359203
/en/energi-og-industri/statistikker/elektrisitet/aar
359203
statistikk
2018-11-29T08:00:00.000Z
Energy and manufacturing
en
elektrisitet, Electricity, Power stations, electricity generation, electricity consumption, energy consumption, power production, hydro power, thermal power, wind power, power-intensive manufacturing, general supply, pumped-storage Power, grid rentEnergy , Energy and manufacturing, Energy and manufacturing
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Electricity

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Key figures

95.8 %

the share of hydro power in electricity production in 2017

Electricity balance (GWh)
2017SharePer cent
2016 - 2017
Production, total149 402100.00.3
Hydro power production143 11295.8-0.2
Thermal power production3 4362.3-0.6
Wind power production2 8541.934.9
 
Imports6 1126.5
Exports21 276-4.0
 
Gross consumption134 2381.3
Pump storage use and other own consumption1 78324.3
Loss and statistical difference7 625-0.9
Net consumption124 830100.01.1
Mining and manufacturing etc.55 43944.41.2
Services etc.26 53521.30.0
Private households and agriculture42 85334.31.7

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Power stations, by type. Maximum output. Number. MW

Power stations, by type. Maximum output. Number. MW
All types of powerHydro powerThermal powerWind power
Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)
20171 13134 2271 07031 912321 108291 207
20161 12533 8081 06631 817321 10827883
20151 06533 8371 00331 372361 59826867
20141 03833 69797731 240361 59825859
20131 02533 48696831 033341 63523818
201299432 86093730 509361 64621705
201193332 08288329 969341 60116512
201081031 68876629 693301 57014425
200978931 25573929 539331 29317423
200873730 57269129 4132976417395

Table 2 
Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh

Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
Production, totalHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionImportsExportsGross consumptionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumptionLoss and statistical differenceNet consumption
2001121 608121 0265552710 7607 162125 2066738059 967113 761
2002130 473129 837561755 32915 002120 8006026659 338110 195
2003107 245106 08494321813 4725 587115 1304888637 950105 829
2004110 472109 29192925215 3343 842121 9645697289 335111 332
2005137 811136 4528604993 65315 695125 7696351 0919 995114 048
2006121 400119 7291 0356369 8028 947122 25556751510 073111 100
2007137 164134 7361 5368925 28415 320127 1285581 54310 417114 610
2008142 108139 9811 2149133 41417 291128 2316371 3389 948116 308
2009131 773126 0774 7199775 65014 633122 7906591 1358 629112 367
2010123 630117 1525 59987914 6737 123131 1805605749 490120 556
2011127 631121 5534 7951 28311 25514 329124 5575441 8077 263114 943
2012147 716142 8103 3581 5484 19022 006129 9005601 5369 098118 706
2013133 975128 6993 3951 88110 13515 140128 9706207868 024119 540
2014141 968136 1813 5702 2176 34721 932126 3836929977 637117 057
2015144 511138 4503 5462 5157 41122 038129 8846931 6127 530120 049
2016148 989143 4173 4562 1165 74122 151132 5795638727 697123 447
2017149 402143 1123 4362 8546 11221 276134 2387181 0657 625124 830

Table 3 
Electricity generation, by type, county and ownership group. GWh

Electricity generation, by type, county and ownership group. GWh1
Production, total2017
201520162017Hydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumption
1The electricity generation in "Sogn og Fjordane" and "Nordland" of 2014 has been corrected on 30 November 2016.
Total144 511148 989149 402143 1123 4362 8547181 065
 
Østfold5 1664 5344 8974 8925090
Akershus85378284883017060
Oslo1248613218114000
Hedmark2 5442 3432 8512 81635060
Oppland7 1756 7166 8656 8650034
Buskerud10 87110 93510 86910 86900600
Vestfold322333330000
Telemark15 54615 48413 43613 425110643
Aust-Agder5 7325 1375 6075 607004886
Vest-Agder11 25211 03810 66410 2481722441355
Rogaland14 35215 04513 98513 3184462316360
Hordaland20 18520 25519 71618 3441 0473255375
Sogn og Fjordane15 64617 04516 49816 43006875430
Møre og Romsdal6 2406 9788 4367 8672023676930
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)4 5264 9595 6095 0761503832429
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)3 6752 8993 7433 5908146137
Nordland14 00517 62117 91717 8200971284
Troms - Romsa3 0303 2173 5253 26113113370
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 4943 8313 7151 8011 44646971
Svalbard636052052070
 
Central government52 74760 76357 17053 9602 501709267308
 
County/municipality76 18172 74176 41274 5274311 455441714
...County municipal4 7593 8514 7874 7580291037
...Joint municipal60 50357 52860 45458 8853921 177404346
...Municipal10 91911 36211 17110 8843824827331
 
Private15 58315 48515 81914 6255046901043

Table 4 
Net consumption of electricity, by type and consumer group. GWh

Net consumption of electricity, by type and consumer group. GWh
Total consumption of electricity2017
20162017Ordinary consumptionFlexible consumption
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS123 447124 828121 7213 105
 
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING36 75236 95036 159792
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard3 5693 7613 523237
Industrial chemicals7 3007 0736 549524
Iron, steel and ferroalloys5 0835 3225 3220
Non-ferrous metals20 80020 79520 76530
 
MINING AND EXTRACTION7 6718 2828 2820
Mining3923723720
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector7 2797 9107 9100
 
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING7 8787 8427 299543
Food products, beverages and tobacco2 7522 7652 509256
Other manufacturing5 1265 0774 790287
 
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES2 4602 3651 596768
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains69066162041
Steam and air conditioning supply1 1581 104378725
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities6126005982
 
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE1 8171 8751 85817
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport5896406400
Other transport and storage1 1611 1701 15317
Postal and courier activities6765650
 
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES24 72224 66024 056602
Construction1 4191 5111 5038
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4 5074 4104 38427
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities1 5981 5751 55026
Information and communication7507647594
Financial and insurance activities2642232193
Real estate activities4 4094 4484 347100
Professional, scientific and technical activities7827917847
Administrative and support service activities71873371220
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security4 7554 8324 661171
Streets and road lighting5295125120
Education1 5381 4871 41473
Human health and social work activities1 8921 8391 703136
Arts, entertainment and recreation78376374716
Activities of membership organisations5255335276
Other service activities2532392345
 
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE42 14742 85342 471384
Agriculture, forestry and fishing1 8761 9791 818162
Hot-houses22622914090
Private households37 76738 29538 163132
Cottages and holiday houses2 2782 3502 3500

Table 5 
Total net consumption of electricity, by consumer group and county. GWh

Total net consumption of electricity, by consumer group and county. GWh
Total consumption of electricity2017
20162017Power intensive manufacturingMining and extractionManufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturingVarious supply and remidiation activitiesTransportation and storageConstruction and other servicesPrivate households and agriculture
Total123 448124 82736 9498 2837 8412 3651 87424 65842 856
 
Østfold6 1766 2822 19610532112821 1032 247
Akershus8 1558 221115303402523992 4674 617
Oslo8 9379 0269772536562893 6094 115
Hedmark3 1843 227184392104178801 812
Oppland3 6303 69781744468521 0581 987
Buskerud4 6704 7292221145399901 3382 515
Vestfold3 7613 7231251044060889892 011
Telemark5 6585 5502 616539950208831 577
Aust-Agder1 8961 92725261503311508967
Vest-Agder6 5526 6523 45141648363367881 414
Rogaland11 23711 2973 5141 0366731302461 9693 729
Hordaland13 35914 0862 9133 4909402111362 2884 109
Sogn og Fjordane6 9517 0145 103183222725589930
Møre og Romsdal11 78211 9066 4971 341636108611 1372 125
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)6 1236 0731 57715360126631 4492 483
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)3 6513 6671 4701227927326721 176
Nordland10 37710 4775 957544951091321 2912 440
Troms - Romsa3 7363 7957459188100401 0411 672
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 5613 43301 787623053584918
 
Svalbard52450150021512

Table 6 
Net consumption of total electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh

Net consumption of total electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh1
Total net consumption of electricity in households per capita
2002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
1Calculated on the basis of the population at the beginning of the year.
Total7 3936 7686 8197 1086 9607 1587 0807 2217 7816 9567 2827 2766 7877 0787 2427 280
 
Østfold6 8526 4136 3966 5796 5646 6036 5427 0007 5716 6866 8676 9446 5036 6776 9356 940
Akershus7 6017 1566 4977 1847 1597 2857 3507 5718 1277 1937 4437 4566 9497 2717 3737 412
Oslo6 7566 2596 2706 9777 0907 2076 8616 6757 2976 5136 7016 3045 9226 2086 0346 166
Hedmark7 7916 1086 2376 3696 3576 4526 4536 8707 5616 7286 9577 2616 9517 2517 5877 791
Oppland7 3126 7646 8256 8246 6686 8896 8857 2177 8186 9647 3697 6477 2427 4837 8758 014
Buskerud7 8596 7486 7156 8896 9117 0967 1827 4278 0447 1637 3737 4606 8997 1077 3797 407
Vestfold7 6377 0337 1447 3747 2097 1697 1577 4418 0706 9587 2497 5117 0367 1787 6077 403
Telemark7 8257 2217 4177 4957 3317 5157 4057 6798 3037 3877 6467 9817 3577 5687 9337 899
Aust-Agder7 0826 4656 6026 7626 7216 7676 8327 0617 7496 8477 0497 2936 8116 9847 3057 398
Vest-Agder6 9816 2036 7086 5126 5737 0366 6676 8227 4576 6376 7946 9016 3876 6206 7676 945
Rogaland7 1946 6556 9087 0086 7016 9956 7946 9667 5566 8317 1647 1516 4976 7656 8636 924
Hordaland7 2606 7306 7977 2176 5897 1327 2297 1847 6927 0107 4387 3446 7627 1657 2537 193
Sogn og Fjordane6 4605 9376 5776 5556 2996 6406 6626 8397 4046 7007 0327 1986 5766 9207 1187 075
Møre og Romsdal7 1426 3846 5846 8746 5457 0096 8876 9177 5056 7977 2537 2566 7767 0527 2167 189
Sør-Trøndelag and Nord-Trøndelag6 8046 2626 4346 5446 3416 5556 2906 3446 8796 1156 5266 6036 2716 4416 7376 729
Nordland8 5508 0828 1858 4628 3088 3828 3318 4878 8748 0728 6188 5348 3578 5278 8158 770
Troms - Romsa8 9868 4518 5968 8658 7158 5698 6768 9279 1928 2308 9048 7338 8028 7718 8929 055
Finnmark - Finnmárku9 7888 9629 1779 3789 5709 3809 92110 05710 2189 25910 2709 5119 7149 90410 15710 634

Table 7 
Prices on electricity and grid rent excluding taxes, by consumer group. Øre/kWh

Prices on electricity and grid rent excluding taxes, by consumer group. Øre/kWh
2017
Total average price excluding taxesPrice on electricityGrid rent, weighted averageGrid rent, ordinary consumptionGrid rent, flexible consumption
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS49.030.218.819.16.9
 
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING28.126.31.81.72.0
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard31.529.71.81.91.3
Industrial chemicals30.326.24.14.22.9
Iron, steel and ferroalloys29.828.21.61.6..
Non-ferrous metals26.425.31.11.11.8
 
MINING AND EXTRACTION33.228.54.74.7..
Mining47.627.819.819.8..
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector34.030.33.73.7..
 
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING47.930.617.318.17.4
Food products, beverages and tobacco49.430.518.919.89.9
Other manufacturing47.130.616.517.25.1
 
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES41.225.016.221.55.1
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains44.724.720.020.79.9
Steam and air conditioning supply41.331.210.120.24.8
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities50.527.223.323.319.3
 
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE47.630.816.816.910.2
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport37.927.810.110.110.1
Other transport and storage51.731.420.320.49.9
Postal and courier activities55.834.221.621.537.2
 
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES54.931.323.623.912.2
Construction57.932.525.425.416.2
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles54.331.822.522.512.8
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities54.231.622.622.713.3
Information and communication56.033.222.822.914.0
Financial and insurance activities55.031.623.423.418.9
Real estate activities55.331.823.523.812.5
Professional, scientific and technical activities52.430.521.922.09.9
Administrative and support service activities55.331.024.324.712.1
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security53.629.324.324.714.2
Streets and road lighting55.329.525.825.8..
Education54.931.023.924.513.1
Human health and social work activities53.833.120.721.77.9
Arts, entertainment and recreation59.832.327.527.716.2
Activities of membership organisations61.233.128.128.313.0
Other service activities62.534.727.828.113.1
 
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE64.134.629.529.710.2
Agriculture, forestry and fishing55.732.723.024.38.9
Hot-houses46.830.416.420.310.2
Private households63.134.628.528.611.7
Cottages and holiday houses88.536.552.052.0..

Table 8 
Price on electricity, grid rent and taxes, by county. Øre/kWh

Price on electricity, grid rent and taxes, by county. Øre/kWh
2017
Total price on electricity, grid rent and taxesPrice on electricityGrid rentTaxes
The whole country97.634.628.534.5
 
Østfold97.936.324.736.9
Akershus94.835.123.436.3
Oslo97.636.024.836.8
Hedmark102.134.230.237.7
Oppland99.434.028.237.2
Buskerud100.334.428.537.3
Vestfold99.035.026.937.1
Telemark103.334.231.138.0
Aust-Agder103.334.830.538.0
Vest-Agder103.034.430.737.9
Rogaland96.131.927.736.5
Hordaland99.935.127.537.3
Sogn og Fjordane115.933.342.140.5
Møre og Romsdal108.835.534.239.1
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)100.636.926.337.4
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)112.536.536.239.8
Nordland88.833.637.917.3
Troms - Romsa75.032.826.715.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku66.130.135.01.0

Table 9 
Prices on electricity traded in the wholesale market and concession power. Øre/kWh

Prices on electricity traded in the wholesale market and concession power. Øre/kWh
2002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
A. Bilateral contracts, total16.521.918.919.126.424.131.428.132.728.221.224.023.319.824.526.4
A.1 Contracts up to 1 year duration20.529.223.823.636.024.233.930.042.435.023.729.224.119.524.226.9
A.2 Contracts up to 1-5 year duration17.321.018.818.523.731.037.831.639.834.424.228.624.524.124.728.7
A.3 Contracts with more than 5 year duration10.412.412.412.120.615.520.025.126.423.619.421.322.719.024.725.6
 
B. Market power trade, total21.630.823.824.739.524.340.132.545.637.424.230.624.719.525.227.6
B.1 Elspot market21.630.824.924.739.624.340.132.545.937.424.330.524.619.425.227.6
B.2 The regulation market20.830.523.824.338.424.436.230.243.138.523.830.625.220.025.127.6
 
C. Concession power9.78.77.67.56.87.69.69.310.311.110.610.911.911.511.411.8

Table 10 
Economic main figures of the power sector. NOK million

Economic main figures of the power sector. NOK million
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Compensations of employees6 2556 7005 8647 4658 0007 9617 0057 9428 5998 678
Production value64 16657 63370 02962 18356 85563 66358 39157 75467 96968 656
Cost of goods and services consumed14 68814 21715 42415 87015 03316 02717 06717 18518 29218 621
Value added49 47843 41654 60546 31341 82247 63641 32440 56949 67750 035
Gross fixed capital formation12 93610 87811 84014 38916 71819 11619 23420 70824 75627 588
Acquisition of fixed assets13 79711 34812 49615 21017 71120 40820 31522 23525 83629 806
Sale of fixed assets8614706568219931 2921 0811 5271 0802 218

Table 11 
Income statment for enterprises in electricity supply, by ownership group. NOK million

Income statment for enterprises in electricity supply, by ownership group. NOK million
Total2017
20162017...Joint municipal...County municipal...MunicipalCentral governmentPrivate
Operating income, total123 809129 30670 1664 1918 39031 36415 195
Sales of energy82 62689 41548 8232 9444 98620 96811 693
Sales of transmission32 18231 12617 2211 0972 8728 984952
Other operating income9 0028 7654 1221505311 4112 550
 
Operating expenses, total94 197100 01556 7373 1176 11620 14513 900
Purchase of energy44 21548 08929 5651 3111 8445 35310 016
Purchase of grid services9 71710 7996 4583031 1632 498376
Other purchases of goods2 4542 7271 35417073499632
Compensation of employees8 5928 6784 2492838682 324954
Depreciation10 41811 2615 1744288184 303538
Other operating expenses18 80218 4619 9376221 3515 1671 384
 
Operating profit29 61229 29113 4291 0742 27311 2191 295
 
Financial income, total3 2285 9738612962857573 774
Dividends on shares/partnerships1 5251 9132142811751531 090
Interest recieved76653726853617750
Other financial income9373 52437911744272 634
 
Financial expenses total4 3344 5061 8122012751 533685
Interest paid2 8122 6311 14019598975224
Other financial expenses1 5221 8756736177558461
 
Financial items, net-1 1061 467-9519610-7763 089
 
Profit on ordinary items before taxes28 50630 75912 4781 1702 28310 4434 385
 
Taxes12 00612 1185 0815839045 004545
 
Profit before extraordinary items16 50018 6417 3975871 3795 4393 840
 
Extraordinary income, total9413130000
Extraordinary depreciation2246253004090
Other extraordinary expenses0000000
 
Profit extraordinary items72-449-4000-4090
 
Taxes on extraordinary items49-26-1903-9080
 
Annual profit16 52318 2197 3765871 3755 1203 760
 
Dividends7 1434 4623 5260196406334

Table 12 
Income statement for enterprises in the power industri, by type of utility. NOK million

Income statement for enterprises in the power industri, by type of utility. NOK million
Total2017
20162017Production plantsWholesale plantsDistribution plantsLow integrated plantsHigh integrated plantsGrid companiesElectricity suppliers
Operating income, total123 809129 30653 07411 0086 8601 0616 00423 18928 110
Sales of energy82 62689 41548 72910 7778224982 97116525 452
Sales of transmission32 18231 12619005 6483762 35121 575986
Other operating income9 0028 7654 1552313901876811 4501 672
 
Operating expenses, total94 197100 01531 37311 0045 9009334 92119 37126 512
Purchase of energy44 21548 08913 24810 6726914091 52712421 418
Purchase of grid services9 71710 7992 549272 079875355 378143
Other purchases of goods2 4542 727918105440926081 005
Compensation of employees8 5928 6782 8951107031659552 857992
Depreciation10 41811 2613 92341959866745 082496
Other operating expenses18 80218 4617 8391441 4141461 1395 3222 457
 
Operating profit29 61229 29121 70149601281 0823 8181 598
 
Financial income, total3 2285 9733 77751466821194565234
Dividends on shares/partnerships1 5251 91381132360411554266
Interest recieved766537223132324815473
Other financial income9373 5242 7431784089036995
 
Financial expenses total4 3344 5062 318295120212651 372115
Interest paid2 8122 6311 34136921325882864
Other financial expenses1 5221 875977259298854451
 
Financial items, net-1 1061 4671 4602195470-72-806119
 
Profit on ordinary items before taxes28 50630 75923 1612241 5071281 0103 0121 717
 
Taxes12 00612 11810 5665116427312607390
 
Profit before extraordinary items16 50018 64112 5941731 3431016982 4041 327
 
Extraordinary income, total941313000000
Extraordinary depreciation224625300004090
Other extraordinary expenses000000000
 
Profit extraordinary items72-449-400000-4090
 
Taxes on extraordinary items49-26510402-885
 
Annual profit16 52318 21912 5031731 3391016972 0841 322
 
Dividends7 1434 4621 0651291 55748300880484

Table 13 
Acquisition and sale of fixed assets, by type of capital. NOK million

Acquisition and sale of fixed assets, by type of capital. NOK million1
2017
AcquisitionSale
1Gross fixed capital formation = acquisition - sale of fixed assets.
Fixed assets, total29 8062 218
 
Water power plants758181
¬ Waterfall rights253
¬ Waterway regulations733178
 
Hydro-electric power stations4 272586
¬ Building construction, hydro-electric power stations2 364352
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, hydro-electric power stations1 908234
 
Thermal power plants304145
¬ Building construction, thermal power plants162145
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, thermal power plants1420
 
Windpower plants4 070123
¬ Building construction, windpower plants2 012123
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, windpower plants2 0580
 
Transmission systems16 003713
¬ Central grid systems7 015147
¬ Regional grid systems2 506234
¬ Local grid systems6 483332
 
District heating494
¬ Production plants130
¬ Distribution systems364
¬ Other, district heating00
 
Other fixed assets, total4 349466
¬ Control centers431
¬ Street and road lighting20
¬ Motor vehicles and other transport equipment202104
¬ Construction machinery1921
¬ Office equipment36062
¬ Offices and premises16362
¬ Dwellings for employees810
¬ Land311
¬ Other property87214
¬ Construction roads383
¬ Tele93785
¬ Fixed assets, other1 673104

About the statistics

The statistics include production, power exchange and consumption. The monthly electricity statistics should be used when the latest data is needed. The annual figures have more detailed information and also include electricity prices, profit and loss accounts and investments.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Electricity monthly

Total production of electricity

Electricity generation contains net production. Consumption related to pump storage and industrial processes should be reported separately and is included in the net production.

Exports of electric power

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Own consumption in the power stations

Own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Calculated net loss

Net loss is calculated using a fixed loss share relative to production based on net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. The loss share is calculated using a five year average and is 6 per cent in 2016. The net loss partly depends on distance, temperatures and the quality of the grid.

Net consumption of electric power

Net consumption of electric power is gross consumption of electric power less pump consumption, other own consumption and calculated net loss.

Consumption of electric power in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas production

Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable.

Total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing

Total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing is the sum of flexible and ordinary consumption in power-intensive manufacturing. Power-intensive manufacturing is defined as pulp and paper production, industrial chemicals, iron, steel and ferro-alloys in addition to primary aluminium and other metals. The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction is net consumption of electric power less total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. Households, services and manufacturing other than power-intensive manufacturing account for the majority of this consumption.

Electricity annual

Gross production of electricity refers to the production that is measured on the generators. The net production may also be calculated by subtracting own consumption in the power stations.

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Other own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Ordinary consumption and flexible consumption: The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

Electricity price, i.e. the price that households pay to the electricity suppliers. This part of the power market was deregulated in 1991. Costs relating to electricity certificates, which is a subsidy system for renewable power, are included in the electricity price. According tothe Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) and the Swedish Energy Agency, the cost of electricity certificates was about 1 øre/kWh in 2012 and 2013.      

Grid rent, i.e. the price that households pay for the physical distribution of electricity. Unlike the deregulated electricity price, the grid rent is regulated. 

Taxes consist of tax on consumption of electricity, value added tax (VAT) and subsidies to Enova. All counties in Norway have the same tax rate for the consumption of electricity, apart from some parts of Troms and the whole of Finnmark, which are exempt. The Enova tax was 1 øre/kWh in 2014 and is the same for all households throughout the country. VAT is added after electricity price, grid rent and other taxes have been added. Nordland, Troms and Finnmark are exempt from VAT.   

Production value is defined as turnover corrected for changes in stock of finished goods, work in progress and goods and services bought for resale.

Cost of goods and services consumed is the value of goods and services consumed as input in the production process; excluding fixed assets (consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital).

Value added is the sum of production value minus the cost of goods and services consumed.

The consumer groups in the table with information on electricity consumption in Norwegian municipalities have the following content.

Mining and manufacturing etc: Mining and extraction, power intensive manufacturing, manufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturing and various supply and remidiation activities.

Services etc: Transportation and storage and construction and other services.

Households and agriculture etc: Agriculture, forestry and fishing, hot-houses, private households and cottages and holiday houses

Standard classifications

Electricity monthly

Production and consumption of electricity is measured in Gigawatt-hours (GWh). In StatBank, Megawatt-hours (MWh) is used as a measure. The classification is based on the standard industrial classification 2007 (SIC 2007). A description of which industries are covered by the statistics is given in section 3.1.

Electricity annual

The classification is based on the standard for sector classification 2007 (SN2007). There is a description of which industries the statistics comprise in section 3.1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Electricity
Topic: Energy and manufacturing

Responsible division

Division for Business Cycle Statistics

Regional level

Electricity monthly

Figures for production and consumption are on national level.

Electricity annual

Municipal and county.

 

Frequency and timeliness

Electricity monthly

Monthly publication. The monthly electricity statistics are published about six weeks after the reference month.

Electricity annual

Annual. The statistics are published 12 months after the reference year.

International reporting

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Data from both statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

 

The annual electricity statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Microdata

Electricity monthly

Raw data files are stored in accordance with Statistic Norway’s standard (DataDok).

Electricity annual

Microdata are stored in a Oracle database.

Background

Background and purpose

Electricity monthly

The purpose of the statistics is to map the production and consumption of electricity. The monthly electricity statistics also serve as a basis for analysis and reports. The current statistics date back to 1979.

Electricity annual

The purpose of the statistics is to give an overview over economic key figures of the power market and to follow the development in supply and use of electricity on national level and on county level. The statistics go back to 1937, but have been changed several times since then.

Users and applications

Electricity monthly

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, IEA and Eurostat.

Internal users of the statistics: the Division for energy and environmental statistics, which uses the data in the energy balance and the energy account; the Division for manufacturing, which uses some of the data in the monthly Index of production. The statistics are also used by the Division for national accounts.

Electricity annual

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Finance, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Enova, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Eurostat. The Annual electricity statistics are important input to the Energy balance and energy account. The data material is also used by the Divison for National Accounts (930) and Divison Industrial Production Statistics in Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

Electricity monthly

The monthly statistics are used in the revision of the annual electricity statistics. The two statistics correspond well.

Electricity annual

Monthly and annual electricity statistics correspond well.

Tables showing electricity prices in the wholesale market and the end-user market are available in the annual electricity statistics and quarterly electricity price statistics. The quarterly electricity price statistics are based on a sample of about 40 enterprises in the wholesale and end-user market, and are released around two months after the end of the quarter. Annual electricity statistics include all the enterprises in the population, and are released about 12 months after the reference year.   

The quarterly electricity price statistics have the most up-to-date electricity prices and provide information about different types of price contracts (spot price, variable price and fixed price). The annual electricity statistics are more detailed and the data source covers the whole population.

Legal authority

Electricity monthly

The Statistic Act § 2-2, 2-3 and 3-2.

Electricity annual

The Statistic act §2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

 

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

Production

Population

Electricity monthly

The population consists of all water, thermal and wind power stations (Standard for sector classification 2007: 35.11). Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas includes all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable (Standard for sector classification 2007: 06.1 and 06.2).

Electricity consumption in power-intensive manufacturing based on the standard for sector classification 2007  includes:

17.1 – Pulp and paper production

20.1 – Production of chemical commodity

24.1 – Production of iron, steel and ferroalloy

24.4 – Production of aluminium and other metals

Electricity annual

The enterprise is the statistical unit.

The Electricity statistics contain all electricity plants that have a license for electricity generation, transmission and distribution in addition to trade of electricity.

The Electricity statistics do not contain:

* Production plants having rated output less than 100 kW

* Power stations which although partly owned by Norwegian interests are located outside Norwegian territory

* Electricity production and consumption on offshore installations not connected to land by power cable

* Main office activities in own enterprises

 

Data sources and sampling

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives production data from Statnett, whereas figures for consumption and production on Svalbard are collected by Statistics Norway. Statistics Norway receives pump storage use and figures for power exchange from Nord Pool Spot AS.

Production of electricity:

Total count of all power plants in Norway.

Consumption:

Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of approximately 8 establishments (approximately a total count).

Power-intensive manufacturing consists of approximately 70-75 establishments (approximately a total count).

Electricity annual

Data collection together with Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate.

Total Count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Electricity monthly

Each Friday, Statistics Norway receives a weekly file from Statnett giving the daily electricity generation for the preceding week. The consumption data are collected by the Division for energy and environmental statistics and Division for manufacturing statistics every month. In addition, Statistics Norway receives data on thermal power production on Svalbard from Bydrift Longyearbyen.

Statnett controls the total volumes in order to detect incorrect decimal points, comma separator errors etc. for large power plants. Plants that receive electricity certificates and guarantees of origin are subject to a separate control. This is also the case for small power plants with machinery of less than 3 MW. Statistics Norway controls that the total figures of hydro power generation, thermal power generation and wind power generation are plausible. In addition, the data on consumption for every establishment in different industries are edited. Where there are major changes compared with previous figures, the establishment is contacted. Data are also compared with the yearly electricity statistics.

Electricity annual

As of 2000, the electricity utilities have reported their data electronically via the system ERAPP.

  • Income statements and balance sheets are controlled by auditors
  • The annual reports of the enterprises are useful in the revision of data
  • Values that are particularly low or high are double checked by contacting the enterprise
  • The power balance is controlled in detail
  • Power sale to different consumer groups should be in line with the Standard Industrial classification of 2002.

Among other things, maximum and minimum values in addition to percentage changes are calculated

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Electricity monthly

According to § 2-4 of the Statistics Act, collected data are subject to secrecy and must be kept or destroyed in a secure manner. Any use of the data must be in accordance with the rules set out by the Data Inspectorate.

Electricity annual

In some municipalities and counties a few units may account for a large share of the electricity production and consumption. However, these figures are not considered to be particularly detrimental for the relevant enterprises.

Comparability over time and space

Electricity monthly

The statistics are comparable back to 1979. However, prior to 1993 the information is less detailed than in later releases.

Until December 2010, pulp and paper production and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas were included in consumption without power-intensive manufacturing. As from the release in January 2011 these groups are separated into their own consumption groups. Only total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing , non-priority and priority consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction are affected by the changes. The rest of the groups are not influenced by the change.

From January 2016, the basis for calculating net loss was changed from utilising loss shares of the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate to loss shares calculated from net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. This affects the series net loss, net consumption of electric power and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction somewhat. The new way of calculating net loss ensures a closer correspondence between the monthly and the annual electricity statistics. All series in Statbank are updated dating back to January 2010

Time series can be downloaded from table 06901 and 08583 in the StatBank.

Electricity annual

In the electricity statistics of 2008 the sale to different end users is based on a new version of Norwegian industry classification (SIC2007) . The most important changes are:

  • The numbers of end users increase from 27 to 36 categories.
  • Power intensive manufacturing now also includes industry 17.1.
  • For the first time we also calculate a grid rent for power intensive manufacturing. Since power intensive manufacturing has a very low grid rent compared to other end users, total grid rent for all end users is not comparable with former years.
  • We do not publish gross value of production, intermediate consumption and value added at factor prices in the electricity statistics of 2008. Instead of these variables we publish production value, cost of goods and services consumed and value added.

The enterprise is the statistical unit. Prior to 1993 the establishment was the unit, defined as all energy activities located in one distribution area. This change concerns only utilities with activities in several distribution areas and it only affects the total count of electricity utilities.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Electricity monthly

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

The statistics are based on a full count, and thus there are no sampling errors.

Electricity annual

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

Revision

Electricity monthly

The figures of electricity generation are not revised after the release of the statistics. Minor revisions may occur for the figures of exports, imports and consumption.

Electricity annual

If no large errors are detected after the release of the statistics, the figures are not revised.