366757
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
366757
statistikk
2019-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
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External trade in goods

Updated

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Key figures

999.8

NOK billion – Exports in 2018

External trade in goods
NOK BillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201820182017 - 2018
Imports711.8100.04.0
Ships and oil platforms2.60.4-88.3
 
Exports999.8100.016.2
Crude oil264.026.418.3
Natural gas263.826.429.9
Natural gas condensates6.50.730.4
Ships and oil platforms7.90.8-28.1
Mainland exports457.645.89.3
 
The trade balance288.0.63.5
The mainland trade balance-251.7.-3.2

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2018
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total711 833100.0999 802100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation144 00220.247 1884.7
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles34 7834.911 5631.2
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms109 21915.335 6243.6
Intermediate comsumption234 60933.0186 86518.7
Food12 3081.72 7030.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment68 8209.738 7683.9
Other intermediate consumption153 48121.6145 39414.5
Building and construction articles85 16312.026 7032.7
Energy products43 1956.1621 54662.2
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates11 0561.639 2193.9
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels28 6404.0574 44757.5
Electric current3 4990.57 8800.8
Consumer goods153 86121.6117 15011.7
Durable consumer goods29 6044.24 0700.4
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars6 0510.94990.0
Semi-durable consumer goods41 8155.92 9270.3
Non-durable consumer goods82 44211.6110 15311.0
Whereof food41 2805.8100 83810.1
Passenger cars50 5527.13390.0
Unclassified goods14520.1110.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2018
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total711 833100.0999 802100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing18 5442.663 1106.3
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services16 4842.35330.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services5290.11 9600.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 5310.260 6166.1
 
Mining and quarrying24 2743.4533 05853.3
05 Coal and lignite1 1210.200.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas13 6851.9527 80252.8
07 Metal ores6 2500.91 1860.1
08 Other mining and quarrying products3 2180.54 0700.4
 
Manufactured products656 96292.3386 13138.6
10 Food products42 9986.045 7014.6
11 Beverages6 8131.09980.1
12 Tobacco products3 3770.5120.0
13 Textiles8 3001.21 5430.2
14 Wearing apparel20 6482.91 0830.1
15 Leather and related products7 9401.13340.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture14 6162.13 5210.4
17 Paper and paper products9 0021.38 0210.8
18 Printing and recording services220.010.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products27 9253.986 0918.6
20 Chemicals and chemical products44 0046.241 6554.2
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations20 1792.816 0711.6
22 Rubber and plastics products22 4323.24 2010.4
23 Other non-metallic mineral products10 8711.52 8150.3
24 Basic metals51 3957.269 6857.0
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment40 8995.78 7000.9
26 Computer, electronic and optical products63 0338.919 9562.0
27 Electrical equipment39 3055.514 6671.5
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.74 49310.532 1513.2
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers77 74910.97 7190.8
30 Other transport equipment38 6225.416 5841.7
31 Furniture14 9512.12 3210.2
32 Other manufactured goods17 3892.42 3000.2
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning3 4990.57 8800.8
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning3 4990.57 8800.8
 
Water supply3 7110.55 6040.6
37 Sewerage services00.0-0.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services3 7100.55 6040.6
 
Information and communication services4 2460.67980.1
58 Publishing services4 0780.67790.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing1680.0200.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services40.000.0
71 Architectural and engineering services10.000.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services30.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services5940.13590.0
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services4750.13300.0
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1190.0290.0
 
Other services-0.0-0.0
96 Other personal services-0.0-0.0
 
Unknown product1-0.02 8610.3
00 Unknown-0.02 8610.3

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201720182017201820172018
Total684 585711 833860 692999 802176 107287 968
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries134 146144 471114 661136 171-19 485-8 300
EFTA10 87810 4887 7208 455-3 158-2 032
EU402 391433 817695 397819 597293 006385 780
OECD529 604542 675769 989904 746240 385362 071
Developing countries126 167130 88362 45069 591-63 717-61 292
LDC - least developed countries3 9994 2933 3165 122-683829
 
Continents and countries
Europe435 452470 146716 001839 412280 549369 266
Belgium10 49911 09740 68751 99630 18740 898
Denmark37 10138 84439 79646 7012 6967 858
Estonia5 4145 8221 5571 665-3 857-4 157
Finland14 90716 32313 32016 426-1 588103
France20 87123 08554 73265 51633 86142 431
Greece6848041 1021 001419197
Ireland5 8304 9239 85210 5264 0225 602
Iceland2 9062 4674 5185 4931 6113 027
Italy20 88222 67611 34113 352-9 541-9 323
Lithuania7 4168 5346 2046 303-1 212-2 231
Netherlands26 23325 98083 336106 82457 10380 845
Poland23 01424 27019 07222 706-3 942-1 564
Portugal2 4812 6064 9815 4352 5002 830
Romania2 4334 001948888-1 485-3 112
Russia12 62416 7572 1862 485-10 438-14 272
Slovakia3 3453 712312479-3 033-3 233
Spain13 57314 52419 50917 7775 9363 253
United Kingdom32 43638 489190 654215 351158 217176 862
Switzerland7 9117 9613 1902 961-4 720-5 000
Sweden78 43085 96756 06966 806-22 361-19 161
Czech Republic7 2918 2601 9972 051-5 294-6 209
Turkey7 0646 2956 8895 942-174-353
Germany75 74077 503133 773159 88958 03382 386
Hungary2 7402 9788841 120-1 857-1 858
Austria5 0606 3972 1472 219-2 913-4 178
Other countries in Europe8 5679 8716 9457 500-1 622-2 371
 
Asia161 478134 99671 51072 054-89 968-62 942
Hong Kong9731 1211 5931 808620687
India3 9374 5382 4792 367-1 457-2 171
Japan14 10513 26710 05811 823-4 047-1 444
China67 22971 31617 09720 753-50 132-50 564
Malaysia3 4603 5622 1341 563-1 326-1 999
Singapore2 8863 3319 6264 8736 7401 542
South Korea46 24117 3838 29311 205-37 948-6 178
Taiwan4 1744 1701 6961 850-2 478-2 320
Thailand5 8453 4252 5862 333-3 259-1 093
Vietnam4 3584 8113 0311 694-1 327-3 117
Other countries in Asia8 2708 07212 91711 7854 6473 713
 
North and Central America63 32379 48652 94558 557-10 378-20 930
Canada13 34416 8849 8788 014-3 466-8 870
United States46 26757 68038 74946 357-7 518-11 323
Other countries in North- and Central America3 7124 9224 3184 186606-736
 
South America14 34416 7065 7866 999-8 557-9 707
Brazil9 74511 6394 1823 803-5 563-7 835
Chile9589816361 282-322302
Peru1 5251 813109142-1 416-1 671
Other countries in South-America2 1162 2738591 772-1 256-503
 
Africa8 4378 38512 55219 1244 11510 739
Angola2541481 3671 3421 1121 194
Botswana172181-0-172-181
South Africa2 3512 8866961 330-1 655-1 556
Other countries in Africa5 6605 17010 48916 4524 83011 282
 
Oceania1 5512 1151 8973 6563451 541
Australia1 1551 7651 6042 393450628
New Zealand3933442461 013-146670
Other countries in Oceania364725044244

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201720182017201820172018
Total662 504709 248418 543457 570-243 961-251 678
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries133 228144 40579 92390 543-53 305-53 862
EFTA10 01010 4747 6608 455-2 350-2 019
EU399 035433 448272 565303 562-126 470-129 886
OECD509 379541 090334 912373 340-174 467-167 750
Developing countries123 694129 71759 74964 013-63 945-65 704
LDC - least developed countries3 9994 1683 1895 115-810946
 
Continents and countries
Europe429 780469 339291 954323 886-137 825-145 453
Belgium10 49911 09714 81517 5634 3166 466
Denmark37 09538 83224 30629 844-12 789-8 988
Estonia5 4145 8221 5571 665-3 857-4 157
Finland14 87416 2957 5537 933-7 322-8 362
France20 87123 08514 42615 495-6 445-7 590
Greece6848041 053997369193
Ireland5 7994 9234 0054 205-1 793-718
Iceland2 0382 4534 4575 4932 4193 040
Italy18 56722 6768 7849 272-9 784-13 404
Lithuania7 4148 5324 0834 316-3 331-4 216
Netherlands26 14725 94341 05053 82914 90327 886
Poland22 94524 27017 65218 632-5 293-5 638
Portugal2 4812 6064 8914 5342 4101 928
Romania2 4334 001948888-1 485-3 112
Russia12 62416 7572 1302 346-10 495-14 411
Slovakia3 3453 712312479-3 033-3 233
Spain13 55614 52410 48611 556-3 070-2 968
United Kingdom32 31738 24834 84836 5522 531-1 695
Switzerland7 9117 9613 1902 961-4 720-5 000
Sweden78 42085 95542 88446 586-35 536-39 370
Czech Republic7 2918 2601 9972 051-5 294-6 209
Turkey5 6155 8725 9395 536324-336
Germany75 07277 46531 37731 233-43 695-46 232
Hungary2 7402 9788841 120-1 857-1 858
Austria5 0606 3972 1472 219-2 913-4 178
Other countries in Europe8 5689 8716 1806 581-2 388-3 290
 
Asia145 454133 38169 01464 626-76 440-68 755
Hong Kong9738681 5931 765620897
India3 9374 5382 1142 367-1 822-2 171
Japan13 58213 26710 05811 360-3 523-1 906
China66 90270 73617 02218 692-49 881-52 044
Malaysia3 4603 5622 1341 563-1 326-1 999
Singapore2 1923 3318 6274 7756 4351 444
South Korea32 20916 6017 7817 602-24 428-8 999
Taiwan4 1744 1701 6961 688-2 478-2 482
Thailand5 8453 4252 4602 130-3 385-1 295
Vietnam3 9334 8113 0311 694-902-3 117
Other countries in Asia8 2478 07212 49810 9904 2512 918
 
North and Central America62 96079 48637 73643 262-25 224-36 225
Canada13 34416 8844 3703 967-8 973-12 917
United States46 26757 68030 79536 220-15 472-21 460
Other countries in North- and Central America3 3494 9222 5713 075-778-1 847
 
South America14 34416 7065 7865 396-8 557-11 309
Brazil9 74511 6394 1823 619-5 563-8 019
Chile958981636722-322-259
Peru1 5251 813109142-1 416-1 671
Other countries in South America2 1162 273859913-1 256-1 360
 
Africa8 4178 22112 17817 6143 7629 393
Angola2541481 3671 3421 1121 194
Botswana172181-0-172-181
South Africa2 3512 848696802-1 655-2 046
Other countries in Africa5 6405 04410 115-5 4364 47710 426
 
Oceania1 5502 1151 8742 786325671
Australia1 1551 7651 6042 393450628
New Zealand393344246340-146-4
Other countries in Oceania2624532247

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2016201720182018
Corrected 15 January 2019 at 3.45 pm.
Total629 042684 585711 833100.0
 
Sweden72 63078 43085 96712.1
Germany72 82475 74077 50310.9
China67 13067 22971 31610.0
United States38 97346 26757 6808.1
Denmark34 01037 10138 8445.5
United Kingdom30 79632 43638 4895.4
Netherlands24 36326 23325 9803.6
Poland21 47323 01424 2703.4
France20 01920 87123 0853.2
Italy18 27920 88222 6763.2
South Korea27 13146 24117 3832.4
Canada10 87013 34416 8842.4
Russia9 75512 62416 7572.4
Finland14 66714 90716 3232.3
Spain13 82913 57314 5242.0

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2016201720182018
Total751 583860 692999 802100.0
 
United Kingdom155 448190 654215 35121.5
Germany106 695133 773159 88916.0
Netherlands79 88383 336106 82410.7
Sweden48 25256 06966 8066.7
France50 45554 73265 5166.6
Belgium32 70640 68751 9965.2
Denmark29 93639 79646 7014.7
United States31 33638 74946 3574.6
Poland17 39919 07222 7062.3
China19 76017 09720 7532.1
Spain13 70319 50917 7771.8
Finland9 96213 32016 4261.6
Italy9 85011 34113 3521.3
Japan10 25510 05811 8231.2
South Korea10 7588 29311 2051.1

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2016201720182018
Total386 536418 543457 570100.0
 
Netherlands34 33541 05053 82911.8
Sweden37 31642 88446 58610.2
United Kingdom29 68634 84836 5528.0
United States25 97230 79536 2207.9
Germany29 58431 37731 2336.8
Denmark22 20524 30629 8446.5
China18 76617 02218 6924.1
Poland17 15317 65218 6324.1
Belgium11 97314 81517 5633.8
France16 06714 42615 4953.4
Spain9 67010 48611 5562.5
Japan10 25510 05811 3602.5
Italy8 5108 7849 2722.0
Finland7 3967 5537 9331.7
South Korea10 3667 7817 6021.7

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
Totall629 042684 585711 8334.0
 
0 Food and live animals43 20943 37946 1436.4
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03175232201-13.4
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7241 4911 407-5.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2321 2511 39711.7
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 5314 4064 86810.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2325 2106 08916.9
05 Vegetables and fruit11 95112 07312 5353.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7121 6971 497-11.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9904 1033 701-9.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7436 9607 76011.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9195 9586 68812.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 9429 62110 0084.0
11 Beverages5 9236 1946 6307.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 0183 4273 377-1.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 70637 61446 10322.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw25162237.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9092 0021 887-5.7
23 Crude rubber12413115316.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 5124 7254 8763.2
25 Pulp and waste paper554524503-3.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste1111191212.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 0872 9803 48817.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap18 55724 11331 93432.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 8273 0053 1193.8
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials23 10832 75946 36141.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 6682 1082 40414.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products18 96227 96639 12339.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 0129641 33538.4
35 Electric current1 4661 7213 499103.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1307 1237 2451.7
41 Animal oils and fats3 3362 7713 14313.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5914 1213 854-6.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2032312487.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.62 75869 13372 3724.7
51 Organic chemicals8 3188 8489 6739.3
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6845 3195 5845.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3383 5283 7847.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products16 01618 88219 6724.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 2807 6238 1687.2
56 Fertilizers2 7702 5283 06521.3
57 Plastics in primary forms4 5884 8505 0293.7
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 6135 7816 2668.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 15211 77411 129-5.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material105 248117 790107 051-9.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins567569536-5.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 1535 2395 6848.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 3157 6277 8222.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 6107 6187 7762.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 1527 6398 2207.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 2239 46910 0185.8
67 Iron and steel13 75914 67816 29311.0
68 Non-ferrous metals8 2579 61511 65921.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.46 21355 33639 042-29.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment245 468266 165272 9232.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 35511 72417 59650.1
72 Machinery for special industries24 81724 27526 6049.6
73 Metal working machinery1 4501 4631 76820.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment31 84630 39934 78614.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines16 78417 14819 14711.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment24 38426 29126 6551.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 50133 23437 56713.0
78 Road vehicles69 25178 38580 7403.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships36 07943 24628 061-35.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles100 36399 843102 4662.6
81 Prefabricated buildings9 4069 5639 511-0.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 83615 49415 7411.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6431 7601 8515.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 01820 57621 3703.9
85 Footwear5 4545 5055 7995.3
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 36115 90616 5273.9
88 Photographic and optical goods2 9203 0863 1843.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s29 72627 95328 4831.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1101 1581 1630.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4834174528.3
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender16101775.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)611731694-5.0

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total751 583860 692999 80216.2
 
0 Food and live animals95 25498 386103 3885.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0365377499.2
01 Meat and meat preparations224288278-3.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs777760742-2.5
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof89 17092 24196 2234.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3133814076.8
05 Vegetables and fruit24517120016.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey75445320.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices34637942411.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4502 4523 25032.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 5891 6321 7366.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9969161 00910.2
11 Beverages98190699710.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures16101220.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels14 82916 56617 9198.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw698700573-18.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits4778.1
23 Crude rubber435041-16.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1193 2763 79015.7
25 Pulp and waste paper2 5862 9012 805-3.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste2542602714.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7773 7304 20712.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 9935 2265 75010.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials35441647413.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials398 890499 894622 05824.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes532593-94.9
33 Petroleum, petroleum products219 164271 462327 31020.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured173 746222 562286 86628.9
35 Electric current5 4485 8107 88035.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 2002 1262 39612.7
41 Animal oils and fats1 0631 0561 25318.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated528499403-19.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed61057174029.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.49 51354 68959 7019.2
51 Organic chemicals13 74915 83716 8276.3
52 Inorganic chemicals7 4328 1648 8258.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 5741 8191 9909.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8786 3667 79122.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3581 4211 5609.8
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0745 5465 9186.7
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 2931 5851 492-5.9
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.13 15413 95215 2989.6
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material72 46781 26285 6875.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins818176-5.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.664756711-6.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 4161 5631 6384.8
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 2325 1145 64110.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5651 5261 6065.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5061 6421 593-3.0
67 Iron and steel12 09815 01814 581-2.9
68 Non-ferrous metals40 28247 29351 2038.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.9 6228 2698 6384.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment90 85981 92084 0052.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 0008 0408 4284.8
72 Machinery for special industries12 79410 41911 81413.4
73 Metal working machinery601798611-23.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment20 40014 80516 1999.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3142 5592 7316.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5 2406 1886 3292.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 59513 30814 6269.9
78 Road vehicles6 9667 4348 0508.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships20 94918 36915 217-17.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles25 78924 10922 802-5.4
81 Prefabricated buildings1 4331 5031 434-4.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 8762 7892 782-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.959411218.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories755914891-2.5
85 Footwear13313616421.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 26010 2989 729-5.5
88 Photographic and optical goods278257239-6.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9598 1187 452-8.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions7868248371.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0511102.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1622-19.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7718168251.0

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2018
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total711 83346 14310 00846 10346 3617 24572 372107 051272 923102 4661 163
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)433 81729 0649 13116 81731 7892 51651 86570 224166 90154 3991 111
Nordic countries144 47110 7532 6568 59419 4901 70113 56327 47540 36018 8521 028
Developing countries130 88310 55818913 5871 0592 0964 03613 84748 83836 63935
Russia16 7571 369176595 0101 7901 4226 234791760
India4 5388631540295301 3095091 2420
China71 3161 020138368112 0017 73136 84323 23919
Japan13 26777614405582 5099 0271 0710
Singapore3 33120177111 4121559447220
South Korea17 38334152863349 6176 9773540
United States57 6801 0332216457 6503388 0442 10431 6645 97210
Canada16 8843211812 723003202562 0024240
Brazil11 6393 15417 015002221991 015268
South Africa2 886508491 33302125334595128

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2018
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total999 802103 3881 00917 919622 0582 39659 70185 68784 00522 802837
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)819 59768 98565514 903567 9291 30635 31269 45947 86513 071112
Nordic countries136 17117 1343714 81265 1245309 71616 08016 5895 78925
Developing countries69 59113 378372 10017 02336415 0155 03614 2972 3430
Russia2 48535911203228869183917210 135
India2 3672203980378178431564220
Japan11 8234 40021202 649141 3341 4771 6162100
China20 7533 749209931 903298 2171 0993 9457970
Singapore4 8735981689527252251 9045160
South Korea11 2052 8011673 603337381 1482 182631-
United States46 3576 50516323719 0465013 7745 2377 6463 2470
Canada8 0146529255 321252586657702880
Brazil3 803895392171101 136641725131-
South Africa1 3302940205292115582288452

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country386 536418 543457 5709.3
 
County of production
Østfold16 33016 74816 8800.8
Akershus6 6265 3236 75927.0
Oslo8 5808 5657 416-13.4
Hedmark3 8163 9644 68118.1
Oppland6 2296 9417 5478.7
Buskerud12 83514 02311 899-15.1
Vestfold14 94220 70923 55813.8
Telemark18 55721 00623 0769.9
Aust-Agder3 4703 0253 38511.9
Vest-Agder27 77729 14832 40011.2
Rogaland32 43437 09342 60114.8
Hordaland56 45066 57678 69818.2
Sogn og Fjordane13 37714 27913 780-3.5
Møre og Romsdal38 73340 09841 0172.3
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)16 94419 435..
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)6 9815 958..
Trøndelag..27 800.
Nordland25 50727 38728 5524.3
Troms - Romsa7 7898 77410 23816.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku5 7186 3436 4712.0
Svalbard531571-98.2
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties14 47115 91018 25914.8
Re-exports of goods produced abroad141 92440 61243 6777.5
County not stated26 5166 5718 87835.1

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2018
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country457 570104 39796 22320 31487 75559 70185 68776 91322 802
 
County of production
Østfold16 8801 066462 23385 1874 0933 989305
Akershus6 75996720717143 5662641 193594
Oslo7 4166205736774 2392801 166737
Hedmark4 6814082991 8722257979755407
Oppland7 5474472309831 3063 7882 087
Buskerud11 89948070821 0809917 1761 894
Vestfold23 558169977813 2241 3583 7752 5171 738
Telemark23 0762323476436617 1072 2271 848532
Aust-Agder3 385390127506551 101821143
Vest-Agder32 40016214524899 39220 4441 854291
Rogaland42 6014 2952 9221 94820 0681 09010 3513 7151 135
Hordaland78 69813 98813 6251 70245 2083828 4647 6941 260
Sogn og Fjordane13 7804 7984 676428121 4016 873137130
Møre og Romsdal41 01720 38719 6151 87743 8568 1244 4832 286
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017).........
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017).........
Trøndelag27 80018 65718 3671 17302 9282 5271 2951 220
Nordland28 55214 33014 007944-2 2768 3702 60330
Troms - Romsa10 2389 2599 20490023813466
Finnmark - Finnmárku6 4715 5365 5303834732331925
Svalbard11-0----0
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties18 2596 4955 7882 9947 88417311251980
Re-exports of goods produced abroad143 6779992957284724 1723 82227 1536 330
County not stated128 8781 5461 38940244747374 1431 571

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonnesTonnesTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total58 17158 69861 9055.54 758 3234 840 4585 366 00810.9
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03175232201-13.4698759664-12.5
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7241 4911 407-5.729 88924 02019 346-19.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2321 2511 39711.728 52227 02729 1868.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 5314 4064 86810.5228 547214 681213 790-0.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2325 2106 08916.9660 983636 764909 59442.8
05 Vegetables and fruit11 95112 07312 5353.8860 128878 507971 30510.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7121 6971 497-11.8211 389210 758199 586-5.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9904 1033 701-9.886 89787 41882 567-5.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7436 9607 76011.5819 412899 6311 042 93215.9
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9195 9586 68812.3447 869407 854451 70010.8
11 Beverages5 9236 1946 6307.1249 734277 887285 2742.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9092 0021 887-5.7449 434459 384428 014-6.8
41 Animal oils and fats3 3362 7713 14313.4194 636192 623207 8307.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5914 1213 854-6.5473 445509 688508 687-0.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2032312487.411 98213 45715 53315.4

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total58 17158 69861 9055.5
EU35 83936 16437 5793.9
Developing countries14 04613 47814 1885.3
Other countries8 2859 05610 13812.0
 
Food and live animals
Total43 20943 37946 1436.4
EU27 04627 42829 0646.0
Developing countries11 19710 57410 558-0.2
Other countries4 9675 3776 52121.3
 
Beverages
Total5 9236 1946 6307.1
EU5 0795 3535 8038.4
Developing countries309275179-35.1
Other countries53656564914.8
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total7 1307 1237 2451.7
EU3 5573 2432 516-22.4
Developing countries1 4971 4672 09642.8
Other countries2 0752 4132 633244.5
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total1 9092 0021 887-5.7
EU15814019639.4
Developing countries1 0431 1611 35616.8
Other countries707701585-16.4

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total89 17092 24196 2234.32 231 6302 411 0182 485 0353.1
 
Salmon261 31864 61767 8074.9978 9021 008 6601 056 1374.7
Cod8 7609 1389 4543.5215 815216 926197 374-9.0
Herring3 1242 8082 633-6.2236 010291 146292 0900.3
Mackerel4 0634 1173 819-7.2308 799336 341255 114-24.2
Coalfish1 8011 9032 12211.572 57483 553106 38027.3
Haddock1 4451 6831 680-0.271 19374 71961 592-17.6
Trout3 9002 8582 9834.468 44240 07346 57316.2
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut781930878-5.613 87918 21615 945-12.5
Ling3123283506.78 3007 6827 423-3.4
Cusk155186166-10.83 8254 6953 791-19.3
Redfish222266261-1.914 89917 42014 681-15.7
Other fish1 4341 6872 12125.7194 490265 510374 75341.1
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 8551 7201 94913.344 50346 07653 18315.4

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total89 17092 24196 2234.32 231 6302 411 0182 485 0353.1
Europe63 01363 13568 0607.81 517 2761 587 1461 741 0699.7
Asia17 66618 99817 961-5.5489 953552 249488 844-11.5
North and Central America5 7286 8427 0302.792 096102 993102 917-0.1
South America8431 1611 026-11.643 80253 96454 1160.3
Africa1 5751 7501 726-1.485 102111 77194 307-15.6
Oceania34535542018.33 4002 8943 78330.7
 
Selected species
Salmon in total161 31864 61767 8074.9978 9021 008 6601 056 1374.7
Europe46 32547 26051 0488.0774 582771 205829 9627.6
Asia10 67711 86311 173-5.8153 073173 682163 732-5.7
North and Central America3 6114 7304 7350.141 93554 26351 482-5.1
South America171716-5.9260238213-10.5
Africa4194444869.56 5006 8737 62510.9
Oceania27030335015.52 5512 4003 12430.2
 
Cod in total8 7609 1389 4543.5215 815216 926197 374-9.0
Europe7 1497 1807 6626.7170 161165 225158 239-4.2
Asia9121 068895-16.234 08638 66127 448-29.0
North and Central America28229934515.44 4283 7154 12811.1
South America358539482-10.66 2658 5426 639-22.3
Africa49476436.275071185420.1
Oceania9660.01247267-6.9
 
Herring in total3 1242 8082 633-6.2236 010291 146292 0900.3
Europe2 8222 4002 291-4.5209 757231 169240 4244.0
Asia170156139-10.912 52815 79514 876-5.8
North and Central America182310-56.51 2071 807957-47.0
South America3220.020918221317.0
Africa111227192-15.412 30942 19335 620-15.6
Oceania-00.-01.
 
Mackerel in total4 0634 1173 819-7.2308 799336 341255 114-24.2
Europe1 0081 1041 000-9.477 97092 11570 246-23.7
Asia2 5922 6682 660-0.3187 201214 498173 862-18.9
North and Central America81971025.24 8915 9916 1392.5
South America01--100.01948--100.0
Africa38224757-76.938 71023 6604 860-79.5
Oceania000.8297-75.9

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total62 00270 58074 4225.43 436 9593 518 8083 408 703-3.1
Europe48 89658 03862 0356.93 257 2183 257 2183 151 920-3.2
Asia5 7325 1145 2763.287 61466 56557 329-13.9
North and Central America3 7875 4875 6683.3144 872146 684163 83511.7
South America4426657137.221 32925 48628 46411.7
Africa3 0461 215586-51.722 61921 5905 261-75.6
Oceania998414371.01 2861 2651 89449.7
 
Iron and steel12 09815 01814 581-2.91 493 2821 486 0501 423 850-4.2
Europe9 42411 87211 364-4.31 311 3431 308 0891 232 311-5.8
Asia916934759-18.729 00218 49921 28915.1
North and Central America1 1151 6031 90218.7116 961118 971140 34918.0
South America19831337419.618 71521 23825 75021.2
Africa415262142-45.716 59218 6163 161-83.0
Oceania29353912.266963799055.4
 
Non-ferrous metals40 28247 29351 2038.31 815 1621 910 4301 852 995-3.0
Europe34 88241 53844 8448.01 744 6021 846 4261 802 825-2.4
Asia3 4483 0343 57217.848 72140 57430 958-23.7
North and Central America1 8092 4662 5182.119 62720 15716 356-18.9
South America1272382515.51 7652 8382 374-16.3
Africa91211-11.8312317288-9.1
Oceania85723.013511719365.0
 
Manufactures of metals9 6228 2698 6384.5128 515122 328131 8587.8
Europe4 5904 6295 82725.9103 293102 703116 78413.7
Asia1 3681 147945-17.69 8917 4925 082-32.2
North and Central America8621 4181 248-12.08 2847 5567 130-5.6
South America11811488-23.08491 410340-75.9
Africa2 622918433-52.85 7152 6571 812-31.8
Oceania624397125.148251171139.1

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.