329270
/en/utdanning/statistikker/vgu/aar
329270
statistikk
2018-02-26T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants;Public sector
en
vgu, Upper secondary education, upper secondary education, folk high schools, tertiary vocational education, pupils, apprentices, tainees, education programmes, fields of study, vocational examinations, apprentice examination, course level, completed education, interrupted education, immigrants, Norwegian-born with immigrant parentsEducation, KOSTRA , Upper secondary schools, Immigration and immigrants, Public sector, Education
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Upper secondary education

Updated

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Key figures

92.3 %

share of 16-18 yearlings who are pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education 

Upper secondary education
20172016 - 20172013 - 2017
Change in per cent
1Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Pupils198 944-1-1
Apprentices and trainees144 546412
Pupils and apprentices and trainees243 49002
Which
Immigrants29 565933
Norwegian-born11 502627

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Table 1 
Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education in per cent of registered cohorts 16 -18 years, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by gender. 1 October

Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education in per cent of registered cohorts 16 -18 years, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by gender. 1 October1
2017
Pupils, apprentices and trainees
Total populationImmigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parentsImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parents
1Pupils in education leading to basic competence, and pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Both sexes92.380.673.393.3
Males91.276.668.292.6
Females93.685.379.994.1

Table 2 
Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrants, by gender. 1 October

Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrants, by gender. 1 October
2017
TotalPupils1Apprentices/Trainees2
Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondarImmigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parentsImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parents
1Pupils in education leading to basic competence are included
2Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total243 49041 06725 02110 6494 544853
Men129 59821 44512 7685 4232 662592
Women113 89219 62212 2535 2261 882261

Table 3 
Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programs , grade and county of residence

Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programs , grade and county of residence
2017
TotalProgrammes for general studiesVocational education programmesVocational education programmes
Pupils1Apprentices2TraineesPupils1Pupils1Apprentices2
1Pupils in education leading to basic competence are included
2Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total198 94442 5941 952125 03673 90842 594
Upper secondary level 175 0020038 76536 2370
Upper secondary level 268 0241822036 35631 668182
Upper secondary level 355 91842 4121 93249 9156 00342 412
 
County of residence
Østfold10 9222 1153206 7424 1802 115
Akershus23 9603 45513517 0516 9093 455
Oslo18 9682 3093714 8684 1002 309
Hedmark7 5441 555394 3733 1711 555
Oppland7 0791 634663 8513 2281 634
Buskerud10 1342 1981306 4423 6922 198
Vestfold9 4291 9781646 0163 4131 978
Telemark6 9401 544854 2152 7251 544
Aust-Agder4 8361 201372 9081 9281 201
Vest-Agder7 7661 808584 8202 9461 808
Rogaland19 3584 7118811 3997 9594 711
Hordaland20 3044 65813312 2698 0354 658
Sogn og Fjordane4 4071 256812 4531 9541 256
Møre og Romsdal10 4862 360926 1254 3612 360
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)11 5832 8981757 1964 3872 898
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)5 6981 709993 1312 5671 709
Nordland9 7672 7301015 3624 4052 730
Troms - Romsa6 0851 507753 7322 3531 507
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 016908341 6101 406908
County not stated66260347318960

Table 4 
Vocational examination candidates, by category and results

Vocational examination candidates, by category and results
Vocational examinationsPer cent passed
TotalApprenticesPractice candidatesPupils1TotalApprenticesPractice candidatesPupils1
1Pupils who have completed vocational examination after training in school.
2004-200518 69411 9455 96778292939571
2005-200618 56612 0785 75173793949574
2006-200719 28012 8685 90350993939574
2007-200821 28814 5196 30046993939479
2008-200922 54215 3776 85730893929476
2009-201022 84915 3087 13141092929470
2010-201122 61814 9477 03563692929472
2011-201223 27914 5438 05268491909476
2012-201323 50315 3677 39674091909472
2013-201425 06515 5878 80167793939575
2014-201525 66915 6239 20684092929474
2015-201626 65215 6559 9081 08993929481
2016-201727 05815 83910 0601 15993939584

Table 5 
Completed educational programmes in upper secondary education, by gender and results

Completed educational programmes in upper secondary education, by gender and results1
2016-2017
TotalCompleted2Percentage completedTotal menPercentage completed, menTotal womenPercentage completed, women
1All pupils registered at Upper Secondary Advanced course within the period 1.10.-30.09., all apprentices and practice candidates who sat for examinations within the period 1.10.-30.09. and private candidates who passed.
2Completed education means achieved general, vocational certificate or requirements for admission to tertiary education
3For tertiary vocational education in 2012/2013 only the number of completed courses is reported from the schools
Total3111 00493 9238555 2938455 71185
 
Upper secondary education83 29571 1838541 3468541 94986
 
[Upper secondary education, advanced course II/certificate56 22945 9748224 5847931 64584
General studies51 70342 2328223 0737928 63084
Specialisation in general studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)45 72537 0188120 0687825 65783
Sports and physical studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)3 9703 441872 357831 61392
Music, dance and drama (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)2 0081 77388648861 36089
Vocational education4 4723 688821 495762 97786
Design, arts and crafts (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)21219692269218692
Electricity and electronics (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)37328635862100
Healthcare, childhood and youth development (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)1 3191 1438763631 25688
Media and communication (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)2 0221 606791 012751 01084
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)882711813598052381
Not an education programme in the Knowledge Promotion Reform53531001610037100
 
Completed apprenticeship examinations27 06625 2099316 7629310 30493
Vocational education27 06625 2099316 7629310 30493
Building and construction (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)5 2684 854924 5759269391
Design, arts and crafts (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)89676986838081386
Electricity and electronics (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)2 8782 657922 7379214194
Healthcare, childhood and youth development (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)7 1976 700931 183926 01493
Media and communication (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)102979551925198
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)551516944149513789
Restaurant and food (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)1 2301 108906449058691
Service and transport (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)4 0313 826952 622951 40995
Technical and industrial production (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)4 9134 682954 4539546097
Not an education programme in the Knowledge Promotion Reform00.0.0.
 
Folk high schools6 9886 586943 287943 70194
Employment training17 94213 561769 177758 76577
Other upper secondary educational programmes2 7792 593931 483971 29690

Table 6 
Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programmes /field of study. Percentage of women

Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programmes /field of study. Percentage of women
2017
PupilsApprentices1Apprentices1
TotalPer cent womenTotalPer cent women
1Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total198 9445142 59430
General studies125 03656--
Specialisation in general studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)99 14056--
Sports and physical studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)12 48042--
Music, dance and drama (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)6 27568--
Art, design and architecture , Knowledge Promotion Reform 2016/20172 10077--
Media and communication, Knowledge Promotion Reform 2016/20175 04149--
Vocational education73 9084242 59430
Building and construction (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)8 40958 8954
Design, arts and crafts (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)3 860801 84690
Electricity and electronics (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)10 44457 9616
Healthcare, childhood and youth development (The Knowledge Promotion Reform22 147827 51583
Media and communication (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)1 9494716860
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)4 822541 18130
Restaurant and food (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)3 502482 08848
Service and transport (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)8 089334 98734
Technical and industrial production (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)10 68697 95310

Table 7 
Pupils, apprentices, trainees in upper secondary education, students and participants in upper secondary education, by age, type of school/institution and gender.

Pupils, apprentices, trainees in upper secondary education, students and participants in upper secondary education, by age, type of school/institution and gender.
2017
All ages0-15 years16-18 years19-24 years25-29 years30-34 years35 years or older
1Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total261 368262181 05356 6899 0715 4378 856
Upper secondary education198 944207168 91419 1494 2562 8273 591
Apprenticeship training, apprentices142 594010 87926 2163 0881 2011 210
Apprenticeship training, trainees1 95204311 3441023243
Other upper secondary education programmes2 536551831 567341171219
Folk high schools7 72305996 971851256
Employment training6 5440146991 0021 1463 683
Preparatory course for engineering education1 0750337431974854
 
Men138 18710592 52634 6924 8352 4323 597
Upper secondary education98 3447784 00510 0151 9351 1651 147
Apprenticeship training, apprentices129 89907 76918 8241 971699636
Apprenticeship training, trainees1 3550321926702216
Other upper secondary education programmes1 18428918001325083
Folk high schools3 47902963 08058738
Employment training3 0040134114974511 632
Preparatory course for engineering education9220316361723845
 
Women123 18115788 52721 9974 2363 0055 259
Upper secondary education100 60013084 9099 1342 3211 6622 444
Apprenticeship training, apprentices112 69503 1107 3921 117502574
Apprenticeship training, trainees5970110418321027
Other upper secondary education programmes1 3522792767209121136
Folk high schools4 24403033 89127518
Employment training3 540012885056952 051
Preparatory course for engineering education1530210725109

Table 8 
Pupils in folk high schools, long courses, by gender, age and completed/not completed education

Pupils in folk high schools, long courses, by gender, age and completed/not completed education
2016-2017
TotalCompletedNot Completed
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
Total6 9886 5863 0963 490402191211
 
Less than 19 years654592338254622141
19 years4 3274 1661 6662 5001616596
20 years or older2 0071 8281 09273617910574

About the statistics

The statistics gives number of pupils, apprentices, students and participants in upper secondary education.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Immigrants: These are persons born abroad of two foreign-born parents and four foreign-born grandparents. Immigrants emigrated to Norway at some point.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: are persons who are born in Norway of two parents born abroad, and in addition have four grandparents born abroad.

Enrolled pupils: Pupils, apprentices or trainees registered at an educational institution.

Reform 94: gives youth from 16 to 19 years old a legalised right to education at the upper secondary level. This right was extended to all from 2000. Upper secondary education exists of a one-year basic course, advance course I and advance course II.

The Knowledge Promotion: New reform in upper secondary education. This reform was introduced in autumn 2006 and replaces the Reform 94. The new reform involves a transformation of the contents and structure of upper secondary education.

General areas of study (Reform 94): Includes courses in general, economic and management studies, music dance and drama, sports and physical education.

Programmes for General Studies (The Knowledge Promotion): Includes courses in specialization in general studies, sports and physical studies and music, dance and drama.

Vocational areas of study (Reform 94): Includes courses in health and social studies, agriculture, fishing and forestry, arts, crafts and designs, hotel and food processing trades, building and construction trades, technical building, electrical trades, engineering and mechanical trades, chemical and processing trades, woodworking trades, media and communication, sales and service.

Vocational Education Programmes (The Knowledge Promotion): Includes courses in building and construction, design, arts and crafts, electricity and electronics, health and social care, media and communication, agriculture, fishing and forestry, restaurant and food, service and transport, technical and industrial production.

Trainee: a person who take a less comprehensive test than the vocational examination.

Skills test: A test at a lower level than the vocational examination, a test in terms of the goals that are established for the training.

Alternative education program: Pupils in alternative curriculum.

Course level : This is used to differentiate the three class levels in upper secondary education. The first year: Basic course or level 1, second year: advance course I/level 2 and third year: advance course II/level 3.

Ownership: Schools are classified into state, county, municipal and private schools.

Type of Education: Educational activity is classified by the Norwegian Standard.Classification of Education (NUS2000). It groups different types of educations by levels and fields of orientation.

Municipality of residence: Is based on the registered address as of 1 October the current year.

Basic requirements for higher education: Pupils who have completed and passed upper secondary education in general areas of studies meet the basic requirements for higher education. It is also possible to meet these requirements by an additional year of general studies supplement in certain vocational studies. Occupational skills are synonymous to vocational areas of study in upper secondary education after Reform 94.

Occupational skills can be attained normally after two years in school and two years of practical training in an organization (differs in some subject areas). Occupational skills can equally be attained after three years of vocational training, then attaining a certificate. A trainee take a less comprehensive test than the vocational examination, a skills test.

Adults in upper secondary education: This involves both adults in ordinary courses and others in specialised courses for adults.

Completed education: Educational activities completed at an educational institution within a specific period and apprentices and trainees who have taken a vocational examination.

Completed and passed: Among pupils, apprentices and trainees completed education also means that the individual has passed all courses that can lead to a certificate, vocational qualification or skills test. In folk high schools and other education programmes it means the pupil has completed the educational activity and may not have passed.

Folk high schools: These are independent schools with an integrated goal and usually without a curriculum and normally without examinations.

Long courses in folk high schools: These are courses with a duration between 16.5 and 33 weeks.

Standard classifications

The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education, which was created by Statistics Norway in 1970, groups the educational activity. The standard has been revised; the latest version is from 2000. The type of educational institution is classified by the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (NOS C 182).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Upper secondary education
Topic: Education

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

The statistics provide figures for the county and national level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual.

International reporting

The statistics is reported to UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat.

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of these statistics is to collect data on all upper secondary education in Norway, as regulated by the Education Act and also other upper secondary education programmes. It is in the public interest to create as accurate data as possible for research and planning. The statistics is individually based, and report each educational activity for each pupil, apprentice and trainee. All educational activities were attached to each person's Personal ID-number. Data on adult applicants and participants reported at individual levels with personal ID-numbers are included in the data. Individualized personal data on education has been collected since 1970.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, the media, researchers, business and industry. Key users are among the ministries are, in particular, the Ministry of Education and Research, the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Children and Family Affairs. The statistics is also used by international organizations such as the EU, the OECD and UNESCO.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

Data on upper secondary education is included in the Norwegian National Education Database (NUDB). NUDB collects all statistics on ongoing and completed education from 1974/75 and BHU since 1970 in a common database.

Legal authority

Sections 2-2 and 2-3 and the Ministry of Finance's delegation letter of February 13. February 1990.

EEA reference

Data leveres i henhold til EU rettsakt 1925/99 3711/91

Production

Population

The statistics include all pupils, apprentices and trainees registered at upper secondary education under the Education Act and completed education at upper secondary as well as folk high schools, vocational schools, employment training and other upper secondary education programmes. There is also an annual collection of data on adults in specialised courses for adults since 2004.

Data sources and sampling

Within upper secondary education, the counties own administrative data system, VIGO, is the main source as well as special registration systems for adults in the counties. For folk high schools, data on applicants and pupils is sent electronically to Statistics Norway. The various institutions are the source of data of the other areas within upper secondary education. Accredited web-based schools are included from 2012.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data is collected from administrative registers from the counties main enrolment system, VIGO. The main purpose of VIGO is the management of the enrolment of pupils in upper secondary. The database however contains data on all pupils registered in county upper secondary schools. Data from private upper secondary schools are also reported through VIGO. VIGO also includes vocational education, which are persons in apprenticeship training or trainees, and sit for qualifying examination. The folk high schools uses the NAVI administrative system developed by Waade Information System (WIS). Statistics Norway also receives data from the Labour Directorate and other upper secondary institutions.

All education data undergo various on-receipt controls. It encompasses deletion of duplicates (units with identical Personal ID-number), a control of correct and valid values for each variable. The data is also recoded so they are comparable. All Personal ID-numbers are checked for errors.

The statistics is based on enumeration of the number registered pupils, apprentices and trainees, completed education or vocational examination or skills test, and adults registered in an educational activity as at 30 September in the reporting year.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

The general rule is not to publish data if less than 3 pupils are found within a cell or unit in a table. This is to prevent identification of individuals within the statistics.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based education statistics was collected for the first time in 1974, and has been published annually since then. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education has been revised to secure comparability over time. Data on trainees was collected for the first time in 2006.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

A statistical investigation may be encumbered with various sorts of error. Errors may occur during the collection of data if units being investigated are not identical to the mass of units we aim at describing. Other types of error may occur during the coding the data collected.

Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Other sources of error can be the quality of the personal and school data in the registers or the registration process of data input into the registers. Such errors can affect the quality of the data if the control and revision processes in Statistics Norway are not comprehensive enough.

Revision

Not relevant