Environmental accounts


Economy-wide material flow accounts
Extraction of biomass, metal ores and concentrates, non-metallic minerals, fossil energy carriers
Emissions from Norwegian economic activity
Covers the environmental consequences due to the economic activity in Norway
Environmental economic instruments
Environmental economic instruments to correct for negative effects on the environment.
Environmental protection expenditure
Statistics over activities to prevent, reduce or treat pollution to the environment.

Analyses, articles and publications

Showing 15 of 15
  1. Optimal Carbon Taxes and Foreign Aid

    This article explores whether altruistic preferences toward households in poor high-temperature countries stimulate global warming policies within rich low-temperature countries that avoids damage from global warming.

  2. Assessing fire hazard in coastal heathlands

    Unmanaged and overgrown coastal heathlands represent a substantial fire hazard. We analyse how this hazard in Norwegian coastal heathlands is influenced by weather conditions, land management, and usage.

  3. Environmental goods and services

    This report presents statistics on green goods and services in Norway for the first time. The statistics include the variables production, gross value added, employment and exports for the years 2018-2020.

  4. Methods for analysing short-run emissions and cost impacts of climate policies

    The report explores methods for analysing the cost and emission impacts of altered policy instruments in climate policy in the short term.

  5. Resource rents in the natural resouce based industries in the period 1984–2022

    In this report, we use National Accounts data from Statistics Norway to calculate the resource rent in the natural resource industries in Norway in the period from 1984 to 2022

  6. Plastic account for Norway

    Plastic has become a major environmental issue in recent years and is a topic of increasing attention. This report aims to create a more complete picture of plastic fluxes in Norway based on available data sources.

  7. Progress on ocean accounting in Norway

    This working paper was prepared for the 28th meeting of the London Group held on September 26-29, 2022, in Siegburg, Germany. The paper discusses current progress on ocean accounting in Norway.

  8. Can the acceptance of a carbon tax be increased? The effect of tax revenue recycling and redistribution among households and companies

    Effective carbon taxation is essential to achieving the green transition. However, there is typically stiff opposition to carbon taxation due to perceived or actual adverse equity and other impacts. Hence, a better understanding of which factors, including the use of tax revenue, can increase acceptability is essential.

  9. Internalizing negative environmental impacts from wind power production: Coasian bargaining, offsetting schemes and environmental taxes

    On the one hand, wind power production is necessary for decarbonizing the electricity sector. On the other hand, we risk replacing one environmental problem with other environmental problems, that is, stopping climate change in exchange with increased loss of pristine land and biodiversity.

  10. EU’s suggested carbon border adjustment mechanism

    The EU has recently proposed carbon tariffs at the border (CBAM – Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism) as part of its Fit for 55 policy. Norway’s climate policy is linked to the EU’s. This report addresses the direct and indirect impacts of a carbon tariff policy on Norwegian industries and the general economy when Norway’s climate policies are linked to the EU’s.

  11. Increasing the CO2 tax towards 2030. Impacts on the Norwegian economy and CO2 emissions

    In this report we study the effects of the increased CO2 tax under non-ETS (specifically, reaching NOK 2 000 per tonne of CO2 in 2030). We apply the SNOW-NO model (Statistics Norway’s World model – Norway), which is a numerical general equilibrium model where Norway is modelled as a small, open economy, while the rest of the world is reduced to imports and exports.

  12. Spatial trade-offs in national land-based wind power production in times of biodiversity and climate crises

    Energy generated from land-based wind power is expected to play a crucial role in the decarbonisation of the economy.

  13. Place attachment and preferences for land-based wind power – A discrete choice experiment

    Economists have neglected place attachment as a potential explanation for people’s preferences for environmental goods.

  14. The road to a low emission society: Costs of interacting climate regulations

    Transportation is one of the main contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Climate regulations on transportation are often a mix of sector-specific regulations and economy-wide measures (such as emission pricing).

  15. Fire hazard in Norwegian coastal heathlands

    Unmanaged and overgrown coastal heathlands pose a great fire hazard. This is due to the combination of old, dead heather and the growth of spruce and juniper, which are highly flammable and burn explosively.

Older analyses, articles and publications for subtopic environmental accounts.