403419
/en/natur-og-miljo/statistikker/arealvern/aar
403419
statistikk
2020-04-27T08:00:00.000Z
Nature and the environment;Svalbard
en
arealvern, Protected areas, national parks, nature reserves, landscape preservation areas, conservation, biotope protection, cultural monuments, Cultural Heritage Act, Nature Diversity Act, Svalbard Environmental Protection ActArea , Nature and the environment, Nature and the environment, Svalbard
true

Protected areas

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

3.1 %

of mainland territorial waters are protected

Protected areas - Nature Diversity Act. The mainland of Norway. By amount, proportions and count, 31 December
2019
Protected area total (km²)Protected land area (km²)Proportion of protected land area (per cent)Protected sea area (km²)Proportion of protected sea area - territorial waters (per cent)Number of protected areas
1Some protected areas belong to several protection categories. Total protected area is therefore smaller than summation of protected area for all categories.
All protection purposes161 14456 57417.54 5703.13 117
National parks32 98031 5249.71 4561.040
Nature reserves9 0077 4012.31 6061.12 414
Landscape protection areas18 33517 2625.31 0730.7195
Marine protected area24200.02420.26
Other protections6573940.12630.2462

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Protected areas - Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act. By amount, count and proportions, 31 December

Protected areas - Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act. By amount, count and proportions, 31 December
2019
Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Protected area total (km²)Protected land area (km²)Proportion of protected land area (per cent)Protected sea area (km²)Proportion of protected sea area - territorial waters (per cent)Number of protected areas
1Some protected areas belong to several protection categories. Total protected area is therefore smaller than summation of protected area for all categories.
2Jan Mayen consists of one nature reserve of 375 km2
All protection purposes1122 58940 02165.282 56891.530
National parks34 35814 43523.519 92222.17
Nature reserves288 21525 57241.662 64369.422
Landscape protection areas000.000.00
Marine protected area000.000.00
Other protections17140.030.01

About the statistics

The statistics apply to protected areas and give figures on the extent of areas that are protected and the number of areas. It includes land, marine and freshwater areas, protected in accordance with the provisions of the Nature Diversity Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act. The statistics have the categories: National park, Nature reserve, Landscape protected area, Marine protected area and Other protection.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

A protected area is an area protected by the Nature Conservation Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act. Since 2006 areas protected according to the Wildlife act and the Act relating to Salmonids and Fresh-water Fish are also included.

The variables are number and area of protected areas according to delineations in protected area maps and administrative boundaries.

For 2008 areas protected under the Cultural Heritage Act are also included.

Since 2014: areas protected according to the Cultural Heritage Act are not included in the statistics.

From 2018: Statistics expanded to include protected sea areas, protected through the Nature Conservation Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act. Sea area is defined as all "salt water" (not land or freshwater)  within Norway's territotorial waters  

 

Standard classifications

Standard classification of protected areas:

  • National parks, protected by the Nature Conservation Act.
  • Landscape protection areas, protected by the Nature Conservation Act.
  • Nature reserves, protected by the Nature Conservation Act.
  • Other protected areas, consists of flora and fauna protection areas (biotop protections) by the Nature Conservation Act. Since 2006 nature relics with an area protection and biotops protected by the Act relating to Salmonids and Fresh-water Fish and the Wildlife Act have also been included.

Since 2008, areas protected under the Cultural Heritage Act are also included, and are made up of: Archaeological monuments and sites Security zones Cultural environments Listed buildings.

Since 2014: areas protected according to the Cultural Heritage Act are not included in the statistics.

From 2018: Statistics expanded to include protected sea areas, protected through the Nature Conservation Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Protected areas
Topic: Nature and the environment

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

Counties, whole country

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

None. The statistics are reported to the Europeiske miljøbyrået (EEA) by the Norwegian Environment Agency after the indikator "Nationally designated protected areas".

 

Microdata

Stored by The Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority and the Directorate for Nature Management .

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics are related to the Nature Conservation Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act. The objective of the statistics is to monitor the status and changes of protected natural areas.

Since 2008 the statistics are also related to the Cultural Heritage Act

Since 2014: areas protected according to the Cultural Heritage Act are not included in the statistics.

From 2018: Statistics expanded to include protected sea areas, protected through the Nature Conservation Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act.

Users and applications

The statistics are mainly used by the public sector as well as for research purposes.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are related to 00.00.20 Regional.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 § 3.2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics comprise all protected areas pursuant to the Nature Conservation Act, the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act and the Jan Mayen Act.

Since 2006 areas protected according to the Wildlife act and the Act relating to Salmonids and Fresh-water Fish are included.

From 2008 : areas protected according to the Cultural Heritage Act are included.

From 2014: areas protected according to the Cultural Heritage Act are no longer included in the statistics.

From 2018: Statistics expanded to include protected sea areas. 

Data sources and sampling

Map database for protected natural areas from the Directorate for Nature Management (DN) . Map database from the National Mapping Authority.

For 2007 a map database from DN on areas without major infrastructure development, 2003, was also used.

Map database for protected natural areas from the Directorate for Cultural Heritage

Since 2014: areas protected according to the Cultural Heritage Act are not included in the statistics.

From 2018: Statistics expanded to include protected sea areas. 

Full count

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Full count based on maps

Control and revision routines related to management and maintenance carried out by The Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority , The Directorate for Nature Management and The Directorate for Cultural Heritage

Based on GIS (Geographical Information System)

Overlay between geo maps of protected areas, Norway's coast line and municipalities. The resulting geo map was used to calculate sum protected area of different types in different municipalities, counties and in total.

Some protected areas belong to several of the five possible protection categories. Total protected area (6th category "All Protection purposes") is therefore smaller than sum protected area for the five categories. .

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

The statistics from 2002 onwards are based on digital maps and methods. The statistics prior to 2002 are based on manual methods and registers and may therefore be less accurate. The statistics are, however, comparable over time and space.

Numbers for the counties can be found in the StatBank. Summation of the area numbers may cause some discrepancies due to rounding off. Some areas are located in more than one county. Thus the sum of the number in the counties is higher than the total number.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors and inaccuracies may occur during the maintenance of map data, or be a result of differences in the accuracy of map data.

Revision

Not relevant