333961
/en/utdanning/statistikker/utuvh/aar
333961
statistikk
2018-03-23T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
utuvh, Students in higher education, educational institution, specialist field (for example social studies, law, humanities and arts), students abroad, countries of destination, type of institution, ownership, immigrants, norwegian-born with immigrant parents, parents' educational attainment levelEducation, Tertiary education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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Students in higher education

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

35.4 %

of 19-24-year-olds were in higher education in 2017

Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. Sex and age. Numbers and per cent
200720162017
Students in higher education
Total219 442288 989293 123
Males86 159116 528118 928
Females133 283172 461174 195
Proportion 19-24 years in higher education
Total29.835.135.4
Males23.728.128.4
Females36.242.642.9
Proportion 25-29 years in higher education
Total15.015.915.9
Males13.214.014.0
Females16.817.817.9

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Resident students in higher education in Norway and abroad, in per cent of registered cohort. Immigration category, sex and age. Numbers and per cent

Resident students in higher education in Norway and abroad, in per cent of registered cohort. Immigration category, sex and age. Numbers and per cent1
2017
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
1Students include only students registered as residents in Norway per 1 October
Total95 848131 2478 92812 3574 4375 31982 483113 571
19 years5 1328 4034055754456134 2827 215
20 years9 30715 2886019346048028 10213 552
21 years11 99917 9017541 03467287510 57315 992
22 years12 15816 66676699765575910 73714 910
23 years11 51314 34968193556762410 26512 790
24 years9 64511 5827369054244678 48510 210
25 years8 0249 4866719072983437 0558 236
26 years6 2797 5986308682232455 4266 485
27 years4 9986 2015758031611714 2625 227
28 years3 9465 0895307611181163 2984 212
29 years3 1884 12055066385822 5533 375
30-34 years9 65914 5642 0292 9751852227 44511 367
Proportion registered in higher education
Total16.423.87.410.727.835.718.526.9
19 years15.226.69.917.828.443.015.226.8
20 years26.947.514.927.641.756.627.849.5
21 years33.954.317.927.845.662.535.657.4
22 years34.350.816.725.644.456.636.654.1
23 years32.543.214.121.141.050.935.246.5
24 years27.034.413.017.834.239.829.437.2
25 years21.727.410.714.825.432.023.830.0
26 years16.721.29.312.821.524.018.223.1
27 years13.116.77.610.016.518.614.318.6
28 years10.313.86.28.713.313.811.415.4
29 years8.411.25.96.910.811.39.112.7
30-34 years5.38.33.75.77.49.55.99.5

Table 2 
Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. Sex and educational institution

Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. Sex and educational institution1
2017
Students
Both sexesMalesFemales
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
Educational institutions, total293 123118 928174 195
Nord university11 5804 2827 298
Norwegian University of Life Sciences5 1812 1283 053
Norwegian University of Science and Technology39 88719 84820 039
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway16 2846 7039 581
University of Agder12 6905 3347 356
University of Bergen17 0877 00910 078
University of Oslo27 54010 92816 612
University of Stavanger11 4174 6136 804
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design666290376
MF Norwegian School of Theology1 255460795
BI Norwegian Business School20 71910 22710 492
Molde University College - Specialised University in Logistics2 2858791 406
Norwegian School of Economics3 4552 0611 394
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences1 219618601
Norwegian Academy of Music742368374
VID Specialised University3 5815932 988
University College of Southeast Norway17 7306 80510 925
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences15 8555 76310 092
Hedmark University College9 0822 9516 131
Lillehammer University College4 8741 6873 187
Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences20 3326 48613 846
Østfold University College6 4482 3314 117
Volda University College3 8971 1542 743
Sámi University College25859199
Bjørknes University College1 4383151 123
Queen Maud University College1 3472371 110
Kristiania University College5 9851 9064 079
Oslo National Academy of the Arts553175378
NLA University College2 4267911 635
Norwegian Police University College3 0851 6861 399
Westerdals Oslo School of Arts, Communication and Technology1 8911 141750
Military University Colleges2 5551 943612
Other University Colleges4 2931 2673 026
Abroad15 4865 8909 596

Table 3 
Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. Sex and field of education

Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. Sex and field of education
NumbersPer centPer cent
TotalMalesFemales
200720162017200720162017200720162017
1Includes preparatory courses for university or university college education. Includes not preparatory course for engineering education as of 2014.
Fields of Education
Total219 464288 989293 12339.340.340.660.759.759.4
General programmes11 76432829277.972.674.022.127.426.0
Humanities and arts26 70629 20229 58835.939.039.264.161.060.8
Education30 86043 99645 31424.926.727.475.173.372.6
Social sciences and law30 16537 44038 00839.036.336.461.063.763.6
Business and administration39 41455 56756 04245.045.246.255.054.853.8
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects34 08250 76051 60367.466.666.232.633.433.8
Health, welfare and sport48 54059 31359 47422.422.222.477.677.877.6
Primary industries1 0851 4971 52649.051.851.051.048.249.0
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services3 1748 6138 84369.567.164.830.532.935.2
Unspecified field of study3 6742 2732 43339.341.437.960.758.662.1
 
Students in Norway208 263273 227277 63739.140.340.760.759.759.3
General programmes11 76432829277.972.674.022.127.426.0
Humanities and arts24 87427 17827 69636.139.039.764.161.060.3
Education30 67743 90145 21424.926.727.475.173.372.6
Social sciences and law28 44634 40735 04739.136.337.461.063.762.6
Business and administration37 33952 16552 79244.745.246.255.054.853.8
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects32 84848 71349 48967.966.666.732.633.433.3
Health, welfare and sport44 52354 41754 74320.722.221.377.677.878.7
Primary industries1 0341 4661 48751.251.851.951.048.248.1
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services3 0848 6008 82070.467.164.830.532.935.2
Unspecified field of study3 6742 0522 05739.341.440.060.758.660.0
 
Norwegian students abroad11 20115 76215 48641.937.838.058.162.262.0
General programmes1000......
Humanities and arts1 8322 0241 89232.631.632.767.468.467.3
Education1839510026.217.920.073.882.180.0
Social sciences and law1 7193 0332 96137.326.125.262.773.974.8
Business and administration2 0753 4023 25051.445.347.448.654.752.6
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects1 2342 0472 11453.853.154.246.246.945.8
Health, welfare and sport4 0174 8964 73140.736.735.959.363.364.1
Primary industries5131395.912.917.994.187.182.1
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services90132340.092.378.360.07.721.7
Unspecified field of study0221376.31.226.1.68.873.9

Table 4 
Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. County of residence at the age of 16. Numbers and percentage women

Students in higher education in Norway and abroad. County of residence at the age of 16. Numbers and percentage women
20072017
TotalPercentage womenTotalPercentage women
1The number of unknown can mainly be explained by lack of information on county of residence at the age 16 for students born before 1957.
County of residence at the age of 16
Total219 44260.7293 12359.4
Østfold9 55660.213 74660.1
Akershus21 28958.133 12357.2
Oslo17 32957.426 16255.9
Hedmark7 61962.69 96961.6
Oppland7 60762.19 40861.9
Buskerud9 59760.713 04560.9
Vestfold9 28660.312 92758.6
Telemark7 15261.99 09660.9
Aust-Agder4 68359.95 99858.9
Vest-Agder6 95657.99 71959.5
Rogaland16 91759.624 11059.6
Hordaland19 41261.826 57359.3
Sogn og Fjordane5 52162.86 65361.8
Møre og Romsdal11 74361.314 40861.7
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)11 46360.914 66560.9
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)6 27863.37 41063.3
Nordland11 45862.413 16661.8
Troms - Romsa7 18662.79 07661.4
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 55364.74 08166.4
Abroad11 49760.115 96361.5
County not stated113 34063.513 82550.8

Table 5 
Students from Norway in higher education abroad. Country of study

Students from Norway in higher education abroad. Country of study
TotalMalesFemales
200720162017200720162017200720162017
Countries of destination
Total11 20115 76215 4864 6915 9585 8906 5109 8049 596
Denmark2 0082 4072 3417169008341 2921 5071 507
Sweden731559584322224228409335356
France225236203798795146149108
Ireland14084802822231126257
Italy13686893131401055549
Netherlands348431494153180214195251280
Poland9531 5501 535476619595477931940
Spain942552913410111360154178
United Kingdom2 3504 4424 1979471 4781 4671 4032 9642 730
Switzerland724868232233492635
Germany27422425811089118164135140
Hungary6731 024916261327286412697630
Czech Republic247314283122128115125186168
Slovak Republic1815345448519918996335355
Rest of Europe1685155278322724285288285
Africa603937282016321921
Asia1142933446215715052136194
Canada175153141766351999090
USA7681 7791 717424796817344983900
Rest of North- and Central America13978331810660
South America391454145825946
Australia1 354715655583260221771455434
Rest of Oceania744943292015452928
Unknown27225

Table 6 
Students in selected education programmes in higher education in Norway. Length of study, immigration category and sex. Numbers and per cent

Students in selected education programmes in higher education in Norway. Length of study, immigration category and sex. Numbers and per cent
2017
NumbersPer cent
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
Both sexes
3 year degree, bachelor128 01510.44.385.3
Of which
Pre-school-/kindergarten teacher education8 4849.73.087.3
Specific subject and vocational teacher, foundation programme1 4255.51.692.9
Engineering, foundation programme12 20712.44.783.0
Nursing, foundation programme15 32211.72.485.9
Business and Administration subjects27 65010.25.884.0
 
4 year degree7 1363.31.994.9
Of which
General-/Primary and lower secondary teacher education6 5552.71.995.4
 
5 year degree, master64 03611.43.085.6
Of which
Master of Law5 4073.94.591.6
Master of Pharmacy56131.919.348.8
Master of Odontology70117.414.168.5
Master of Science in Business and Economics3 4077.76.286.1
Master of Technology, Graduate engineering degree11 5088.03.688.4
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education3 3903.11.795.2
Master degree, teacher training4 1444.33.292.5
 
6 year degree6 2776.24.889.0
Of which
Cand.med. (Medicine)3 7286.76.586.8
Cand.theol.1609.40.690.0
Cand.psychol.1 9624.03.093.1
Cand.med.vet. (Veterinary Science)42710.10.589.5
 
Men
3 year degree, bachelor54 5209.94.885.4
Of which
Pre-school-/kindergarten teacher education1 5108.63.987.5
Specific subject and vocational teacher, foundation programme7965.41.693.0
Engineering, foundation programme9 72311.84.683.5
Nursing, foundation programme1 99019.52.777.7
Business and Administration subjects13 5609.46.883.8
 
4 year degree2 1083.61.994.5
Of which
General-/Primary and lower secondary teacher education1 7952.52.195.5
 
5 year degree:35 94411.22.985.9
Of which
Master of Law1 8942.93.993.2
Master of Pharmacy12343.912.243.9
Master of Odontology17119.312.967.8
Master of Science in Business and Economics1 9997.56.486.1
Master of Technology, Graduate engineering degree7 7388.23.688.2
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education1 1153.12.494.4
Master degree, teacher training1 6463.32.794.0
 
6 year degree1 7046.25.588.3
Of which
Cand.med. (Medicine)1 1587.37.085.7
Cand.theol.827.31.291.5
Cand.psychol.4173.12.694.2
Cand.med.vet. (Veterinary Science)474.30.095.7
 
Women
3 year degree, bachelor73 49510.74.085.2
Of which
Pre-school-/kindergarten teacher education6 9749.92.987.2
Specific subject and vocational teacher, foundation programme6295.61.692.8
Engineering, foundation programme2 48414.54.780.8
Nursing, foundation programme13 33210.62.487.1
Business and Administration subjects14 09011.04.984.1
 
4 year degree5 0283.11.995.0
Of which
General-/Primary and lower secondary teacher education4 7602.81.995.4
 
5 year degree:35 94411.22.985.9
Of which
Master of Law3 5134.44.990.7
Master of Pharmacy43828.521.250.2
Master of Odontology53016.814.568.7
Master of Science in Business and Economics1 4088.05.986.1
Master of Technology, Graduate engineering degree3 7707.63.588.9
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education2 2753.01.495.6
Master degree, teacher training2 4985.03.691.4
 
6 year degree4 5736.14.689.3
Of which
Cand.med. (Medicine)2 5706.56.387.3
Cand.theol.7811.50.088.5
Cand.psychol.1 5454.23.092.8
Cand.med.vet. (Veterinary Science)38010.80.588.7

Table 7 
Resident students in higher education in Norway and abroad, in per cent of registered cohort. Immigration category, selected age groups and region. Numbers and per cent

Resident students in higher education in Norway and abroad, in per cent of registered cohort. Immigration category, selected age groups and region. Numbers and per cent1
2017
All ResidentsProportion registered in higher education
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther populationTotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
1Students include only students registered as residents in Norway per 1 Oktober
 
19-24 years
Total406 83151 12216 566339 14335.418.245.337.5
Oslo and Akershus93 61915 1899 83168 59941.422.245.045.1
Hedmark and Oppland28 8542 94345525 45632.617.646.634.1
South Eastern Norway71 3139 9462 61858 74931.116.540.233.2
Agder and Rogaland61 7827 2031 69452 88535.218.347.337.1
Western Norway72 0357 5421 15063 34336.115.249.538.3
Trøndelag39 6594 01861135 03036.418.257.638.1
Northern Norway39 5304 26020035 07028.913.847.530.7
Uoppgitt392171115.44.814.336.4
 
25-29 years
Total370 85177 9089 441283 50215.98.919.517.7
Oslo and Akershus107 02828 6246 20572 19918.410.819.321.3
Hedmark and Oppland22 4083 47314518 79014.37.535.915.4
South Eastern Norway59 49512 4981 31445 68312.66.915.314.1
Agder and Rogaland52 26310 18979341 28113.58.118.414.8
Western Norway61 86611 26261649 98816.67.121.918.7
Trøndelag34 3926 03725828 09717.710.331.819.2
Northern Norway33 3695 80710727 45515.48.528.016.8
Uoppgitt3018393.3....11.1

Table 8 
Resident students in higher education in Norway, in per cent of registered cohort. Age groups, sex and parents´ level of education. Numbers and per cent

Resident students in higher education in Norway, in per cent of registered cohort. Age groups, sex and parents´ level of education. Numbers and per cent1
200220122017
All residentsPropotion which was registered in higher educationAll residentsPropotion which was registered in higher educationAll residentsPropotion which was registered in higher education
1Students include only students registered as residents in Norway.
19-24 years
Total327 37330.1402 61932.4406 83135.4
Mother or father has long higher education30 33359.340 60859.149 24759.3
Mother or father has short higher education78 86044.3116 32044.8131 36745.5
Mother or father has upper secondary education161 80924.4169 67926.3161 50928.3
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education40 33312.141 51514.936 35618.5
Not stated16 0388.534 49710.728 3529.2
 
Males166 62124.5206 37326.1210 45328.4
Mother or father has long higher education15 70953.820 96354.625 45854.5
Mother or father has short higher education40 36737.359 91437.467 57837.9
Mother or father has upper secondary education83 19218.087 42718.783 08420.2
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education20 6588.421 25610.418 79313.4
Not stated6 6957.316 8138.915 5406.7
 
Females160 75236.0196 24639.1196 37842.9
Mother or father has long higher education14 62465.119 64563.923 78964.4
Mother or father has short higher education38 49351.556 40652.663 78953.5
Mother or father has upper secondary education78 61731.182 25234.378 42536.9
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education19 67516.020 25919.717 56324.1
Not stated9 3439.317 68412.512 81212.3
 
25-29 years
Total302 82316.3329 04415.1370 85115.9
Mother or father has long higher education22 76937.027 45331.333 37831.6
Mother or father has short higher education58 30025.673 91823.695 65322.9
Mother or father has upper secondary education157 34613.4127 59212.7142 02013.1
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education38 8377.234 0148.535 0919.2
Not stated25 5718.566 0677.264 7097.1
 
Males152 87314.9167 68313.2189 39614.0
Mother or father has long higher education11 70436.514 18929.617 21830.6
Mother or father has short higher education29 92824.037 88521.349 31820.9
Mother or father has upper secondary education80 08911.665 48510.173 23910.5
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education19 6985.517 5646.617 9766.9
Not stated11 4547.832 5606.331 6456.1
 
Females149 95017.8161 36117.2181 45517.9
Mother or father has long higher education11 06537.413 26433.016 16032.6
Mother or father has short higher education28 37227.436 03326.146 33525.1
Mother or father has upper secondary education77 25715.262 10715.368 78115.9
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education19 1398.916 45010.617 11511.6
Not stated14 1179.133 5078.033 0648.1

About the statistics

The statistics cover all students registrered in higher education per 1 October. Persons in doctoral programmes (PhD) are not included. Information on students abroad only includes students who take a whole degree abroad. Information on new students in higher education will be updated in June.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enrolled students: Students registered at an approved institution for higher education in Norway and students from Norway registered abroad in higher education per 1 October.

Type of school: According to the Standard Industrial Classification of 2007.

Educational activity: According to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). Courses are grouped according to their level and field of study.

Part time/full time: Part time studies are defined by a progression less than 70 per cent of a full-time loading. Some courses at university colleges are organised only as part time studies.

School county/school municipality: Where the institution is located.

County of residence at 16 years: County where the student resided at the time he/she was 16 years old.

Age: Per 31 December.

Highest educational attainment of parents: Parental educational attainment encompasses all of the following levels:

1) Primary and lower secondary education

2) Upper secondary education

3) Higher education, short (at least two years but also 4 years or less)

4) Higher education, long (more than four years).

The education level of parents is defined as the highest level of education obtained by at least one of the parents.

Standard classifications

 

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification.

For international puprposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Students in higher education
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for education and culture statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level, at municipal level and by educational institution. Data on enrolments in higher education includes information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Final figures are published annually in March/April, and refer to enrolments in higher education as of 1. October the year before. 

International reporting

Data on enrolments is delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the The Norwegian Data Protection Authority.

It is possible to order special tables In addition to the tables that are published by contacting Statistics Norway, oppdragutdanning@ssb.no. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document the educational activities of all Norwegian residents from completion of lower secondary school to completion of all tertiary education including doctoral studies.

Norway`s education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970's. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. The data is now individually based, with all educational activities being attached to each individual's personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB) in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and connection with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of these statistics is to present individually based statistics of students in higher education education in Norway.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, media, researchers, business and industry. Key users amongst the ministries are the Ministry of Education and Research, Ministry of Local Government and Regional Government, Ministry of Children and Family Affairs and the Ministry of Finance. The statistics are also used by international organisations such as Eurostat, OECD and UNESCO.

In addition, data on enrolments is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8:00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from higher education is combined with data from lower- and upper secondary education when revision processes are complete. Data is then stored as single annual files in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other areas. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

The statistics cover all students of educational institutions that are classified as universities, specialised universities or university colleges in the Standard Industrial Classification per 1 October each year.

Universities: University of Oslo, University of Bergen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, University of Stavanger, University of Agder and Nord University.

Specialised university institutions: Norwegian School of Economics, MF Norwegian School of Theology, The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norwegian Academy of Music, Norwegian Business School and Molde University College - specialised university of logistics.

University colleges are grouped into: the state university colleges, military university colleges and other university colleges. The state university colleges is a term for type of university college which is a result from a reform in 1994. Other University Colleges include Oslo and Bergen`s National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian Police University College and all private university colleges.

Each student can be registered as active in only one educational activity per 1 October each year. For students registered in several courses, Statistics Norway chooses the educational activity that is considered their main course of study, with higher-level, specialised university colleges and full-time courses taking priority among others. Persons in doctoral programmes (PhD) are not included.

Information on students abroad only includes students who take a whole degree abroad.

Data sources and sampling

Pursuant to the Statistical Act, Statistics Norway collects student data from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions.

Information on students abroad is provided by The State Education Loan Fund.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics. All data is obtained from university and college databases.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No.54), Statistics Norway collects student data from the administrative systems of the various higher education institutions and from the State Education Loan Fund.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision, and is performed on all data received from educational institutions. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable, comparisons with last years data and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway and Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway's population database to check for errors. At last duplicate students are deleted, which means that a student can only be counted once even though the student is registered at duplicated educational activities or educational institutions.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based on enumeration of students in higher education.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

To prevent identification of individuals within the statistics, data is not released where there are less than three students within a single cell in a table.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on students has been published annually since it was first collected in 1974. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The revised Norwegian Standard Classification of Education recoded education courses to enable comparison of newer and older data. While education courses are reasonably comparable over time, other variables are not (e.g. coding of institution types).

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Statistical investigations may encounter various sources of error. These errors can occur either during data collection (in this case, registration of student information) or during data processing (control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway). It is difficult to estimate the extent of error in student registers. A person may be wrongly registered as being a student, especially for individual institutions that use a different enumeration date to Statistics Norway (1 October). Overestimation of student numbers is common for Norway's universities where registration occurs with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in subjects. Alternatively, a student may remain in the registration system after they have completed their studies. Students themselves can provide inaccurate information to the registers, or personal responsible for the registers may make errors during data input or be uncertain of the definition of certain variables.

The State Education Loan Fund documents Norwegian students abroad. However, students from Norway who study abroad without being associated with the loan fund will be missed out in the statistics. It is not known how many people this applies to.

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway