404469
/en/utdanning/statistikker/fagskoler/aar
404469
statistikk
2020-04-02T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
fagskoler, Post-secondary vocational education, tertiary vocational education, tertiary education, vocational educationPost-secondary vocational education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true

Post-secondary vocational education

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

17 882

students in post-secondary vocational education in the autumn 2019

Students in post-secondary vocational education
20182019
Number of students16 30817 882
Per cent women43.244.8
Per cent in public schools49.848.8
Per cent in 2 year programmes55.552.2
 
2017-20182018-2019
Graduations from post-secondary vocational education5 6755 971
Per cent women50.151.7
Per cent in public schools47.844.7
Per cent in 2 year programmes43.341.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Immigration category for students in post-secondary vocational education

Immigration category for students in post-secondary vocational education
2019
Number of studentsPer cent menPer cent womenPer cent in public schoolsPer cent in private schools
Total17 88255.244.848.851.2
Immigrants2 46337.063.032.467.6
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents30362.437.630.469.6
Other population15 11658.042.051.948.1

Table 2 
Completion rates after 5 years for students who started post-secondary vocational education

Completion rates after 5 years for students who started post-secondary vocational education1
2014-2018
NumbersPer cent
All, regardless of durationUnder 2 years2 årAll, regardless of durationUnder 2 years2 år
1Students who enrolled in tertiary vocational education for the first time from 1.10.yyyy-1 to 30.09.yyyy. (Example. the year of start 2009, will be started the period 1.10.2008-30.9.2009)
Both sexes8 7374 2574 480100.0100.0100.0
Completed tertiary vocational education in 2 years4 1652 3591 80647.755.440.3
Completed tertiary vocational education in 3-5 years9088382510.41.918.4
Still in post-secondary after 5 years0000.00.00.0
Completed other education5492802696.36.66.0
Not completed3 1151 5351 58035.736.135.3
Males4 7811 1673 614100.0100.0100.0
Completed tertiary vocational education in 2 years2 0025491 45341.947.040.2
Completed tertiary vocational education in 3-5 years7821976316.41.621.1
Still in post-secondary after 5 years0000.00.00.0
Completed other education188721163.96.23.2
Not completed1 8095271 28237.845.235.5
Females3 9563 090866100.0100.0100.0
Completed tertiary vocational education in 2 years2 1631 81035354.758.640.8
Completed tertiary vocational education in 3-5 years12664623.22.17.2
Still in post-secondary after 5 years0000.00.00.0
Completed other education3612081539.16.717.7
Not completed1 3061 00829833.032.634.4

Table 3 
Age of students in post-secondary vocational education

Age of students in post-secondary vocational education
2019
In totalPublicPrivate
Number of students17 8828 7299 153
Per cent 20 years old and younger6.34.67.8
Per cent 21-25 years old29.231.227.3
Per cent 26-30 years old19.421.317.6
Per cent 31-35 years old14.315.812.8
Per cent 36-40 years old10.811.010.5
Per cent 41-45 years old7.97.28.6
Per cent 46-50 years old6.55.27.7
Per cent 51 years old and older5.73.67.6

Table 4 
Field of education and duration for students in post-secondary vocational education

Field of education and duration for students in post-secondary vocational education
2019
All, regardless of durationDuration
Under 2 years2 år
Both sexesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
Fields of education, total17 8822 2126 3407 6621 668
Humanities and arts1 898242388324944
Education2923825400
Social sciences and law19649149736
Business and administration1 6083611 2111521
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects7 6547041326 272546
Health, welfare and sport4 5504734 050126
Primary industries164719300
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1 52027419895395

Table 5 
Immigration category and sex for graduations in post-secondary vocational education

Immigration category and sex for graduations in post-secondary vocational education
2018-2019
NumberPer cent menPer cent womenPer cent in public schoolsPer cent in private schools
Total5 97148.351.744.755.3
Immigrants73226.573.530.269.8
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents9341.958.128.072.0
Other population5 14651.548.547.053.0

Table 6 
Duration and field of education for graduations in post-secondary vocational education

Duration and field of education for graduations in post-secondary vocational education
2018-2019
Under 2 years2 år
Both sexesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
Fields of education, total5 9718992 6111 984477
Humanities and arts79680271107338
Education1412611500
Social sciences and law10725134623
Business and administration736142581211
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 050289471 62688
Health, welfare and sport1 4621341 32314
Primary industries116546002
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services56314920120211

About the statistics

The statistics cover all students in post-secondary vocational education as of 1 October and completed programmes during the period 1 October-30 September. Completion rates are calculated by combining multiple years of ongoing and completed post-secondary vocational education.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enrolled students: Students registered at an approved institution post-secondary vocational education as of 1 October. 

Completed education: An education activity is recognized as completed when the institution the students are attending, awards them a diploma or provides some other evidence that they have met the full requirements for completion.

Highest educational attainment of parents: Parental educational attainment is divided into four categories: (1) Primary and lower secondary education, (2) Upper secondary education, (3) Higher education, short (at least two years, but also 4 years or less), and (4) Higher education, long (more than four years). Parental educational attainment is defined by that of the parents with the highest level of education. For example, if the parental educational attainment of a student is “(3) Higher education, short,” it implies that at least one of the parents has education at this level. Cases where there is no information on the level of education of any of the parents falls into the “Unspecified” group. See also the definitions of educational level.

Immigrants: Persons born abroad of two foreign-born parents and four foreign-born grandparents.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: Persons who are born in Norway of two parents born abroad, and in addition have four grandparents born abroad.

School county: The county where the institution is located.

Ownership: Schools are classified as either public or private.

Age: Estimated as of December 31.

Standard classifications

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification.

For international purposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Post-secondary vocational education
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level and county level. Data includes information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Figures are published annually in April/May.

International reporting

Data is provided for UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat (U-O-E).

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the Norwegian Data Protection Authority.

Statistics Norway can deliver supplementary data and tables related to these statistics. To order supplementary data and tables, please contact Statistics Norway: oppdragutdanning@ssb.no. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document all educational activities for current students at post-secondary vocational education in Norway.

Norway’s education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970’s. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. The data is now individually based, where all educational activities are attached to each individual’s personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB), in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and alignment with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of these statistics is to collect data on all post-secondary vocational education in Norway.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, public administration, researchers, special interest organisations, international organisations (Eurostat, OECD and UNESCO), media, business and industry. In addition, data is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8:00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months’ advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from post-secondary vocational education is combined with data from lower- and upper secondary and higher education when revision processes are complete. Data is then stored as single annual files in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other areas. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2. 

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

The statistics cover all students in post-secondary vocational education as of 1 October. There are several criteria for how a student’s educational activity is recorded. Each student can be registered as active in only one educational activity, although he/she may be registered for several educational activities or educational institutions at the same time. If a student is registered for several activities or several institutions at the same time, education at the highest level is maintained above others, educational activity at a Specialised University Institution is chosen over education at other types of school, and full-time activity is chosen over part-time activities. If a student is enrolled in several part-time educational activities, the one with highest level is chosen.

The statistics cover all completed programmes registered during the period 1 October-30 September (the year after). Completion rates of students is calculated by combining multiple years of ongoing and completed education.

Data sources and sampling

Pursuant to the Statistical Act, Statistics Norway collects student data from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of various higher education institutions.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics. All data is obtained from institutions’ databases.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No.54), Statistics Norway collects student data from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of various educational institutions.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision and is performed on all educational data collected. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable, comparisons with last year’s data and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway. Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway’s population database to check for errors. At last, duplicate students are deleted, which implies that a student can only be counted once although the student may be registered for several educational activities or educational institutions at the same time.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based data obtained from university and college databases.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Data is not released where there are less than three units within a single cell in a table if there is a risk of identification, i.e. the data can be traced back to an identifiable person.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on students has been published annually since it was first collected in 1974. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000) has been revised to secure comparability over time. While educational variables are reasonably comparable over time, other variables, e.g. various institution types, cannot be re-coded and thus not comparable over time.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Statistical investigations may encounter various sources of error. The errors can occur either during data collection (in this case, registration of student information) or during data processing (control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway).

It is difficult to estimate the extent of error in student registers. A person may be wrongly registered as being a student, especially for individual institutions that use a different enumeration date than Statistics Norway (October 1). There could be an overestimation of enrolled students since student registration occur with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in courses. In addition, some students could remain as enrolled students in the system even after graduating. There is also the possibility of students reporting inaccurate information about themselves in registration. Personal responsible for reporting student data at institutions could also make errors during data processing.

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.