Growth in unemployment
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
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Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresNovember 2012



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Growth in unemployment

The number of unemployed persons increased by 11 000 from August to November 2012. The unemployed corresponded to 3.5 per cent of the labour force in November.

Employment and unemployment for persons aged 15-74. Seasonally-adjusted series1
November 2012Change from the previous non-overlapping three-month period
1Three-month average named by the senter month.
Unemployed persons94 00011 000
In per cent of the labour force3.50.4
Employed persons2 592 000-3 000
In per cent of the population68.8-0.4

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows that there were 11 000 more unemployed persons in November (average of October-December) than in August (average of July-September) 2012, adjusted for seasonal variations. The increase was among both men and women. There was also an increase among the under 25s and those aged 25-74, but it was strongest in the latter.

By comparison, the number of people registered as unemployed or on government initiatives to promote employment with the Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) was unchanged in the same period.

The 94 000 unemployed in November corresponded to 3.5 per cent of the labour force. This was 0.4 percentage points higher than in August.

Small changes in employment

The seasonally-adjusted number of employed persons went down by 3 000 from August to November 2012. This change is within the LFS error margin. During the same period, the population increased by 18 000 persons. The employment rate – which is employed persons as a percentage of the population aged 15-74 – was 68.8 per cent in November 2012, down 0.4 percentage points from August.

Unemployment growth in Sweden and Denmark

Unemployment increased from August to November 2012 in both the two other Scandinavian countries; from 7.9 to 8.1 per cent in Sweden and from 7.4 to 7.9 per cent in Denmark. In the EU15, unemployment went up from 10.7 per cent in August to 11.0 per cent in November. In the USA, unemployment decreased during this period, from 8.1 per cent in August to 7.8 per cent in November. The international figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat.

The labour forceOpen and readClose

The labour force is the total of employed and unemployed persons between 15 and 74 years of age. From August to November 2012, the LFS showed a decrease in employment of 3 000 persons, and an increase in unemployment of 11 000. Therefore, the number of persons in the labour force increased by 8 000 during this period.

Coherence between the concepts

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residentsOpen and readClose

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norwaywho are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norwaypublishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants.

Uncertain figuresOpen and readClose

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in About the statistics .

 The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information. Interviews that arrive late are included in the LFS the following month. This applies to the first two months in each quarter.

Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .