Employment rising
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
akumnd, Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figures, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, man-weeks worked, labour forceUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings

Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresAugust 2011



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Employment rising

Figures from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) show that employment increased by 22 000 persons from May to August. A total of 3.2 per cent of the labour force was unemployed in August.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered unemployed plus government initiatives to promote employment. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 1997-2011

Seasonally-adjusted unemployment in selected countries, 2004-2011. Percentage of the labour force

Adjusted for seasonal variations, there were 22 000 more employed persons in August (average number July-September) than in May 2011 (average number April-June). The increase was equally distributed between men and women, but it was strongest among persons under the age of 25.

The labour force is the total of employed and unemployed between 16-74 years of age. From May to August, employment increased by 22 000 persons and unemployment was reduced by 1 000 persons. This gives an increase in the labour force of 21 000 persons.

Coherence between the concepts

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Employment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 1999-2011

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average. 1999-2011. In per cent of the labour force.

Stable unemployment

The seasonally-adjusted unemployment decreased by 1 000 persons, equal to 0.1 percentage points, from May to August. The decrease is within the LFS error margin.

In comparison, the number of registered unemployed persons with the Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) increased by about 1 000 persons during the same period. These figures have also been adjusted for seasonal variations.

Declining unemployment in Sweden and Denmark

In Sweden, the unemployment rate was reduced by 0.3 percentage points between May and August, with the unemployment rate for August ending at 7.4 per cent. During the same period, Denmark also had a decrease of 0.3 percentage points, ending at 7.1 per cent.

In the EU-15 countries, the unemployment rate was 9.5 per cent of the labour force in August, unchanged from May. Unemployment in the USA also remained stable in the same period, at 9.1 per cent. All figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat .

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residents

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norway who are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job, it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norway publishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants .

Uncertain figures

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in “ About the statistics ”, chapter 5, section 3.

Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .


The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information . Interviews that arrive late are included in the LFS the following month. This applies for the first two months of every quarter.