Waste from households

Updated: 4 July 2022

Next update: 19 June 2023

Household waste per capita
Household waste per capita
Household waste. Main figures
Household waste. Main figures1
In totalPercentage change
2019202020212019 - 20202020 - 2021
In total. 1 000 tonnes2 2752 4182 3366.3-3.4
Kilograms per capita4244494315.9-4.0
Sent to material recovery. 1 000 tonnes1 9269941 0107.31.6
Sent to material recovery. Kilograms per capita2 1731841866.81.0
1The figures have been adjusted to correct for interference of industrial waste in household waste
2Sent to material recovery includes composting and biogas.
Explanation of symbols

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

  • Household waste by material. 1 000 tonnes
    Household waste by material. 1 000 tonnes
    In total2 2752 4182 336
    Residual waste901958919
    Food and other wet organic209210212
    Garden waste161175181
    Hazardous waste759383
    Construction waste696646
    Pulluted masses3 938.0.35
    Explanation of symbols
  • Household waste, by treatment. 1 000 tonnes
    Household waste, by treatment. 1 000 tonnes1
    In totalRecycling2 Incineration2 Landfilling2 Biogas production2 Composting2 Other2
    20192 2755621 2349916120415
    20202 4186321 27912615720519
    20212 3366351 2268516421215
    Vestfold og Telemark23089781225260
    Møre og Romsdal113296131191
    Troms og Finnmark9426544091
    1The figures have been adjusted to correct for interference of industrial waste in household waste
    2The numbers show the amount of waste send to different treatments, not the amount actually treated.
    Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics shows the amount of household waste collected by municipalities. The numbers cover sorting and treatment of waste, in addition to what kind of disposal service the municipality offer to their inbitants. All municipalities have provided information on waste management through KOSTRA.

Household waste: Waste coming from normal activities in households (food residuals, packaging material, paper, furniture etc.), including large objects.

Sorting for recycling is understood as waste that is sorted in households or at the waste disposal area. After sorting, the waste can go to material recovery, composting, burning with energy recovery or used as filling compounds. As an outcome from this treatment there might be a rest that in most cases is sent to landfill. Waste from waste treatment is calculated as waste from service industry.

The 433 municipalities are divided in to 16 groups, after population and financial regulating framework. The grouping is based on Langørgen, A., R. Aaberge og E.R. Åserud (2001): Grouping of municipalities after population and financial regulation framework 1998. Reports 2001/35, Statistics Norway.

Name: Waste from households
Topic: Nature and the environment

19 June 2023

Division for Energy, Environmental and Transport Statistics

Municipality – data for all municipalities, with average figures for municipality-groups, counties and country without Oslo.


Unrevised figures are published 15 March

Revised figures are published 15 June

The numbers are included in Norway's Reporting of Waste statistics to Eurostat and OECD

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The purpose of the statistics is to give an overview of the waste from households. This includes amounts, sorting and treatment of waste.

In 1992, the statistics “Municipal waste” was started. These statistics included waste from service industries. In 2001, waste from service industries was taken out and the statistics was named “Household waste”.

Data for municipalities were published every third year until 2000. Since 2001 all the municipalities are reporting annually on waste management via KOSTRA. The amount of waste by municipality is annually since 2001; data collected partly from KOSTRA and partly by direct input from inter-municipal waste companies.

KOSTRA provides information on municipalities and county municipalities, and is used by inhabitants, media, central and local governments.

For household Waste, central users are The Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (SFT), Ministry of the Environment, county departments of environmental affairs and organisations.

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The financial data are collected by authority in Local Government Act §49. Information regarding waste and systems for removal of refuse are collected by authority in the Pollution Control Act Section §49 and adapted to statistics after Statistics Act Section §3-2.

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Reporting of waste amounts and waste disposal systems by all municipalities. Inter- municipal waste companies report amounts of household waste for municipalities that are members of the inter- municipal waste company.

Municipalities and inter-municipal waste companies are reporting via KOSTRA.

Data are reported to KOSTRA by 15 February.

Data are controlled prior to sending by controls in the electronic questionnaire and control programs for file-extracts. Data are controlled for obvious errors and checked against country average and last year’s values.

The municipalities must respond by 15 April to report revised data after the publishing 15 March, and revision of data is in addition performed by SSB in cooperation with the municipalities. All revision must be completed and final data published by 15 June.

All municipalities have provided information on waste management by KOSTRA. The municipalities that do not take part in inter-municipal waste companies are reporting waste data via KOSTRA, whereas waste data from the municipalities that take part in inter-municipal waste companies is reported by the waste company. The amount of waste for each municipality is calculated based on inhabitants and adjusted for vacation homes. This calculation may lead to common figures for neighbour municipalities that take part in the same system for waste collection.

The reported data are adjusted for mix with waste from service industry and waste that are delivered directly from households to waste treatment plants. Directly delivered waste is added, and waste from service industry is removed from the figures.

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The publishing in KOSTRA covers figures from 1999, starting at the time when the municipalities joined KOSTRA. In the project period for KOSTRA there has been several changes in the statistics system, which has resulted in some time series breaks.

For household waste, 2001 is the first year with key figures for all municipalities in KOSTRA.

The statistics is comparable with equivalent data back to 1992.

At publishing 15 March the data are checked by electronic controls only, and these controls do not cover all types of errors. The statistics is based on full count, but item non-response error may happen. This will result in errors in the published figures because the data is not complete. Other types of errors can also occur in the municipalities reporting.

The quality of the figures for household waste is improved. An increasing part of the waste is weighed at receipt at the waste treatment plants, and the definitions in the waste statistics is gradually well known in the municipalities.

The amount of waste from service industry in household waste is adjusted, but can still give some uncertainty. This is also applicable to waste from households that are delivered directly to the waste handling areas.

Not relevant