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statistikk
2018-08-15T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings
en
arblonn, Number of employments and earnings, business cycle, business trend, cyclic development, cyclical trend, economic cycle, economic trend, employee, salaried employee, workEmployment , Labour market and earnings
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Number of employments and earnings

Updated

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Key figures

1.9 %

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Number of employments, wage earners, and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage change
Number of employments
Both sexes2 851 8201.9
Males1 465 5172.3
Females1 386 3031.5
 
Wage earners
Both sexes2 587 5051.7
Males1 360 8532.1
Females1 226 6521.2
 
Average monthly basic earnings
Both sexes42 6102.5
Males44 9202.3
Females39 7802.8

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Table 1 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by sex

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Both sexes
All ages2 851 8201.942 6102.5
Less than 25 years382 8371.427 7602.3
25-39 years951 3262.739 4602.4
40-54 years960 2801.046 7802.5
55-66 years496 5232.247 2202.9
67 years or older60 8545.443 8402.5
 
Males
All ages1 465 5172.344 9202.3
Less than 25 years184 7172.228 6402.2
25-39 years497 4022.940 8102.3
40-54 years494 6561.549 6902.3
55-66 years253 0782.551 2202.5
67 years or older35 6647.046 8102.5
 
Females
All ages1 386 3031.539 7802.8
Less than 25 years198 1200.726 6402.4
25-39 years453 9242.537 7702.5
40-54 years465 6240.643 3202.8
55-66 years243 4451.842 4803.2
67 years or older25 1903.438 1202.0

Table 2 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by county

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by county
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Østfold128 9762.239 1402.6
Akershus294 0392.843 8902.4
Oslo506 0493.247 5202.8
Hedmark92 9611.538 9102.7
Oppland92 5571.638 4502.9
Buskerud135 3991.240 6802.4
Vestfold115 0242.140 5702.7
Telemark80 1331.840 0602.7
Aust-Agder52 1162.339 8302.4
Vest-Agder95 0041.840 6302.1
Rogaland258 8504.344 6202.7
Hordaland278 6341.642 4602.6
Sogn og Fjordane59 3140.939 2502.8
Møre og Romsdal138 1591.740 2502.4
Trøndelag244 135.41 380:
Nordland126 6701.339 9802.8
Troms - Romsa93 4971.640 6002.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku40 5011.239 4702.3
County not stated6 058-1.134 460-7.5
Not mainland Norway13 744-37.149 670-3.3

Table 3 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 851 8201.942 6102.5
Agriculture, forestry and fishing34 1523.035 9004.3
Mining and quarrying55 459-0.160 9601.5
Manufacture215 4320.943 2802.4
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management32 7221.948 5802.7
Construction231 3594.040 9202.7
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles378 5100.338 4202.8
Transportation and storage143 7530.741 8701.6
Accommodation and food service activities114 3432.730 1002.1
Information and communication92 9364.355 0803.1
Financial and insurance activities46 165-0.656 5403.8
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities168 3744.153 3002.4
Administrative and support service activities158 8795.037 1002.7
Public adm., defence, soc. security182 5811.246 2802.2
Education248 7731.943 6202.3
Human health and social work activities631 0871.438 6702.6
Other service activities116 2343.040 2202.7
Unspecified1 061-6.0::

Table 4 
Number of employments, by immigrant category and country background

Number of employments, by immigrant category and country background
Number of employments
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage change
All
Nordic countries2 210 6260.7
Western Europe else107 7242.8
EU countries in Eastern Europe190 4897.0
Eastern Europe else46 7726.7
North America and Oceania43 2042.7
Asia167 7958.2
Africa60 08710.9
South and Central America25 0126.7
 
First generation immigrants without Norwegian background
Nordic countries46 697-0.5
Western Europe else45 8772.4
EU countries in Eastern Europe132 2765.1
Eastern Europe else40 0806.1
North America and Oceania6 9084.0
Asia121 8897.9
Africa46 85311.3
South and Central America14 7455.8
 
Other residents
Nordic countries2 140 8190.8
Western Europe else54 4484.1
EU countries in Eastern Europe9 4124.8
Eastern Europe else5 49413.5
North America and Oceania35 7702.6
Asia44 3669.6
Africa12 7949.6
South and Central America10 0417.8
 
Non-residents
Nordic countries23 110-11.4
Western Europe else7 399-3.2
EU countries in Eastern Europe48 80113.2
Eastern Europe else1 198-2.4
North America and Oceania526-3.8
Asia1 540-3.6
Africa4408.9
South and Central America22617.1

Table 5 
Net employment destructions and creations, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Net employment destructions and creations, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of employmentsNet employment destructions, all enterprisesNet employment creations, all enterprises
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 851 8201.9261 952-1.0315 9763.9
Agriculture, forestry and fishing34 1523.04 8658.95 851-6.4
Mining and quarrying55 459-0.13 829-52.43 7942.7
Manufacture215 4320.916 903-23.618 7696.2
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management32 7221.92 96412.43 5659.9
Construction231 3594.026 5407.035 464-0.6
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles378 5100.339 0544.940 027-4.4
Transportation and storage143 7530.714 921-10.915 91210.3
Accommodation and food service activities114 3432.716 0337.318 990-6.4
Information and communication92 9364.39 370-7.813 23119.4
Financial and insurance activities46 165-0.63 254-27.12 963-20.4
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities168 3744.121 194-6.627 75314.0
Administrative and support service activities158 8795.019 59611.727 2285.2
Public adm., defence, soc. security182 5811.212 27235.114 49738.7
Education248 7731.910 637-27.515 248-15.4
Human health and social work activities631 0871.446 11514.254 95010.0
Other service activities116 2343.013 6783.417 0751.0
Unspecified1 061-6.0727-44.6659-16.1

Table 6 
Net employment destructions and creations, by sector

Net employment destructions and creations, by sector
Number of employmentsNet employment destructions, all enterprisesNet employment creations, all enterprises
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Sum all sectors2 851 8201.9254 8130.0308 8374.8
Private sector, public enterprises, and unspecified1 881 5362.1197 867-1.5236 9684.3
Local government649 1571.943 4119.155 7438.5
Central government321 1270.813 535-4.616 1260.3

About the statistics

The statistics shows the number of people working in Norwegian enterprises, and their earnings. The purpose is to show quarterly changes in the number of jobs, the number of employees and in earnings. The statistics include all age groups as well as both residents and non-residents.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The statistics of the number of wage earners and employments are based on reported information from A-ordningen for the middle month of a given quarter. Statistics Norway follows the recommendations of the International Labour Organization (ILO) regarding preparation of labor statistics in the choice of key concepts and definitions.

Job-related characteristics

Employed persons are persons who performed paid work of at least one hour's duration in the reference week, as well as persons who have such work but who were temporarily absent due to illness, vacation, paid leave, etc. Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons.

Wage earners are persons who receive compensation for work in the form of wages. Fore wage earners with more than one employment, one is established as the most important (i.e., the main employment).

Employment: A person may have several employments (jobs) in different enterprises.

Employer-related characteristics

The characteristics of place of work and industry division are obtained from the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) and apply to the enterprise where the person works.

Information about the sector is retrieved from the CRE. Sector is classified according to the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Personal characteristics

Characteristics such as place of residence, sex, and age are obtained from the National Registry.

Residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry and also include temporary residents who plan on staying in Norway for six months or more.

Non-residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry with a planned stay in Norway of less than six months. Non-residents include persons with a temporary social security number (D-number) or registered as emigrants, but who work in Norway.

Immigrants are defined as persons who are born abroad, have foreign-born parents and grandparents, and later immigrated to Norway. Data on immigration status and country background are retrieved from registries at Statistics Norway.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the revised Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is in accordance with the Standard Classification of Occupations (STYRK-08), which is based on ISCO-08 (COM).

The sector classification is in accordance with the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Breakdown by county and municipality is in accordance with the list of counties and municipalities as of the 1st in the middle month of a given quarter.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Number of employments and earnings
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

Municipality, county, and the country as a whole

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly

International reporting

None

Microdata

Source data are permanently stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the current statistics is to elucidate changes in the number of employments and wage earners, as well as provide tables of the development at a detailed regional level (municipalities and counties) that we do not have in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) or the quarerly national accounts.

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. A-ordningen was established in 2015 and is a common reporting system for everyone disbursing wages, pension, and other benefits. It is based on monthly reporting of relevant information in the form of a so-called a-melding, which is transmitted electronically to the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), the Norwegian Tax Administration, and Statistics Norway.

The statistics were first published in January 2018, with figures dating back to 1st quarter 2016.

Users and applications

Public administration and local administration in particular, employers' and employees' organisations, media, individual companies, and researchers

Equal treatment of users

No external user has access to the figures until 8 a.m. on the day of publication at https://www.ssb.no/en/. Notice about the publication are given in the statistics calendar at least three months in advance.

Coherence with other statistics

Comparison with other employment statistics

There are two different approaches that can be used when describing employment in Norway:

  1. the participation of the population in the labor market
  2. enterprises' use of labor in the production of goods and services

When looking at the population's participation in the labor market, the population is normally limited to persons aged 15-74 years and registered as residents in Norway. This approach is used in the annual registry-based employment statistics and in the Labor Force Survey (LFS).

When looking at the enterprises's use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian enterprises, regardless of age and whether the employee is registered as a resident of Norway or not. This approach is used by the national accounts and structural statistics. It is also this population that is used in the current statistics on the number of wage earners and employments (see the Production section for more information).

The annual registry-based employment statistics describe employment and industry division at a detailed regional level. The statistics are based on persons registered as residents of Norway according to the National Registry and working in Norwegian enterprises. The criterion is that you are expected to stay for at least six months in the country. Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons. The statistics include employed persons per 4th quarter (reference week in November). For employed pearsons with more than one employment, one is identified as the most important. The main difference between the quarterly statistics on the number of employments and the annual registry-based employment statistics is that the latter statistics also includes self-employed persons, but it does not include wage earners on short-term stays (i.e., planned stay of less than six months). In addition, the registry-based employment statistics are restricted to 15-74 years, while there are no age limits in the statistics on the number of employments and wage earners.

When it comes to reporting the number of employments in the national accounts and other economic statistics, this is also based on Norwegian enterprises, regardless of whether the person is resident or not. This is the same approach as in the current statistics.

Legal authority

The Statistical Act $3-2 (Administrative Registers)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

These statistics are based on the enterprises’ use of labor in the production of goods and services in Norway (see the Coherence with other statistics subsection under the Background section for more information). When looking at the enterprises’ use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian enterprises, regardless of age and whether the employee is resident in Norway or not. This also includes foreign employees on short-term stays (non-residents).

Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons. Only the former are reported to A-ordningen. Therefore, the current statistics only cover employments (i.e., jobs) among wage earners.

Data sources and sampling

Data sources

The main source of the statistics is A-ordningen, which is a coordinated digital collection of employment, income, and tax deductions for the Norwegian Tax Administration, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare  Administration (NAV), and Statistics Norway. This means that Statistics Norway receives information about wages and employees directly from the so-called a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information collected. More information may be found on https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrift-og-organisasjon/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/.

In addition to A-ordningn, other registers are used, the most important being Vernepliktsverket and Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).

Sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The statistics have no data collection, but are based on a number of different registries:

  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from A-ordningen.
  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from Vernepliktsverket.
  • Variables such as place of work and industry division are obtained from Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).
  • Personal characteristics are obtained from the National Registry.

Editing

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway’s common rules of confidentiality are followed.

Comparability over time and space

Comparable figures are available from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

These statistics are not comparable to the annual register-based employment statistics or the Labour Force Survey (LFS), as they are based on another population. Nor will the statistics be completely comparable to the employment figures in the national accounts, although the population is essentially similar. The difference is due to the fact that the national accounts publish figures for employed persons, which also include self-employed persons. In addition, the number of employed persons in the national accounts is given as an average for all months in the quarter. For more information, see the Background section.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. The quality of A-ordningen is generally good. Nevertheless, some errors might occur.

Measurement and processing errors

Some errors might occur due to incorrect reporting of the information (measurement error). Furthermore, errors might occur as the result of data processing conducted at Statistics Norway (processing error).

There are indications of gradual improvement in the reporting to A-ordningen from 2015 to 2016, even though the reporting during the first year of A-ordningen (2015) is considered as being good. Therefore, figures are published from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

More uncertainty is expected in the number of wage earners and employments at a detailed regional level than at a more aggregated level (e.g., the country as a whole).

Dropout error

Not relevant

Sample error

Not relevant

Revision

Not relevant