366548
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366548
statistikk
2019-04-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

40.2

NOK billion – Mainland exports in March 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
March 2019February 2019 - March 2019March 2018 - March 2019March 2019March 2018 - March 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports79.73.1-3.2245.80.9
Crude oil20.512.3-9.059.3-5.2
Natural gas18.2-11.5-15.864.4-2.3
Natural gas condensates0.5-4.1.1.0-28.2
Ships and oil platforms0.3140.7420.00.4-84.5
Mainland exports40.26.45.6120.68.8
Fish9.016.82.025.07.8
 
Imports65.86.02.2188.310.5
Ships and oil platforms0.01 000.0-93.50.9-38.4
 
The trade balance13.9-8.8-22.457.5-21.5
The mainland trade balance-25.6-5.51.6-66.7-15.1

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 585662 504.11 86710 214
2018711 833709 248.2 585-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201757 19255 88752 7661 305-
April 201743 98143 95943 63223-
May 201759 79859 09357 046705-
June 201767 15765 62863 7661 529-
July 201746 97846 03547 947943-
August 201754 86853 15155 2351 717-
September 201759 72654 63453 278984 994
October 201756 52456 29453 654230-
November 201784 95179 51676 4372155 220
December 201752 71452 56156 068154-
January 201854 85154 03257 855819-
February 201851 13050 76753 768363-
March 201864 39464 05460 440339-
April 201863 27962 80861 968471-
May 201865 09364 93062 095162-
June 201859 19359 18657 6027-
July 201854 68054 67657 0995-
August 201856 43156 41858 45913-
September 201860 94560 81659 654129-
October 201865 75665 48562 749271-
November 201862 89562 89460 2491-
December 201853 18753 18157 1136-
January 201960 43159 51863 400913-
February 201962 05362 05265 7502-
March 201965 79765 77462 04722-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017860 692849 666.418 543.11 026-
2018999 802991 873.457 570.7 929-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201777 12275 91172 28838 77234 1851 211-
April 201767 95567 93269 57032 11035 23423-
May 201768 84968 45171 08535 03835 044398-
June 201768 38067 57370 37037 27834 688807-
July 201762 94562 94566 51132 12335 399--
August 201768 80368 45271 13934 51735 420351-
September 201766 48865 68269 81434 67134 792806-
October 201775 29675 17771 39437 44535 786119-
November 201778 85177 76374 49137 93236 3381 087-
December 201778 15777 73374 75935 09336 653424-
January 201885 80983 13476 67737 16736 9442 675-
February 201875 52475 43377 71335 71337 25991-
March 201882 27482 22378 43038 01637 42550-
April 201879 62879 62181 33137 38437 0377-
May 201880 02478 51981 51937 65337 3781 505-
June 201879 53578 59081 57039 54537 827946-
July 201881 26680 76485 60134 28936 281502-
August 201886 88986 45289 42540 20741 210437-
September 201882 33380 87286 58436 29838 0491 461-
October 201899 71099 61694 84943 07040 00095-
November 201888 58588 47284 49642 22939 850113-
December 201878 22478 17775 26436 00038 71846-
January 201988 84288 77481 70542 72441 93768-
February 201977 26177 15379 45137 75439 288108-
March 201979 66779 40775 75340 15237 333260-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017176 107187 162-243 961
2018287 968282 625-251 678
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201719 93020 024-17 115
April 201723 97323 973-11 849
May 20179 0519 358-24 055
June 20171 2231 945-28 351
July 201715 96716 910-13 912
August 201713 93615 301-18 634
September 20176 76211 048-19 963
October 201718 77218 883-18 849
November 2017-6 100-1 753-41 584
December 201725 44325 173-17 467
January 201830 95829 102-16 866
February 201824 39424 666-15 054
March 201817 88018 169-26 038
April 201816 34916 812-25 424
May 201814 93113 589-27 278
June 201820 34219 404-19 641
July 201826 58626 088-20 387
August 201830 45830 033-16 212
September 201821 38920 056-24 518
October 201833 95434 131-22 415
November 201825 69025 578-20 665
December 201825 03724 996-17 181
January 201928 41229 256-16 794
February 201915 20715 101-24 298
March 201913 87013 632-25 623

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 123.223 073.203 064.4 986
2018534 303.263 970.263 832.6 501
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
March 201737 13935 64918 01418 24518 63116 277493
April 201735 82236 46119 33918 60716 05616 909426
May 201733 41435 56118 64818 29014 46616 689300
June 201730 29635 08317 06318 23112 97716 717256
July 201730 82231 83415 05914 76315 26916 718494
August 201733 93535 45618 68717 74114 77617 522472
September 201731 01133 98116 94817 51913 81417 539249
October 201737 73234 65417 56416 87519 88517 887283
November 201739 83137 59718 80319 39820 20717 605822
December 201742 64039 35422 11521 79920 35817 651167
January 201845 96740 98021 74821 10323 58019 100639
February 201839 72040 24518 29219 79520 66019 149767
March 201844 20742 93122 54922 64721 65919 259-
April 201842 23643 00921 96821 23519 58320 510686
May 201840 86743 42721 78721 38818 27721 125802
June 201839 04545 14921 39422 72417 65122 712-
July 201846 47547 86422 56922 33623 45925 512447
August 201846 24548 14723 22622 15722 06425 980955
September 201844 57448 82224 57625 31719 62924 869369
October 201856 54652 07728 81028 06927 22924 434507
November 201846 24443 56819 37619 96425 70822 4481 160
December 201842 17738 86817 67517 23524 33421 359168
January 201946 05040 98420 54319 81925 50720 470-
February 201939 39940 00418 27219 81620 61119 134515
March 201939 25538 29620 51820 38318 24316 349494

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2018March 2019March 2018 - March 2019So far this yearMarch 2018 - March 2019
March 2018March 2019
Total64 39465 7972.2170 374188 28110.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)33922-93.51 520937-38.4
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms64 05465 7742.7168 854187 34411.0
 
0 Food and live animals3 4753 7738.610 61411 95912.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03139-30.84232-24.2
01 Meat and meat preparations134104-22.02993010.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1101176.23253528.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof29139034.31 3121 67727.8
04 Cereals and cereal preparations45362437.81 3551 79532.5
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0821 1375.13 1743 2622.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey11913110.134438411.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2822913.49079353.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)546423-22.61 4961 6258.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products44454522.81 3601 59717.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco72687120.02 0232 2179.6
11 Beverages50659016.51 4611 5405.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21928127.956267820.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 3414 104-5.511 67911 465-1.8
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw14175.7512157.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits190132-30.7552536-3.0
23 Crude rubber128-31.93528-18.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork38048126.61 0871 33222.5
25 Pulp and waste paper4521-53.2135114-15.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste1210-14.33330-6.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales25231424.78719488.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 2072 856-11.08 2387 685-6.7
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials24027715.47237807.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials4 3773 999-8.710 41111 3148.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes173168-2.65826287.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products3 6152 927-19.08 6478 382-3.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 3971 92838.04 5565 85428.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured17674-58.3388331-14.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane16552-68.6370261-29.4
35 Electric current414829100.47931 972148.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes442415-6.01 3601 4295.1
41 Animal oils and fats188144-23.746760629.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2382567.5849777-8.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed16160.045463.6
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 7146 45513.017 21518 2426.0
51 Organic chemicals65984328.02 4282 318-4.5
52 Inorganic chemicals40548018.41 3211 3723.8
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials28834218.985794610.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 7531 674-4.54 7674 9373.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6436694.11 9361 883-2.8
56 Fertilizers24026811.673182012.2
57 Plastics in primary forms39244814.41 2791 3475.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms49161625.51 4111 59413.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8451 11632.12 4843 02521.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material13 2488 629-34.928 70230 3675.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4938-21.0146131-10.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.43849312.61 2841 43211.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures61072418.71 8462 04210.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof6216667.21 9032 0025.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles66078519.01 9762 20111.4
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.76484811.02 3252 5208.4
67 Iron and steel1 1861 59434.44 4144 7387.4
68 Non-ferrous metals1 150817-29.02 7802 433-12.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7 7702 663-65.712 02912 8687.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment24 13628 21216.963 81274 09316.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment2 4353 08626.74 2557 59178.4
72 Machinery for special industries2 1862 48613.86 4036 9849.1
73 Metal working machinery14017625.639150428.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 7693 42823.87 7489 89927.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 5291 500-1.94 4274 6234.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment1 7462 24528.65 7076 53914.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 0443 2988.48 6529 76512.9
78 Road vehicles7 60010 63539.919 64724 07422.5
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 9647 06842.412 59115 19620.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 6881 358-49.56 5804 116-37.4
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 8439 22617.624 30226 91210.7
81 Prefabricated buildings66584727.32 1022 50919.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3211 51714.93 9624 44412.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.14717418.44364738.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 6501 88013.95 2895 6196.2
85 Footwear51162021.21 5371 70911.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 1491 45426.63 7144 42819.2
88 Photographic and optical goods24128719.47568127.4
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 1602 44713.36 5056 9176.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions9311322.12582829.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3734-7.481843.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0044.412130.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)557841.817619611.1

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
March 2018March 2019March 2018 - March 2019So far this yearMarch 2018 - March 2019
March 2018March 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total82 27479 667-3.2243 607245 7700.9
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)22 54920 518-9.062 58959 333-5.2
Natural gas (SITC 343)21 65918 243-15.865 89964 361-2.3
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)-494.1 4061 009-28.2
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)50260420.02 816436-84.5
Mainland exports38 01640 1525.6110 896120 6308.8
 
0 Food and live animals9 2899 6133.524 64226 8108.8
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0338178.2111427.8
01 Meat and meat preparations2422-8.662630.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs717911.719622113.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 7758 9522.023 17224 9827.8
04 Cereals and cereal preparations386571.010214239.9
05 Vegetables and fruit1813-29.04843-9.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey7710.0111532.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices294037.09812022.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)22128026.363777922.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products10414842.930543041.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8169-14.0218211-3.1
11 Beverages7968-14.3216209-2.9
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures111.122-18.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 3441 61520.24 2854 89014.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw387394.422031543.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits11-47.721-30.8
23 Crude rubber4522.2101222.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork29537827.99461 09415.6
25 Pulp and waste paper250231-7.4743704-5.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste162130.257617.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales31037320.29201 08517.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap38849828.41 2561 51620.7
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials4336-14.8130103-21.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials50 63144 909-11.3151 300143 824-4.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00-100.000-12.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 00724 922-7.778 35073 338-6.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 3943 842-12.614 16812 810-9.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured23 24619 837-14.771 31669 395-2.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 3011 44210.84 6274 432-4.2
35 Electric current377151-60.11 6341 090-33.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes20625724.655966919.6
41 Animal oils and fats11314528.529132110.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated314441.011415535.9
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed62689.415419325.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 8585 1275.514 57015 7157.9
51 Organic chemicals1 3481 3832.63 9734 3198.7
52 Inorganic chemicals703644-8.42 1892 032-7.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials189152-19.44925103.8
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products664552-16.81 9441 811-6.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc13214610.838545016.7
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4625038.91 4941 5483.6
58 Plastics in non-primary forms124117-5.83273589.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 2371 63031.83 7654 68724.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 6866 560-1.920 75521 4283.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5618.22320-13.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5551-7.5167160-4.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures14616110.84384666.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof42350519.41 3161 46311.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles14816712.74284484.7
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.12016436.337746423.1
67 Iron and steel1 3261 175-11.43 5733 7745.6
68 Non-ferrous metals3 6843 624-1.612 52012 506-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.779708-9.11 9132 12611.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 0359 12329.721 13925 59521.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8691 56179.52 0953 54569.2
72 Machinery for special industries1 0171 1038.42 7042 8876.8
73 Metal working machinery49537.313315214.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 0721 53242.93 5434 54928.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines21225821.764975416.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment659524-20.41 7911 459-18.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 5402 17841.53 5695 43952.4
78 Road vehicles70699040.21 9852 40821.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships9129241.44 6704 402-5.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 0672 33713.15 9106 4278.7
81 Prefabricated buildings139127-8.2387367-5.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof22725813.67417734.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.91565.8223771.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories70734.82082289.7
85 Footwear172013.8386157.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments8041 11738.92 1712 98737.6
88 Photographic and optical goods2020-1.9556619.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s780706-9.42 2891 909-16.6
 
9 Commodities and transactions7756-27.0228198-13.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00-66.670-97.2
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0010.9113.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7656-26.8220198-10.4

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2018March 2019March 2018March 2019
Total170 374188 28110.5243 607245 7700.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries34 66737 4668.133 27331 151-6.4
EFTA2 7282 556-6.32 0101 769-12.0
EU102 954113 51810.3199 502200 0120.3
OECD131 500145 36110.5218 486218 5880.0
Developing countries30 48733 1668.818 88820 6319.2
LDC - least developed countries1 0111 35834.31 797418-76.7
 
Continents and countries
Europe112 023122 4089.3204 749205 1250.2
Belgium2 4332 6719.813 08711 654-10.9
Denmark9 85910 3535.013 08511 795-9.9
Estonia1 2221 59530.5396370-6.6
Finland3 8714 36612.83 9942 325-41.8
France5 4135 6674.715 62415 440-1.2
Greece24231530.229651172.6
Ireland1 2521 112-11.22 5141 941-22.8
Iceland622476-23.51 335949-28.9
Italy6 4005 366-16.22 2242 75924.1
Lithuania1 8362 22121.01 5041 238-17.7
Netherlands6 0466 88013.825 74125 152-2.3
Poland5 2987 80547.35 5126 35315.3
Portugal7377988.31 1391 33617.3
Romania72094831.7268267-0.4
Russia3 8174 1308.251664825.6
Slovakia8248644.98513052.9
Spain3 6004 18316.23 9705 19330.8
United Kingdom9 0429 7157.456 92355 396-2.7
Switzerland2 0912 065-1.267581921.3
Sweden20 06422 10110.214 71715 9698.5
Czech Republic2 0291 844-9.14905287.8
Turkey1 8231 621-11.11 5931 89619.0
Germany18 47019 8787.636 57039 9259.2
Hungary6717237.7222188-15.3
Austria1 3152 32476.751172141.1
Other countires in Europe2 3262 3872.61 7581 622-7.7
 
Asia36 22739 0387.818 84919 4853.4
Hong Kong439226-48.5527468-11.2
India1 0661 23816.159568415.0
Japan3 2443 4406.02 4912 6596.7
China16 65618 48111.05 4075 8828.8
Malaysia1 322755-42.944148710.4
Singapore79090915.11 1241 60943.1
South Korea7 7508 0954.52 5382 200-13.3
Taiwan1 0161 22520.6629578-8.1
Thailand7868366.4771724-6.1
Vietnam1 2111 59832.04534550.4
Other countires in Asia1 9472 23514.83 8733 739-3.5
 
North and Central America16 54820 54724.212 56712 285-2.2
Canada5 0613 843-24.12 5071 609-35.8
United States10 63015 54746.39 4299 9135.1
Other countries in North- and Central-America8571 15735.0631763-85.4
 
South America2 8943 25812.61 3191 58520.2
Brazil2 0322 0812.48931 01413.5
Chile21933653.420734566.7
Peru14928490.65815-74.1
Other countries in South-America49455712.816121131.1
 
Africa2 2032 47512.35 5526 80922.6
Angola113249120.46649-25.8
Botswana254372.0--.
South Africa7697882.535139813.4
Other countires in Africa1 2961 3957.65 1356 36223.9
 
Oceania47855616.3572480-16.1
Australia42247813.3390381-2.3
New Zealand557638.2598137.3
Other countires in Oceania12100.012318-85.4

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2018March 2019March 2018March 2019
Total168 854187 34411.0110 896120 6308.8
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries34 63937 4578.121 50122 5855.0
EFTA2 7282 550-6.52 0101 769-12.0
EU102 724113 49410.573 11777 5096.0
OECD130 549144 42810.688 93794 1225.8
Developing countries29 76033 16611.415 97320 45228.0
LDC - least developed countries1 0111 35834.31 797418-76.7
 
Continents and countries
Europe111 383122 3769.977 95882 6006.0
Belgium2 4332 6719.84 2233 768-10.8
Denmark9 85910 3525.06 8918 29820.4
Estonia1 2221 59530.5396370-6.6
Finland3 8444 36613.62 0011 810-9.5
France5 4135 6674.73 9044 1045.1
Greece24231530.229634014.9
Ireland1 2521 112-11.21 1841 2626.6
Iceland622469-24.61 335949-28.9
Italy6 4005 345-16.52 2242 3365.0
Lithuania1 8362 21920.91 0141 23822.1
Netherlands6 0096 88014.512 62212 158-3.7
Poland5 2987 80547.34 5244 7254.4
Portugal7377988.31 1391 021-10.4
Romania72094831.7268267-0.4
Russia3 8174 1308.247062733.4
Slovakia8248644.98513052.9
Spain3 6004 18316.22 7373 12214.1
United Kingdom8 9169 7159.09 00510 45616.1
Switzerland2 0912 065-1.267581921.3
Sweden20 06422 10110.211 13111 4152.6
Czech Republic2 0291 844-9.14905287.8
Turkey1 4131 62114.71 2341 89653.6
Germany18 43219 8787.87 6488 43110.2
Hungary6717237.7222188-15.3
Austria1 3152 32476.751172141.1
Other countries in Europe2 3242 3862.71 7291 621-6.2
 
Asia35 34738 1337.916 09619 11618.8
Hong Kong18622621.5484468-3.3
India1 0661 23816.159568415.0
Japan3 2443 4406.02 4912 6596.7
China16 34018 48113.13 9695 88248.2
Malaysia1 322755-42.944148710.4
Singapore79090915.11 1241 60943.1
South Korea7 4397 190-3.31 7642 19724.5
Taiwan1 0161 22520.6629578-8.1
Thailand7868366.456872427.5
Vietnam1 2111 59832.04534550.4
Other countries in Asia1 9472 23514.83 5783 373-5.7
 
North and Central America16 54820 54724.210 01910 3253.1
Canada5 0613 843-24.180790412.0
United States10 63015 54746.38 5828 6580.9
Other countries in North and Central America8571 15735.063076321.1
 
South America2 8943 25812.61 3191 47712.0
Brazil2 0322 0812.48931 01413.5
Chile21933653.420723714.5
Peru14928490.65815-74.1
Other countries in South America49455712.816121131.1
 
Africa2 2032 47512.35 0426 63031.5
Angola113249120.46649-25.8
Botswana254372.0--.
South Africa7697882.516221935.2
Other countries in Africa1 2961 3957.64 8146 36232.2
 
Oceania47855616.34624803.9
Australia42247813.3390381-2.3
New Zealand557638.2598137.3
Other countries in Oceania12100.0131838.5

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
March 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total188 28111 9592 21711 46511 3141 42918 24230 36774 09326 912282
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)113 5187 7611 9924 3558 17849113 11018 10745 38613 871267
Nordic countries37 4662 5845892 1895 4223993 5136 72811 2154 573253
Developing countries33 1662 493463 3262553778553 56012 3239 91813
Russia4 13057523671 0723605231 15920510
India1 238242016001803171443380
Japan3 4402123101398152 1922670
China18 4812500387123822 3778 9276 1542
Singapore909407800397551801940
South Korea8 09510014221115 4352 454660
United States15 54726858781 617391 9805609 3131 6331
Canada3 8436932 846182099255041140
Brazil2 08159001 29800695154182
South Africa788167134450091812448

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
March 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total245 77026 8102114 890143 82466915 71521 42825 5956 427198
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)200 01217 3181144 129135 2034118 88017 20613 0113 72416
Nordic countries31 1514 394681 46812 4151302 4614 3144 3911 5100
Developing countries20 6314 177104913 759714 5291 2705 7305930
Russia648380230257167329300
India68450960025324270190
Japan2 6599370335771312343377770
China5 8821 2626229192 6353401 2041950
Singapore1 60917101555185116583960
South Korea2 2007130130131053547322700
United States9 9131 813561112 0231261 1281 3842 2261 0460
Canada1 6091811116587521494421070
Brazil1 0144051600244139189300
South Africa3986900179121911260

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
March 2018March 2019March 2018 - March 2019So far this yearMarch 2018 - March 2019
March 2018March 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country38 01640 1525.6110 896120 6308.8
 
County of production
Østfold1 5152 24548.24 2904 6939.4
Akershus46361432.61 4512 81193.7
Oslo61572818.41 8832 0267.6
Hedmark36750637.91 2011 35713.0
Oppland727612-15.82 0841 936-7.1
Buskerud1 1151 069-4.12 9812 970-0.4
Vestfold1 8821 9081.46 0305 789-4.0
Telemark1 8881 9734.55 6486 0887.8
Aust-Agder297252-15.2886821-7.3
Vest-Agder2 5512 7939.57 4968 70016.1
Rogaland3 1703 54811.99 97010 7437.8
Hordaland6 2795 697-9.319 85018 122-8.7
Sogn og Fjordane1 0021 0696.73 5093 496-0.4
Møre og Romsdal3 8413 479-9.410 12712 41822.6
Trøndelag2 3122 239.6 3666 412.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 7042 500-7.56 8997 0952.8
Troms - Romsa9111 02913.02 3962 79016.4
Finnmark - Finnmárku63172214.41 8332 04711.7
Svalbard00.00.
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 3251 158-12.64 0614 2414.4
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 5645 07842.59 85913 69938.9
County not stated8589332 0752 37314.4

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
March 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobaccoFish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuelsFuelsManufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country40 1529 6828 9521 8725 65422 943
 
County of production1
Østfold2 24587520911 948
Akershus6147826151520
Oslo728749210632
Hedmark50656461970253
Oppland61262241580
Buskerud1 069403701 028
Vestfold1 90880461 057797
Telemark1 97321-92171 842
Aust-Agder25228025-199
Vest-Agder2 793871702 768
Rogaland3 5485995142251 4021 322
Hordaland5 6971 1331 0841392 9511 475
Sogn og Fjordane1 06949649355-518
Møre og Romsdal3 4791 8341 73315211 493
Trøndelag22 2391 4051 361111-723
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 5001 3661 33792-1 042
Troms - Romsa1 0299689667-54
Finnmark - Finnmárku72261761633684
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 158622544249151136
Re-exports of goods produced abroad35 078682110054 905
County not stated933204188240705

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
February 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total122 4840.80.8
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)91487.287.7
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms121 5700.50.5
 
0 Food and live animals8 1860.0-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03230.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1960.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs2350.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof1 2860.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations1 1710.0-0.8
05 Vegetables and fruit2 1250.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey2530.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices644-0.1-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 2030.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 0510.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1 3470.00.0
11 Beverages9500.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3970.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels7 3620.00.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw90.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits4040.00.0
23 Crude rubber200.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork8510.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper930.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste20-4.2-4.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales634-0.4-0.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8290.00.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials5030.00.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials7 31510.410.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes4600.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products5 45514.514.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation3 9260.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured2580.18.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane2100.00.0
35 Electric current1 1430.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 0141.30.0
41 Animal oils and fats4622.90.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated5210.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed310.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.11 7880.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals1 4750.0-0.1
52 Inorganic chemicals892-0.1-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials6050.0-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 263-0.1-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 2140.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers5520.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms8990.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms979-0.2-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 9090.20.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material21 738-0.1-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins920.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.9390.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 318-0.4-0.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof1 336-0.1-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4160.00.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 6720.10.1
67 Iron and steel3 145-0.2-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals1 6160.0-0.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.10 2040.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment45 8810.80.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment4 5050.10.1
72 Machinery for special industries4 497-0.1-0.2
73 Metal working machinery3270.00.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment6 471-0.4-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines3 122-0.2-0.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment4 2950.00.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus6 466-0.2-0.3
78 Road vehicles13 4390.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 75818.318.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles17 686-0.2-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings1 662-0.6-0.7
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 926-0.1-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.299-0.1-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories3 739-0.1-0.2
85 Footwear1 0890.00.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments2 9740.0-0.5
88 Photographic and optical goods525-0.10.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 470-0.3-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions1690.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind500.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1180.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
February 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total166 1030.00.0
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)38 8150.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)46 1190.00.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)5150.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)176157.9725.0
Mainland exports80 478-0.1-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals17 1980.00.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0370.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations410.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1430.0-0.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof16 0300.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations780.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit300.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey80.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices800.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)500-0.1-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products2820.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1420.00.0
11 Beverages1410.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures10.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 275-0.1-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2420.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10.00.0
23 Crude rubber70.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork7160.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper4730.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste400.50.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales712-0.6-0.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 0180.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials66-0.3-0.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials98 9140.00.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products48 4160.10.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation8 9680.50.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured49 5580.00.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane2 9910.00.0
35 Electric current9400.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes4120.10.1
41 Animal oils and fats1760.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1110.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1250.20.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.10 589-0.1-0.5
51 Organic chemicals2 936-0.4-1.3
52 Inorganic chemicals1 3880.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3580.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 2590.0-0.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc3040.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms1 0450.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms241-0.1-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.3 0570.0-0.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material14 868-0.1-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins14-32.0-32.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.1090.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures3050.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof9580.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles282-0.1-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.301-0.2-0.2
67 Iron and steel2 5990.0-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals8 8820.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.1 418-0.2-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment16 4720.50.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 984-0.5-0.5
72 Machinery for special industries1 7840.0-0.5
73 Metal working machinery100-2.2-2.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 017-0.3-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines4960.00.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment9350.0-2.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 2600.00.0
78 Road vehicles1 418-0.1-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships3 4783.04.4
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles4 090-1.2-0.8
81 Prefabricated buildings2390.00.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof5150.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.221.00.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1550.20.2
85 Footwear410.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 870-0.10.8
88 Photographic and optical goods460.0-0.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 202-3.9-3.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions1420.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1420.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.