Fewer labour immigrants
Population;Immigration and immigrants
innvgrunn, Immigrants by reason for immigration, reason for immigration (for example work, refugee, family reunification), refugees, immigration background, non-Nordic citizens, country background, year of immigration, principal applicants, resettlement refugees, quota refugees, asylum cases, asylum seekers, family reunification, marriage establishmentImmigrants , Population, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Immigrants by reason for immigration1 January 2010



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Fewer labour immigrants

Fewer labour immigrants came to Norway in 2009, but labour was still the most common reason for immigration among non-Nordic citizens as in the two previous years. Family immigration also decreased compared with 2008, while the number of immigrations due to flight increased.

The sources and methods used to determine reason for immigration have been steadily improved in recent years. When new methods are applied to data from earlier years a deviation occurs in relation to the figures that were originally published. The deviation is particularly apparent where flight is the reason for immigration. It has therefore been decided to update previously published figures with new figures. This work is planned for the 2nd quarter of 2011. Until this is in place, the tables giving reason for immigration will not be accessible in StatBank. Thus, the tables below and the article contains historical figures, which will be adjusted. (17.02.2011)

In 2009, 44 000 immigrants with non-Nordic citizenship immigrated to Norway for the first time. This is a decrease of almost 5 000 persons compared with the record year 2008, but immigration was still one of the highest ever registered. Labour was the reason for immigration for 42 per cent of immigrants, and one third came because of family. Fourteen and 10 per cent came because of flight and studies respectively.

Immigrations by reason for immigration. 1990-2009

Family immigration, the 10 largest groups. 1990-2009

Reduced labour immigration

Labour immigration decreased by about 20 per cent from 2008 to 2009. Two thirds of all labour immigrants in 2009 came from the new EU countries in Eastern Europe, and half of these came from Poland.

In 2009, 3 200 persons had an unknown reason for immigration. This is a result of the new registration rule for EU/EEA/EFTA nationals, where they no longer need to apply for a residence permit.

A small decrease in family immigration

During 2009, 33 per cent of immigrants came to Norway for family reasons. This is a small decrease compared with 2008. A total of 9 700 of those came for family reunification, while 4 000 immigrated for family establishment through marriage. Out of those who came to Norway due to marriage, 47 per cent had a spouse without an immigrant background.

More came due to flight

Compared with 2008, 1 900 more persons came to Norway due to flight. Most of them came from Eritrea and Afghanistan.

3 out of 4 still here

More than 420 000 persons with non-Nordic citizenship immigrated to Norway between 1990 and 2009. Three out of 4 still lived in the country at the start of 2010. Among those who immigrated due to flight and family since 1990, 80 per cent still lived in Norway as of 1 January 2010.

Resident immigrants per 1.1.2010 by reason for and year of immigration. Per cent

Statistics on reason for immigration include all immigrants with non-Nordic citizenship that immigrated to Norway between 1990 and 2009. Persons who have come to Norway as family immigrants to persons with a refugee background are classified as family immigrants. Employees on short-term stays (less than six months) are not registered as residents in the population register and thus not included in the statistics. Persons adopted from abroad are not included in the statistics because they are not regarded as immigrants.

The most important data sources are the Central Population Register (CPR) in the Directorate of Taxes, and the Aliens Register (UDB) in the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.