Decline in turnover for water transport
Following a continuous increase since 2010, the turnover of the water transport division as a whole fell for the first time by 8.2 per cent from 2015 to 2016, to NOK 151.6 billion.
Turnover in the industry group ‘sea and coastal freight water transport’ fell sharply from NOK 150.9 billion in 2015 to NOK 136.4 billion in 2016. The decrease in revenues was mainly due to lower activity following the lay-up of offshore vessels caused by the dramatic situation in the offshore market, with volatile oil prices and overcapacity of ships continued in 2016. More employees were also made redundant in 2016 as a result of companies' cost-cutting programmes. The number of persons employed in the industry group went down by 1 440 from the year before, to 13 950 in 2016.
Growth for land transport
In contrast to the previous year, the turnover for the industry class ‘freight transport by road’ rose by NOK 725.2 million, to NOK 49.1 billion in 2016. Gross investments constituted NOK 1.6 billion in 2016. This corresponds to a 10 per cent decrease from 2015. Local KAUs in the land transport division as a whole reported a turnover of NOK 82.4 billion, an increase of 1.7 per cent. The number of persons employed was almost unchanged from 2015, and totalled 74 430.
Change in population for warehousing and support activities
The industry division for ‘warehousing and support activities for transportation’ had a turnover of NOK 96.4 billion in 2016 compared to NOK 102.2 billion a year earlier. The decline in the turnover can be explained by exclusion of the largest local KAUs from the industry subclass ‘other services incidental to land transport’ due to a sector change to the public sector. The figures are not therefore comparable with previous years at an aggregate level.
Reduced employment for postal and courier activities
The number of persons employed in the industry division was 18 340 in 2016, equivalent to a decline of 7.8 per cent from 2015. Operating income fell by 3.1 per cent, to NOK 17.5 billion in 2016.
Decline for transport and storage
The industry section ‘transport and storage’ had a total turnover of NOK 382.8 billion in 2016, a decrease of 5.6 per cent from the previous year. The value added accounted for NOK 144.5 billion, compared to NOK 151.1 billion in 2015. Gross operating surplus fell by 6.3 per cent, to NOK 60.6 billion in the same period. The number of local KAUs remained almost unchanged from 2015, while the number of persons employed decreased by 3 950, to 153 570 employees in 2016.
Figure 2. Employment by industry division. Local kind-of-activity units
|49 Land transport||67891||67268||69173||69442||69857||71204||73941||74427|
|50 Water transport||24665||24843||25026||25447||26240||26300||25189||23977|
|51 Air transport||6742||6740||6854||7033||7129||7171||6723||6482|
|52 Warehousing and transportation||29042||29115||29868||29663||29983||30152||31777||30347|
|53 Postal and courier activities||23513||22134||20932||20353||19633||19951||19889||18340|
Figure 3. Turnover by industry division. Local kind-of-activity units
|49 Land transport||64502.9||66659.9||70195.4||72673.2||76582.0||80013.5||80970.7||82364.5|
|50 Water transport||111652.2||118809.2||123766.7||135681.2||141698.8||155795.4||165158.4||151644.3|
|51 Air transport||21781.9||23702.9||26217.4||27544.3||33829.2||37553.7||39178.8||34989.0|
|52 Warehousing and transportation||73476.6||79599.4||85177.5||89508.7||92716.3||98509.6||102244.9||96364.9|
|53 Postal and courier activities||15554.3||15475.8||15639.8||15733.7||16343.9||16639.4||17786.9||17412.6|
Figure 4. Value added by industry division. Local kind-of-activity units
|49 Land transport||31460.6||31806.9||34082.7||35423.2||36928.0||37969.0||39657.0||40163.6|
|50 Water transport||32332.1||35450.5||35734.4||41815.5||54077.3||56906.0||57988.8||50133.2|
|51 Air transport||6801.1||7085.8||8503.2||7325.0||9036.3||6076.6||6866.0||9010.2|
|52 Warehousing and transportation||24980.8||26911.2||29344.1||30998.9||34209.1||34374.9||36573.9||35538.2|
|53 Postal and courier activities||9237.6||9867.9||9593.8||9512.4||10194.6||10041.9||10048.2||9635.2|