Growth in employment
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
akumnd, Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figures, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, man-weeks worked, labour forceUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings

Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresSeptember 2012



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Growth in employment

The number of employed persons increased by 17 000 from June to September 2012. The unemployed corresponded to 3.0 per cent of the labour force in September.

After some months without employment growth, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows that the number of employed persons increased from June (average of May-July) to September (average of August-October). The increase can be related to the LFS sampling errors. The growth in employment through 2012 is considerably lower than the employment growth the LFS showed from the middle of 2010 until the end of 2011.

The population increased by 12 000 persons from June to September, and the employment rate went up from 69.2 to 69.4 per cent in September. The employment rate is employed persons as a percentage of the population aged 15-74.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered unemployed plus government initiatives to promote employment. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 2006-2012

Seasonally-adjusted unemployment in selected countries, 2006-2012. Percentage of the labour force

Still stable unemployment

The seasonally-adjusted unemployment has remained stable during the last half-year. The 81 000 unemployed in September corresponded to 3.0 per cent of the labour force in September. This was a decrease of 1 000 persons from June, which is within the LFS error margin. The number of people registered as unemployed or on government initiatives to promote employment with the Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) also decreased by 1000 during the same period.

The labour force is the total of employed and unemployed persons between 15 and 74 years of age. From June to September 2012, the LFS showed an increase in employment of 17 000 persons, while the unemployment decreased by 1 000. Therefore, the number of persons in the labour force increased by 16 000 in this period.


Coherence between the concepts

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Unemployment growth in Sweden and Denmark

In both the other two Scandinavian countries, unemployment increased by 0.2 percentage points from June to September. The unemployment rates in Denmark and Sweden in September were 8.3 and 7.8 per cent respectively. Unemployment also increased in France, from 10.4 per cent in June to 10.8 per cent in September. In Germany, however, unemployment decreased by 0.1 percentage point, down to 5.4 per cent in September. In the EU15, unemployment rose from 10.7 per cent in June to 10.8 per cent in September. Unemployment in the USA decreased by 0.4 percentage points during the same period, to 7.8 per cent in September. The international figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat .

Employment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 2006-2012

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average. 2006-2012. As a percentage of the labour force.

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residents

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norway who are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norway publishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants .

Uncertain figures

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in “ About the statistics ”, chapter 5, section 3.


The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information . Interviews that arrive late are included in the LFS the following month. This applies to the first two months in each quarter.


Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .