Equity ratio increases
Banking and financial markets
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Financial corporations, balance sheetMay 2014

As from 2016 the statistics is published with Banks and mortgage companies.



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Equity ratio increases

Between end of May 2009 and end of May 2014, banks' equity-to-assets ratio increased with 2.0 percentage points, to 6.9 per cent. During the same period, the mortgage companies’ equity-to-assets ratio increased with 2.2 percentage points.

Balance sheet. Selected figures. NOK million and per cent
May 2013May 2014May 2013 - May 2014
Bank total assets4 047 5334 292 0156.0
Deposits2 705 9512 892 0566.9
Loans2 919 3173 143 4037.7
Mortgage companies
Bank total assets1 726 2301 782 2753
Loans1 491 7951 499 1970.5

At the end of May 2014, the banks’ equity was NOK 296 billion, of which NOK 203 billion was retained earnings. The increase in equity ratio since end of May 2009 stems primarily from retained earnings. The increased equity ratio should be viewed in the context of the new capital- and liquidity standards which have been introduced for the financial institutions.

Mortgage companies’ equity was nearly NOK 90 billion at the end of May this year, of which NOK 62 billion was paid-in equity. Since May 2009, the paid-in equity has increased more than the retained earnings. During the period, the banks established several specialised mortgage companies with the permit to issue covered bonds , and large amounts of mortgage loan portfolios were transferred to these companies. The new mortgage companies are the main reason for the increase in the paid-in equity.

Funding from customer deposits still increasing

Norwegian banks has a number of funding sources , and a large part comes from customer deposits. Customer deposits amounted to NOK 2 014 billion at the end of May this year, an increase of NOK 144 billion from the end of May last year. During the last five years, the customers’ deposits-to-assets ratio increased from 39.9 per cent to 46.9 per cent. In the last twelve months up to end-May 2014, the increase in the ratio was 0.7 percentage points. Customer deposits are considered to be a stable long term funding for banks. Even if some customers will make withdraws on their deposits, the probability that many customers withdraws their deposits at the same time is generally small. However, cash flows between the customers and the Government, and also the holiday pay to the employees, lead to monthly fluctuations in the customer deposits. In May 2014, there was a decrease of NOK 22 billion, or 1.1 per cent in the customer deposits.

Falling bond ratio in banks, increasing bond ratio in mortgage companies

Banks’ debt securities, which consists of long term bonds and short term bonds, were NOK 578 billion, or 13.5 per cent of total assets at the end of May 2014. In the period from the end of May 2009 to the end of May 2014 the ratio has fallen by 4.5 percentage points, the last twelve month by 0.7 percentage points. Both the ratio for long term bonds and short term bonds fell in the last five years, long term bonds by 4.1 percentage points and the short term bonds by 0.4 percentage points.

Mortgage companies debt securities was NOK 1 360 billion at the end of May 2014, an increase of NOK 644 billion since the end of May 2009. In this five year period, the securities debts-to assets ratio increased from 69.0 per cent to 76.3 per cent. During the last twelve months, there was a decrease in the ratio of 0.3 percentage points, while the equity-to-assets ratio increased with 0.3 percentage points. Covered bonds was NOK 875 billion at the end of May 2014, an increase of NOK 543 billion, or 163.6 per cent, since the end of May 2009.