Stable proportion of social assistance recipients
Social conditions, welfare and crime;Public sector;Immigration and immigrants
soshjelpk, Social assistance, social assistance recipients, social assistance, qualification programme, assistant status, social services, duration of support, support cases, type of support (allowance, loan), personnel in the social services (for example social workers, child welfare officers, office employees), operating costsKOSTRA , Social security and benefits , Social conditions, welfare and crime, Social conditions, welfare and crime, Public sector, Immigration and immigrants

Social assistance2004



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Stable proportion of social assistance recipients

The proportion of the population who receive social assistance remained stable from 2003 to 2004. The same applies to the average period of assistance.

Expenditure on social assistance. 1987-2004 (calculated in constant prices)

Number of social assistance recipients. 1987-2004

The act relating to benefits to recently arrived refugees and immigrants was introduced as a voluntary arrangement for the local authorities on 1 September 2003, and as a compulsory arrangement on 1 September 2004. As the benefit was introduced late in the year, the figures for 2003 and 2004 are not fully comparable with each other or previous years.

The main picture is stable

The 132 100 social assistance recipients in 2004 received NOK 4.9 billion in total, or almost NOK 7 100 per person per month. The average payment per person per year was NOK 37 200 and the average recipient was on benefit for five months - approximately the same level as in 2003

New and old recipients. 1997-2004. Per cent

Although the number of social assistance recipients fell last year, their share of the population was approximately the same as in the last five years, at 3 per cent. Many recipients of social assistance have children and a spouse. If we include these, approximately 218 000 people received social assistance for a shorter or longer period in 2004.

The age pattern among social assistance recipients has not changed much in the past years, and the largest group of recipients is aged 30-39 years. However, the largest group as a proportion of the population is the 20-24 age group.

Social services staff

At year-end 2004, there were 5 395 job positions in the social services. This only includes positions related to traditional social services tasks such as counselling, consultations, preventive work and work related to substance abusers. If we include positions related to job creation programmes, the figure increases to 6 084. There are still large differences between counties, but the average ratio of employees per 1 000 adults (aged 18 and above) was 1.7 full-time equivalents per 1 000 adults in 2004.