Wages and salaries up 3.8 per cent
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
lonnansatt, Earnings, occupational groups, public sector, private sector, wage increase, salary, annual wage, monthly wage,Earnings and labour costs, Labour market and earnings, Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants




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Wages and salaries up 3.8 per cent

By the third quarter 2004 average monthly earnings for an employee were NOK 28 300. This was NOK 1 000 or 3.8 per cent more than the previous year. All employees in public and private sector, both full-time and part-time employees are included in the statistics.

To compare the earnings of full-time and part-time employees, the earnings of part-time employees are recalculated as if they were working full-time. This is called full-time equivalents. The growth in earnings for all full-time employees was NOK 1 100 or 3.8 per cent, from NOK 28 100 in 2003 to NOK 29 200 in 2004. Accordingly, the earnings of part-time employees increased from NOK 23 200 to NOK 24 100, up 3.7 per cent.

Average monthly earnings by sex and working hours per
3rd quarter 20031 and 2004. Full-time equivalents. NOK
Sex and working hours      Monthly earnings, total       Percentage change
20031 2004 2003-2004
Total 27 261 28 291 3.8
Males 29 205 30 292 3.7
Females 24 609 25 596 4.0
Full-time 28 120 29 175 3.8
Males 29 512 30 589 3.6
Females 25 429 26 480 4.1
Part-time 23 234 24 100 3.7
Males 24 281 25 312 4.2
Females 22 984 23 824 3.7
1  The figures are corrected.

Full-time employees per 3rd quarter 2004. Distribution of wages and salaries by sex. Per cent

Differences between males and females

The monthly earnings of females were about 84.5 per cent of men's in 2004. The difference in earnings between men and women can be shown through how the earnings are distributed throughout wage intervals. Figure 1 shows how women are distributed throughout the scale compared to men. The distribution of females is more concentrated and a higher percentage of the women are found on the part of the scale where earnings are low. A lot of this difference can be explained due to where men and women work, both in regard to occupation and industry. Men are more frequently employed in positions in private sector where higher education is demanded and as managers.

Relative difference in earnings between high level and lower level education by country. NOK

International figures

As a part of the statistical cooperation within the EU, a survey of earnings was conducted in all membership countries in 2002. Norway equally contributed to this survey due to the EEA-agreement. For Norway, the basis of this survey was the wage statistics for all employees 2002. The purpose of the survey is to establish comparable wage statistics for all countries and for variables like occupation, education, industry, sex and age. The 2002 EU-survey does not cover employees in public sector, agriculture, education, private health and social work activities or in social and personal service activities.

Figure 2 shows the relative difference in earnings between high level and lower level education. As shown in the figure, this difference is large in the new membership countries. The earnings are here three times higher for employees with higher level of education compared to those with only lower level. Also Germany and Austria are above the EU-average at two. However, Norway and the other nordic countries have smaller differences in earnings between the different levels of education, below the EU-average. Only Ireland1, Belgium and Finland have a smaller relative difference in earnings between high level and lower level education than Norway.

More tables in StatBank Norway

In addition to the tables below, tables by section, educational level and age-groups for all as well as full-time and part-time employees can be found here: StatBank Norway

About the statistical basis

The statistics are based on information from a sample of enterprises with a total of 1 315 191 employees per 3rd quarter 2004. It covers all sections except for agriculture, hunting and forestry (A) and fishing (B). The data for this statistics have not been collected separately, but is an assembly of previously published statistics for the individual sections. According to preliminary figures from the National Accounts for the 3rd quarter 2004, the statistics cover about 2 009 600 employees.

Figures for 2003 are corrected.

1  Corrected 4 October 2005.