376265
/en/teknologi-og-innovasjon/statistikker/stinfokom/aar-endelige
376265
statistikk
2019-05-02T08:00:00.000Z
Technology and innovation
en
stinfokom, Information and communication, structural business statistics, publishing, film and television production, radio and TV, telecommunication, ICT services, information services, enterprises, employees, turnover, value addedInformation and communication technology - ICT, Technology and innovation
true

Information and communication, structural business statistics

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

4.1 %

increase in turnover for information and communication

Information and communication, structural business statistics. Industry division 58-63. Final figures
2017In per cent
2016 - 20172013 - 2017
Enterprises
Number of enterprises16 526-0.87.7
Number of employed95 7410.85.6
Turnover (NOK million)238 255.71.09.8
Value added (NOK million)108 580.42.811.0
Gross operating surplus (NOK million)37 445.14.411.8
Local kind-of-activity units
Number of local KAUs17 400-0.57.6
Number of employed95 3582.16.6
Turnover (NOK million)237 718.74.113.1
Compensation of employees (NOK million)70 969.03.511.6
Gross investments (NOK million)11 013.84.94.9

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Information and communication. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Local kind-of-activity units

Information and communication. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Local kind-of-activity units
2017
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
58 Publishing activities
Local KAUs2 217.01 182358234190168805
Employment19 893.04629961 5682 5885 0087 6201 651
Turnover (NOK million)40 775.11 7371 5992 3345 3118 65616 3374 801
Personell costs (NOK million)14 265.0175.3537.0920.71 751.73 539.65 869.11 471.6
Production value (NOK million)40 762.11 737.31 602.62 306.95 314.28 638.816 362.04 800.3
Value-added (NOK million)18 625.9436.1702.31 087.62 226.84 721.37 433.62 018.2
Gross investments (NOK million)153.1-7.33.75.77.926.274.442.5
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities
Local KAUs3 615.03 0213441148339140
Employment6 282.01 3678717351 1361 0961 0770
Turnover (NOK million)10 234.31 6201 1101 1762 6361 8061 8860
Personell costs (NOK million)2 580.3197.6337.6382.3547.8518.9596.10.0
Production value (NOK million)10 375.61 633.71 111.61 162.32 632.01 837.51 998.50.0
Value-added (NOK million)3 442.2613.8393.3444.7656.2689.1645.10.0
Gross investments (NOK million)93.1-25.17.214.622.843.829.80.0
60 Programming and broadcasting activities
Local KAUs166.0704316611164
Employment6 319.030113100803561 4234 217
Turnover (NOK million)13 565.51451411311567753 9278 291
Personell costs (NOK million)4 279.711.249.334.234.2258.01 019.92 872.9
Production value (NOK million)13 569.7145.3140.5131.3155.9774.93 927.98 293.9
Value-added (NOK million)5 424.576.448.459.770.9356.91 220.73 591.5
Gross investments (NOK million)512.8-0.21.23.80.051.93.9452.2
61 Telecommunications
Local KAUs669.0320103766258437
Employment12 522.01522805298441 7434 4064 568
Turnover (NOK million)72 146.31 0321 1251 8114 25511 53125 53526 857
Personell costs (NOK million)8 950.671.2144.5357.7616.51 319.33 257.03 184.4
Production value (NOK million)69 902.41 029.21 123.71 795.14 220.711 418.324 979.725 335.7
Value-added (NOK million)30 770.3212.9364.4741.2932.74 296.910 015.514 206.7
Gross investments (NOK million)8 761.094.285.0278.7699.21 247.32 871.83 484.8
62 Computer programming; consultancy and related activities
Local KAUs9 627.06 9081 33958939126511520
Employment44 858.03 0653 5053 9105 3778 01610 85510 130
Turnover (NOK million)89 507.55 5064 7096 7429 60915 38924 78822 765
Personell costs (NOK million)37 253.41 093.92 017.52 781.04 260.46 747.210 134.810 218.6
Production value (NOK million)88 252.65 503.54 701.46 726.39 498.715 240.724 277.922 304.1
Value-added (NOK million)45 075.62 175.32 224.13 391.25 071.17 565.712 001.112 647.1
Gross investments (NOK million)1 104.061.0104.444.559.2146.6252.6435.7
63 Information service activities
Local KAUs1 106.0726195744150191
Employment5 484.02485134865521 4561 870359
Turnover (NOK million)11 489.76211 0819741 4163 2104 1880
Personell costs (NOK million)3 640.162.7274.5313.8414.71 125.01 449.40.0
Production value (NOK million)11 446.2639.01 083.2981.31 411.23 202.84 128.70.0
Value-added (NOK million)5 280.291.8417.5329.6670.71 494.92 275.70.0
Gross investments (NOK million)390.0139.615.411.387.770.665.40.0

Table 2 
Information and communication. Principal figures, by industry group. Industry divisjon J. Enterprises

Information and communication. Principal figures, by industry group. Industry divisjon J. Enterprises12345
EnterprisesEmployment5Turnover (NOK million)4Turnover (NOK million)4Gross operating surplus (NOK million)Gross operating surplus (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Value added (NOK million)3Value added (NOK million)3Personell costs (NOK million)Personell costs (NOK million)Gross investments (NOK million)2Gross investments (NOK million)2
2016201720162017201620172016201720162017201620172016201720162017
1Industrial classification of statistical units are reviewed every period. At industrial sub class, changes in classification can have a potentially large impact on the time series.
2Investments in fixed assets, improvements are added while sales are deducted.
3At factor cost
4Operating income without special taxes, subsidies and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
5Average number of persons during the year.
Total16 66616 52695 02295 741235 851238 25635 85937 445226 715234 266105 601108 58069 74171 13510 80011 194
58 Publishing activities2 1472 03320 84820 33341 758.441 980.44 166.94 537.641 421.241 857.118 936.219 089.914 769.314 552.3215.6185.2
58.1 Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities1 5211 44811 72011 09823 379.822 892.61 861.12 126.123 213.022 805.69 235.58 994.17 374.36 868.083.883.5
58.2 Software publishing6265859 1289 23518 378.619 087.72 305.82 411.518 208.219 051.49 700.810 095.87 395.07 684.3131.8101.7
59 Motion picture, TV, music prod.3 6463 5666 1596 2639 86710 1661 0468729 80310 3033 5113 4462 4652 57412594
59.1 Motion picture, video and television programme activities2 8542 8505 4215 5118 123.28 245.9897.5707.68 060.28 384.33 060.42 969.22 162.92 261.6107.681.1
59.2 Sound recording and music publishing activities7927167387521 744.11 919.8148.1164.51 742.51 919.0450.6476.9302.5312.417.412.6
60 Programming, broadcasting activities1301196 3886 30812 63613 4537311 08312 61713 4575 1715 3624 4404 279370513
60.1 Radio broadcasting9489390378779.2772.6110.768.0779.2772.6353.0295.9242.3227.99.811.1
60.2 Television programming and broadcasting activities36305 9985 93011 856.912 680.6620.61 015.311 838.012 684.84 818.45 066.44 197.84 051.1360.0501.8
61 Telecommunications59055012 63012 80370 64971 89121 06621 55168 60069 37530 17930 5529 1139 0018 0798 736
61.1 Wired telecommunications activities2492403 9874 16219 897.720 344.64 769.84 862.719 875.720 385.17 497.17 697.22 727.32 834.53 376.63 486.3
61.2 Wireless telecommunications activities1181057 0437 05140 339.140 808.114 617.114 863.638 308.438 313.019 571.319 564.94 954.24 701.33 782.44 361.7
61.3 Satellite telecommunications activities28248187608 672.48 898.31 981.52 156.38 678.28 881.82 752.02 920.2770.5763.9886.6883.7
61.9 Other telecommunications activities1951817828301 739.31 839.5-302.1-331.51 737.21 795.5358.8369.9660.9701.433.74.5
62 Computer programming, consultancy9 0689 20843 54644 53889 143.189 237.97 305.57 746.682 588.887 800.742 699.644 833.135 394.137 086.51 566.11 275.9
62.0 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities9 0689 20843 54644 53889 143.189 237.97 305.57 746.682 588.887 800.742 699.644 833.135 394.137 086.51 566.11 275.9
63 Information service activities1 0851 0505 4515 49611 79811 5281 5431 65511 68611 4725 1035 2973 5603 642
63.1 Data processing, hosting and related activities. web portals8478394 7724 87310 452.810 206.81 368.01 503.810 340.910 150.34 482.64 732.73 114.63 228.9437.1384.9
63.9 Other information service activities2382116796231 345.11 321.2175.4150.71 345.11 321.3620.3564.1444.9413.46.84.9

Table 3 
Information and communication. Principal figures, by industry group. Industry divisjon J. Local kind-of-activity units

Information and communication. Principal figures, by industry group. Industry divisjon J. Local kind-of-activity units1
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (NOK million)Gross operating surplus(NOK million)Gross operating surplus(NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Value-added (NOK million)Value-added (NOK million)Personell costs (NOK million)Personell costs (NOK million)Gross investments (NOK million)Gross investments (NOK million)
2016201720162017201620172016201720162017201620172016201720162017
1Industrial classification of statistical units are reviewed every period. At industrial sub class, changes in classification can have a potentially large impact on the time series.
Total17 482.017 400.093 389.095 358.0228 296.4237 718.735 908.037 649.8224 215.6234 308.5104 504.4108 618.868 596.570 969.010 500.911 013.8
58 Publishing activities2 3262 21720 56019 89340 715.240 775.33 993.84 360.940 522.040 762.118 576.118 626.014 582.414 265.0181.3153.1
58.1 Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities1 6191 55111 54310 86722 768.022 229.01 739.42 000.822 705.622 230.89 019.28 745.27 279.86 744.454.253.6
58.2 Software publishing7076669 0179 02617 947.218 546.32 254.42 360.217 816.318 531.39 556.99 880.87 302.67 520.6127.299.5
59 Motion picture, TV, music prod.3 6883 6156 1776 2829 920.910 234.31 035.4862.19 864.110 375.53 503.83 442.32 468.42 580.3124.693.1
59.1 Motion picture, video and television programme activities2 8942 8975 4395 5308 179.68 316.1888.4700.18 122.98 457.83 054.62 968.72 166.22 268.7107.280.5
59.2 Sound recording and music publishing activities7947187387521 741.21 918.2147.0162.01 741.21 917.7449.2473.6302.2311.617.412.6
60 Programming, broadcasting activities1791666 4066 31912 657.713 565.6737.71 144.812 638.713 569.85 184.95 424.54 447.24 279.7369.8512.8
60.1 Radio broadcasting10799408389800.7885.0117.1129.5800.7885.0366.5358.1249.4228.69.811.1
60.2 Television programming and broadcasting activities72675 9985 93011 856.912 680.6620.61 015.311 838.012 684.84 818.45 066.44 197.84 051.1360.0501.8
61 Telecommunications70566912 36012 52270 916.272 146.321 351.321 819.669 168.669 902.430 429.130 770.29 077.88 950.68 113.98 761.0
61.1 Wired telecommunications activities3133085 7495 99524 464.724 860.27 059.17 104.824 358.324 743.310 369.110 456.23 309.93 351.44 889.25 208.1
61.2 Wireless telecommunications activities1541394 9314 84435 490.535 893.412 393.012 651.833 873.133 882.616 659.716 689.44 266.74 037.62 294.22 639.9
61.3 Satellite telecommunications activities33298187608 672.48 898.31 981.52 156.38 678.28 881.82 752.02 920.2770.5763.9886.6883.7
62 Computer programming, consultancy9 4449 62742 46744 85882 326.589 507.57 248.17 822.280 363.188 252.641 731.445 075.634 483.337 253.41 265.11 103.8
63 Information service activities1 1401 1065 4195 48411 759.911 489.71 541.71 640.211 659.111 446.15 079.15 280.23 537.43 640.0446.2390.0
63.1 Data processing, hosting and related activities. web portals8978924 7884 89910 674.110 389.91 434.41 545.210 573.310 346.34 578.44 813.03 144.03 267.8439.6385.0
63.9 Other information service activities2432146315851 085.81 099.8107.395.01 085.81 099.8500.7467.3393.5372.36.65.0

Table 4 
Information and communication. Principal figures, by county. Local kind-of activity units. Industry section J.

Information and communication. Principal figures, by county. Local kind-of activity units. Industry section J.1
2017
Local KAUsEmployment1Turnover (NOK million)2Personell costs (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Value-added (NOK million)3Gross investments (NOK million)4
1Average number of persons during the year
2Operating income without special taxes, subsidies and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor cost.
4Investments in fixed assets, improvements are added while sales are deducted.
5Few local KAU's in some countys results in hidden values on section, because of the confidentiality on division at two-digit NACE.
6Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the Norwegian continental shelf.
58-63 Information and Communication517 40095 358..........
Østfold6812 303..........
Akershus2 36614 89550 541.612 874.949 848.823 218.83 021.5
Oslo5 56541 347104 640.032 409.2102 993.745 208.32 968.6
Hedmark3891 3032 498.9774.22 488.91 219.787.4
Oppland4211 797..........
Buskerud7461 9093 608.11 103.73 566.01 773.2400.1
Vestfold7102 813..........
Telemark3571 124..........
Aust-Agder2517741 687.0468.31 686.9754.0130.1
Vest-Agder5371 6483 847.5940.23 797.01 770.2139.3
Rogaland1 1026 22116 386.34 645.016 183.77 465.81 171.9
Hordaland1 3596 797..........
Sogn og Fjordane193776..........
Møre og Romsdal5541 7893 893.01 077.33 858.11 840.7567.6
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)9415 356..........
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)226697..........
Nordland4061 5862 634.9886.22 600.71 393.3142.9
Troms4011 4902 796.7842.02 763.81 545.1299.8
Finnmark184678..........
Other Norwegian territories61155..........

About the statistics

Structural business statistics for the information and communication section. The statistics comprise figures on, inter alia, publishing, motion picture, music, programming and broadcasting, telecommunication and IT. Local kind-of-activity units and enterprises are included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

The SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Location

The location is determined in accordance with municipal borders as of 1 January 2002. In some industry divisions an enterprise can conduct business in several municipalities and counties without being divided into several KAUs. In such cases, the combined operations of the enterprise are registered at the head office address.

Owners

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships with trade income greater than NOK 100 000, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

The number of employees is collected through the Register of Employees and Employers (the A/A-register). An employee is a person who works for an employer and receive compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. There are conditions that the work should last for at least six days and that the employee must be employed on average four hours or more per week for the employee to be notifiable to the A/A-register.

Employment

Employment is the sum of owners and employees. Compared to the register based Employment Statistics , where a person is only counted in the principal job where they are employed, the structural statistics allows persons with more than one job to be counted as employee in several industries at the same time. The statistics on employment will therefore not be directly comparable.

Employment statistics show the average number of persons employed in the year.

Turnover/sales

Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income and commissions are included, while special taxes, subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

Merchandise

Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no value added.

Wage costs

Wage costs include wages, holiday allowance, remuneration, employers' national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel expenses. Wage costs do not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular pay.

Production value

Production value means turnover adjusted for changes in inventory, and goods and services purchased for resale.

Value added (at factor cost)

Value added is the total of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumables. Special public grants for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public grants/reimbursements are included.

Total purchases of goods and services

Total purchases of goods and services include the value of all goods and services purchased during the year for resale ment for use in the enterprise's own production process or for stock. Investments are not included in these figures.

Gross investments

Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant (except housing), machinery, tools, fixtures and fittings and vehicles and other means of transport (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added whereas sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are exclusive of incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions

Acquisitions include all fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year. In assessing the value of the asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufacturing. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when entered as assets in the balance sheet.

Sale of assets

The sale of assets is estimated at sales value (replacement value) upon realisation of used assets over the course of the year. The figures include investment tax. Assets are regarded as sold at the time of delivery.

Improvement of own assets

This includes the value of all capitalised improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. It is required that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or extend the lifetime of the asset. The improvement is estimated at cost price or at production cost for own manufacturing.

Gross operating surplus

Gross operating surplus is the surplus generated by operating activities after the labour factor input has been recompensed. It can be calculated from the value added at factor cost less the personnel costs. It is the balance available to the unit which allows it to recompense the providers of own funds and debt, to pay taxes and eventually to finance all or a part of its investement.

Payments for agency workers

Payments for agency workers are payments to temporary employment agencies and similar organisations supplying workers to clients' businesses for limited periods of time to supplement or temporarily replace the working force of the client, where the individuals provided are employees of the temporary help service unit. However, these agencies and organisations do not provide direct supervision of their employees at the clients' work sites. Only the payments for the provision of personnel which is not linked to the provision of a particular industrial or other non-industrial service is included.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification (SN2007) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU´s NACE-standard.

Earlier time series with figures up to 2008 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.). Many of the industries that according to the new industrial standard (SN2007) constitute Information and communication can be retrieved in StatBank in accordance to the previous standard. See head 6.1

Here you can find information about the transition to the new Standard Industrial Classification .

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Information and communication, structural business statistics
Topic: Technology and innovation

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: Data pertains to the statistical year of 2017. Final figures are normally published 17 months after the last month of the statistical year. Preliminary figures on employment and turnover are published 10 months after the last month of the statistical year.

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT.

Microdata

Primary data and information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for information and communication are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published for parts of the sector in 1998. Since 1999 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level.

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001, in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for Information and communication are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, business activities and construction that are also compiled by Statistics Norway.

When making comparisons with other statistics for employment, for instance the labour force survey at Statistics Norway or statistics based on the Register of Employees and Employers, it must be kept in mind that definitions and methodology varies between the statistics. The structural business statistics are compiled according to definitions given by the EU regulation on structural business statistics (see section 4.2).

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

See accounts statistics for information about non-financial limited companies in the information sector

See other statistics on technology and innovation

Legal authority

Statistics Act Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Regulation 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics amended by Regulation 251/2009, 517/2013 and 446/2014

 

Production

Population

The structural statistics for Information and communication are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.2) and include the following industry divisions:

58 Publishing activities

59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities

60 Programming and broadcasting activities

61 Telecommunications

62 Computer programming; consultancy and related activities

63 Information service activities

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises that are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 6100 and 6500. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for construction even though they should happen to have operations in the abovementioned industry.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 1110, 1120, 1510 og 1520,  are included in the statistics if they have activity in the abovementioned industry.

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of the enterprises and enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) in the population, the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service. Residual enterprises outside the sample are asked to report turnover through the structural survey.

Employment are collected through Employee-/employer register (A/A-register).

Information, like the accounts and turnover about enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample, is obtained from the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

The Register of Establishments and Enterprises at Statistics Norway is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The questionnaires are sent out within three months after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of three or four weeks. The enterprises that do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders in writing for about a further six months from the first deadline.

Editing and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and the structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports for last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondent if necessary.

For enterprises in the sample, where we have a complete Standard Industry form and questionnaire, no variables are estimated. For enterprises where we only have a Standard Industry form the questionnaire variables are estimated. For other enterprises all variables, except turnover and employment, are estimated on the basis of sample figures.

Turnover and employment are considered as known variables for all enterprises and are therefore used as a basis for computing missing variables. Previously an industry mean based on sample units was used to estimate missing data for non-sample units (ratio estimates). As of the statistical year 2011 the method is based on finding a sample unit similar to the non-sample unit to be estimated, based on a set of criteria, and using the sample-unit to estimate the missing values (nearest neighbour estimation). The nearest neighbour criterion is industry combined with the turnover/employment ratio, in that order.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If data from less than three statistical units are represented in a table Statistics Norway will withold from publishing the actual number. The reason for this is to maintain the anonymity of our respondents.

Comparability over time and space

Many enterprises and local KAUs within the industry division Information and communication (J) operates within different industries. The unit is placed in the division in which it has its main activity. If a unit changes its activity it may also have to move to a different industry. This is more common within industry division J than in most other industries. The result is that figures in one year not necessarily is directly comparable to subsequent years. The effect of this is larger in figures for enterprises than for local KAUs. At the same time, some industries may be dominated by a few lagre units, changes in theese may result in changes for the entire industry.

The figures for 2007 within publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities (58.1), sound recording and music publishing activities (59.2) and aggregated figures in which they enter, are not directly comparable to subsequent years, especially when counting enterprises. The reason for this being the change of processing when publishing moved from industry to information and communication

In previous years gross investments was calculated from enterprises in the sample to the entire population. Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority. This source provides more correct figures for gross investments.

Earlier time series with figures up to 2008 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.). Many of the industries that according to the new industrial standard (SN2007) constitute Information and communication can be retrieved in StatBank in accordance to the previous standard. See cultural services , computer and related activities , and telecommunications as completed time series.

Connected to theese figures you can find earlier Todays Statistics: Cultural services , computer and related activities and telecommunications .

Connected to theese figures you can find earlier metadata (About the statistics): Cultural services , computer and related activities and telecommunications .

See 4.2 for information about the transition to the new Standard Industrial Classification

Table 08242 in StatBank contains turnover by product for all the enterprises in nace 58.2, 62 and 63.1 according to the new Standard for Industrial Classification (SN2007). Previous tables on turnover by product are populated with enterprises in nace 72 according to EU's NACE Rev.1/SN2002.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Returned questionnaires are read optically and automatically checked. An optical image of the form is first saved electronically and then checked manually in order to ensure that the primary data are as correct as possible. Nevertheless, the results of a statistical survey may contain some collection and processing errors.

Measurement errors are defined as data errors due to the measurement instrument. Examples of such errors are vague or ambiguous questions, misunderstandings or incorrect data supplied by the respondent. A typical error can be the use of incorrect units of measurement, for instance NOK instead of NOK 1 000. Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to a machine-readable medium or during revisions. Examples of such errors are misinterpretation of the answers on printed questionnaires when these are read optically, for instance if the figure 1 is read as the figure 7, or if correct figures are considered incorrect and changed.

Non-response, that is when the respondent does not return the form or returns the form with incomplete information, will always be an aspect of form-based surveys. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

In the structural business statistics, the Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (the AA Register) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

The variables in the preliminary figures (number of enterprises, employment and turnover) are based on a full census, and sampling errors are not relevant for these variables.

The structural business statistics use the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Company Accounts, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers to define the population and collect the necessary data.

The most common errors are those caused by delayed registration. Such delays can be a result of a delay in reporting to the registers or the fact that changes are normally recorded some time after they have occurred. As a result, the registers are not updated at all times, which may lead to sample skewness or the use of old data.

When drawing samples, characteristics such as industry code, status etc in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises are also important. The quality of these characteristics is imperative when dividing the population into adequate strata, and may affect the quality of the sample.

Revision

Information and communication, structural business statistics are published annually.

Preliminary figures are normally published about ten months after the end of the statistical year. This publication includes number of enterprises, turnover and employment for enterprises only.

Final figures produced after revision of the preliminary figures are normally published sixteen to seventeen months after the end of the statistical year. More variables are included in this statistics. Figures for both enterprises and local kind of activities are presented. 

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