Declining employment
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
akumnd, Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figures, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, man-weeks worked, labour forceUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings

Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresOctober 2009



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Declining employment

From July to October, the number of employed persons decreased by 20 000. The unemployment rate was 3.2 1 per cent of the labour force in October.

Employment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 1999-2009

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures, three-month moving average in per cent. 1999-2009

Adjusted for seasonal variations, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows a decrease in employment of 20 000, or 0.8 per cent from July (as measured by the average of the three months from June to August) to October (as measured by the average of the three months from September to November). It is the young part of the working-age population that the decrease in the employment has mostly affected, and the decline is divided equally between men and women.

The labour force is the sum of employment and unemployment. From July to October the employment fell by 20 000, while there is an increase in the unemployment of 4 000 people. This gives a decline in the labour force of 16 000. The latest quarterly LFS figures (not the season adjusted) show an increase of persons outside the labour force within students and early retired/disabled.

Coherence between the terms

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 1999-2009

Unemployment remained stable

The unemployment rate rose from 3.1 per cent in July to 3.2 per cent in October. According to the LFS, the seasonally-adjusted unemployment increased by 4 000 persons, but this is within the error margin of the LFS. The unemployment increase mostly affected those over 25 years of age.

The unemployment rate for September was revised up from 3 . 1 to 3 . 2 per cent .

In comparison, seasonally-adjusted figures for those registered unemployed with the Labour and Welfare Organisation (NAV) rose by about 2 000 people from July to October. Including persons on government initiatives to promote employment there was a total increase of 4 000 people.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered unemployed plus government initiatives to promote employment. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 1997-2009


NAV reports that 4 700 persons were incorrectly registered unemployed in February 2010. The erroneous figure was lower in previous months, but dates back to October 2008.This has no consequence for the LFS-numbers published by Statistics Norway, only for the comparisons with NAV's figures. Read more on NAV's website, or contact stein.langeland@nav.no

Unemployment still rising in Europe

From July to October, unemployment continued to rise in Europe. Denmark saw an increase of 0.9 percentage points, and the unemployment rate in Denmark is now 6.9 per cent. In the EU countries, the unemployment rate rose by 0.3 percentage point, ending at 9.8 per cent, while in USA it rose from 9.4 to 10.2 per cent. All figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat .

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residents

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norway who are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norway publishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants .

Seasonally-adjusted unemployment in selected countries, 2004-2009. Percentage of the labour force

Uncertain figures

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in “ About the statistics ”, chapter 5 section 3.

Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .


The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information .