Research and development in the business enterprise sector

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11010: R&D personnel, R&D man-years and R&D expenditure, by sector of performance. Current and fixed 2015-prices 1970 - 2020


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Figures for 2020 are preliminary.
Business Enterprice sector includes enterprises with at least 10 employees.
Source for the results in the Institute sector and the Higher Education sector are the Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU).
Due to extensions of the survey and move of units between sectors during the period, the results are not always directly comparable with the years before.
Figures for 2015 were corrected 18.05.2020: R&D personnel in All sectors and Higher education sector.