Growth in employment
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
akumnd, Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figures, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, man-weeks worked, labour forceUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings

Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresOctober 2012



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Growth in employment

The number of employed persons increased by 18 000 from July to October 2012. The unemployed corresponded to 3.2 per cent of the labour force in October.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered unemployed plus government initiatives to promote employment. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 2006-2012

Seasonally-adjusted unemployment in selected countries, 2006-2012. Percentage of the labour force

From July (average of June-August) to October (average of September-November) 2012, the seasonally-adjusted number of employed persons rose by 18 000. The population increased by 17 000 persons from July to October, so the employment rate went up from 69.1 to 69.3 per cent. The employment rate is employed persons as a percentage of the population aged 15-74.

The increase in employment was mainly among those over 24 years of age. The growth in employment through 2012 is lower than the employment growth the Labour Force Survey (LFS) showed from the middle of 2010 until the end of 2011.

Small changes in unemployment

The seasonally-adjusted unemployment has remained stable during the last half-year. The 87 000 unemployed in October corresponded to 3.2 per cent of the labour force. This was 5 000 more than in July; a change which is within the LFS error margin. By comparison, the number of people registered as unemployed or on government initiatives to promote employment with the Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) decreased by 1 000 during the same period.

The labour force is the total of employed and unemployed persons between 15 and 74 years of age. From July to October 2012, the LFS showed an increase in employment of 18 000 persons, and an increase in unemployment of 5 000. Therefore, the number of persons in the labour force increased by 23 000 during this period.

Coherence between the concepts

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Employment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 2006-2012

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average. 2006-2012. As a percentage of the labour force.

Unemployment down in the USA, up in the EU15

Unemployment in the USA decreased from 8.3 per cent in July to 7.9 per cent in October. In the EU15, unemployment rose from 10.7 per cent in July to 10.9 per cent in October. The unemployment rate in Sweden was 7.7 per cent in October, up 0.2 percentage points from July. In Denmark, the unemployment rate was also 7.7 per cent in October - unchanged compared to July. The international figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat .

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residents

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norway who are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norway publishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants .

Uncertain figures

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in “ About the statistics ”, chapter 5, section 3.

The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information . Interviews that arrive late are included in the LFS the following month. This applies to the first two months in each quarter.

Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .