Transfers of agricultural properties
Updated: September 18, 2020
Next update: September 23, 2021
About the statistics
The statistics show the number of registered transfers of agricultural properties, buyer and seller information, sales value, transfers by purpose of use (agriculture, dwelling, holiday etc.) and different types of transfer (sold on the free market, donations etc.).
Registered transfer of real property
Includes registered transfers of title and establishment and transfer of lease. A transfer can include the whole or part of one or more ground parcels, leases and sections of buildings registered as freehold. Transfers of dwellings attached to housing co-opertives or similar are not included.
Agricultural and forestry property
Property that is used for or could be used for agriculture and/or forestry. All agricultural/forestry area belonging to the same owner within a municipality is regarded as one property, irrespective of the number of cadastral units.
Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area.
A single unit both technically and economically, which has single management and which produces agricultural products. The holding is independent of municipality boundaries. The agricultural holding's headquarter must be located to an agricultural property.
Transfer of Agricultural and forrest properties
A transfer does not only comprise ordinary sale, but also donation, compulsory sale and eminent domain, licensed decedent estate, inheritance of decedent estate and other. A transfer can also comprise one or several cadastral units. For properties with more than one owner, a transfer can also be a part of a property.
Properties transferred for a price lower than the tax base / market value is coded as a donation.
Purpose of use
Information of the properties purpose of use is given on the deed of conveyance.
Free market sale
Free market sale means that the property is sold for a price corresponding to the market value. The property is not always announced for sale on the free market.
Activity in agriculture
Activity in agriculture means that the property is the management center for one or several agricultural properties.
Activity in forestry
An agricultural property with at least 25 decares productiv forest area that has carried out industrial roundwood removals for sale the last ten years.
Name: Transfers of agricultural properties
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics
County and centrality / industrial link.
Microdata are store in Statistics Norway.
The purpose is to show the development over time of registered transfers of agricultural properties. Transfers of agricultural properties are regulated by legal framework and a large share of the transfers take place within the family. Agricultural properties vary in size (agricultural land, productive forest and other land categories), standard on buildings and location.
The main users are public and private sector agencies, research and educational institutions and media.
The quarterly statistics on registered transfers of real property also include figures for transferred agricultural properties. However, only properties where agriculture is reported as the purpose of use on the deed of conveyance are included in these statistics.
The Statistics Act §§2-1, 3-2
Including 2010, the statistics comprise properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with at least 5 decares owned agricultural area and/or at least 25 decares productive forest area. As from 2012 the statistics are based on new cartographic data analyses and data on owners and properties from the cadastre in combination with data from the Farm register. Figures for 2011 are not published.
An agricultural property may comprise one or several cadastral units within a municipality. Each cadastrial unit is identified by a number and one of the numbers are choosen as the main number, in most cases the unit with buildings. A registered transfer may also comprise one or several cadastral units, and the lowest number is chosen as the main number of the property. A property therefor may have different main number in these two registers.
The agricultural properties and the registered transfers are first merged by the main number. For agricultural properties not merging by main number, each cadastral unit are merged with the rest of the transfers. If agriculture is given as a purpose of use on the deed of conveyance, or the cadastral unit has a code for agriculture in the register, the transfer is included in this statistics.
A registered transfer does not only comprise ordinary sale, but also donation, compulsory sale and eminent domain, licensed decedent estate, inheritance of decedent estate and other. A transfer can also comprise one or several cadastral units. For properties with more than one owner, a transfer can also be a part of a property. The same agricultural property can be transferred several times during the same year.
Transfers of agricultural properties representing a purchase price / value exceeding NOK 20 million are not very common, and the number of such transfers varies between years. This will lead to considerable variation in average purchase price from one year to another. As from 2009, transfers where the purchase price exceeds NOK 20 million are not included in the calculation of average purchase price. As from 2013, this limit is NOK 30 million. Corrections are also done for transfers that only comprise parts of a property and for transfers of properties with building merged to a property without building. These corrections are only done to make the average purchase price comparable and will not influence the number of transfers.
Corresponding corrections are also done for 2006, 2007 and 2008.
The statistics is built on the Agricultural and forrest properties from the statisitcs "Agricultural Properties" and data from the Register of Deeds (Grunnboka), the Cadastre System (no: Matrikkelen) and the Central Population Register.
Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority is responsible for the Register of Deeds.
The statistics are built on registers.
A large number of controls are done during the process of merging the registers: Controls of duplicates, manually check of transfers with large values, coding of different units and controls of illogical data combinatons.
Figures are not published if there is a risk of identyfying any unit.
The statistics are prepared annually back to 2000. Figures on the properties´ buildings and settlement are prepared for 2000 and annually from 2006.
Agricultural properties comprise considerable areas and building resources, with and without industrial activity. Changes in the legal framework may cause changes of importance due to settlement, industrial activity and other activity on agricultural properties.
In the period 2000-2009 the Concession Act is changed three times. In 2001, the upper area limit for dispensation from concession requirement for transfers of agricultural properties changed from 5 decares to 20 decares. In 2003, the corresponding upper area limit was changed to 100 decares, of this 20 decares or less cultivated agricultural area. In 2009, the upper area limit remained 100 decares, while the upper limit for cultivated area was changed to 25 decares.
Errors may arise when data are entered into administrative registers. Errors may also occur while different registers are merged during the data processing. For example: various date for upgrading the register information.
Registering a transfer in the Register of Deeds is voluntary, but only an insignificant share of the transfers are not registered.
There is also reason to belive that some small agricultural properties are not registered or have lacking data in the Farm Register.
The statistics are based mainly on information reported in connection with registration of title to property and thus considered to be reliable. Misclassification of type of property and type of dwelling may occur. Lacking information of unproductive areas in the Farm Register, results in no opportunity to classify agricultural property transfers by the propertys total area.
In 2009, controls are done by means of the national population register to inquire whether the property is sold within the family or not. Family includes spouse, children, brothers, sisters, parents, grand parents, aunts and uncles. In 1964, personal identification number was introduced. Even several natural persons who died before 1964 have got a number. The older a person is the harder it is to find a link between parents and their children. In some instances the lack of personal identification number will make it difficult to check the relationship between the old and new owner, especially when the former owner is sister or brother of one of the parents of the new owner.
A transfer can have more than one buyer and one seller. In this statistics, the relationship is only checked for one seller and one buyer. This person with the largest owner share is chosen. If two persons have identical owner share, the oldest one is chosen. About 70 per cent of the transfers have one buyer, 20 per cent have two and 10 per cent have three or more. Especially properties transferred as inheritance of decedent estate have three or more new owners.