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statistikk
2018-11-08T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings
en
arblonn, Number of employments and earnings, business cycle, business trend, cyclic development, cyclical trend, economic cycle, economic trend, employee, salaried employee, workEmployment , Labour market and earnings
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Number of employments and earnings

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Key figures

1.9 %

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Number of employments, wage earners, and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage change
Number of employments
Both sexes2 912 7281.9
Males1 505 1172.4
Females1 407 6111.5
 
Number of employees
Both sexes2 651 3971.6
Males1 400 2472.1
Females1 251 1501.2
 
Average monthly basic earnings (NOK)
Both sexes42 6802.7
Males44 9702.5
Females39 8702.9

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Table 1 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by sex

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings (NOK)
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Both sexes
All ages2 912 7281.942 6802.7
Less than 25 years444 8481.627 5502.2
25-39 years960 5252.739 7602.7
40-54 years956 4731.147 2702.6
55-66 years494 0532.347 7602.8
67 years or older56 8295.144 5703.0
 
Males
All ages1 505 1172.444 9702.5
Less than 25 years216 1672.328 3602.0
25-39 years506 2362.841 1002.6
40-54 years495 5571.450 1702.4
55-66 years253 2342.851 7402.6
67 years or older33 9236.547 4502.8
 
Females
All ages1 407 6111.539 8702.9
Less than 25 years228 6810.926 5502.5
25-39 years454 2892.538 0802.8
40-54 years460 9160.643 8102.9
55-66 years240 8191.843 0403.2
67 years or older22 9063.138 8103.0

Table 2 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by county

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by county
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings (NOK)
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Østfold131 8251.439 2503.0
Akershus297 4703.044 1202.6
Oslo505 9673.247 9303.0
Hedmark95 5631.038 9102.7
Oppland96 7121.138 2903.1
Buskerud138 5201.540 8202.6
Vestfold118 7061.740 5602.8
Telemark83 2521.839 7902.6
Aust-Agder54 1221.539 6002.5
Vest-Agder99 5292.740 4702.5
Rogaland265 2704.344 6703.0
Hordaland281 7821.542 5302.8
Sogn og Fjordane63 2922.238 8202.7
Møre og Romsdal142 2911.640 2302.5
Trøndelag249 361.41 440:
Nordland130 8581.239 8202.8
Troms - Romsa95 0081.840 6302.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku42 1961.039 4202.6
County not stated6 497-2.134 110-13.3
Not mainland Norway14 507-35.449 790-3.9

Table 3 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings (NOK)
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 912 7281.942 6802.7
Agriculture, forestry and fishing41 410-0.334 6304.1
Mining and quarrying56 548-0.561 0801.8
Manufacture223 0761.343 5402.5
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management34 3532.548 3502.3
Construction241 1603.841 3003.1
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles387 9770.138 4903.1
Transportation and storage148 5630.442 0501.9
Accommodation and food service activities125 9262.229 9002.5
Information and communication93 8653.955 0903.0
Financial and insurance activities46 5870.057 0203.8
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities170 1374.253 3402.6
Administrative and support service activities168 8653.737 1102.5
Public adm., defence, soc. security183 8751.446 2902.5
Education225 7052.244 3302.5
Human health and social work activities649 4172.038 7502.5
Other service activities114 3042.839 9102.5
Unspecified96010.553 060:

Table 4 
Number of employments, by immigrant category and country background

Number of employments, by immigrant category and country background
Number of employments
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage change
All
Nordic countries2 243 6500.7
Western Europe else111 7103.4
EU countries in Eastern Europe201 4166.0
Eastern Europe else47 3996.7
North America and Oceania44 0372.5
Asia174 8268.5
Africa63 76811.1
South and Central America25 8056.1
 
First generation immigrants without Norwegian background
Nordic countries46 0400.2
Western Europe else46 1113.1
EU countries in Eastern Europe131 8264.1
Eastern Europe else39 9126.0
North America and Oceania6 8134.1
Asia125 7358.5
Africa49 81111.6
South and Central America14 9466.0
 
Other residents
Nordic countries2 171 5100.8
Western Europe else56 4103.8
EU countries in Eastern Europe9 8526.4
Eastern Europe else5 69613.2
North America and Oceania36 5892.2
Asia46 8959.0
Africa13 3949.5
South and Central America10 5676.5
 
Non-residents
Nordic countries26 100-10.3
Western Europe else9 1891.9
EU countries in Eastern Europe59 73810.4
Eastern Europe else1 7913.5
North America and Oceania635-1.1
Asia2 196-3.0
Africa5635.0
South and Central America292-4.6

Table 5 
Net employment destructions and creations, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Net employment destructions and creations, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of employmentsNet employment destructions, all enterprisesNet employment creations, all enterprises
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 912 7281.9272 5991.1328 1463.0
Agriculture, forestry and fishing41 410-0.37 69419.57 579-11.4
Mining and quarrying56 548-0.53 707-43.73 436-33.3
Manufacture223 0761.316 822-15.819 7274.1
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management34 3532.53 32215.04 14925.7
Construction241 1603.828 4079.037 269-2.4
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles387 9770.141 4968.641 741-2.4
Transportation and storage148 5630.415 762-4.316 34010.8
Accommodation and food service activities125 9262.217 9468.120 626-6.2
Information and communication93 8653.99 205-2.312 73011.1
Financial and insurance activities46 5870.02 902-26.22 906-15.3
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities170 1374.221 645-1.228 44411.4
Administrative and support service activities168 8653.721 31415.427 402-5.5
Public adm., defence, soc. security183 8751.412 49130.014 95520.6
Education225 7052.29 989-27.314 812-1.7
Human health and social work activities649 4172.046 1823.359 14216.8
Other service activities114 3042.813 2080.316 290-3.0
Unspecified96010.5507-61.55988.1

Table 6 
Net employment destructions and creations, by sector

Net employment destructions and creations, by sector
Number of employmentsNet employment destructions, all enterprisesNet employment creations, all enterprises
3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 20183rd quarter 20183rd quarter 2017 - 3rd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Sum all sectors2 912 7281.9265 5752.2321 1224.0
Private sector, public enterprises, and unspecified1 940 0241.9208 9713.7244 6651.3
Local government650 2552.743 623-0.660 61822.1
Central government322 4490.912 981-10.315 839-10.5

About the statistics

The statistics show the number of people working in Norwegian enterprises and their earnings. The purpose is to show changes in the number of jobs, number of employees, and earnings for each quarter compared to the same quarter the year before. The statistics include both residents and non-residents as well as all age groups.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The statistics of the number of wage earners and employments are based on reported information from A-ordningen for the middle month of a given quarter. Statistics Norway follows the recommendations of the International Labour Organization (ILO) regarding preparation of labor statistics in the choice of key concepts and definitions.

Job-related characteristics

Employed persons are persons who performed paid work of at least one hour's duration in the reference week, as well as persons who have such work but who were temporarily absent due to illness, vacation, paid leave, etc. Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons.

Wage earners are persons who receive compensation for work in the form of wages. Fore wage earners with more than one employment, one is established as the most important (i.e., the main employment).

Employment: A person may have several employments (jobs) in different enterprises.

Employer-related characteristics

The characteristics of place of work and industry division are obtained from the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) and apply to the enterprise where the person works.

Information about the sector is retrieved from the CRE. Sector is classified according to the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Personal characteristics

Characteristics such as place of residence, sex, and age are obtained from the National Registry.

Residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry and also include temporary residents who plan on staying in Norway for six months or more.

Non-residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry with a planned stay in Norway of less than six months. Non-residents include persons with a temporary social security number (D-number) or registered as emigrants, but who work in Norway.

Immigrants are defined as persons who are born abroad, have foreign-born parents and grandparents, and later immigrated to Norway. Data on immigration status and country background are retrieved from registries at Statistics Norway.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the revised Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is in accordance with the Standard Classification of Occupations (STYRK-08), which is based on ISCO-08 (COM).

The sector classification is in accordance with the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Breakdown by county and municipality is in accordance with the list of counties and municipalities as of the 1st in the middle month of a given quarter.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Number of employments and earnings
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

Municipality, county, and the country as a whole

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly

International reporting

None

Microdata

Source data are permanently stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the current statistics is to elucidate changes in the number of employments and wage earners, as well as provide tables of the development at a detailed regional level (municipalities and counties) that we do not have in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) or the quarerly national accounts.

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. A-ordningen was established in 2015 and is a common reporting system for everyone disbursing wages, pension, and other benefits. It is based on monthly reporting of relevant information in the form of a so-called a-melding, which is transmitted electronically to the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), the Norwegian Tax Administration, and Statistics Norway.

The statistics were first published in January 2018, with figures dating back to 1st quarter 2016.

Users and applications

Public administration and local administration in particular, employers' and employees' organisations, media, individual companies, and researchers

Equal treatment of users

No external user has access to the figures until 8 a.m. on the day of publication at https://www.ssb.no/en/. Notice about the publication are given in the statistics calendar at least three months in advance.

Coherence with other statistics

Comparison with other employment statistics

There are two different approaches that can be used when describing employment in Norway:

  1. the participation of the population in the labor market
  2. enterprises' use of labor in the production of goods and services

When looking at the population's participation in the labor market, the population is normally limited to persons aged 15-74 years and registered as residents in Norway. This approach is used in the annual registry-based employment statistics and in the Labor Force Survey (LFS).

When looking at the enterprises's use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian enterprises, regardless of age and whether the employee is registered as a resident of Norway or not. This approach is used by the national accounts and structural statistics. It is also this population that is used in the current statistics on the number of wage earners and employments (see the Production section for more information).

The annual registry-based employment statistics describe employment and industry division at a detailed regional level. The statistics are based on persons registered as residents of Norway according to the National Registry and working in Norwegian enterprises. The criterion is that you are expected to stay for at least six months in the country. Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons. The statistics include employed persons per 4th quarter (reference week in November). For employed pearsons with more than one employment, one is identified as the most important. The main difference between the quarterly statistics on the number of employments and the annual registry-based employment statistics is that the latter statistics also includes self-employed persons, but it does not include wage earners on short-term stays (i.e., planned stay of less than six months). In addition, the registry-based employment statistics are restricted to 15-74 years, while there are no age limits in the statistics on the number of employments and wage earners.

When it comes to reporting the number of employments in the national accounts and other economic statistics, this is also based on Norwegian enterprises, regardless of whether the person is resident or not. This is the same approach as in the current statistics.

Legal authority

The Statistical Act $3-2 (Administrative Registers)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

These statistics are based on the enterprises’ use of labor in the production of goods and services in Norway (see the Coherence with other statistics subsection under the Background section for more information). When looking at the enterprises’ use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian enterprises, regardless of age and whether the employee is resident in Norway or not. This also includes foreign employees on short-term stays (non-residents).

Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons. Only the former are reported to A-ordningen. Therefore, the current statistics only cover employments (i.e., jobs) among wage earners.

Data sources and sampling

Data sources

The main source of the statistics is A-ordningen, which is a coordinated digital collection of employment, income, and tax deductions for the Norwegian Tax Administration, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare  Administration (NAV), and Statistics Norway. This means that Statistics Norway receives information about wages and employees directly from the so-called a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information collected. More information may be found on https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrift-og-organisasjon/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/.

In addition to A-ordningn, other registers are used, the most important being Vernepliktsverket and Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).

Sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The statistics have no data collection, but are based on a number of different registries:

  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from A-ordningen.
  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from Vernepliktsverket.
  • Variables such as place of work and industry division are obtained from Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).
  • Personal characteristics are obtained from the National Registry.

Editing

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway’s common rules of confidentiality are followed.

Comparability over time and space

Comparable figures are available from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

These statistics are not comparable to the annual register-based employment statistics or the Labour Force Survey (LFS), as they are based on another population. Nor will the statistics be completely comparable to the employment figures in the national accounts, although the population is essentially similar. The difference is due to the fact that the national accounts publish figures for employed persons, which also include self-employed persons. In addition, the number of employed persons in the national accounts is given as an average for all months in the quarter. For more information, see the Background section.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. The quality of A-ordningen is generally good. Nevertheless, some errors might occur.

Measurement and processing errors

Some errors might occur due to incorrect reporting of the information (measurement error). Furthermore, errors might occur as the result of data processing conducted at Statistics Norway (processing error).

There are indications of gradual improvement in the reporting to A-ordningen from 2015 to 2016, even though the reporting during the first year of A-ordningen (2015) is considered as being good. Therefore, figures are published from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

More uncertainty is expected in the number of wage earners and employments at a detailed regional level than at a more aggregated level (e.g., the country as a whole).

Dropout error

Not relevant

Sample error

Not relevant

Revision

Not relevant