Stable growth in mainland GDP in 2017
Growth in gross domestic product (GDP) for mainland Norway was 0.6 per cent in the 4th quarter of 2017, the same rate of growth as the three previous quarters. For the year as a whole, mainland GDP rose by 1.8 per cent in 2017, compared to 1.0 per cent the year before.
Figure 1. Gross domestic produkt. Seasonally adjusted. Volume indices. 2015=100
|Gross domestic product||Gross domestic product, Mainland-Norway|
Figure 2. Gross fixed capital formation and consumption. Seasonally adjusted. Volume indices. 2015=100
|Gross fixed capital formation, Mainland-Norway||Consumption in households|
Throughout 2017, the strongest contribution to the growth of mainland GDP came from building and construction activities. Activity in this industry has been high since 2015, and seasonally adjusted figures from the National accounts show that the gross product increased by 1.4 per cent in the 4th quarter. For the year as a whole, production in building and construction increased by 4.4 per cent, roughly the same as in 2016.
Seasonally adjusted figures show a clear production growth in manufacturing and mining in the 4th quarter of 1.3 per cent. We need to return to the 3rd quarter of 2014 to see similar growth. Particularly in the second half of 2016, production was weak, and the recovery in manufacturing and mining started at the beginning of 2017. For 2017, production was 0.3 per cent higher than in 2016. In the 4th quarter, production growth was relatively widespread, but the fishing industry and production of metal products were among the strongest contributors.
Value added in service industries excluding general government grew clearly throughout 2017, especially in the last three quarters. Seasonally adjusted figures show that the increase was 0.6 per cent in the 4th quarter, compared to 0.8 per cent the previous quarter. From 2016 to 2017, service production increased by 1.5 per cent. Several industry groups experienced good growth, and business services in particular contributed to the increase, while a decline in oil and gas extraction services pulled the figures down. Value added in the public sector increased by 0.2 per cent in the 4th quarter and by 2 per cent from 2016 to 2017.
Activity in the petroleum sector fell by 4.7 per cent in the 4th quarter following an upswing in the two previous quarters. This contributed to a 0.3 per cent decline in GDP in this quarter. For the year 2017, GDP increased by 1.8 per cent.
Moderate consumption growth in households
Household consumption increased by 0.8 per cent in the 4th quarter. This corresponds to roughly the same rate of growth since the 3rd quarter of 2016. Growth in commodity consumption in this period was somewhat weaker than in service consumption, but consumer spending started again in the 4th quarter, and increased car purchases in particular contributed to consumer growth. Service consumption increased slightly over the previous two quarters, with a seasonally adjusted growth rate of 0.6 per cent. As a yearly average, household consumption increased by 2.4 per cent in 2017, versus 1.5 per cent in 2016.
Public consumption increased by 0.5 per cent in the 4th quarter. From 2016 to 2017, consumption increased by 2 per cent.
Increase in mainland investment
Gross investments in mainland Norway increased by 2 per cent in the 4th quarter and overall for the year they were 5.9 per cent higher than in 2016. Investment growth in the 4th quarter is strongly influenced by public investment in the form of the delivery of three new combat aircrafts. Public investment increased by 5.8 per cent from 2016 to 2017.
Household investment in dwellings, which has had almost continuous growth from early 2015, fell by 4.5 per cent in the 4th quarter. The growth in the three previous quarters, on the other hand, contributed to 7.1 per cent higher housing investment in 2017 than 2016.
Investments in manufacturing and mining increased in the second half of 2017 following a fall in the previous half-year. As a yearly average, investment in industry and mining fell by 8 per cent in 2017, increasing by 8.1 per cent the year before.
Preliminary figures confirm that the decline in petroleum investments is about to level out. In the 4th quarter of 2017, the decline was 1 per cent from the 3rd quarter. For the year 2017, the decline is currently estimated at 4 per cent after a fall of 16.9 per cent in 2016.
Increased exports of traditional goods
Exports of traditional goods increased by 0.7 per cent in the 4th quarter, following a steady rise throughout 2017. Exports of metal products in particular contributed to the increase. In total, exports of traditional goods increased by 2.2 per cent, compared with a decline of 8.2 per cent in 2016.
Preliminary calculations show that service exports increased by 2 per cent in the 4th quarter. However, a sharp decline in oil and gas exports resulted in a decline in the total export volume in the 4th quarter of 2.6 per cent. By 2017, the total export volume had increased by 0.8 per cent following a decrease the year before.
After a decline in the 3rd quarter, imports of both traditional goods and services increased. Total imports of goods and services increased by 2.2 per cent in 2017, about the same as in 2016.
Real wage growth
Annual wage growth for 2017 is estimated at 2.3 per cent. Together with low price growth for household consumption, real wage growth was 0.7 per cent.
Preliminary calculations show that employment adjusted for seasonal variations increased by 0.4 per cent, or about 10 200 persons in the 4th quarter. On average, 29 000 more were employed in 2017 than in 2016. In the 4th quarter, the hours worked increased by 0.6 per cent. There was a corresponding increase in the hours worked in the 3rd quarter, as opposed to a modest increase in the first two quarters of the year.
In connection with the release of figures for the 4th quarter of 2017, new information has been incorporated for all quarters from the 1st quarter of 2017. The seasonally adjusted GDP for mainland Norway has been revised downwards by 0.1 percentage points in the 1st quarter and correspondingly up in the 3rd quarter compared with the previous publication.
For an overview of the revisions in the main aggregates in the last quarters see table 8. For an overview of developments in the gross domestic product for some of our trading partners, see OECD’s statistics..