Small changes in energy use in manufacturing
Energy and manufacturing;Energy and manufacturing
indenergi, Energy use in the manufacturing sector, manufacturing industries, energy goods (for example electricity, heating oils, district heating), energy prices, energy costs, power-intensive manufacturing, self-produced energy, purchased energyEnergy , Manufacturing, mining and quarrying , Energy and manufacturing
Total energy use in manufacturing, mining and quarrying amounted to 77 000 GWh in 2014. The preliminary figures show a decrease of 1 per cent compared to 2013.

Energy use in the manufacturing sector2014



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Small changes in energy use in manufacturing

Total energy use in manufacturing, mining and quarrying was just under 77 000 GWh in 2014 and declined by 1 per cent from the previous year. Energy costs were NOK 19.7 billion. This is a decrease of 2.2 per cent from 2013.

Energy consumption and costs in establishments in manufacturing, mining and quarrying.1
Total energy consumptionEnergy costs
GwhPer centNOK millionPer cent
201422013 - 2014201422013 - 2014
1Published data are based on SN07.
2Preliminary figures
05,07,08,09.9,10-33 Manufacturing, mining and quarrying76 983-1.019 699-2.2
05,07,08,09.9 Mining and quarrying1 606-7.5909-13.8
10-33 Manufacture75 376-0.918 790-1.5
10-12 Manufacture of food products and beverages4 7957.82 3892.6
16 Wood and wood products1 683-2.94671.3
17 Paper and paper products4 509-26.41 179-3.8
19-21 Refined petro., chemicals, pharmac.25 1280.54 082-1.9
22-23 Rubber, plastic and mineral prod.4 448-8.11 442-13.1
24 Basic metals31 3043.07 3141.0
13-15,18,25-33 Manufacturing n.e.c.3 509-0.81 919-4.2

Although there was a reduction in total energy use in 2013, the consumption of electricity increased by 4 per cent and was just under 45 000 GWh in 2014. This means that the proportion of electricity of total energy use in manufacturing, mining and quarrying rose from 55 to 58 per cent. The consumption of gas declined by 4.6 per cent from 2013 to 2014, which represents a decrease of 780 GWh. Consumption of stationary petroleum products decreased by 8.9 per cent, while consumption of coal products remains stable with a 1.1 per cent increase.

Continued decline in manufacture of pulp and paper

The power intensive industry is made up of the industries in manufacturing that use the most energy. These industries account for around two-thirds of total energy consumption; a share which is approximately equal to the previous year. The total energy consumption in these sectors was slightly below 52 000 GWh in 2014.

Energy use in manufacture of basic chemicals had an increase of 4.6 per cent, and was over 16 400 GWh in 2014. The energy consumption in manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard is affected by closures, and was 27.4 per cent lower than in 2013. The energy consumption was 4 400 GWh.

Much of the energy used in the industry manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard comes from self-produced energy, for example from bioenergy and waste liquor, and the decline in this industry led to a decline in self-produced energy in the power intensive industry of around 1 450 GWh. This decline was offset by an increase in the amount of purchased electricity in the other industries in the power intensive industry. Thus, the total energy consumption in power intensive industries remained virtually the same as in 2013.

Lower energy intensity in manufacturing

Energy intensity in manufacturing declined by more than 30 per cent in the period between 2000 and 2013. This development seems to have continued in 2014. Statistics Norway’s production index shows a growth in industrial production of 3.3 per cent in 2014, while the energy use is down 1 per cent. The transition to more energy-efficient technologies and shifts in industry structure can help to explain the development. See Statbank table 10777 under the energy account for developments in energy intensity for Norwegian economic activity.

What determines energy consumption in industrial production?Open and readClose

The change in energy use is due to several factors. Increased economic activity is the main cause of higher energy use, but changes in industry structure and how efficiently energy is used also affect the size of energy consumption. Statistics Norway has analysed the reasons behind the development in total energy consumption in manufacturing and for detailed manufacturing industries based on the change in three factors:

•How efficient manufacturing groups’ utilise the energy in production (energy efficiency)
•Manufacturing groups’ share of total production value (industry structure)
•Total production value from manufacturing (activity)

The development from 2012 to 2013 is described in the Norwegian article on more effective energy consumption in 2013 (Mer effektiv energiutnyttelse i 2013), while developments for the period 2003-2012 are described in the Norwegian article on increased manufacturing production with less energy (Økt industriproduksjon med mindre energi).

The results of these analyses for different time periods are now available in Statbank (see Statbank Table 10908).