Remunerated man-years increasing in museums in Norway
Culture and recreation;Svalbard
museer, Museums and collections, museum visits, exhibitions, objects, cultural history buildings, employees, revenues, expenditureCulture and recreation, Culture, Culture and recreation, Svalbard
In 2014, almost 3 900 remunerated man-years were performed in museums, compared to just below 3 400 in 2005.

Museums and collections2014



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Remunerated man-years increasing in museums in Norway

The number of remunerated man-years in museums in Norway has been steadily increasing since 2005. In 2014, almost 3 900 remunerated man-years were performed in museums, compared to just below 3 400 in 2005. In the same time period there has been an increase in the number of objects in the collections, exhibitions and visits to the museums.

Museum facts.
20052014Change in percentage
Individual visits6 343 5108 277 82630.5
Visitors in groups2 717 1292 584 140-4.9
Paying visitors4 731 7335 919 98425.1
Remunerated man-years3 384.03 864.614.2
Man-years by permanent employees2 419.92 999.223.9
Percentage permanent employment71.578

The number of remunerated man-years increased by 14.2 per cent in the time period 2005-2014. At the same time, there has been a steady increase in the number of man-years by permanent employees since 2005. The ratio of man-years by permanent employees to remunerated man-years has also increased in this time period. In 2014, 77.6 per cent of the remunerated man-years were by permanent employees. This is an increase of 6,1 percentage points since 2005. See figure 1 for details of the development of remunerated man-years in museums.

Adding man-years by volunteers to the remunerated man-years gives the total man-years in museums. The total number of man-years was almost 4 200 in 2014, compared to almost 3 600 in 2005; an increase of 16.6 per cent.

More public funding

Museums in Norway had a total income of NOK 4.4 billion in 2014. Total expenditure in the same year was NOK 4.3 billion. Museums received NOK 3.1 billion from public funds. In 2014, 71.0 per cent of the museums’ income was from public funding. Since 2005, the total income for museums has increased by 72.8 per cent. Public funding in the same time period has increased by 84.6 per cent.

Larger collections

Museums in Norway collect art history, cultural history, natural history, photographic and archaeological artefacts. The collections had a total of 53 million items in 2014, which is 4.8 per cent more than the year before. Year for year, part of the change in collection size can be related to registration, where longer time series are more able to assess developments in the collection. The number of photographic artefacts has more than doubled since 2005. Since 2010, the collection at museums has increased by over 10 million items.

More traveling exhibitions in 2014

In the year of the bicentenary of the Norwegian Constitution from 1814 there was an increase in the number of exhibitions in Norwegian museums. The number of travelling exhibitions spiked in 2014 and this can partly be due to exhibitions commemorating the signing of the Norwegian Constitution in 1814. In 2014, a constitutional jubilee exhibition may have been produced in a cooperation between several museums, which all displayed the same exhibition. Therefore, the number of traveling exhibitions may have been particularly high in the year of the Norwegian Constitution jubilee. In general, there is a trend of increasing numbers of exhibitions over time. In total, there was more than 3 000 exhibitions in 2014 compared to fewer than 2 700 in 2005. The increase in the number of exhibitions in total in this time period is 13.8 per cent.

Fewer visits in total in 2014

Over time, there are more individual visits to museums and fewer group visits to museums in Norway. The total number of visits is somewhat lower in 2014 than the preceding year. From 2005 to 2014, the number of visits increased by 19.9 per cent. In this ten-year period, the number of individual visits has increased by 30.5 per cent, while the number of group visits has decreased by 4.9 per cent. See figure 2 for details of visits to museums in Norway. Increasingly, the visits are from paying visitors. In 2005, there were 4.7 million paying visitors, while in 2014 this number had risen to 5.9 million. The ten-year increase in paying visitors is 25.1 per cent.

This report for 2014 covers a total of 118 museums, all of which remained open last year and had at least one man-year.