329193
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
329193
statistikk
2018-05-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

176.1

billion NOK – the trade surplus in 2017

External trade in goods
NOK BillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201720172016 - 2017
Imports684.6100.08.8
Ships and oil platforms22.13.212.3
 
Exports860.7100.014.5
Crude oil223.125.918.9
Natural gas203.123.626.0
Natural gas condensates5.00.630.6
Ships and oil platforms11.01.3-11.8
Mainland exports418.548.68.3
 
The trade balance176.1.43.7
The mainland trade balance-244.0.-9.5

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2017
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total684 585100.0860 692100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation144 88921.248 6345.7
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles39 9645.814 2391.7
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms104 92515.334 3954.0
Intermediate comsumption209 92530.7174 64120.3
Food11 9211.72 4820.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment61 4679.037 1244.3
Other intermediate consumption136 53819.9135 03515.7
Building and construction articles99 17714.526 0993.0
Energy products30 7174.5499 58058.0
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates10 0561.530 5013.5
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels18 9412.8463 26953.8
Electric current1 7210.35 8100.7
Consumer goods148 99821.8111 25912.9
Durable consumer goods29 3124.33 9490.5
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars5 4900.84760.1
Semi-durable consumer goods40 5735.92 8790.3
Non-durable consumer goods79 11311.6104 43112.1
Whereof food39 2425.796 48111.2
Passenger cars50 4607.44730.1
Unclassified goods14170.150.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2017
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total684 585100.0860 692100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing17 5572.658 5676.8
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services15 6272.36460.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services4770.11 7260.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 4520.256 1956.5
 
Mining and quarrying15 6712.3431 18150.1
05 Coal and lignite1 0790.2580.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas6 0360.9426 13749.5
07 Metal ores5 7220.81 3720.2
08 Other mining and quarrying products2 8340.43 6130.4
 
Manufactured products641 01693.6352 79741.0
10 Food products41 0296.044 8135.2
11 Beverages6 3670.99060.1
12 Tobacco products3 4270.5100.0
13 Textiles7 7981.11 5090.2
14 Wearing apparel19 8682.91 0860.1
15 Leather and related products7 6431.12970.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture14 2492.13 2400.4
17 Paper and paper products8 7461.37 4750.9
18 Printing and recording services300.040.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products23 8053.567 6237.9
20 Chemicals and chemical products42 0866.138 8014.5
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations19 3322.813 9361.6
22 Rubber and plastics products21 1783.14 3200.5
23 Other non-metallic mineral products10 2741.52 6950.3
24 Basic metals40 5735.965 2327.6
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment57 5018.410 3101.2
26 Computer, electronic and optical products60 3048.819 7112.3
27 Electrical equipment35 1515.113 4141.6
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.65 5799.630 4723.5
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers75 73411.17 2390.8
30 Other transport equipment49 4637.214 9191.7
31 Furniture14 6822.12 3250.3
32 Other manufactured goods16 1972.42 4600.3
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning1 7210.35 8100.7
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning1 7210.35 8100.7
 
Water supply3 4970.55 1180.6
37 Sewerage services00.0-0.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services3 4970.55 1180.6
 
Information and communication services4 4990.77220.1
58 Publishing services4 2700.67010.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing2290.0210.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services80.000.0
71 Architectural and engineering services60.000.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services20.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services6160.12960.0
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services4920.12550.0
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1240.0410.0
 
Other services-0.000.0
96 Other personal services-0.000.0
 
Unknown product1-0.06 2010.7
00 Unknown-0.06 2010.7

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201620172016201720162017
Total629 042684 585751 583860 692122 541176 107
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries123 892134 14692 693114 661-31 199-19 485
EFTA9 19310 8787 9167 720-1 277-3 158
EU379 200402 391587 655695 397208 455293 006
OECD475 354529 604653 647769 989178 293240 385
Developing countries118 642126 16768 23562 450-50 407-63 717
LDC - least developed countries3 7883 9995 4673 3161 679-683
 
Continents and countries
Europe407 266435 452604 902716 001197 636280 549
Belgium11 03310 49932 70640 68721 67330 187
Denmark34 01037 10129 93639 796-4 0742 696
Estonia4 7635 4141 2011 557-3 561-3 857
Finland14 66714 9079 96213 320-4 705-1 588
France20 01920 87150 45554 73230 43633 861
Greece5686841 0711 102503419
Ireland4 4435 83011 6969 8527 2534 022
Iceland1 8422 9063 6764 5181 8351 611
Italy18 27920 8829 85011 341-8 429-9 541
Lithuania6 7077 4165 1026 204-1 606-1 212
Netherlands24 36326 23379 88383 33655 52057 103
Poland21 47323 01417 39919 072-4 075-3 942
Portugal2 6212 4814 7574 9812 1372 500
Romania2 9232 433760948-2 162-1 485
Russia9 75512 6242 2682 186-7 487-10 438
Slovakia3 1833 345324312-2 859-3 033
Spain13 82913 57313 70319 509-1265 936
United Kingdom30 79632 436155 448190 654124 652158 217
Switzerland7 2857 9114 2363 190-3 049-4 720
Sweden72 63078 43048 25256 069-24 378-22 361
Czech Republic6 8637 2911 8641 997-4 999-5 294
Turkey6 8107 0644 1646 889-2 646-174
Germany72 82475 740106 695133 77333 87158 033
Hungary2 7122 740804884-1 908-1 857
Austria4 4555 0601 7682 147-2 687-2 913
Other countries in Europe8 4138 5676 9226 945-1 491-1 622
 
Asia145 722161 47872 25871 510-73 464-89 968
Hong Kong8039731 6801 593877620
India3 5103 9372 1612 479-1 349-1 457
Japan14 27114 10510 25510 058-4 016-4 047
China67 13067 22919 76017 097-47 370-50 132
Malaysia2 3463 4601 5052 134-841-1 326
Singapore11 9762 8868 4829 626-3 4946 740
South Korea27 13146 24110 7588 293-16 373-37 948
Taiwan4 0654 1741 6931 696-2 372-2 478
Thailand3 4095 8452 3602 586-1 050-3 259
Vietnam3 2644 3582 6333 031-631-1 327
Other countries in Asia7 8178 27010 97112 9173 1544 647
 
North and Central America53 04363 32347 88852 945-5 155-10 378
Canada10 87013 3448 1819 878-2 690-3 466
United States38 97346 26731 33638 749-7 637-7 518
Other countries in North- and Central America3 2003 7128 3714 3185 171606
 
South America14 10114 3446 6115 786-7 490-8 557
Brazil9 1259 7454 2464 182-4 878-5 563
Chile1 1289581 1326363-322
Peru1 9041 525105109-1 799-1 416
Other countries in South-America1 9442 1161 128859-816-1 256
 
Africa7 7178 43717 22512 5529 5084 115
Angola4312543 8941 3673 4631 112
Botswana1 1401721--1 140-172
South Africa1 8802 3511 479696-401-1 655
Other countries in Africa4 2665 66011 85110 4897 5864 830
 
Oceania1 1941 5512 7001 8971 506345
Australia6791 1551 5821 604904450
New Zealand400393343246-57-146
Other countries in Oceania11537754766044

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201620172016201720162017
Total609 376662 504386 536418 543-222 841-243 961
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries123 585133 22871 05179 923-52 534-53 305
EFTA9 14210 0107 0637 660-2 080-2 350
EU376 692399 035245 983272 565-130 709-126 470
OECD460 627509 379303 585334 912-157 041-174 467
Developing countries112 774123 69462 19059 749-50 584-63 945
LDC - least developed countries3 7883 9995 2793 1891 491-810
 
Continents and countries
Europe403 086429 780263 173291 954-139 913-137 825
Belgium11 03310 49911 97314 8159414 316
Denmark33 93737 09522 20524 306-11 733-12 789
Estonia4 7635 4141 2011 557-3 561-3 857
Finland14 66214 8747 3967 553-7 265-7 322
France19 98120 87116 06714 426-3 914-6 445
Greece5686849811 053413369
Ireland4 4395 7993 9534 005-486-1 793
Iceland1 7912 0383 4394 4571 6492 419
Italy18 27518 5678 5108 784-9 765-9 784
Lithuania6 7077 4143 5354 083-3 172-3 331
Netherlands23 96826 14734 33541 05010 36714 903
Poland21 08222 94517 15317 652-3 929-5 293
Portugal2 6212 4814 3504 8911 7302 410
Romania2 8632 433760948-2 102-1 485
Russia9 66212 6242 1002 130-7 561-10 495
Slovakia3 1833 345324312-2 859-3 033
Spain12 63713 5569 67010 486-2 967-3 070
United Kingdom30 59132 31729 68634 848-9052 531
Switzerland7 2857 9113 6203 190-3 665-4 720
Sweden72 59778 42037 31642 884-35 281-35 536
Czech Republic6 8637 2911 8641 997-4 999-5 294
Turkey5 3575 6154 1285 939-1 229324
Germany72 77875 07229 58431 377-43 194-43 695
Hungary2 7122 740804884-1 908-1 857
Austria4 4555 0601 7682 147-2 687-2 913
Other countries in Europe8 2768 5686 4516 180-1 825-2 388
 
Asia130 642145 45468 79169 014-61 851-76 440
Hong Kong8039731 5471 593744620
India3 5103 9371 8592 114-1 651-1 822
Japan14 27113 58210 25510 058-4 016-3 523
China62 90166 90218 76617 022-44 134-49 881
Malaysia2 3463 4601 5052 134-841-1 326
Singapore11 9602 1927 8608 627-4 1006 435
South Korea16 29632 20910 3667 781-5 930-24 428
Taiwan4 0654 1741 6581 696-2 407-2 478
Thailand3 4095 8452 3602 460-1 050-3 385
Vietnam3 2643 9332 6333 031-631-902
Other countries in Asia7 8178 2479 98212 4982 1654 251
 
North and Central America52 74862 96031 87237 736-20 876-25 224
Canada10 87013 3443 5364 370-7 334-8 973
United States38 97346 26725 97230 795-13 001-15 472
Other countries in North- and Central America2 9053 3492 3642 571-541-778
 
South America14 10114 3445 6405 786-8 461-8 557
Brazil9 1259 7453 9834 182-5 141-5 563
Chile1 128958785636-343-322
Peru1 9041 525105109-1 799-1 416
Other countries in South America1 9442 116767859-1 178-1 256
 
Africa7 7178 41715 24812 1787 5313 762
Angola4312543 8941 3673 4631 112
Botswana1 1401721--1 140-172
South Africa1 8802 351653696-1 227-1 655
Other countries in Africa4 2665 64010 7003 0706 4354 477
 
Oceania1 0831 5501 8121 874729325
Australia6791 1551 5821 604904450
New Zealand400393204246-197-146
Other countries in Oceania4226242222

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2015201620172017
Total615 485629 042684 585100.0
 
Sweden70 61772 63078 43011.5
Germany69 44672 82475 74011.1
China64 84567 13067 2299.8
United States39 62638 97346 2676.8
South Korea25 56827 13146 2416.8
Denmark35 16234 01037 1015.4
United Kingdom39 43930 79632 4364.7
Netherlands22 39624 36326 2333.8
Poland18 67121 47323 0143.4
Italy18 42518 27920 8823.1
France20 20220 01920 8713.0
Finland13 79814 66714 9072.2
Japan13 34114 27114 1052.1
Spain11 08913 82913 5732.0
Canada12 54110 87013 3441.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2015201620172017
Total835 267751 583860 692100.0
 
United Kingdom167 986155 448190 65422.2
Germany148 501106 695133 77315.5
Netherlands91 80279 88383 3369.7
Sweden49 31348 25256 0696.5
France52 42250 45554 7326.4
Belgium40 66732 70640 6874.7
Denmark32 81129 93639 7964.6
United States37 09931 33638 7494.5
Spain12 76013 70319 5092.3
Poland16 15217 39919 0722.2
China23 84319 76017 0972.0
Finland9 1559 96213 3201.5
Italy7 4169 85011 3411.3
Japan9 92310 25510 0581.2
Canada5 5448 1819 8781.1

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2015201620172017
Total403 973386 536418 543100.0
 
Sweden35 10037 31642 88410.2
Netherlands38 62534 33541 0509.8
United Kingdom32 45229 68634 8488.3
Germany31 74129 58431 3777.5
United States32 21425 97230 7957.4
Denmark22 39222 20524 3065.8
Poland14 75617 15317 6524.2
China23 65118 76617 0224.1
Belgium12 11911 97314 8153.5
France14 83116 06714 4263.4
Spain8 3509 67010 4862.5
Japan9 92310 25510 0582.4
Italy6 9118 5108 7842.1
Singapore11 0197 8608 6272.1
South Korea16 23610 3667 7811.9

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
Totall615 485629 042684 5858.8
 
0 Food and live animals42 23843 20943 3790.4
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0317217523232.8
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7471 7241 491-13.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 1221 2321 2511.5
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 2164 5314 406-2.8
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2785 2325 210-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit11 33411 95112 0731.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6241 7121 697-0.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9983 9904 1032.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 2546 7436 9603.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 4945 9195 9580.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 0118 9429 6217.6
11 Beverages5 6195 9236 1944.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 3923 0183 42713.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels34 70331 70637 61418.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw282516-35.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 9092 0024.9
23 Crude rubber1481241315.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 2314 5124 7254.7
25 Pulp and waste paper555554524-5.5
26 Textile fibres and their waste1121111197.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 3093 0872 980-3.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap21 72218 55724 11329.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 7102 8273 0056.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials28 17623 10832 75941.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 8721 6682 10826.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 80818 96227 96647.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9981 012964-4.7
35 Electric current1 4981 4661 72117.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6 3097 1307 123-0.1
41 Animal oils and fats3 2503 3362 771-16.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 8523 5914 12114.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed20720323114.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.60 03062 75869 13310.2
51 Organic chemicals7 4848 3188 8486.4
52 Inorganic chemicals5 7114 6845 31913.6
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3333 3383 5285.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products14 75816 01618 88217.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 0657 2807 6234.7
56 Fertilizers2 9772 7702 528-8.7
57 Plastics in primary forms4 3994 5884 8505.7
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 2555 6135 7813.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9 04810 15211 77416.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material86 988105 248117 79011.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6005675690.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 0775 1535 2391.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures6 8187 3157 6274.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 5567 6107 6180.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6 9687 1527 6396.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 0349 2239 4692.7
67 Iron and steel14 53613 75914 6786.7
68 Non-ferrous metals7 2528 2579 61516.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.29 14746 21355 33619.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment250 081245 468266 1658.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 3099 35511 72425.3
72 Machinery for special industries25 89824 81724 275-2.2
73 Metal working machinery1 4581 4501 4630.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment33 58931 84630 399-4.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 01016 78417 1482.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.23 06024 38426 2917.8
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 44631 50133 2345.5
78 Road vehicles62 68469 25178 38513.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships43 62636 07943 24619.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles97 927100 36399 843-0.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.8 6649 4069 5631.7
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 89614 83615 4944.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6201 6431 7607.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories19 38420 01820 5762.8
85 Footwear5 0415 4545 5050.9
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 97616 36115 906-2.8
88 Photographic and optical goods2 8822 9203 0865.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s28 46429 72627 953-6.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0221 1101 1584.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind482483417-13.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender51610-40.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)53561173119.6

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total835 267751 583860 69214.5
 
0 Food and live animals77 49495 25498 3863.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03596537-43.0
01 Meat and meat preparations20022428828.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs764777760-2.1
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof71 97389 17092 2413.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations28331338121.6
05 Vegetables and fruit185245171-30.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey887544-40.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3113463799.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2582 4502 4520.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3721 5891 6322.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco787996916-8.1
11 Beverages784981906-7.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21610-36.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 88414 82916 56611.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw8306987000.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits34782.0
23 Crude rubber27435014.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1903 1193 2765.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 4782 5862 90112.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste2512542602.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9003 7773 730-1.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8863 9935 22630.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials32035441617.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials482 396398 890499 89425.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes55953259-88.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products243 201219 164271 46223.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured234 538173 746222 56228.1
35 Electric current4 0975 4485 8106.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1212 2002 126-3.4
41 Animal oils and fats1 1041 0631 056-0.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated446528499-5.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed571610571-6.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 69849 51354 68910.5
51 Organic chemicals14 11813 74915 83715.2
52 Inorganic chemicals7 9307 4328 1649.8
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3851 5741 81915.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8025 8786 3668.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3791 3581 4214.6
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8865 0745 5469.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4041 2931 58522.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.14 79413 15413 9526.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material77 25672 46781 26212.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins778181-0.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.73266475613.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3851 4161 56310.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 7205 2325 114-2.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4121 5651 526-2.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5051 5061 6429.0
67 Iron and steel12 70312 09815 01824.1
68 Non-ferrous metals43 40640 28247 29317.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 3169 6228 269-14.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment98 70490 85981 920-9.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 8057 0008 04014.9
72 Machinery for special industries17 96412 79410 419-18.6
73 Metal working machinery66060179832.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment24 93120 40014 805-27.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5012 3142 55910.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 8595 2406 18818.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 87114 59513 308-8.8
78 Road vehicles6 5786 9667 4346.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 53320 94918 369-12.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles27 90325 78924 109-6.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 3501 4331 5034.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7912 8762 789-3.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.789594-0.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories72775591421.0
85 Footwear1381331362.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 92613 26010 298-22.3
88 Photographic and optical goods247278257-7.6
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 6466 9598 11816.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0257868244.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0051 847.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender19162-85.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1 0067718166.0

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total684 58543 3799 62137 61432 7597 12369 133117 790266 16599 8431 158
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)402 39127 4288 72815 46525 4523 24350 75964 979151 85253 3771 109
Nordic countries134 14610 5352 4897 71415 5371 97914 17025 39036 05519 2361 042
Developing countries126 16710 57429010 8891 7461 4674 03815 51645 44636 16238
Russia12 624876165553 4881 5621 0004 846941860
India3 937808138023861 0923671 2430
China67 229953126317111 6947 39433 61023 27611
Japan14 10578411505492 5119 9291 0170
Singapore2 8862023111 0101051 4103350
South Korea46 2412942771540525 40719 9723760
United States46 2671 1032242631 8594277 0731 65428 3315 3305
Canada13 344343149 647009073651 5183762
Brazil9 7452 83906 35500109195199389
South Africa2 3514064898400552855431414

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2017
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total860 69298 38691616 566499 8942 12654 68981 26281 92024 109824
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)695 39763 52860113 392458 1691 29432 79265 16546 78613 534136
Nordic countries114 66116 6903494 16647 2225268 72615 08316 2015 65938
Developing countries62 45014 642251 88710 05629413 6115 49113 4562 9870
Russia2 1861221224403346346951685 186
India2 479210255519162365730795-
Japan10 0584 46432481 070121 0891 1871 7442410
China17 0973 368111 108555366 4701 2393 4089010
Singapore9 626783144 62241 0642082 4025370
South Korea8 2932 419196652206331 0192 577877-
United States38 7496 18713426012 9693743 2235 1547 6162 8310
Canada9 87882513796 514202325581 3432950
Brazil4 1821 063237171 1886051 018260-
South Africa6962930516715517193-

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country403 973386 536418 5438.3
 
County of production
Østfold14 70716 33016 7482.6
Akershus6 4886 6265 323-19.7
Oslo9 1328 5808 565-0.2
Hedmark4 1013 8163 9643.9
Oppland6 2166 2296 94111.4
Buskerud14 44012 83514 0239.3
Vestfold21 32014 94220 70938.6
Telemark20 83718 55721 00613.2
Aust-Agder4 4783 4703 025-12.8
Vest-Agder33 10527 77729 1484.9
Rogaland34 60532 43437 09314.4
Hordaland59 93156 45066 57617.9
Sogn og Fjordane11 15213 37714 2796.7
Møre og Romsdal38 11938 73340 0983.5
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)16 80616 94419 43514.7
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)5 7916 9815 958-14.7
Nordland23 41525 50727 3877.4
Troms - Romsa6 4377 7898 77412.6
Finnmark - Finnmárku5 7515 7186 34310.9
Svalbard55853157-89.3
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties11 67614 47115 9109.9
Re-exports of goods produced abroad147 20941 92440 612-3.1
County not stated27 6986 5166 5710.8

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country418 54399 30292 24118 69268 77154 68981 26271 71824 109
 
County of production
Østfold16 7481 017602 411165 0743 8833 992354
Akershus5 3235323219752 5732951 141581
Oslo8 5653793037484 5373471 8231 096
Hedmark3 96412991 6871241799660445
Oppland6 94132316271031 4473 1902 000
Buskerud14 02335256121 1371 5527 8502 887
Vestfold20 709557280610 2741 4043 5991 9842 083
Telemark21 0062205743533415 7482 0491 798424
Aust-Agder3 025323-2110::948138
Vest-Agder29 14816914950028 65917 2412 222354
Rogaland37 0934 4373 4881 86216 0951 0208 8313 5421 307
Hordaland66 57615 03714 6951 51633 9962698 0016 6821 076
Sogn og Fjordane14 2795 4695 435435-::26073
Møre og Romsdal40 09819 87819 2331 470143 8588 5843 8872 407
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)19 43513 64613 39136902 3627451 2001 113
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)5 9582 8542 8146440::37968
Nordland27 38713 72113 6068840:8 684:41
Troms - Romsa8 7747 9157 684840::909
Finnmark - Finnmárku6 3435 0164 98939781239:41:
Svalbard570--57---0
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties15 9106 2015 4152 7035 812194322526152
Re-exports of goods produced abroad140 6127172066111 3292 8003 96324 8726 319
County not stated126 5711 01894037274636282 9191 164

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonnesTonnesTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total56 05558 17158 6980.94 766 1204 753 5654 840 4581.8
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0317217523232.87006987598.7
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7471 7241 491-13.531 72029 88924 020-19.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 1221 2321 2511.526 08128 52227 027-5.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 2164 5314 406-2.8220 691228 547214 681-6.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2785 2325 210-0.4735 121660 983636 764-3.7
05 Vegetables and fruit11 33411 95112 0731.0804 348860 128878 5072.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6241 7121 697-0.9228 366211 389210 758-0.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9983 9904 1032.887 15386 89787 4180.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 2546 7436 9603.2832 437819 412899 6319.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 4945 9195 9580.6501 571447 869407 854-8.9
11 Beverages5 6195 9236 1944.6234 357249 734277 88711.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 9092 0024.9452 510449 434459 3842.2
41 Animal oils and fats3 2503 3362 771-16.9188 998194 636192 623-1.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 8523 5914 12114.8404 470473 445509 6887.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed20720323114.012 83111 98213 45712.3

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total56 05558 17158 6980.9
EU33 69135 83936 1640.9
Developing countries14 51614 04613 478-4.0
Other countries7 8498 2859 0569.3
 
Food and live animals
Total42 23843 20943 3790.4
EU25 93427 04627 4281.4
Developing countries11 22611 19710 574-5.6
Other countries5 0784 9675 3778.3
 
Beverages
Total5 6195 9236 1944.6
EU4 8885 0795 3535.4
Developing countries260309275-10.9
Other countries4725365655.4
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total6 3097 1307 123-0.1
EU2 7313 5573 243-8.8
Developing countries1 7401 4971 467-2.0
Other countries1 8382 0752 413193.4
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total1 8891 9092 0024.9
EU138158140-11.2
Developing countries1 2901 0431 16111.3
Other countries46170780113.2

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total71 97389 17092 2413.42 396 8812 231 6302 411 0188.0
 
Salmon247 59761 31864 6175.41 033 239978 9021 008 6603.0
Cod7 9098 7609 1384.3205 555215 815216 9260.5
Herring2 3393 1242 808-10.1214 774236 010291 14623.4
Mackerel3 8274 0634 1171.3352 307308 799336 3418.9
Coalfish2 0211 8011 9035.772 96272 57483 55315.1
Haddock1 2511 4451 68316.555 45471 19374 7195.0
Trout2 3133 9002 858-26.753 02968 44240 073-41.4
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut77178193019.115 20013 87918 21631.2
Ling3003123285.17 5748 3007 682-7.4
Cusk18315518620.04 2043 8254 69522.7
Redfish28122226619.815 86414 89917 42016.9
Other fish1 6461 4341 68717.6326 254194 490265 51036.5
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 5341 8551 720-7.340 46644 50346 0763.5

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total71 97389 17092 2413.42 396 8812 231 6302 411 0188.0
Europe51 37563 01363 1350.21 696 3841 517 2761 587 1464.6
Asia12 68917 66618 9987.5449 492489 953552 24912.7
North and Central America4 4345 7286 84219.482 41592 096102 99311.8
South America1 0098431 16137.744 15243 80253 96423.2
Africa2 1501 5751 75011.1120 73785 102111 77131.3
Oceania3173453552.93 7023 4002 894-14.9
 
Selected species
Salmon in total147 59761 31864 6175.41 033 239978 9021 008 6603.0
Europe36 46046 32547 2602.0825 839774 582771 205-0.4
Asia7 72010 67711 86311.1155 537153 073173 68213.5
North and Central America2 8033 6114 73031.041 17241 93554 26329.4
South America2017170.0326260238-8.5
Africa3534194446.07 4776 5006 8735.7
Oceania24227030312.22 8872 5512 400-5.9
 
Cod in total7 9098 7609 1384.3205 555215 815216 9260.5
Europe6 5207 1497 1800.4168 616170 161165 225-2.9
Asia6129121 06817.123 77434 08638 66113.4
North and Central America2202822996.03 8684 4283 715-16.1
South America47035853950.67 9746 2658 54236.3
Africa824947-4.11 234750711-5.2
Oceania696-33.38912472-41.9
 
Herring in total2 3393 1242 808-10.1214 774236 010291 14623.4
Europe2 0602 8222 400-15.0183 331209 757231 16910.2
Asia153170156-8.215 93012 52815 79526.1
North and Central America9182327.87521 2071 80749.7
South America232-33.3186209182-12.9
Africa115111227104.514 57612 30942 193242.8
Oceania0-0.0-0.
 
Mackerel in total3 8274 0634 1171.3352 307308 799336 3418.9
Europe1 3011 0081 1049.5122 87477 97092 11518.1
Asia1 9122 5922 6682.9168 348187 201214 49814.6
North and Central America64819719.84 5374 8915 99122.5
South America001.01948152.6
Africa551382247-35.356 54238 71023 660-38.9
Oceania000.4829262.5

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total67 42562 00270 58013.83 325 7873 436 9593 518 8082.4
Europe50 77448 89658 03818.73 159 2383 159 2383 257 2183.1
Asia9 3095 7325 114-10.8110 33687 61466 565-24.0
North and Central America4 3763 7875 48744.9135 111144 872146 6841.3
South America33944266550.315 12321 32925 48619.5
Africa1 9143 0571 192-61.011 12722 61921 590-4.5
Oceania7139984-15.29 9731 2861 265-1.6
 
Iron and steel12 70312 09815 01824.11 417 6921 493 2821 486 050-0.5
Europe9 6069 42411 87226.01 270 5351 311 3431 308 089-0.2
Asia1 0949169341.924 78329 00218 499-36.2
North and Central America1 1311 1151 60343.799 598116 961118 9711.7
South America15419831358.313 77418 71521 23813.5
Africa336415262-36.95 82216 59218 61612.2
Oceania384293521.73 179669637-4.8
 
Non-ferrous metals43 40640 28247 29317.41 761 0661 815 1621 910 4305.2
Europe35 76434 88241 53819.11 664 4961 744 6021 846 4265.8
Asia5 1653 4483 034-12.068 28948 72140 574-16.7
North and Central America2 3881 8092 46636.426 73119 62720 1572.7
South America5312723887.86511 7652 83860.8
Africa2091240.04843123171.6
Oceania1685-28.2414135117-13.3
 
Manufactures of metals11 3169 6228 269-14.1147 029128 515122 328-4.8
Europe5 4044 5904 6290.8109 084103 293102 703-0.6
Asia3 0511 3681 147-16.217 2649 8917 492-24.3
North and Central America8578621 41864.58 7828 2847 556-8.8
South America132118114-3.36988491 41066.1
Africa1 5592 622918-65.04 8215 7152 657-53.5
Oceania3146243-30.86 3804825116.0

Table 19 
Exports of crude oil, by country

Exports of crude oil, by country
NOK MillionChange in per cent1000 BarrelsChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1The export of crude oil in pipes to the UK is lower in reality, since some of it is exported onwards to other countries after reprocessing, please see table 22.
Total197 116187 595223 07318.9476 053514 936500 392-2.8
 
United Kingdom178 19576 49992 99421.6192 652213 916211 389-1.2
Netherlands50 37343 36737 976-12.4121 812119 19485 227-28.5
Germany19 39614 37223 49063.445 55339 01350 84530.3
Sweden13 40010 40412 68221.931 35127 82828 6733.0
United States4 0635 1414 662-9.38 93913 04410 834-16.9
France3 77310 3139 913-3.99 10727 12621 553-20.5
Ireland7 5667 7435 847-24.517 72820 23712 794-36.8
Denmark7 5265 31910 856104.118 31914 59824 17265.6
Canada2 2193 9625 41236.65 45510 96412 28712.1
Poland1 3962461 325439.63 1956602 912341.3
Other countries9 20810 22917 91875.221 94328 35639 70540.0

Table 20 
Exports of natural gas in gaseous state, by country

Exports of natural gas in gaseous state, by country
Million NOKChange in per centMillion standard cubiq metres (SM3)Change in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
Total210 034153 108195 33227.6109 611109 718118 5358.0
 
Germany92 34862 14277 37924.548 31344 94347 4545.6
United Kingdom56 75547 12062 56232.829 51333 30837 38412.2
France32 89223 14629 23126.317 15416 60117 7556.9
Netherlands00-.00-.
Belgium27 02420 08525 49526.914 10014 41515 5347.8
Other countries1 0156166658.1532450407-9.6

Table 21 
Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state1
Crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state in totalCrude oilNatural gas in gaseous state
NOK Million1000 TonnesNOK Million1000 Barrels1000 TonnesNOK MillionMillion standard cubic metes (SM3)1000 Tonnes
1Norway first exports of crude oil was in 1971, while exports of natural gas started in 1977.
2003257 937181 214195 699949 980127 00862 23871 09954 206
2004311 485181 397237 468926 602124 38374 01776 27257 013
2005392 592173 173289 453831 028111 821103 13982 50661 352
2006456 129163 358309 252742 458100 035146 87784 58263 323
2007444 181161 147309 675726 12697 281134 50685 68463 866
2008569 310159 400359 369666 48389 085209 94194 56370 315
2009404 665158 178243 521642 30885 909161 14496 56372 269
2010436 547150 576281 985578 12077 465154 56297 39473 111
2011514 393140 830321 248511 82868 362193 14596 50072 467
2012548 643145 137306 825471 48562 808241 818109 48082 329
2013528 167138 478288 126448 44859 844240 041103 87578 634
2014492 098140 187282 663462 86061 770209 435102 37278 417
2015407 150144 635197 116476 05363 380210 034109 61181 255
2016340 703152 072187 595514 93668 521153 108109 71883 551
2017418 405163 723223 073500 39266 667195 332118 53597 057

Table 22 
Exports of crude oil, modified country distribution after fractionation in Great Britain

Exports of crude oil, modified country distribution after fractionation in Great Britain
20172017
Råolje (by ships and pipelines)Råolje (by ships)1
NOK million1000 BarrelsNOK million1000 Barrels
1All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside and Sullom Voe are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. After this unstabilised crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilised crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappeares, thereby different total figures.
Total223 073500 392222 205495 510
 
United Kingdom92 994211 38973 765165 364
Netherlands37 97685 22745 746102 564
Sweden12 68228 67315 51634 775
France9 91321 55313 90230 933
Germany23 49050 84523 49050 845
Canada5 41212 2875 67212 893
Poland1 3252 9121 6113 518
Denmark10 85624 17210 67523 752
Ireland5 84712 7945 91612 962
Italy2 3295 3802 6916 047
United States4 66210 8345 61612 897
Finland5 65512 1565 65512 156
Spain7 82517 3188 15517 924
Martinique8720087200
Portugal--267600
Belgium179400179400
Uruguay----

Table 23 
Final revisions of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

Final revisions of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
Final revisionFirst revisionChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2016
Total609 516629 0423.2
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms19 38819 6661.4
Goods excl. ships and oil platforms590 128609 3763.3
 
0 Food and live animals43 20943 1860.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031751750.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7251 724-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2311 2320.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 5044 5310.6
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2315 2320.0
05 Vegetables and fruit11 94811 9510.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7131 712-0.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9903 9900.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7486 743-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9205 9190.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 9428 9420.0
11 Beverages5 9245 9230.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 0183 0180.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 70631 6910.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2525-0.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9081 9090.0
23 Crude rubber124124-0.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 5134 5120.0
25 Pulp and waste paper555554-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1111110.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 0873 0870.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap18 54018 5570.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 8282 8270.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials23 10823 156-0.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 6681 6680.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 01118 962-0.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation15 10415 1050.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 0111 0120.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane8688690.1
35 Electric current1 4661 4660.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1307 1230.1
41 Animal oils and fats3 3303 3360.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5913 5910.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2032030.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.62 75862 7580.0
51 Organic chemicals8 3128 3180.1
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6784 6840.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3373 3380.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products16 03016 016-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 2777 2800.0
56 Fertilizers2 7702 7700.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4 5874 5880.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 6135 6130.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 15410 1520.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material105 24885 87822.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5665670.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 1525 1530.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 3167 3150.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 6117 6100.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 1497 1520.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 2299 223-0.1
67 Iron and steel13 77013 759-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals8 1228 2571.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.26 96246 21371.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment245 468245 2890.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 3149 3550.4
72 Machinery for special industries24 83924 817-0.1
73 Metal working machinery1 4541 450-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment31 97031 846-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines16 78216 7840.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.24 39424 3840.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 48331 5010.1
78 Road vehicles69 25269 2510.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships35 80136 0790.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles100 363100 3830.0
81 Prefabricated buildings.9 4069 4060.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 83614 8360.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6431 6430.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 02120 0180.0
85 Footwear5 4545 4540.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 37616 361-0.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2 9202 9200.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s29 72629 7260.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1101 1100.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4834830.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender16160.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6116110.0

Table 24 
Final revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

Final revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
Final revisionFirst revisionChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2016
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
TOTAL751 399751 5830.0
Of which:
Crude oil187 595187 5950.0
Natural gas, whether or not liquefied160 787161 1290.2
Natural gas condensates3 8173 8170.0
Ships and oil platforms12 20112 5062.5
Mainland exports386 998386 536-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals95 25495 2740.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0365650.0
01 Meat and meat preparations2242240.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7777770.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof89 18789 1700.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations317313-1.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2452450.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey75750.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3463460.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4492 4500.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 5891 5890.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9969960.0
11 Beverages9819810.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures16160.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels14 82914 8360.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw6986980.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits440.0
23 Crude rubber43430.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1193 1190.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 5862 5860.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste255254-0.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7753 7770.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 0013 993-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3543540.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials398 890398 5570.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5165323.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products219 164219 1640.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation27 18527 1850.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured173 428173 7460.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane10 29110 231-0.6
35 Electric current5 4485 4480.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 2002 2010.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 0631 0630.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated5285280.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed611610-0.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.49 51349 5220.0
51 Organic chemicals13 74913 7490.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 4317 4320.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 5741 5740.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8785 8780.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3581 3580.0
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0865 074-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 2931 2930.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 5416 5410.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material72 46772 4500.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins81810.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6646640.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 4171 4160.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof5 2325 2320.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5661 5650.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5061 5060.0
67 Iron and steel12 07412 0980.2
68 Non-ferrous metals40 28240 2820.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.9 6299 622-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment90 85991 051-0.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 0207 000-0.3
72 Machinery for special industries12 84712 794-0.4
73 Metal working machinery6016010.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment20 42020 400-0.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3142 3140.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 2405 2400.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 59314 5950.0
78 Road vehicles6 9676 9660.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships21 04920 949-0.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles25 78925 7240.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 4331 4330.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 8752 8760.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.95950.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7557550.0
85 Footwear1321330.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 19713 2600.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2782780.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9596 9590.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions7867860.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind000.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender16160.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7717710.0

Table 25 
First revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

First revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
First revisionFirst figuresChang in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2017
Total684 585683 3540.2
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms22 08121 7441.5
Goods excl. ships and oil platforms662 504661 6100.1
 
0 Food and live animals43 37943 3950.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032322320.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4911 4910.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2511 2510.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 4064 408-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2105 2090.0
05 Vegetables and fruit12 07312 0730.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6971 698-0.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4 1034 1050.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 9606 970-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9585 9570.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9 6219 6220.0
11 Beverages6 1946 1950.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 4273 4270.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels37 61437 5530.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw1616-0.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2 0022 0020.0
23 Crude rubber2 0022 0020.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 7254 7260.0
25 Pulp and waste paper5245240.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste119119-0.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 9802 9800.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap24 11324 0520.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3 0053 0040.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials32 75932 1441.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 1082 1060.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 96627 3542.2
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation18 87318 8680.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9649640.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane8408400.0
35 Electric current1 7211 7210.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1237 1220.0
41 Animal oils and fats2 7712 7690.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4 1214 1220.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2312310.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.69 13369 191-0.1
51 Organic chemicals8 8488 8450.0
52 Inorganic chemicals5 3195 322-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 5283 5280.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products18 88218 8800.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 6237 6250.0
56 Fertilizers2 5282 5280.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8504 8510.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 7815 785-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 77411 826-0.4
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material117 790117 856-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5695690.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 2395 2380.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 6277 6300.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 6187 6190.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 6397 6410.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 4699 488-0.2
67 Iron and steel14 67814 692-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals9 6159 624-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.55 33655 3550.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment266 165265 3880.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 72411 734-0.1
72 Machinery for special industries24 27524 328-0.2
73 Metal working machinery1 4631 464-0.1
74 General industrial machinery and equipment30 39930 482-0.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 14817 166-0.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.26 29126 312-0.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus33 23433 278-0.1
78 Road vehicles78 38578 436-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships43 24642 1872.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles99 84399 924-0.1
81 Prefabricated buildings.9 5639 597-0.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof15 49415 4970.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 7601 7590.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 57620 589-0.1
85 Footwear5 5055 5060.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 90615 930-0.2
88 Photographic and optical goods3 0863 092-0.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s27 95327 9530.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1581 1580.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4174170.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1010-0.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7317310.0

Table 26 
First revision of yearly figures of export. Commodity groups by SITC

First revision of yearly figures of export. Commodity groups by SITC
First revisionFirst figuresChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2017
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
TOTAL860 692843 2862.1
Of which:
Crude oil223 073208 9836.7
Natural gas, whether or not liquefied203 064199 6391.7
Natural gas condensates4 9864 9870.0
Ships and oil platforms11 02610 9630.6
Mainland exports418 543418 7140.0
 
0 Food and live animals77 49477 558-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.035960-1.4
01 Meat and meat preparations200203-1.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7647640.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof71 97372 034-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2832830.0
05 Vegetables and fruit1851850.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey88880.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices311311-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2582 2590.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3721 3710.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco787787-0.1
11 Beverages784785-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures22-1.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 88415 896-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw8308300.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits330.0
23 Crude rubber27270.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1903 1890.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 4782 481-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste2512510.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9003 9000.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8864 894-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials320320-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials482 396492 616-2.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5595590.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products243 201246 410-1.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation40 93540 2581.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured234 538241 538-2.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane11 98211 7452.0
35 Electric current4 0974 108-0.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1212 128-0.3
41 Animal oils and fats1 1041 108-0.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4464460.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed571574-0.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 69851 727-0.1
51 Organic chemicals14 11814 1230.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 9307 9310.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3851 386-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8025 8030.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3791 3790.0
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8864 896-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4041 4040.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 0906 098-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material77 25677 731-0.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins77770.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.732736-0.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3851 390-0.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 7204 7200.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4121 423-0.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5051 4990.4
67 Iron and steel12 70312 832-1.0
68 Non-ferrous metals43 40643 449-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 31611 605-2.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment98 704100 106-1.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 80511 408-5.3
72 Machinery for special industries17 96417 9230.2
73 Metal working machinery6606590.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment24 93125 936-3.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5012 5000.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 8595 8570.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 87115 019-1.0
78 Road vehicles6 5786 589-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 53314 2162.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles27 90328 169-0.9
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 3501 359-0.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7912 802-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.7878-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7277230.5
85 Footwear138138-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 92616 163-1.5
88 Photographic and optical goods247249-0.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 6466 657-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0251 0250.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind000.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1922-14.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1 0061 0030.4

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact