354844
/en/sosiale-forhold-og-kriminalitet/statistikker/barneverng/aar
354844
statistikk
2019-07-03T08:00:00.000Z
Social conditions, welfare and crime;Public sector
en
barneverng, Child welfare, municipal child welfare service, child welfare measures, investigation cases, reports of concerns, assistance, care, foster homes, visit homes, personal support contact, children under supervision, child welfare institutions, emergency shelter homes, neglect, child abuse, behavioural problems, placements, processing timeKOSTRA , Child welfare and family counselling , Public sector, Social conditions, welfare and crime
true

Child welfare

Updated

Next update

Key figures

57 013

notifications to the Child Welfare Services during 2018

Main figures for the Child Welfare Services statistics
201620172018
1From 2016, figures of assistance measures per 31 December are higher than previous years. The reason is that earlier care measures during the year were prioritized over assistance measures per 31 December, and the figures for assistance measures per 31 December therefore got too low. The distribution between care measures and assistance measures is also changed, due to this change of which measure is prioritized for each child.
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the year54 62055 69755 623
Assistance measures44 38645 52845 587
Care measures10 23410 16910 036
 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December139 26039 61239 043
Assistance measures30 18030 57930 175
Care measures9 0809 0338 868
 
Children with placement measures per 31 December15 86515 62615 140
Assistance measures6 7856 5936 272
Care measures9 0809 0338 868
 
Notifications during the year58 25458 58057 013
 
Investigations started during the year47 86548 73247 279
Investigations closed during the year46 62648 23548 194
 
Total, employees5 787.36 004.66 153.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex

Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex
Investigated cases, totalThe case was droppedFor investigation
Year
201658 25410 34047 914
201758 5809 80548 775
 
201857 0139 69147 322
Age
0-2 years6 5379225 615
3-5 years9 1111 2917 820
6-12 years23 3853 59519 790
13-17 years16 6943 41913 275
18-22 years1 286464822
Unknown age000
Sex
Boys30 4955 41625 079
Girls26 5184 27522 243
Unknown sex000

Table 2 
Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex

Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex
All conclusionsChild welfare service makes decision on measuresApplication for measures to county welfare boardInvestigation cases closed after assessment by child welfare serviceInvestigation cases closed at parties' requestInvestigation cases closed due to relocationUnknown
Year
201646 62619 05748021 2533 8082 0280
201748 23519 33344922 4754 0191 9590
 
201848 19418 74942123 1734 1111 7400
Age
0-2 years5 2301 862802 6003873010
3-5 years7 7392 912663 8025973620
6-12 years20 2488 3141559 3901 7196700
13-17 years13 6505 2861136 6081 2663770
18-22 years1 3263757772142300
Unknown age1001000
Sex
Boys25 60310 17620212 1532 1738990
Girls22 5918 57321911 0201 9388410
Unknown sex0000000

Table 3 
Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex

Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex
Investigations started during the year
Year
201647 865
201748 732
 
201847 279
Age
0-2 years5 610
3-5 years7 811
6-12 years19 772
13-17 years13 268
18-22 years818
Unknown age0
Sex
Boys25 049
Girls22 230
Unknown sex0

Table 4 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age

Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the yearChildren with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
2018Total sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
 
 All measures
Years, total55 62330 69624 927039 04321 68917 3540
0-22 years55 36830 55024 818039 03221 68317 3490
0-17 years47 89926 32121 578033 97018 80315 1670
0-2 years3 0661 6241 44202 1701 1691 0010
3-5 years6 3553 4502 90504 3272 3511 9760
6-12 years21 68412 0969 588015 1818 5246 6570
13-17 years16 7949 1517 643012 2926 7595 5330
18-22 years7 4694 2293 24005 0622 8802 1820
Care measures
Years, total10 0365 3024 73408 8684 7074 1610
0-22 years10 0365 3024 73408 8684 7074 1610
0-17 years9 2364 8934 34308 8684 7074 1610
0-2 years36219816403471891580
3-5 years91847943908714584130
6-12 years3 9862 1181 86803 8352 0351 8000
13-17 years3 9702 0981 87203 8152 0251 7900
18-22 years8004093910......0
Assistance measures
Years, total45 58725 39420 193030 17516 98213 1930
0-22 years45 33225 24820 084030 16416 97613 1880
0-17 years38 66321 42817 235025 10214 09611 0060
0-2 years2 7041 4261 27801 8239808430
3-5 years5 4372 9712 46603 4561 8931 5630
6-12 years17 6989 9787 720011 3466 4894 8570
13-17 years12 8247 0535 77108 4774 7343 7430
18-22 years6 6693 8202 84905 0622 8802 1820

Table 5 
Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure

Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure
2018Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
All types of measures85 413
Institutions1 154
Child welfare institutions1 110
Other institutions37
Other institutional measures7
Foster homes11 666
Foster homes of family and close network3 123
Foster homes outside family and close network7 262
Public family homes617
Foster homes under § 4-27 Child Welfare Act8
Emergency shelter homes636
Other foster home measures20
Measures to enhance parenting skills22 880
MST (Multisystemic Therapy)349
PMTO (Parent Management Training Oregon)472
FFT (Functional Family Therapy)140
Webster Stratton - The Incredible Years32
ICDP (International Child Development Programme)95
Marte Meo169
Other home-based measures2 254
Family support centres179
Decisions on advice and guidance13 921
Home adviser/therapist2 159
Other measures to enhance parenting skills3 110
Measures to enhance the child's development30 007
Kindergartens2 095
Before and after school care2 791
Leisure activities2 224
Financial assistance8 101
Home visits/respite measures6 835
Support person2 148
Discussion groups/children's groups238
Education and employment476
Aggression Replacement Therapy (ART)2
Other measures to enhance the child's development5 097
Supervision and control4 403
Voluntary supervision at home521
Imposed supervision at home254
Supervised visits1 904
Substance abuse control1 404
Other superivision and control measures320
Networking/cooperation with other services11 203
Family Group Conference1 020
Network meetings273
Individual plan76
Participation in accountability/support groups8 860
Other networking measures/cooperation with other services974
Investigation and treatment from other services842
Medical investigation and treatment (§ 4-10 Child Welfare Act)92
Treatment of children with special training needs (§ 4-11 Child Welfare Act)1
Mental health care for children and youths416
Other investigation and treatment measures from other services333
Housing3 258
Financial assistance with own housing867
Housing with support (including home share)2 272
Life skills training13
Other housing measures106

Table 6 
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex

Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex
2018Children with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 December
Years, totalType og measuresTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
 Children and adolescents, total
TotalAll measures55 62330 69624 927039 04321 68917 3540
 Care measures10 0365 3024 73408 8684 7074 1610
 Assistance measures45 58725 39420 193030 17516 98213 1930
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures2 1031 16094301 3497396100
 Care measures25013111902221151070
 Assistance measures1 8531 02982401 1276245030
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures13 4358 0665 36909 3945 7293 6650
 Care measures1 70090379701 5028066960
 Assistance measures11 7357 1634 57207 8924 9232 9690
Children are dependents without immigrant-backgroundAll measures39 85021 33118 519028 15715 13713 0200
 Care measures8 0674 2593 80807 1273 7773 3500
 Assistance measures31 60716 96914 638021 03011 3609 6700
UnknownAll measures23513996014384590
 Care measures19910017980
 Assistance measures21613086012675510
Immegrants
TotalAll measures8 4715 3823 08906 0873 9502 1370
 Care measures88246341907433953480
 Assistance measures7 5894 9192 67005 3443 5551 7890
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures1 35373761608684703980
 Care measures1679176014679670
 Assistance measures1 18664654007223913310
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures7 1184 6452 47305 2193 4801 7390
 Care measures71537234305973162810
 Assistance measures6 4034 2732 13004 6223 1641 4580
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents
TotalAll measures7 0673 8443 22304 6562 5182 1380
 Care measures1 06857149709815264550
 Assistance measures5 9993 2732 72603 6751 9921 6830
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures75042332704812692120
 Care measures83404307636400
 Assistance measures66738328404052331720
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures6 3173 4212 89604 1752 2491 9260
 Care measures98553145409054904150
 Assistance measures5 3322 8902 44203 2701 7591 5110

About the statistics

The statistics provide figures on the Child Welfare Services. The figures include notifications, investigations and measures, and the children involved. The work of the Child Welfare Services is aimed at children and adolescents aged 0–23. Figures on full-time equivalents (FTEs) in the Child Welfare Services are also included.

 

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Notifications: Upon receiving a notification, the Child Welfare Services must review it as soon as possible, within a week, and decide whether no action is to be taken or whether an investigation should be initiated. Until 2013, Statistics Norway did not collect data on notifications where no action was taken and where no investigation was initiated.

Investigations: The Child Welfare Services have a right and duty to initiate an investigation when there are reasonable grounds to assume that a child is living in conditions that require intervention pursuant to the Child Welfare Act. Statistics Norway started collecting data on all investigations in 2013. Prior to this, if the Child Welfare Services conducted more than one investigation into the same child, only one investigation was registered; either the investigation that led to a decision to intervene or the first investigation in the statistical year.

Assistance measures: Assistance measures are in accordance with section 4-4 of the Child Welfare Act (corresponds to section 18 – Preventive measures and section 51 – Follow-up measures in the old legislation). Measures can include financial support, kindergarten placement, support contact, supervision, home visits/home respite, home consultancy, respite care in an institution, parent/child care centre placement (home for mothers), outpatient treatment in mental health care for children and adolescents, etc. The new legislation that came into force in 1993 provides for children being removed from the home, and placed in a foster home, for example, without the need for a decision to provide care. According to section 4-4 fifth paragraph of the Act, such placements are categorised as assistance measures.

Care orders: Care orders are in accordance with section 4-12 of the Child Welfare Act (section 19 in the old legislation). All decisions on providing care for a child and placing him or her in foster care are made by the county social welfare board. Care orders are provided for in section 4-12, and include placement in a care centre for minors, foster home, an institution or a training or treatment institution. When the child is in care, all measures aimed at the child are registered as care orders. Until 2013, local authorities was responsible for reporting whether a measure was a care order. As from 2013, Statistics Norway reports whether a measure is an assistance measure or a care order as provided for in the legislation.

Follow-up care: In 1998, amendments to the Child Welfare Act meant that measures that were initiated before a child turned 18 could be continued or replaced with other assistance measures if the child agreed. Such measures can continue until the child reaches 23 years of age, and a generic term for measures in the age group 18-22 is follow-up care.

New children in the Child Welfare Services: All children who are subject to child welfare measures in a statistical year, who are not included in the child welfare statistics in the preceding year, are defined as ‘new children’ with measures. This means that even if the child is registered as a new child in the child welfare statistics, he or she may have received help previously. Use of personal identification numbers is crucial here for identifying the new children in the Child Welfare Services.

Staff are registered under the following education categories: social workers, child welfare educationalists, other university college/university education, office/commercial education, other education/unskilled.

Organisation: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services are organised as one host municipality partnership and/or as part of NAV.

Quality indicators: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services have a system for user surveys, if they have a user survey in the statistical year and if the Child Welfare Services have internal controls.

 

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Child welfare
Topic: Social conditions, welfare and crime

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Health, care and social statistics

Regional level

Figures for the country as a whole, parts of the country, child welfare regions, counties, municipalities and districts in Oslo.

Frequency and timeliness

Unrevised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 March every year.

Revised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 June every year.

Daily statistics are published every year at the end of June/beginning of July.

International reporting

Nordic Social-Statistical Committee (NOSOSKO).

Microdata

Statistics Norway has yearly datasets and dataset explanations, in addition to a historical dataset at individual level consisting of figures on assistance measures and/or care orders for the period 1993-2015.

Background

Background and purpose

The child welfare statistics were first published in 1900, and until 1954, comprised of summary statistics compiled on the basis of annual reports from the predecessor to the current Child Welfare Services. Until 1915, the statistics were produced by the Ministry of Church Affairs and Education, and subsequently by Statistics Norway. Since 1954, child welfare statistics have been prepared based on annual reports from the local authorities. A major reorganisation took place in the 1990s, and in 1992, the range of data was considerably extended. This reorganisation led to a break in some of the time series, including the figures on ‘new’ child welfare clients. Figures on new clients from before and after 1992 are therefore not directly comparable. In 1993, the registration form was changed as a result of new child welfare legislation. The new legislation provides for children being placed outside the home without the need for a decision by the county social welfare board to take over care of the child. However, the figures on children in care from 1993 are comparable.

In 1997, it was decided that notifications to the Child Welfare Services would be excluded, and that only information about who reported the case and the content of the notification would be registered for the children for whom the Child Welfare Services started or ended investigations in the statistical year.

In 1998, an amendment was made to the Child Welfare Act of 1993. The age of children and adolescents who could have follow-up measures was increased from 18-20 to 18-22. Thus, the age group included in the statistics on child welfare was changed.

2002 saw a major reorganisation in the child welfare statistics, with the KOSTRA functions 251 and 252 being included in the reporting basis.

In 2007, the KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare was changed. The figures on measure categories was expanded.

The reporting of 15 Child Welfare was changed in 2013. The form is no longer available, and the data system can only produce file extractions. All notifications and investigations are now reported, while previously only one investigation was reported per child. The figures on measure categories have been expanded and eight main categories of measures with subcategories have been introduced. Statistics Norway now distinguishes between assistance measures and care orders as provided for in the legislation, and whether the measure is function 251 or 252 according to the measure categories. The local authorities previously reported this themselves.

In 2010, employees in the Child Welfare Services were included in the general child welfare statistics. These were previously published separately http://www.ssb.no/barnevernp/.

 

Statistics on personnel in the social security offices, which are summary statistics, were first collected in 1984. It was not until 1991 that a distinction was made between the different categories of child welfare staff. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and positions are now registered according to education, and converted to FTEs. In addition, figures on vacant positions were included as from 31 December 1992. In 2012, positions linked to functions were also reported explicitly in addition to positions in function 244, and in 2013, positions linked to function 252 were also included.

 

Information on organisation and cooperation was first published in 1993. Quality indicators for the Child Welfare Services were first published in 2006.

 

Users and applications

Users: Ministry of Children and Equality, other ministries, Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir), Norwegian Board of Health Supervision, County Governor, county authorities and local authorities, research institutions, the media and students.

Applications: Public planning, research and studies, education and public debate.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

The reports are collected by Statistics Norway for the Ministry of Children and Equality, under the provisions of the Act of 17 July 1992 No. 100 relating to Child Welfare Services section 2-3. Pursuant to the Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2, Statistics Norway shall use the reports in the preparation of official statistics.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Not relevant

Data sources and sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare, and a dataset explanation were used as a basis for data registration. The reporting deadline is 15 January the year following the statistical year. For local authorities with a child welfare programme, a file extraction is made, which is sent electronically to Statistics Norway. Until 2013, the local authorities that did not have such a programme submitted electronic forms from Statistics Norway’s website.

In return, the local authorities receive summary tables and error lists for submitted child welfare statistics. They then have to check whether the figures are correct, and report any errors in the submitted data to Statistics Norway. In 2013, the local authorities were asked to review the KOSTRA publications on 15 March and give Statistics Norway feedback on whether the figures were correct, and no error lists were sent out.

KOSTRA form 8 Personnel and organisation of the Child Welfare Services is submitted electronically from Statistics Norway’s website every year, with a deadline of 15 February.

In cases of inter-municipal cooperation, one file/form is to be submitted for each local authority.

The child welfare control program, which is available on Statistics Norway’s website, plays a key role in the regular control and audit routines for the statistics. The local authorities run the control program before submitting child welfare datasets to Statistics Norway, correcting as many errors as possible before submission. In 2013, most of the controls prevented the submission of file extractions and had to be corrected by the local authorities. After receiving a file, Statistics Norway also runs the control program. Preliminary tables with main figures and error lists are sent to the individual local authorities. The Child Welfare Services in the relevant local authority adds the correct information to the error list before returning it to Statistics Norway for revision and production of the figures.

Controls of data on employees are based on a comparison of the figures from the preceding year, and the local authorities are contacted if there are major discrepancies so that they can create or submit a new form where relevant.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

At municipality and district level, cells in the tables containing three or fewer units are suppressed prior to publishing.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 1980-1985, personal identification numbers were not used in the registration, which made it impossible to control for duplications. Figures from these years are therefore not fully comparable with the preceding and subsequent periods. The figures on children in care in 1992 are assumed to be too high because the 1992 statistics form was designed so that all placements were registered as care placements. There is a break in the 1993 series of new children with measures as a result of a new definition of new children.

In 2002, the child welfare form was changed to include more categories of measures.

A reorganisation in 2007 saw the introduction of more types of measures and information being collected. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2002-2006 are fully comparable.

The main figures for 2007 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years in relation to, for example, the number of children with measures, children with care orders, assistance measures, placements and investigations. Also in that year, more options for measure type and reporting body were added. There may therefore be a break in terms of the measure category ‘other measures’ and the category ‘other’ for the reporting body.

There was a further reorganisation in 2013, with the collection of notifications, more categories for content in the notification, minor changes in the categories of who submitted the notification, collection of all investigations – not just one per child, and more types of measures. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2007-2012 are fully comparable. The main figures for 2013 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years, i.e. the number of children with measures, children with care orders and assistance measures, the number of children under investigation. There is a break in the investigation cases, but the number of children subject to investigation will still be published.

There are no figures for employees in the municipal child welfare services during the period 1984-1990. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and the registration of personnel has not changed markedly since then. As of 2012, employees in function 251 Child welfare measures when the child is not placed by the Child Welfare Services were included in form 8 in addition to employees in function 244 Child Welfare Services. This makes it difficult to compare the total number of employees because we assume that those in function 251 were also reported before 2012 by some local authorities. In 2013, employees in function 252 Child welfare measures when the child is placed by the Child Welfare Services were also included in form 8.