Employment rising
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
akumnd, Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figures, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, man-weeks worked, labour forceUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings

Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresDecember 2011



This is an archived release.

Go to latest release

Employment rising

The rise in employment continued from September to December 2011, according to the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The unemployment remained stable at 3.3 per cent during the same period.

Seasonally-adjusted unemployment in selected countries, 2004-2011. Percentage of the labour force

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered unemployed plus government initiatives to promote employment. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 1997-2012

Adjusted for seasonal variations, there were 16 000 more employed persons in December (average November-January) than in September (average August-October) last year. The increase is within the LFS error margin, but still in line with the trend through all 2011.

The labour force is the total of employed and unemployed between 16-74 years of age. From September to December, the figures from the LFS show an increase in employment by 16 000 persons while the unemployment remained unchanged. This gives an increase in the labour force of 16 000 persons.

Coherence between the concepts

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Stable unemployment

The seasonally-adjusted unemployment remained stable in the period September to December, at 3.3 per cent of the labour force. 87 000 persons were unemployed in December, the same number of people were unemployed in September. In comparison, the number of registered unemployed persons with the Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) decreased by 1 000 persons during the same period. These figures have also been adjusted for seasonal variations.

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average. 1999-2011. In per cent of the labour force.

Employment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 1999-2011

Still reduced unemployment in the USA and in Germany

In the USA, the unemployment decreased from 9 per cent of the labour force in September to 8.5 per cent in December. There was a decrease in unemployment in Germany in the same period, from 5.8 to 5.5 per cent. In France, the unemployment was 9.9 per cent in December last year, up 0.2 percentage points. In the EU15, which is made up of the EU countries prior to the expansions in 2004 and 2007, the unemployment rate was 9.9 per cent in December 2011.

In both Sweden and Denmark, the unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage points from September to December last year. In December the unemployment rates of the two countries were 7.5 and 7.8 per cent respectively. All figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat .

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residents

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norway who are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job, it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norway publishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants .

Uncertain figures

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in “ About the statistics ”, chapter 5, section 3.

Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .


The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information . Interviews that arrive late are included in the LFS the following month. This applies to the first two months in each quarter.