Declining employment
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings
akumnd, Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figures, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, man-weeks worked, labour forceUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings

Labour force survey, seasonally-adjusted figuresSeptember 2009



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Declining employment

From June to September the number of employed persons decreased by 23 000. The unemployment rate remained stable at 3.1 per cent of the labour force.

Employment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 1999-2009

Labour force, employees and man-weeks worked. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 1997-2009

The unemployment rate of August was revised down from 3.2 to 3.1 per cent.

Adjusted for seasonal variations The Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows a decrease in employment of 23 000, or 0.8 per cent from June (as measured by the average of the three months from May to July) to September (as measured by the average of the three months from August to October). It is the young part of the working-age population that the decrease in the employment has mostly affected, and the decline is divided equally between men and women.

Unemployment remains stable

According to the LFS, the seasonally-adjusted unemployment increased by 3 000 persons from June to September. The increase is equivalent to an increase of 0.1 percentage point; this is within the error margin of the LFS.

In comparison for the same period, seasonally-adjusted figures for those registered unemployed with the Labour and Welfare Organisation (NAV) remained stable at the same level as in August. Including persons on government initiatives to promote employment there was an increase of 4 000.

NAV reports that 4 700 persons were incorrectly registered unemployed in February 2010. The erroneous figure was lower in previous months, but dates back to October 2008.This has no consequence for the LFS-numbers published by Statistics Norway, only for the comparisons with NAV's figures. Read more on NAV's website, or contact stein.langeland@nav.no

Unemployment (LFS). Seasonally-adjusted figures and trend figures. Three-month moving average in 1 000. 1999-2009

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered unemployed plus government initiatives to promote employment. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three-month moving average in 1 000. 1997-2009

The labour force is the sum of employment and unemployment. From June to September the employment fell by 23 000, while there was an increase in unemployment of 3 000. This gives a decline in the labour force of 20 000. The latest quarterly LFS numbers (not the seasonally adjusted) shows an increase in persons outside the labour force among students and early retired/disabled.

The coherence between the terms

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Unemployment still rising in Europe

From June to September, unemployment continued to rise in Europe. In the EU countries, the unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage point, ending at 9.6 per cent, while in France it rose from 9.5 to 10.0 per cent. In the same period, Denmark had an increase in the unemployment rate from 6.0 to 6.3 per cent. All figures refer to seasonally-adjusted data from Eurostat .

Employment and unemployment figures include permanent residents

The LFS only includes persons who are registered as residents in the population register. Persons working in Norway who are not registered as permanent residents or who are planning to stay for less than six months are not included in the employment figure in the LFS. If these people lose their job it does not count as a fall in employment or a rise in unemployment. In national accounts figures (NR), employed non-residents are included in the employment figure as long as they work in an establishment in Norway. If employment decreases in this group it will count as a fall in employment in NR. Statistics Norway publishes separate figures for all registered non-residents once a year. See short-term immigrants .

Seasonally-adjusted unemployment in selected countries, 2004-2009. Percentage of the labour force

Uncertain figures

The purpose of making seasonal adjustments is to describe the development over the last year, corrected for seasonal variations. In order to reduce uncertainty, the published series are three-month moving averages of the seasonally-adjusted figures. However, uncertainty means that sampling errors must be considered when interpreting the figures from the LFS. We normally compare the latest non-overlapping three-month periods. An overview of sampling errors in the LFS can be found in “ About the statistics ”, chapter 5 section 3.

Quarterly LFS figures, not seasonally adjusted, are presented in a separate article .


The complete time series is re-estimated each month, and this may cause some adjustments of previously published figures. See Revisions for more information .