Establishments, enterprises and accounts;Svalbard
sts, Industry statistics for Svalbard, turnover, government subsidies, investments, employees, wage costs, mining, establishmentsEstablishments, enterprises and accounts, Establishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts, Svalbard

Industry statistics for Svalbard



Next update

Key figures

11.4 %

increased turnover in 2018

Svalbard. Industry statistics, by main industry (SIC2007)
Man-yearsTurnover (NOK 1 000)
2018Percentage change from last year2018Percentage change from last year
Svalbard total1 625.31.63 589 52511.4
Mining and quarrying113.412.4161 06756.6
Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities59.218.2204 80822.8
Construction182.315.9588 53823.5
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles109.9-3.7381 008-6.9
Transportation and storage96.110.5303 83712.1
Accommodation and food service activities273.7-3.3415 5566.6
Information and communication60.911.5615 07418.7
Real estate activities10.917.285 650-23.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities63.9-2.636 541-1.3
Administrative and support service activities180.4-9.1413 1265.9
Public administration and defence120.113.4197 15825.3
Education166.3-11.061 9623.2
Human health and social work activities60.43.213 19613.8
Arts, entertainment and recreation119.02.5106 704-5.8
Other service activities8.9-26.45 3001.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Local KAUs on Svalbard. Main figures by code system and structure.

Local KAUs on Svalbard. Main figures by code system and structure.
EstablishmentsMan-yearsTurnover (NOK 1 000)Public Subsidies (NOK 1 000)Wage costs (NOK 1 000)Investments (NOK 1 000)
Svalbard total3393591 599.71 625.33 221 0703 589 525744 090856 735978 9031 080 914425 670428 779
B Mining and quarrying54100.9113.4102 836161 067-161 64492 306124 7542 2672 613
C+D+E Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities131750.159.2166 828204 80819 26957050 00859 5128 4603 394
F Construction2021157.3182.3476 572588 5386 836933106 629126 26540 26025 012
G Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2929114.1109.9409 267381 0086114060 84863 81515 78418 331
H Transportation and storage232487.096.1271 079303 837600-70 20875 25627 33536 473
I Accommodation and food service activities2023283.0273.7389 790415 55651 51951 223118 868122 52260 15698 958
J+K Information and communication. Financial and insurance activities171654.660.9518 340615 0741 8801 58040 75045 94584 67096 623
L Real estate activities35339.310.9111 61385 6502942 7655 5416 70618 04175 418
M Professional, scientific and technical activities505465.663.937 01836 541105 84065 31943 25744 33335 8422 251
N Administrative and support service activities6677198.5180.4390 266413 12631 06929 36182 05585 24463 61531 514
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security99105.9120.1157 296197 158311 774327 41493 647113 18853 05428 099
P Education98186.8166.360 04861 962166 667165 059109 814111 0231 7136 692
Q Human health and social work activities9958.560.411 59613 19618 43819 72345 13546 5612353
R Arts, entertainment and recreation2627116.1119.0113 286106 70423 97925 21354 07351 36114 2743 130
S Other service activities8812.18.95 2355 3005 3145 8915 7644 429176218

Table 2 
Coal mining. Svalbard (SY 379)

Coal mining. Svalbard (SY 379)
 Coal shipped, total, tonnesCoal shipped - Russian mines, tonnes1Norwegian mines
 Production of coalCoal shippedPersons employed2Com­pensa­tion of employees, NOK 1 000
 Quantity, tonnesValue, NOK 1 000Total, tonnesTo Norway, tonnes
1It has not been any coal shipping from Russian mines in Barentsburg in 2009 and 2010 due to fire spring 2008.
2Including construction workers.
1991770 183482 798329 84990 112287 38559 19735890 849
1992665 171438 000358 87877 104227 17139 640339107 593
1993691 948414 000266 73471 553277 94860 900299106 464
1994776 932485 600301 19079 566291 332136 600296114 368
1995674 060412 488292 09473 275261 572100 740287106 334
1996610 670378 171229 63658 863232 49993 24126993 559
1997618 077362 834386 44076 954255 24388 66024699 503
1998601 998245 835328 170113 799356 16379 59820190 437
1999755 477355 538403 94072 208399 939122 43622691 156
20001 050 928361 002631 926169 828689 92691 87022398 506
20011 717 184151 6821 787 784530 4421 565 50284 413248141 812
20022 243 448110 0002 131 691683 2632 133 44898 905225130 839
20033 186 765377 5332 943 548935 7722 809 232116 399233158 668
20042 991 166132 0772 904 3011 303 5022 859 089125 612265230 530
20051 863 33795 0771 470 818871 1561 768 260101 211314221 557
20062 419 74588 1402 394 9401 096 6722 331 60562 451315256 309
20073 690 075106 9234 073 3451 871 5273 583 152178 106396338 777
20083 468 90139 7563 430 2433 353 4873 429 14553 084387495 293
20092 436 821-2 640 5212 012 8092 436 82148 701368440 002
20101 684 513-1 934 0001 477 0701 684 51366 423337369 038
20111 749 617110 0001 386 0001 415 7361 639 61739 998370277 391
20121 370 35566 4781 229 000877 2481 303 87717 733396391 931
20132 221 073111 9131 855 0001 266 6792 109 16041 638336376 818
20141 747 145112 0381 675 000959 1271 635 10723 501356333 300
20151 272 49467 9211 098 000554 2821 204 57377 200207290 154
20161 049 361117 528818 328484 856931 8330106171 346
2017183 99066 794133 60294 981117 1962 66310590 911
2018145 99565 030142 500118 32880 965010180 484

About the statistics

The statistics provide insight into the development and structure of the various industries in Svalbard. The figures include man-years, employment, turnover, costs and investment, based on reported data from all businesses located in Svalbard.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007) defines an establishment as a locally defined functional unit whose main activities fall within a specific industrial classification. The activity carried out by a legal entity (enterprise) is known as an establishment. A legal entity can engage in one or more establishments/businesses.

Number of man-hours worked
This is defined as the total number of hours worked by employees in a workplace, both within and outside normal working hours. Short breaks are included, but time spent in transit between home and the workplace is not included.

Employment Employment is defined as the total number of owners and employees. In relation to the register-based employment statistics , where a person is only counted in his/her main job, the same person here can have more than one job.

Hired personnel from temporary staff recruitment agencies are not included in the employment figure.

Turnover is defined as an enterprise's operating revenues minus government subsidies and gains on the sale of fixed assets. Special public duties related to the sale, and taxes and duties are included in the turnover, but VAT is not included.

Salary costs
Wages, holiday pay, fees, employer’s national insurance contributions, pension costs subject to reporting and other personnel costs for work carried out on Svalbard. Salary costs do not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships.

Public subsidies
Applies to allocations received for operations and investment from the government, the local government on Longyearbyen, Svalbard Samfunnsdrift and other public bodies (e.g. Innovation Norway).

Total purchase of goods and services
The total purchase of goods and services is defined as the value of all goods and services purchased during the year of resale for use in the enterprise’s own production process or for storage. Investments are not included in these figures.

Investments in assets with a lifetime of more than a year, including investments in new and used capital goods, and extensions, alterations, improvements and repairs that prolong the lifetime of the capital goods or increase their production capacity. Costs for design, transportation, installation and any special duties are also included.

Deductible VAT, financial expenses, tax benefits achieved (e.g. investments in more environmentally-friendly equipment) and fixed assets acquired through restructuring (e.g. mergers, takeovers, demergers, divisions) are not included.

Purchased goods are valued at cost price and self-produced goods are valued at production cost.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007) , which is based on the EU’s industry standard NACE Rev. 2 and the UN’s industry standard ISIC Rev. 3.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Industry statistics for Svalbard
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness


Preliminary key figures are published eight months after the end of the statistics year. Final figures are released together with final figures for the other structure statistics within 18 months of the year to which the figures apply.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the program language SAS, and stored long term as text files.


Background and purpose

The industry statistics for Svalbard are a full census at establishment level. The statistics are published on an ongoing basis and provide detailed information on the activity on Svalbard based on data collected from all active establishments.

The statistics are intended to show the structure within all the main sectors of industry in the Standard Industrial Classification based on data collected from the relevant financial year. The statistics were first published in the statistics year 2008.

Users and applications

The data is useful for both central and local authorities, ministries and various trade associations that require statistics on Svalbard. The figures that are collected are made unidentifiable and the micro data is accessible to researchers in accordance with Statistics Norway’s standard terms. Coordinated data collection entails Statistics Norway being responsible for collecting data from the establishments on Svalbard and the data required for Svalbard: Society and industrial affairs 2008 being covered in the data basis. The timeliness in relation to Longyearbyen's local government’s previous data releases is maintained and released at an earlier date than other national industry statistics.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

Employment figures are collected at establishment level. Data on employment in industries can also be found in the national accounts and in the employment statistics based on data from the Labour Market Survey and the register-based employment statistics.

While the industry statistics can provide employment figures on a detailed industry and are consistent with other establishment-related variables, the national accounts provide quarterly figures with a short production time. The Labour Market Survey and the register-based employment statistics also provide figures on personal identifiers such as age, sex, education and working hours. The register-based employment statistics also give figures down to municipality level.


Legal authority

§2-2, §2-3 and §3-2 of the Statistics Act

EEA reference

Not relevant



The Industry survey for Svalbard is broken down in line with the Standard Industrial Classification SIC2007 and covers the following industries:

  05-09 - Mining and quarrying
  10-33 - Manufacturing
  35 - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
  36-39 - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
  41-43 - Construction
  45-47 - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
  49-53 - Transportation and storage
  55-56 - Accommodation and food service activities
  58-63 - Information and communication
  64-66 - Financial and insurance activities
  68 - Real estate activities
  69-75 - Professional, scientific and technical activities
  77-82 - Administrative and support service activities
  84 - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
  85 - Education
  86-88 - Human health and social work activities
  90-93 - Arts, entertainment and recreation
  94-96 - Other service activities

All of the establishments within these industries are included in the statistics if they are registered as an active business on Svalbard in the statistics year.

Primary industries farm, forestry and fishing (01 - 03: SN2007) are not covered in the industry statistics for Svalbard. When it comes to fishing in the waters off Svalbard this is included in the national statistics for fisheries ( http://www.ssb.no/fiskeri/ ). For details about the capture volume and value in the waters off Svalbard, please visit the ministry's statistics bank: http://www.fiskeridir.no/fiskeridirektoratets-statistikkbank . More details of these variables for fisheries protection zone around Svalbard and other nearby hunting zones can be found here.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics for enterprises made up of only one establishment are based on the said enterprise’s tax statement or annual accounts. The tax statement is submitted together with the questionnaire (paper form) or reported electronically via the Tax Inspectorate.

The data is quality assured using the following sources:

  • Electronically delivered tax statements to the Tax Directorate
  • Register of Company Accounts at Brønnøysund
  • VAT register
  • Register of employees and employers

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used when collecting data. The register is updated regularly with data relating to Svalbard in collaboration with the local government on Longyearbyen, the VAT register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, various trade organisations and directly from the individual establishment/enterprise.

The population consists of all active establishments within the aforementioned industry sectors in the statistics year. The detailed accounting data is collated with the information from the administrative registers. Together these form the basis for calculations, economic analyses and the structure in the industry.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The forms are sent out during the second half of March, and have a 4-week response deadline.

Establishments that do not answer by the deadline are sent a written reminder up to three months after expiry of the deadline. Establishments that do not respond after receiving the reminder are issued with a compulsory fine.

Controls and alignments are carried out on data received from establishments, tax statements and annual accounts. Critical controls are carried out on industry classifications, employee figures and turnover. Revisions of the data are carried out after controls against figures from the previous year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, Register of Company Accounts at Brønnøysund, other available sources and according to consultations with the respondent where necessary.

Data received is controlled against electronically delivered tax statements, annual accounts and through contact with the respondent. Since the statistics are a full census, there is no need for estimations.

The employment figures are controlled against the Register of employees and employers, and undergo a manual or automated revision prior to publishing, based on the control source.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Due to the situation of domineering establishments on Svalbard, exemption from confidentiality is required for Store Norske Spitsbergen Kullkompani AS. Otherwise, the rule is applied which stipulates that figures are not published where there are fewer than three units in a cell in a table. The reason for this is a risk of identification whereby the figures can be traced back to the respondent. This particularly applies when publishing figures at a low geographical level. This is solved by suppressing these figures in the table.

Comparability over time and space

When comparing with previously published figures, users should be aware that older data may have been corrected in connection with the revision of the last year’s statistics. In addition, updating of industry codes in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises could lead to changes for some of the industries. Such changes will not be reflected in the figures for previous years.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Forms received are read optically and checked in an automated process. An optical image of the form is stored electronically, and subsequently controlled manually in order to ensure the greatest possible degree of correct data. The results from a statistical survey may, however, contain measurement and processing errors.

Measurement errors arise when the respondent gives the wrong answer due to an oversight, misunderstanding or similar. A typical example is figures that are given in whole kroner instead of NOK 1 000. Using recognised terms and providing easily-accessible guidelines reduces this type of error.

Processing errors are errors in the coding or errors that arise when transferring data from the form to the machine-readable medium or during revisions.

Form-based surveys normally contain a certain number of non-responses. Non-responses by units are due to circumstances such as closure, bankruptcy, mergers, demergers, holidays, errors in the dispatch, refusals and similar. Partial non-responses (where answers are missing to individual questions) can be due to oversights, lack of data or other circumstances.

Non-responses by key units are followed up in the manual post control. Establishments that do not return their form are issued with a compulsory fine. Notification of a possible fine is often sufficient to provoke a response. Applying fines reduces the non-response rate to a large extent, but not necessarily the uncertainty if the respondent chooses, for example, to estimate numbers just to avoid a fine.

The variables that are included are based on a full census. Sampling errors are therefore not relevant.

Several administrative registers are central to the work entailed in the structure statistics. The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used both to define the population and to retrieve identifiers and data. The Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities at Brønnøysund, the VAT register and the Register of employees and employers are used to retrieve data on the units. These data form the basis for two types of register errors, which can have an impact on the uncertainty in the statistics.

The most common error is as a result of time lags in the registers. Such time lags can be caused by late reporting to the registers or because changes are normally registered some time after they have occurred. The consequences are that the registers are not fully up-to-date at any given time, which can lead to imbalances in the sampling or outdated data being used in the statistics.

Identifiers such as industry code, status etc. in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises are used as a basis when submitting statistics. The quality of these identifiers is vital to the division of the population into practical strata, and thus affects the quality of the population.


Not relevant