement according the annual income received. For those units which have reported an income less than NOK 12 000 except government subsidies, the amounts used in the table are according to information received from the County Governor of Sogn og Fjordane or from the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation. The County Governor disburses the governmental funding on municipal and county level, the Ministry to the central organisations. For those units which have reported that mentioned income exceeded the amount of NOK 12 000, the amount reported from the unit itself has been used.
2The Parties where less than 3 party units has reported their accounts, or that the party units have only reported a statement, are excluded in the table because data which should be made public are not available.
Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

Income and costs are shown, based on the annual accounts of political parties at municipal, county and central level, including youth organisations at central and county level, which have an obligation to report accounts under the Political Party Act. Approximately 95 per cent of the total income of all parties is covered.

Registered political party

A political party that is registered in the Party register at the Brønnøysund Register Centre according to the regulation in the Party Act, ref. § 3, http://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2005-06-17-102.

Central government subsidy

Funding according to the Party Act § 11.

Municipal/county subsidy

Additional funding on a voluntary basis from the county or the municipality.

Other public subsidy

Other public funding not covered by central government subsidy or municipal/county subsidy.

Membership fee

The total income from membership fees.

Income from lotteries, fund-raising events and similar

Income from lotteries, fund-raising events and similar.

Capital income

Income from interest and stock dividends etc. excluding uncollected gains. Unrealised gains are not to be entered as gains according to the accounting principles of the Political Party Act. Financial assets are to be entered at purchase cost as long as they are not realised.

Income from business activity

Income from own business activity. This includes, among other things, income from the sale of advertisement effects.

Other income from own business

All income not covered by membership fees, income from lotteries, fund-raising events and similar, capital income or income from business activity.

Private contributions

Includes all gifts of money from private donors and all other non-monetary contributions from the same donors when the limit for identifying the contributors is exceeded.

Contributions from commercial enterprises

Includes all gifts of money made by commercial enterprises and all other non-monetary contributions from the same donors when the limit for identifying the contribution.

Not relevant

Name: Political parties' financing

Topic: Elections

Not yet determined

Division for Population Statistics

Country

Annually

Not relevant

The reports from the political party units are to be made public individually according to the Political Parties Act § 22. The reports will be published on the website of the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, see www.partifinansiering.no.

The statistics were published for the first time in 2006. This publication is based on registered parties’ reports on their financial situation for the fiscal year 2017. According to the Political Parties Act, all organisational levels of the registered political parties are obliged to report to a central register. The statistics are published on the basis of these reports.

The Political Parties Act was revised on 1 February 2013. For 2013 and previous years, the political parties' organisations should only report on income.

The statistics have a wide spectrum of users and applications, such as the mass media, research institutions, educational establishments, political parties and individuals.

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Statistics on election campaign contribution which is published every second year in connection with elections (https://www.ssb.no/en/valg/statistikker/valgkamp).

Political Parties Act §§ 18, 19, 20, 20a, 20b, 21 and Statistics Act §§ 10

Not relevant

The data collection includes all organisational levels of the registered political parties in Norway, i.e. central, county and municipal level, as well as the central youth levels and the youth organisations at county level. The unit in the statistics is political parties.

According to the Political Parties Act § 18, the party organisations (units) with an income below a certain level excluding government subsidy are exempt from comprehensive reporting. These party units must submit a statement confirming that their income does not exceed the specified level. All other political party organisations have to report the full annual accounts, i.e. incomes, cost and balance sheet. The reports from the organisations exceeding the limit represent the basis for the statistics but for those parties where the number of reporting units is less than three.

The Political Parties Act was revised on 1 February 2013, setting the limit at NOK 12 000 with effect from the fiscal year of 2013. The previous year’s limit was NOK 10 000.

Parties Act. This register is held by Statistics Norway, cf. § 2-1 of the secondary act to the Political Parties Act. The register includes the reports from all registered parties at municipal, county and central Level, including youth organisations at central and county level. The central political parties have to be registered in the Political Party Register as part of the Brønnøysund Register Centre.

The Party Finance Register also contains a summary of all donors that, during the fiscal year, contributed money or gifts exceeding NOK 12 000 to parties at municipal level, NOK 23 000 to parties at county level and NOK 35 000 to parties at central level according to the revised act of 1 February 2013 (the previous levels were NOK 10 000, NOK 20 000 and NOK 30 000 respectively). This also applies to sponsors and creditors. Donors with whom the party organisation has entered into a written political or commercial agreement are to be identified independent of the amount donated.

Total count.

No additional sources to the Party Finance Register.

The questionnaire is prepared by Statistics Norway. The information is collected electronically through Altinn (the Norwegian public reporting portal) and a specific questionnaire (RA-0604). A few of the units have responded by returning a signed printed version of the Altinn questionnaire that have been handled manually.

The information is published in the same form as it is received by the Party Finance Register. Neither the registrar nor Statistics Norway, as the producer of the statistics, carries out any revisions of the data except for obvious errors in the reported data after consulting the respondent.

The statistical information is a calculation of income and cost summaries from the various organisational levels to the degree that the parties are required to report according to the Political Parties Act.

The statistics do not include internal transfers within the different political parties, neither as income nor as cost, since they balance each other in total, and would thus give an inflated amount. Neither are the balances of the units consolidated, and are thus not published as statistics. There is no statutory requirement for internal liabilities or debts to be specified or reported. Furthermore, there may be a large number of units that are included in the sample which have such liabilities and/or debts towards units not included. Thus, consolidation of the balance sheets would be misleading.

Not relevant

Not relevant

The statistics were first published in 2006 (for the fiscal year 2005), and have since been published annually.

The revision of the Political Parties Act on 1 February 2013 entails a break in the homogeneity according to the organisations that are obliged to report comprehensively. For the years 2005 to 2012, all organisations with income except government subsidies of NOK 10 000 and more were obliged to report fully. For the fiscal year 2013 and later the limit was increased to NOK 12 000. The income of the political party organisations will differ over the years, especially between election and non-election years. Thus the number of organisations reporting comprehensively will depend on natural and formal changes. This may have an impact on the values published in the statistics.

The statistics for 2019 were based on reports from 883 units. For 2018, the statistics were based on 705 units (for 2017 766 units, 716 units in 2016, 781 units in 2015, 685 units in 2014, 693 units for 2013 and 634 units for 2012).

The data is reported by the units to the central register on forms submitted electronically. Different categories for entering the income, cost and balance sheet items are given in the form, including a category for party internal income transfers. Errors may occur when the different items are entered in the wrong category.

The Act requires gross revenues and costs to be reported. This means that revenue that is earmarked to cover specific costs or is to be transferred internally to other units within the same party must first be recognised as income and then as a cost (transfer to others) by the unit that originally received the amount. The amount shall be entered as income in an internal transfer by the units that have received such monies. Some units of the parties may have recorded such amounts as reimbursements, and reported the net amount, thus both the revenue and cost figures will be too low.

As an illustration, membership fees have been booked and reported at net value by some of the central political parties that received the fee from their members in 2013. A considerable part of the total was transferred to the local units. Due to the net booking, the membership fee reported for 2013 is too low and the increase in 2014 is misleading and too high. From 2015 and forward data may indicate that this error is reduced compared with 2014 and previous years.

The Political Party Act requires that all costs are divided by type and by activity. The cost shall be classified in two different ways. The total costs by type differ from total costs by activity due to non-consistent data from some of the political party units. Overall, the costs by activity are 0.12 per cent less than total costs by type.

The change in equity from 1 January to 31 December differs in some cases from the reported result. In some few cases, this may be due to capital contribution or withdrawal only booked in the balance - in contrast to the regulations by law. The change in equity may indicate that the cost should be 0,6 per cent lower or the income correspondingly higher in 2016 than reported.

Furthermore, some units have not reported at all, in spite of the obligation according to the Act. Thus, some units that should have reported full annual accounts according to the Act may not be included in the data. Imputations are not calculated and implemented to statistically compensate these errors.

Statistics Norway does not hold financial data for political parties with an income below the reporting limit according to the Political Parties Act. Thus, the accounts reported in these statistics are lower than the actual level. Neither governmental subsidies to, nor other income or costs of these parties are included in the statistics if not explicitly mentioned.

Not relevant




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