Establishments, enterprises and accounts
bedrifter, Establishments, employees, establishments by size, establishments by industryEstablishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts



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Key figures

577 067

establishments in Norway

Number of establishments by size
2018Change in per cent
Number of establishmentsPer cent2017 - 2018
All size groups577 067100.02.1
No one employeed377 05165.32.0
1-4 employees98 33117.03.2
5-9 employees41 7577.21.6
10-19 employees29 6625.11.2
20-49 employees20 6543.61.4
50-99 employees6 1331.13.7
100 - 249 employees2 7150.51.0
250 employees and more7640.12.7

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Table 1 
Establishments by size and economic activity

Establishments by size and economic activity
Total number of establishmentsNo employees1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
All industries577 067377 05198 33141 75729 66220 6546 1332 715764
Agriculture, forestry and fishing66 90559 4836 0796984051924170
Mining and quarrying1 54384924113012485413340
Manufacture21 14611 4723 8621 9011 6341 373505294105
Electricity, gas and steam1 72296526314014614144176
Water supply, sewerage, waste2 2391 1283882552231924292
Construction67 76143 53713 4874 7713 2772 02947515233
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles72 08530 22316 70413 7417 9842 85640914325
Transportation and storage25 29114 3656 5921 8731 15182427714564
Accommodation and food service activities15 8576 2493 5872 5042 0751 142229683
Information and communication22 56715 6004 1531 1297815722029436
Financial and insurance activities4 0961 896986515321219825324
Real estate activities59 02551 0256 5649553491081941
Professional, scientific and technical activities60 51142 56012 3812 7691 62482421110339
Administrative and support service activities27 32318 5194 4901 5061 12599637924959
Public administration and defence: compulsory social security5 2893981 28397093498539222899
Education18 71511 8521 8108899941 8021 03727853
Human health and social work activities54 69028 8628 1664 4145 1895 5701 559765165
Arts, entertainment and recreation27 07722 9282 169744595469119449
Personal service activities22 10314 1045 0541 84272827570291
Households as employers activities56542000000
Extraterritorial organisations and bodies912600000
Unspecified1 05798168530000

Table 2 
Establishments, by size and county. 1st January

Establishments, by size and county. 1st January
 Total number of establishmentsNo employees1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100-249 employees250 employees and more
The whole country577 067377 05198 33141 75729 66220 6546 1332 715764
Østfold29 92419 8325 1002 1221 45797928212725
Akershus60 57040 24010 4204 0572 8272 01265027193
Oslo88 46360 72314 1225 2803 8242 732979559244
Hedmark22 53615 0093 6441 6721 1447661939414
Oppland24 49916 7003 8181 6671 2317822117911
Buskerud32 52621 6245 5622 2461 5671 07029813227
Vestfold26 36917 1554 8151 8501 24589626811822
Telemark19 10312 4783 2521 3791 031700185699
Aust-Agder12 6988 1442 316982660411137435
Vest-Agder20 73313 5573 4821 5591 0497742058423
Rogaland46 63230 1637 9603 3262 3951 90954226275
Hordaland50 15832 2558 4543 8002 7101 98959226989
Sogn og Fjordane14 6689 5402 4901 123814513136466
Møre og Romsdal28 12517 4344 9642 3621 7321 18830212320
Trøndelag48 80731 7608 0033 6992 6671 80759022457
Nordland25 24315 1414 7132 2671 6971 01827610526
Troms - Romsa16 91810 0513 2871 5201 0127472038414
Finnmark - Finnmárku9 0955 2451 92984660036184264

Table 3 
Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector

Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector
 Total number of establishmentsGeneral governmentFinancial corporationsNon-financial corporationsHouseholds and non-profit institutionsUnspecified sector/others
Total577 06730 1854 096283 700259 03452
Østfold29 9241 33214813 80114 6412
Akershus60 5702 34145529 84627 9217
Oslo88 4631 9521 09247 06038 34217
Hedmark22 5361 3611059 01712 0512
Oppland24 4991 502979 48013 4182
Buskerud32 5261 52118115 41615 4044
Vestfold26 3691 19214813 16911 8591
Telemark19 1031 249898 7599 0042
Aust-Agder12 698852696 1685 6063
Vest-Agder20 7331 06913010 9688 5651
Rogaland46 6322 26931924 02620 0162
Hordaland50 1582 45535826 71820 6216
Sogn og Fjordane14 6681 310786 1007 1800
Møre og Romsdal28 1252 11820314 37711 4261
Trøndelag48 8072 97733323 02022 4752
Nordland25 2432 32316012 75210 0080
Troms - Romsa16 9181 391928 5156 9200
Finnmark - Finnmárku9 095971394 5083 5770

About the statistics

The statistics shows active firms as of 1 January, New establishments are included in the statistics when we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables


Establishment  is defined as a locally delimited functional unit which mainly operates within a particular industry group (Standard Industrial Classification).

Employees / Wage earners

Number of employees / wage earners are derived from the A-scheme from 2015. An employees is a person who works in another person's establishment for wages. Employers are obliged to submit monthly reports to all who receive salaries. It also made exceptions for certain types of employment where the employer does not have the usual authority to instruct the receiving salaries.

Standard classifications

Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Establishments
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

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Responsible division

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Regional level

National level, county and municipality.

Frequency and timeliness

Until the fourth quarter of 2008, every quarter the number of establishments in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) by the beginning of the quarter was published. From January 2009 the statistic is published once a year, by the beginning of the first quarter.

When these figures were published for the first time, they were by the 1st in the last month in the quarter (1st of June 2002).

Figures by the fourth quarter in 2003 were first published in the Statistics Bank as figures by the end of the third quarter.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information about sampled units and population are temporarily stored in the program language SAS and in long term as text files.


Background and purpose

First published in July 2002.

Users and applications

The public, public authorities, research institutions and industry use the statistics.

Equal treatment of users

 No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for level that are presented will deviate from the number of legal units in the ER, and may on industrial level deviate from what is presented in the structure statistics.

The deviation in relation to the ER is mainly caused by the fact that the ER comprises all legal units -also the ones who are not conducting industrial activities.

These figures deviate from Structural Business Statistics as these only include establishments with turnover, while this statistic also comprise new establishments.

Industry 68.201 (cooperative housing is excluded from the structure statistics for industry 68.

Due to special conditions within the fishing industry, the number of employees for this industry will be lower than the number of fishermen according to what is published in the "NOS-Fishing Statistics". The share fishermen on fishing vessels are not recorded as employees. These have industrial income, but are not registered in the ER/CRE as self-employed unless they are joint owners in shipping companies or liability companies.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant



Establishment statistics comprise all industries according to NACE standards. As of January 2009 a new version of Eurostat’s industrial classification, SIC2007, is in use for classification of enterprises and establishments. It includes all establishments on the Norwegian mainland.

An establishment is registered to all new legal units, with some rare exceptions. There are some units that never take up any economic activity, and the number of registered establishments is therefore higher than the number of active establishments. New establishments are included in the statistics until we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.

Data sources and sampling

The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). The number of employees is from the Register for Employer/Employees.

 Per 1st January 2015 there have been changes in the database. A new scheme (A -scheme) was introduced for reporting of wage and employment conditions to the Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway in 2015. In the new scheme notified employees every month, not just by changes. This means that employers that have not reported will be left with zero employees. The introduction of A - scheme means break in the series.

Turnover and persons employed are collected from Structural Business Statistics and data from other administrative registers such as data from VAT, accounting data and income tax returns from independent businesses, in order to limit the population in relation to establishments that in reality have ceased to exist.

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Administrative sources and data from Structural Business Statistics (SBS) (see 3.2).

CRE is presently a comprehensive register and quality is ensured in relation to population and basic characteristics like addresses, legal form and industry codes.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is taken care of among other things by directly contacting units in connection with the data capture for the SBS and through links toward administrative registers in the monitoring system for establishments in the CRE.

The quality regarding the industry code for establishments and enterprises in the CRE is continuously taken care of. This takes place by contacting the enterprises in SN's SBS-surveys, through administrative sources such as the National Insurance Administration's annual check and in other ways through direct contact with the enterprises. Furthermore it is done with the help of statements of purposes with the ER.

Not relevant

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

This statistics shows the number of establishments at the beginning of the quarter. When figures for 1st January are published, the register is updated with turnover and employment from Structural Business Statistics and data from administrative sources. In the quarterly publication, only changes in the register are recorded.

Changes between quarters are changes in the register and might refer to changes that actually occurred earlier, and the changes that actually took place will not be recorded until some time after they occurred.

The figures will be adjusted when the register is updated at the annual shift. The purpose of this statistic is not to show the development over time, but to give updated figures for structure of the business register.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty


The statistics are based on statistical and administrative sources. Several administrative sources are instrumental in the work with updating the CRE and are used both to define the population and to collect characteristics and information: The ER in Brønnøysund, the VAT-register and the A register are used to collect information about the units. This may cause register errors that may affect the uncertainty of the statistics.

A possible source for errors is out of date information caused by lags in the registration. Such lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have occurred. The consequence is that the registers are not updated at all times, something that may lead to using outdated information as basis for the statistics.

Discontinuances of activities are normally registered after they have taken place, based on information in connection with the collection of data for structure statistics or by links toward administrative registers.

Some enterprises is not correct registered regarding to establishment on different location or within different economic sectors. In some enterprises with more than one establishment, all employees is registered at one establishment.


Not relevant