Discussion Papers

Discussion papers comprise research papers intended for international journals and books. A preprint of a Discussion Paper may be longer and more elaborate than a standard journal article as it may include intermediate calculations, background material etc.

Articles, analysis, and publications


  1. Fiscal policy, macroeconomic performance and industry structure in a small open economy Article 7 July

    We analyse how fiscal policy affects both the macroeconomy and the industry structure, using a multi-sector macroeconomic model of the Norwegian economy with an inflation targeting monetary policy.

  2. Can the child penalty be reduced? Article 6 July

    Children cause large earnings drops for mothers but not fathers, a stylized fact known as the “child penalty” that explains a substantial portion of remaining gender income gaps.

  3. Do funds for more teachers improve student outcomes? Article 1 June

    We investigate the effects of a large-scale Norwegian reform that provided extra teachers to 166 lower secondary schools with relatively high student-teacher ratios and low average grades.

  4. Why has the Norwegian krone exchange rate been persistently weak? A fully simultaneous VAR approach Article 20 May

    We identify variables that help explain the persistent weakness of the Norwegian krone since 2016 within a fully simultaneous model of the underlying process driving the krone-euro exchange rate.

  5. Policies for electrification of the car fleet in the short and long run – subsidizing electric vehicles or subsidizing charging stations? Article 10 May

    Abatement can be performed by measures that have an impact on present emissions, but no lasting effect, and by long-lived infrastructure investments.

  6. Compensated discrete choice and the Slutsky equation Article 6 May

    Consumers often face choice settings in which alternatives are discrete. Examples include choices between variants of differentiated products, modes of urban transportation, residential locations, etc.

  7. Understanding the positive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on women’s fertility in Norway Article 6 May

    This study examines the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on fertility in Norway at the individual level.

  8. A european equivalence scale for public in-kind transfers Article 5 May

    This paper introduces a theory-based equivalence scale for public in-kind transfers, which justifies comparison of distributions of extended income (cash income plus the value of public services) between European countries.

  9. Identifying the elasticity of substitution between capital and labour . A pooled GMM panel estimator Article 14 March

    Simultaneity represents a fundamental problem when estimating the elasticity of substitution between capital and labour.

  10. Public disclosure of tax information: Compliance tool or social network? Article 11 March

    We conduct the first-ever study of actual searches done in a public tax disclosure system, analyzing about one million searches done in 2014 and 2015 in Norway.

  11. Place attachment and preferences for land-based wind power – A discrete choice experiment Article 28 January

    Economists have neglected place attachment as a potential explanation for people’s preferences for environmental goods.


  1. Marriage before children? First family formation among the children of immigrants in Norway Article 23 December

    Differences in the timing and pathway into family life provide insights into the social distance between majority and immigrant-background groups. Increasing similarity in these processes across immigrant generations may indicate blurring of group distinctions.

  2. The road to a low emission society: Costs of interacting climate regulations Article 16 December

    Transportation is one of the main contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Climate regulations on transportation are often a mix of sector-specific regulations and economy-wide measures (such as emission pricing).

  3. Selection in Surveys Article 9 December

    We evaluate how nonresponse affects conclusions drawn from survey data and consider how researchers can reliably test and correct for nonresponse bias.

  4. School value-added and long-term student outcomes Article 29 November

    Several recent studies find that interventions in schools can have important lasting consequences for students, and that schools differ in their contribution to students' learning.