Decline in gross freights for ocean transport
Following a continuous increase since 2009, the total gross freights for enterprises within ocean transport fell for the first time by 6.1 per cent from 2015, and constituted NOK 140.9 billion in 2016.
- Full set of figures
- Operating survey for vessels in water transport
- Series archive
- Operating survey for vessels in water transport (archive)
Lower activity following the lay-up of offshore vessels caused by the dramatic situation in the offshore market, with volatile oil prices and overcapacity of ships which continued in 2016, largely explains the reduced total gross freights for ocean transport in 2016. Operating profit for the industry decreased by NOK 6.6 billion, to NOK 15.4 billion in 2016. The operating margin was 10.9 per cent, compared with 14.6 per cent in 2015.
Voyage freights down most
Voyage freights fell from NOK 31.1 billion in 2015 to NOK 22.5 billion in 2016, equivalent to a decline of 27.7 per cent. Freight income from the foreign time charterers decreased by 7.5 per cent, to NOK 25.9 billion in 2016.
Decline for offshore vessels
Offshore vessels reduced their freights most in the industry by NOK 5.8 billion in the same period, to NOK 24.6 billion in 2016. Freight income from general cargo vessels decreased as well, from NOK 36.6 billion in 2015 to NOK 32.9 billion in 2016.
Reduced bunker and other voyage-dependent costs
Bunker and other voyage-dependent costs fell by 21.2 and 14.3 per cent respectively from 2015 to 2016. Gross wage and social benefits to crew members decreased by 9.8 per cent, to NOK 17.3 billion in 2016. Costs for renting manned foreign vessels, however, rose by 24.6 per cent, to NOK 19.2 billion in 2016.
Growth for coastal traffic
Domestic passenger transport, with NOK 5.3 billion in turnover in 2016 compared with NOK 3.8 billion in 2015, explains the growth for coastal water transport in 2016. For domestic freight transport, the turnover has remained almost unchanged from the previous year and amounted to NOK 3.8 billion in 2016. Car ferry services reduced their freights by 18.7 per cent, to NOK 2 billion in 2016.
1 Gross freights excluding commission and management fees.
Figure 1. Gross freights, operating costs and operating profit last five years¹
|Total gross freights||117.67||122.65||133.10||134.62||129.25|
|Total operating costs||116.07||114.26||124.77||128.19||125.57|
1 Statistics Norway Classification of type of vessel 2008.
2 Includes 5-Offshore vessels, 6-Tug and salvage, 8-Specialized vessels and support, and 9-Other.
Figure 2. Gross freights last five years, by type of vessel¹
|2 Bulk vessel||21.5||18.4||24.4||14.2||16.6|
|3 General cargo/other dry cargo vessel||37.6||29.5||32.5||36.6||32.9|
|4 Passasenger vessels||5.5||5.3||5.5||5.5||6.7|
|5 Other vessel types²||24.6||34.2||38.5||33.5||27.0|