Discussion Papers

Discussion papers comprise research papers intended for international journals and books. A preprint of a Discussion Paper may be longer and more elaborate than a standard journal article as it may include intermediate calculations, background material etc. The views and conclusions are those of the author(s).

Articles, analysis, and publications


  1. Measures against carbon leakage Discussion paper 21 June

    Countries with ambitious climate targets are concerned about carbon leakage to countries with more lenient or no carbon pricing.

  2. Optimal Carbon Taxes and Foreign Aid Discussion paper 24 May

    This article explores whether altruistic preferences toward households in poor high-temperature countries stimulate global warming policies within rich low-temperature countries that avoids damage from global warming.

  3. Assessing fire hazard in coastal heathlands Discussion paper 16 February

    Unmanaged and overgrown coastal heathlands represent a substantial fire hazard. We analyse how this hazard in Norwegian coastal heathlands is influenced by weather conditions, land management, and usage.

  4. Micro and macro evidence of the relationship between income mobility and taxation Discussion paper 26 January

    How taxation influences income mobility is largely a neglected topic. In this study we discuss the relationship between taxation and income mobility by analyzing both macro and micro data.


  1. The LOTTE system of tax microsimulation models Discussion paper 24 November

    Microsimulation models of the LOTTE system are key tools for tax policy-making in Norway and are extensively used in the budget process.

  2. Emission pricing and CO₂ compensation in the EU Discussion paper 26 October

    Unilateral CO₂ emission reduction can lead to carbon leakage, such as relocation of power-intensive and trade-exposed industries.

  3. To what extent are temperature levels changing due to greenhouse gas emissions? Discussion paper 25 September

    Weather and temperatures vary in ways that are difficult to explain and predict precisely. In this article we review data on temperature variations in the past as well possible reasons for these variations.

  4. Long-run Effects of School Spending: Evidence from Exiting Cohort Size Variation Discussion paper 29 August

    This paper investigates the long-term effects of local government education spending on child outcomes, including income, educational attainment, and family formation in adulthood.

  5. A new approach to estimating private returns to R&D Discussion paper 25 August

    This paper revisits the estimation of private returns to R&D. In an extension of the standard approach, we allow for endogeneity of production decisions, heterogeneity of R&D elasticities, and asymmetric treatment of intramural and extramural R&D.

  6. Reconciling estimates of the long-term earnings effect of fertility Discussion paper 16 August

    This paper presents novel methodological and empirical contributions to the child penalty literature. We propose a new estimator that combines elements from standard event study and instrumental variable estimators and demonstrate their relatedness.

  7. Emission regulation: Prices, quantities and hybrids with endogenous technology choice Discussion paper 20 June

    This paper examines the investment incentives of market-based regulation, with focus on the technology characteristics the different regulatory schemes tend to incentivize.

  8. Taxation of the rich and the cost of raising tax revenue Discussion paper 12 May

    Taxation of capital income and wealth designed to redistribute from the rich may harm small open economies with a globalized capital market as investments are distorted.

  9. Taxation of the rich and incentives for investments. The case of Norway Discussion paper 12 May

    Taxation of capital income and wealth redistributes from the rich but may harm the Norwegian economy as business investments is distorted.

  10. Controlling for fixed effects in studies of income underreporting Discussion paper 4 May

    The expenditure method of Pissarides and Weber (1989) Journal of Public Economics, 39 (1), 17-32) shows how one backs out measure of income underreporting by the self-employed by using food consumption as trace of true income.

  11. Moving beyond expectations Discussion paper 8 March

    Population projections are predominantly made using the cohort-component method (CCM). The opportunities for further development within that framework are limited. Lately, with advances in technical and computational capacity, the microsimulation framework has become a serious contender.